egg sperm fertilized egg

sandwichtumtumBiotechnologie

16 déc. 2012 (il y a 4 années et 9 mois)

137 vue(s)

Designer Babies

CZ

What is a designer baby?


A baby whose genetic makeup has been
artificially selected through genetic
engineering to ensure the presence or
absence of particular genes or
characteristics


Parents can choose specific traits they
want their child to have


Combination of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
and Pre
-
implantation Genetic Diagnosis
(PGD)

How is a designer baby created?


IVF


Eggs are harvested and fertilized with sperm
outside the body, then implanted into the
woman


Originally meant for couples with infertility
problems

PGD


Used for:


Screening for genetic diseases


Sex selection


Providing tissue matches


Embryos are examined before
implantation


Only the embryos possessing wanted
genes are implanted in hopes of a baby
without unwanted traits


IVF and PGD

egg

sperm

fertilized egg

IVF and PGD

1

2

3

4

5

Arguments For Designer Babies


Protects children from debilitating diseases


Eliminates family from financial and emotional grief


“Saviour siblings”


Helpful for gender
-
specific diseases


Parents just want the best for their children

Arguments Against Designer Babies


Parents can get carried away with perfection


Non
-
enhanced babies will be looked down
upon


Only the rich can afford it


Religious reasons


“Murderous”


Playing God

Is it safe?


Relatively safe


Many couples have had


no problems


The more futuristic traits are undetermined


Scientists experimenting with non
-
human animals has
been successfully done


Inserted jellyfish gene with regular monkey sperm
produced glow
-
in
-
the
-
dark monkey
ANDi


Allows better understanding for humans


21
st

Century


Limited amount of control


Currently, only sex selection, tissue matching
and screening for genetic diseases are available


As technology and greater knowledge of the
process increases, the future of designer babies
is soon to come

Works Cited

Baird, S. L. (2007, April).
Designer Babies: Eugenics Repackaged or Consumer Options?

Retrieved April 8, 2011, from
EBSCOhost

database.


Design
-
a
-
baby?

(2002). Retrieved May 20, 2011, from http://www.bionetonline.org/english/content/ db_intro.htm


Designer Babies
--
Like It or Not, Here They Come
. (2009). Retrieved March 27, 2011, from
EBSCOhost

database.


Smith, H. J. (2005, June).
Customized kids may be the wave of the future
. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from
EBSCOhost

database.


Tuhus
-
Dubrow
, R. (2007, Summer).
Designer Babies and the Pro
-
Choice Movement
. Retrieved April 4, 2011, from
EBSCOhost

database.


Photos:

http://www.d.umn.edu/cla/faculty/troufs/anth1602/images/baby
-
face_324.jpg

http://www.extension.iastate.edu/NR/rdonlyres/BA47BBFA
-
6EA2
-
460F
-
B043
-
994B474AF3AF/146163/0034_baby_face.jpg

http://webs.anokaramsey.edu/waite/genetically_modified_monkey%20ANDI.htm

http://www.upstate.edu/obgyn/images/ivf_program.gif

http://api.ning.com/files/S*oRqCwrKQ00Vc4PkTkbZ08jFmeWc3b66QVm5HHsPlkXfa5Z
-
PZ29YcQCn87kJxk3b9EoKlPYVGn2HfCSp8nsZKPjj*yw7cK/amd_makingbabies.jpg

https://pantherfile.uwm.edu/andereg2/www/designer_baby.jpg

http://forum.davidson.edu/keshortt/files/2011/05/pgd.jpg

http://web.nmsu.edu/~babylab/baby2.jpg

http://students.cis.uab.edu/arynch/cutebaby.jpg

http://www.med.umich.edu/whp/information/images/article3
-
image2.jpg