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GEORGIA

PERMANENT OBSERVER



Date of Entry:

April 24, 2002

National Day:


May 26

Ty
pe of Government:

Republic

Head of State:

President Mikheil Saakashvili

(January 25, 2004)

Head of Government:

Prime Minister
Bidzina Ivanishvili

(2012)

Minister of Foreign Affairs:
Maia Panjikidze

Department Head for
America
:

Davit Cho
chua

Department Head for International Economic Relations:

Levan Tsintsadze

Permanent Observer: Ambassador Temur Yakobashvili (February 2011)


ECONOMIC INDICATORS

2008

2009

2010

201
1

2012

Population

(in
millions
)

4.385

4.436

4.469

4.497

4.483

GDP

(
US$
in billions)

12.8

10.77

11.64

14.37

14.57

GDP per capita

(US$)

966.39

871.22

880.04

1,074.74

1
,
089.14

GDP growth (annual %)

2.3

0

6.1

7.9

7.5

Source:
www.tradingeconomics.com

|

The World Bank Group


FORE
IGN RELATIONS POLICIES:



Georgia’s foreign
policy
is

based on the values established in the modern
democratic world and seeks

to p
romote
national interests of Georgia, protect the rights of Georgian citizens abroad, and contribute to a better world
communit
y.




In order to achieve this goal,
its

foreign policy concentrate
s

on the issues of peaceful resolution of internal/frozen
conflicts in Georgia and restoration of territorial integrity, as well as on forming an international environment
favorable to our na
tional interests. This is one of the main preconditions for a free and sovereign nation as well as for
ensuring the lives and security of our citizens.

Its main
priorities are
:
to p
rotect

the interests of the country and the
society
; to reinforce the
state

independence, restore territorial integrity, and reinforce the state security system
; to
p
romote the formation of a democratic society; establish the judicial state that would be based on the rule of law,
institute legal and institutional guarantees for t
he protection of basic human rights and freedoms, and promote the
reinforcement of strong civil society
; to p
romote a free market economy, through the reinforcement of the economic
potential of the country, establish stable guarantees for social welfare an
d social development
; to e
stablish
democratic state institutions in Georgia
; to i
ntegrate into the Euro Atlantic sphere, reinforce partnership based on
cooperation with the neighboring states
; to
fight against corruption
; to s
upport democratic reforms
;

and

to
c
ooperate
with public organizations for the purpose of establishing transparent systems.



Cooperation with the international community in multilateral forums is a priority of Georgian foreign and security
policy. Georgia participates actively in interna
tional organizations and coalitions such as the United Nations (UN), The
European Union, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the UNESCO,
the Commonwealth of Democratic Choice (CDC),
North Atlantic Treaty O
rganization (NATO),
the Organization for
Democracy and Development


GUAM, the Black Sea Economic Co
-
operation (BSEC) Organization, the
Commonwealth
of Independent States (CIS)
and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as other organizations, convent
ions, and
initiatives, governmental and non
-
governmental structures of economic, cultural, ecological, scientific, juridical or
educational.


INVOLVEMENT WITH THE
AMERICAS
:



Georgia has
diplomatic relations with
most of the
OAS Member States

and has establ
ished
diplomatic missions in:
Argentina,
Brazil, Canada
, Mexico

and the United States
.


ARGENTINA:



The main spheres of c
ooperation between Georgia and Argentina
are
culture, economic development, trade and
agriculture.

BOLIVIA:



A
Memorandum of Understandin
g between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Georgia and the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs of the Plurinational State of Bolivia regarding Political and Technical Consultations was signed On April 23, 2010

BRAZIL:



In
August 2011, during
the official visit of

Georgian Foreign Minister
to the Federative Republic of Brazil,


an
Agreement on technical co
-
operation
was signed.

CANADA:



Canada has traditionally been a good friend and partner of Georgia in democratic development.

Canada supports the
territorial inte
grity and sovereignty of Georgia and its integration into North Atlantic Alliance. Political consultations
between Georgia and Canada have been held on the regular bases since 2009.

CHILE:



In
October 2011, bilateral political consultations were held betwee
n the Foreign Ministries of the Republic of Chile and
Georgia
in

Santiago. The meeting focused on the development of political, economic, legal and cultural relations
between Chile and Georgia as well as on the cooperation within the international organiza
tions.

MEXICO:



The main spheres of c
ooperation
are focused
in the fields of culture, economic development,
and education
.

UNITED STATES:



Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, the US has provided political, military, financial and humanitarian
as
sistance to Georgia. The United States has become one of the main international guarantors of Georgia's
sovereignty.

In
January 2009
,

the Charter on Strategic Partnership between Georgia and the United States was signed

IN Washington D.C.

The Charter is ba
sed on the principles of Strategic cooperation between the two states and
support for the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, inviolability of borders and the strengthening of
democracy and stability. It represents a very important framework
for the enhancement of cooperation in the spheres
of security and defense, economy and trade, energy, culture and education, as well as
and intercultural exchanges
.




Four meetings of the security, democracy, people to people and economy/energy working grou
ps in the framework of
the US
-
Georgia Charter
have been
held to date.



With regards to
Defense and Security (counter
-
terrorism) Cooperation
, t
he most important episode of the US
-
Georgian military and political cooperation was
the
implementation of Georgia T
rain and Equip Program (GTEP),
followed by the Sustainment and Stability Operations Program (SSOP) in 2005
.

All these programs aimed at enhancing
Georgia's military capabilities, stimulating military reform and raising the level of professional military ed
ucation. Also,
from March 2010 one Georgian infantry battalion participates in the ISAF (International Security Assistance Forces)
Operation in Afghanistan under the US Marine Corps, contributing to the insuring international security.

URUGUAY:



In
October
2011, political consultations were held in Montevideo between the Foreign Ministries of the Republic of
Uruguay and Georgia. The meeting was focused on the development of political, legal, cultural and trade
-
economic
relations and as well as on cooperation

within the international organizations.


SOURCES:


THE PRESIDENT OF GEORGIA WEBSITE

http://www.president.gov.ge/


GOVERNMENT OF GEORGIA WEBSITE

http://www.government.gov.ge/index.php?sec_id=1&lang_id=ENG


MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF GEORGIA

http://www.mfa.gov.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=1


EMBASSY OF GEORGIA IN W
ASHINGTON DC

http://usa.mfa.gov.ge/index.php?lang_id=GEO&sec_id=38&lang_id=ENGsec
_id=38

WORLD BANK


TRADING ECONOMICS

www.tradingeconomics.com



This page was last updated on
October 15, 2013