Technology Road Map

rangebeaverMécanique

22 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 1 mois)

81 vue(s)



G
reen
A
viation

R
esearch &
D
evelopment
N
etwork






Hany Moustapha

Directeur, Programme de technologies

Pratt & Whitney Canada

Executive Director, GARDN

May 2009



OUTLINE



Road Map



Objectives



Research Themes



Governance



Projects



Growth



2006

2007

2008

2009

CAETRM

Canadian Aviation Environmental Technology Road Map

(TRM)

Technology
Road Map

CAEWG

Canadian Aviation Environmental Working Group

Projects

BL
-
NCE

Business
-
Led Network of Centres of Excellence

Funding

GARDN

Green Aviation
Research &
Development Network
(2009
-
2013)

Execution

GARDN Technology & Funding Road Map



IATA Warning



ICAO Environmental Goals for Aviation



The Aviation Industry is Committed to

Action on Climate Change



CAETRM


Committed Participants

Bombardier Aerospace

NRC
-

CNRC

Air Canada

OAC

AQA

Pratt & Whitney Canada

Bell Helicopter Textron Canada Inc.

Rolls
-
Royce Ltd.

CRIAQ

Standard Aero

Aero Montreal

Industry Canada

AIAC

Messier
-
Dowty

Transport Canada



CAETRM Structure

Steering Committee

(21 Members)

Aircraft Systems
and ATM (13)

Airframe
Concepts (10)

Fuels and
Lubricants (14)

Manufacturing
and MRO (23)

Materials and
Coatings (15)

Eco Design (6)

Engine Concepts
(13)

Ground
Operations (2)

Rotary Wing A/C
Concepts (4)

Thrust Teams

Secretariat (4)



Airframe Concepts

cost
estimates
not
provided

Airframe Concepts
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TRL or Mid-TRL if range provided
Years to required maturity level
Aero-Structural Interaction
Structural Technology
Actuation Technologies
Test Facilities
Multi-Disciplinary
Optimization
Aerodynamics / flight physics
Noise Reduction
Technologies
Aircraft Configuration
Development
System Technology


Engine Concepts

Engine Concepts
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
TRL or Mid-TRL if range provided
Years to required maturity level
Advanced Air/Oil System
Technologies
Aggressive Inter-turbine
Transition Ducts
Advanced Combustion
Systems
Advanced Compressor
and Fan Technologies
Engine acoustics
Installations
Advanced Modelling
Advanced Engine Cycle
Technologies


GARDN Objectives

• Fostering the development of technologies that will reduce
aircraft noise and emissions in the vicinity of airports

• Considering environmental impacts throughout the product
life cycle

• Investing in the talents of our universities and encouraging
creativity in the development of aviation environmental
technologies

• Reducing the production of greenhouse gases by the
aviation sector, and in so doing reducing the carbon footprint
of the Canadian aviation sector



Emission
s

GARDN Eight Research Themes

Icing

Noise

Aircraft
Operations

Alternative
Fuels

Materials &
Manufacturing
Processes

Product Life Cycle
Management

Performance

Icing



Source: Wyle Labs

Today’s Aircraft

Geared Turbofan
Powered Airplane

Munich International Airport

Noise Footprints

X

X

Simulated microphone
location

Simulated microphone
location

Noise Reduction Technologies:

Geared Turbofan for Bombardier C
-
Series



Non
-
chlorinated
solvents

Lead
-
free
antigallants

Non
-
chromium
anodizing &
conversion coatings

Chromium plate
alternative

Cadmium plate
alternative

New technologies partnered with Canadian industry and universities

Green Engine Technologies:

Materials and Manufacturing



Alternate Fuel Technologies

Biodiesel

Bio
-
Jet

Liquid

methane

Methanol

Ethanol

Cellulose

Sugar cane

Corn

Switchgrass

Willow

Microalgae

Synthetic

Jet Fuel

Butanol

Others



P&WC
-
SDTC (2007
-
2011)

Low Emission Demonstrator ($22M)


Objectives

1. GHG & NOx reduction

2.
Demo focus: TRL6+


Benefits


Lower SFC


Lower emission


Durability


Low cost


Weight reduction


Thermal management


Partners


NRC, Inco and UTIAS


UTRC and HS


Heat Exchanger

Talon 3+

Compact

Diffuser

New technologies

Demo
Schematic using PW307



Sherbrooke Univ. and P&WC
-
BA
-
Bell

Acoustics NSERC Chair (2009
-
2013, $3.3M)



