energy - Plomlompom

youthfulgleekingRéseaux et Communications

17 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 8 mois)

194 vue(s)

Supercomputer Earth


The Future of Civilization


(& Africa's part in it)


December
4
th

2008
, Goethe
-
Zentrum Windhoek, Namibia

Christian Heller (
http://www.plomlompom.de

)


The last 500,000 years


speech, language (
500
,
000
-
50
,
000
years)



graphical symbols, writing (
35
,
000
-
5
,
000
years)



abacus, library (
5
,
000
-
2
,
500
years)



printing (
1
,
500
-
500
years)



digital computing machines (
350
-
150
years)



real
-
time telecommunication (
150
years)



computer networks (
40
years)



world wide web (
15
years)


“Internet map”

Source: Wikimedia Commons / Matt Britt (
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Matt_Britt

)


(
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Internet_map_
1024
.jpg

)


License: Creative Commons Attribution Generic
2.5

(
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
2.5
/

)


Evolution of the Web / Web 2.0


participation made easier, standardized


usability standards, friendly design


standards for data formats & interconnections


more ways and new scales of participation


anyone can publish, comment on, edit, rate, name,
tag, sort, link anything anywhere anytime


wiring massive user input into intelligence


“people who bought x also bought ...”


new intelligence methods as business models

Sections from


“LOGO
2.0


by Ludwig Gatzke

(

http://flickr.com/photos/stabilo
-
boss/

)



Licensed under Creative
-
Commons
-
BY
-
NC
-
SA

http://flickr.com/photos/stabilo
-
boss/
93136022
/

http://flickr.com/photos/stabilo
-
boss/
101793493
/



Some techniques & examples


uploading media ....... YouTube.com, Flickr.com


open source design ................ SourceForge.net


wiki .............................................. Wikipedia.org


feeds ................... Blogspot.com, Bloglines.com


social networks .......................... Facebook.com


social bookmarking & tagging ........... del.icio.us


crowdsourcing ................................. MTurk.com


anything ......................................... Google.com

Twitter.com

Growth of the global supercomputer


thinking brain matter


more humans, more intelligent brain matter


growing % flows into global intellectual enterprises


artificial information storage & computing


Moore's law


improving problem
-
solving algorithms


synthesis


wiring up growing intelligences of brain & machine


extend intelligence network to other matter

“nabaztag”

Source: Flickr / David Haberthür (
http://habi.gna.ch/

)


(
http://www.flickr.com/photos/habi/
288065866
/

)


License: Creative Commons Attribution Generic
2.0

(
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
2.0
/deed.en

)


Everything interfacing everything


new user interfaces


from keyboards to touchscreens


from joysticks to accelerometers


from mouses to direct neural interfaces



the internet of things


mobile devices


GPS (Global Positioning System)



RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)


“Reigh's Brain rlwat
2
b”

Source: Flickr / Reigh LeBlanc (

http://www.flickr.com/photos/reighleblanc/


)


(
http://www.flickr.com/photos/reighleblanc/
1372175973
/


)


License: Creative Commons Attribution Generic
2.0

(
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
2.0
/deed.en

)


Supercomputer Earth at work


physical production


open source 3D printing; RepRap.org


extend to future nano assemblers


energy


intelligently self
-
organizing energy grids


centralization vs. decentralization


biotechnology


crowdsourcing science; InnoCentive.com


Freeman Dyson: bio
-
engineering kits for every child

“'Paradigm Shifts for
15
Lists of Key Events”

Source: Wikimedia Commons / Ray Kurzweil (
http://www.kurzweilai.net/

)


(
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:ParadigmShiftsFrr
15
Events.svg

)


License: Creative Commons Attribution
1.0
Generic

(
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
1.0
/

)


Development models


Teilhard de Chardin


Noosphere, Omega Point


Ray Kurzweil


Accelerating Change


Vernor Vinge


Technological Singularity

Africa's part?

“leapfrogging”


jumping directly into newest technology


by
-
passing older forms


avoiding certain intermediary problems


avoiding the burden of old infrastructure



examples & opportunities for Africa


internet adress space: IPv
6


decentralized, alternative energy


wireless telecommunication

“'SMS till you drop'
--

mobile phone ad on van in Kampala, Uganda”

Source: Flickr / FutureAtlas.com (
http://futureatlas.com/blog/


)


(
http://www.flickr.com/photos/
87913776
@N
00
/
305425495
/

)


License: Creative Commons Attribution
2.0
Generic

(
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/
2.0
/deed.en


)


Mobile telecommunication in Africa


explosive growth


original, unexpected uses



examples for use


collective use of devices & pre
-
paid credits


information & help services via SMS


micro finance / banking via SMS

Africa's Supercomputer support


acceleration through leapfrogging


technological ideas through special situations


unexpected contacts


crowdsourcing potential?


solar energy?

Links


Wikipedia.org on “Web
2.0
”, “Technological
Singularity” and just about anything else


InternetWorldStats.com


“The Impact of Mobile Phones in Africa”


http://commissionforafrica.org/english/report/background/scott_et_al_background.pdf


JanChipchase.com


Ubuntu.com