GARDN Research Themes and

First Round Nine Projects ($23M)

P&WC

Project 1 (M. Bissinger) Life
-
cycle improvement
-

Materials of concern (Poly, Integran, StandardAero)

Project 2 (G. Girard)


Forced mixer and nozzle noise reduction (McGill, Sherbrooke)

Project 3 (S
-
A. Meslioui) Noise reduction for transonic fans (McGill, Poly)

Project 4 (F. Lefebvre)


Engine core technologies to reduce emissions (Poly, Concordia, Waterloo, Ryerson)

Project 5 (Q
-
P. Zheng)


Altitude emissions control for aviation (Waterloo, Warsaw Polytechnic)

BA

Project 1 (S. Banerjee) Environmentally
-
focused regional aircraft (UTIAS, P&WC)

Project 2 (S. Banerjee) Environmentally
-
focused long
-
range business jet (UTIAS, P&WC)

Project 3 (M. Huising)


Airframe noise reduction (Waterloo, Messier
-
Dowty, Aercoustics)

CMC

Project 1 (R. Hygate)


Continuous descent arrivals research (ETS)

CMC
Themes
Project 1
Project 2
Project 3
Project 4
Project 5
Project 1
Project 2
Project 3
Project 1
Noise
x
x
x
x
x
Emissions
x
x
Materials &
Manufacturing Processes
x
Performance
x
x
x
Icing
Aicraft Operations
x
Alternative Fuels
Product Lifecycle
Management
x
P&WC
BA


Engine Core Technologies

Compressor Demonstrator

H
V
H
V
H
V
H
V
H
V
Performance Items


Swept axial airfoils


Tip effect de
-
sensitization


Enhanced compressor
surge line


IBR rotors


D hybrid diffuser

Durability Items


Nickel impeller


Surge load predictions

Weight Items


Compact centrifugal stage

H
V
H
V
H
V
H
V
H
V


Centrifugal Compressor Technology Demo

Compact Centrifugal Compressor Stage

Same compression with reduced overall
length and casing radius

Maintains aerodynamic efficiency

State
-
of
-
the
-
Art optimization methods and
CFD utilized

Significant improvement in thrust
-
to
-
weight ratio

Low Aspect
Low Aspect
-
-
Ratio
Ratio
Impeller
Impeller
Low Radius
Low Radius
-
-
Ratio
Ratio
Diffuser
Diffuser
Reduced Length + Diameter =
Reduced Length + Diameter =
Weight & Cost Reduction
Weight & Cost Reduction
Conventional
Conventional
Impeller/Diffuser
Impeller/Diffuser
Compact Centrifugal Concept

Compact
Baseline
Compact
Baseline
Reduced Radius Diffuser

Reduced Length Impeller



Centrifugal Compressor Technology Demo

Advanced Diffuser Technology

1d
1
1c
1b
1a
2
Two Pieces Assy.
Inner
Outer
Diffuser Ring
Blades
Cover
Diffuser Assy.
New patented “D
-
Hybrid” diffuser
technology developed at P&WC to replace
pipe diffuser


Reduced cost


simpler construction


Improved Aerodynamic incidence at
diffuser entry


Improved operability range with state
-
of
-
the
-
art efficiency

Pipe Diffuser and Fishtail

D
-
Hybrid Diffuser



Objectives

Improved fan performance

No impact on noise

Aerodynamic and Aeroacoustic modeling

Advance 3D shapes

Fan
-
Stator interaction

Selection of fan
-
stator configurations for wind
tunnel testing

Wind tunnel testing

Anechoic chamber

Far field noise measurement

Flexible fan rig

Variable spacing

Many stator configurations

Fan case acoustic treatment optimization

Modeling validation

Test results to calibrate and validate the
models

Incorporate the tools into standard design
practices


Noise Reduction for Transonic Fan Demo

Separate Stator Arrangement

Full
-
Span Stator Arrangement

CFD analysis

Extract acoustic
content from
CFD analyses

Feed acoustic
data into noise
propagation
tool

Verify
analysis
results vs.
far field
noise test
data



Forced Mixer and Nozzle Noise Reduction


Objective:

1
-
2 dB reduction


Characterization of the dominant noise features

CFD analyses

Develop a CAA methodology for far field noise
prediction from turbulent subsonic jet

Choose 10
-
15 promising mixer configurations

Wind tunnel testing

10
-
15 scale models

Phased array microphones (isolate mixer noise
and shear layer noise)

Jet flight effects on propagation

Performance characterization


Full scale static testing

3
-
4 full scale models

Outdoor noise test with a full engine

Far field noise signature

Database for flight simulation


Flight testing

(2
nd

phase of project)



Managing



GARDN Management Structure

Guiding Principles



Respecting NCE guidelines



Benchmarking other NCE (e.g. AUTO21)



Building on existing consortia know
-
how and strengths
(CRIAQ, SDTC, ISTC, etc.)



Using industry’s best practices in technology management



Adopting a lean structure



Ensuring industry leadership



Leveraging the know
-
how and networks of CRIAQ and AIAC



GARDN Management Structure

Board of Directors (14)

Industry
-
Academic
-
Government

3 Meetings / year




Network Manager

CRIAQ (C. Trindade)

Executive Committee (5)

6 Meetings / year

Scientific Director P&WC

(S. Sampath)

Scientific Director BA

(B. Pang)

Scientific Director CMC

(R. Hygate)

Project 1

Project 1

Project 2

Project 3

Project 4

Project 5

Project 2

Project 3

Project 1

Research Committee

CAEWG

GARDN Secretariat

AIAC

Total budget: $23.2M
(4 years)


(9 projects/18 partners for first round)

Research budget: $20.7M
(at 50%)

Admin budget: $2.5M
(at 75%)

(12% of total budget)

Head Office:
AIAC, 60 Queen Street, Suite 1200, Ottawa, ON

Chairman:

C. Lajeunesse (AIAC)

Executive Directors:

F. Kafyeke (BA)

H. Moustapha (P&WC)

Scientific

Director
TBD



GARDN Key Performance Indicators (KPI)

Research Program



Network researchers


Number of projects


Research budget


TRL progression

Highly Qualified People (HQP)


Number of students and universities


Number of theses (MS, Ph.D.), etc

Knowledge and Technology Transfer



Patent applications / Granted patents


TRL
-
6 achievements


Technical reports

Partnerships, Networking & International Relationships


Number of partners (national & international)


SMEs outreach

Governing & Managing


Achievements vs objectives


Administration budget percentage





Growing



Lack of Tech. Demos and Funding for TRL 4 to 7


Basic Research

Applied Research

Product &
Manufacturing
Methods Dev


Production

Technology
Development /
Demonstration

Markets

Technology

Infusion

Technology
Acquisition

Universities

CFI

NRC (IAR)

NSERC

Industrial Research Chairs

CRIAQ

……Industrial and Regional Benefits……..

IRAP

SR&ED Tax Credit

DIRP

NRC/CANMET

TPC/SADI

Regional Agencies


BDC


EDC

CCC

DFAIT

IC

TRL 1

TRL 7

TRL 4

TRL 9

Research

Tech. Platforms
& Demos

Development

SDTC

BL
-
NCE


and


“Valley of Death in Innovation Supply Chain”

?




Product Development

Research and Technology Acquisition


EU Framework Program

Product Definition

Technology Validation

Prototypes

Product Design & Develolopment

Fundamental Knowledge

Technology Development

Production

Demonstrators

Product Demonstration

Technology & Product Development in Aeronautics

Europe and Canada

TRL 1

TRL 9

TRL 7

TRL 4

Level 1

Integrated Projects (IP)

Joint Technology Initiative JTI)

NSERC (CRD & IRC), ISTC & CRIAQ

SDTC & BL
-
NCE (GARDN)

Tech. Demos: No Funding

Level 2

Level 3

Strategic Project (STREPS)

EU

One Program

Canada

6
-
10 Programs

No Demo



GARDN Strategic Plan: Linking to Canadian and
International Aerospace Environmental Initiatives

P&WC (SDTC)

Low Emission Combustion

11 projects, 5 partners,
$22M

FMP
-
SAGE Demo

AIAC
-
Industry Canada

9 projects,

18 partners,

$23M

P&WC (ISTC)

Bio
-
fuels for Aviation

10 projects, 12 partners,
$5.5M

Canadian Aerospace Environmental Collaborative Projects
-

Total Budget $70M (0.35% of Sales)

CRIAQ (MDEIE/NSERC)

Environmental themes

18 projects, 36 partners,
$10.3M

1.7 Billion Euro (1.8% of Sales)

EUFP7

CAEWG

GARDN Research Committee

Environmental Roadmap

Industry Canada
-
NRC
-
Industry

P&WC/Integran/Comtek (SDTC)

Environmental Advanced Materials

BA/P&WC (SDTC)

BioFuels Aircraft Demo

Acoustics Chair (NSERC)

Sherbrooke / BA, Bell, P&WC

10 projects, 3 partners,
$3.3M



32

SDTC Advanced Materials For

Reduced Engine Emissions (AMREE)

Research Areas



Composites

-

Polymer
-
matrix composites for containment, CMC for
static turbine and combustor parts, Bio
-
Fibres



Nano Coatings

-

Hydrophobic, Wear
-
resistant



Grain Boundary Engineered (GBE) Materials

-

GBE Nickel Alloy for
containment



High Temperature Coatings

-

Cathodic Arc oxidation
-
resistant
coatings, ½K TBC, EBC for CMC



Abradable Coatings

-

Erosion
-
resistant

Ten Partners:

Integran, Comtek, Composite Innovation Centre, Goodrich,
NRC, Universities: Toronto, Ryerson, Ottawa, Concordia and Laval

Total Budget: $30M (2010
-
2014)

P&WC $ 11M ; Partners $8.5M ; SDTC $10.5M



Objective


Flight demonstration involving Porter
Airlines / Bombardier Q400 / P&WC
PW150


2011 flight testing with Porter Airlines,
Toronto


Ottawa


Blend of 3
rd

generation biojet fuel
(Drop
-
in)


Program led by Bombardier with strong
P&WC support


Funding


SDTC funding application due
September 2009

Refining Process

SDTC BioFuel Aircraft Demonstrator

Feedstock

BA Q400

P&WC PW150

Porter Airlines



2000
-
2006

2007
-
2008

2009

2010

AIAC 2025 Vision

Industry Canada TRM

AIAC


CAP
-

CATN

(TRM)

Technology
Road Map

AIAC
-

FMP

Technology
Working Group

Projects

Industry Canada

MDEIE

Funding

SAGE Demo

Execution

FMP
-
SAGE Demo:

Technology & Funding Road Map

AeroMontreal Forum

White Paper

Industry Canada

Working Groups

(Composites
-
DPHM)




35

Eco
-
Design


Two Vehicle

Demos

Two Transverse
Systems
Demos



Business Jets


Regional/

Commercial

Helicopter

Engines

Systems

AIAC
-
FMP Technology Demonstration


Smart Affordable Green Efficient “SAGE”


Materials

More Intelligent Systems

More Electric Systems

Avionics

Human PerformanceAugmentation

Environment

Manufacturing

Product Development

AIAC
-
FMP, Final Report, May 2008

Four Vehicles Demos and Eight Technology Platforms



Canadian Aerospace Collaborative

Environmental Initiatives

P&WC
-

SDTC

Low Emission Combustion

11 projects, 5 partners,
$22M


P&WC/Integran/Comtek


SDTC (Spring 2009)

Environmental Advanced Materials

BA/P&WC


SDTC (Fall 2009)

BioFuels Aircraft Demo


FMP
-
SAGE Demo

Industry Canada


MDEIE ($$TBD)

AIAC
-
CRIAQ
-
AeroMontreal

CRIAQ
-

MDEIE/NSERC

Environmental themes

18 projects, 36 partners,
$10.3M

TRL 1

TRL 4

TRL 7

Acoustics Chair
-

NSERC

Sherbrooke / BA, Bell, P&WC

10 projects, 3 partners,
$3.3M

BL
-
NCE

9 Projects

18 Partners

$23M

CRIAQ/P&WC
-

ISTC/MDEIE

Bio
-
fuels for Aviation

10 projects, 12 partners,
$5.5M

2002

2008

2010

2006

2004

2009