RFID based eID systems

parsimoniousknotRéseaux et Communications

16 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 10 mois)

87 vue(s)

RFID based eID systems



Tomáš Trpišovský


Institut mikroelektronických aplikací (IMA)


BioHealth / Sophia Antipolis, HCI

FF UK / Praha
,
Oct 9
, 2007


IMA
at Glance


Private Institute on the market
since 1992
,

Located at Praha CZ



Distribution of
complete eID

systems, special
electronics & services (Europe
-
wide)



testing state
-
of
-
the
-
art technology,


security provisions,


well connected to the suppliers and SDOs.



Incubator

of visions and int.
/EU

projects, expert
opinions and consultations



ISO 9001 compliance and Security Clearance by NBÚ


RFID systems


I
mplementation


O
perations


Challenges




PET ??


Liberal User Centric Identification ??









Plug
-
in integration


Mature technology


Standards
-
> NFC?



Becoming cost effective




Human, Animals, Things



Trust and Fears


Privacy



RFID
& Implementation



RFID tag
-

price structure

EM4223


ISO18000
-
6A UHF

R/O RFID chip

RFID chip


real size

RFID sticky label

-

chip connection detail

RFID Vertical Market Analysis




Fasting Growing
Verticals (to 2010)


Pharmaceuticals:
134%


C
onsumer
P
ackage
G
oods
: 77%


Health Care: 49%


Electronics: 37%


Retail POS: 33%



Source: VDC April, 2007

RFID Revenues by Vertical Market
2006 = $2.3 Billion
Other
7%
Transportation
38%
Retail POS
5%
Health Care
3%
Government
15%
Electronics
2%
Pharmaceutica
l
1%
CPG
13%
Automotive
16%
RFID Application Market
Analysis



Fastest Growing
Applications (to 2010)


Sensing/Monitoring:
600%


Supply Chain: 74%


Rental Tracking: 49%


Retail POS: 47%

RFID Revenues by Application Market
2006 = $2.3 Billion
100,8
362,9
148,4
98,6
454,0
1,3
438,3
137,5
354,6
60,3
49,3
45,8
35,6
24,5
0
100
200
300
400
500
Animal Tracking
Asset Tracking
Baggage Handling
Auto Immobilizer
Rental Tracking
Retail POS
RTLS
Security
Sensing
Shop-Floor
Supply Chain
Ticketing
Toll
Other
Source: VDC April, 2007


Easy


Robust


Foster IDM


PET required



Trust and Fears


Privacy



RFID
&
Operation

RFID S
ystem
C
omponents

EM4026


s
ki application

Pre
-
pairing


wireless devices


Animal Applications


Pigeon Race


Cattle

Management


Meat Tracing


Pets, Cats…

LOGISTICS

Pallet

Reader

Laundry

& Textile

Asset

Tracking

RFID Emerging Technologies


Contactless Payment


Using Smartcard technology to enable wireless
payment transactions


Currently being/soon to be offered by:


MasterCard


Visa


American Express



Customer Loyalty


Using Smartcard technology to provide additional
value to store consumers

Digitalised Hospital


Access control


Patient ID tags


Health Professional ID
tags


Automated monitoring
devices


Automated medication
supply


TV

/

Video

/

Internet at
the bedside


access to the
electronic health
record/ test results


choice of treatment


meal ordering


RFID for Hospital Supply

Tracking hospital equipment and supply


Controlling
:


sterilisation of surgical instruments


implantable medical assets


quality of blood conserves


stocking of medication


Loss prevention of valuable instruments


Increasing utilisation


Tracking of medicine origin

RFID for Persons


Patients



Access control & authentication



Controlling blood transfusions



Medication administration & alert



Observing implants



Option for outpatient self
-
medication


Staff



Access control & authentication



RFID
-
applications in a Czech military hospital


ID System Overview

Restaurant

Canteen


Vending

Machines


Ordering



Wages

Access Control


Payment


Attendance
Control

Employees’ Data


for ID

Devices

Vehicles

Staff

Concerns & Recommendations


RFID


Tracking


Data merging and correlation


Recommendations


Knowledge of RFID tags


Possibility to deactivate tags


Ethical obligations

/ PET


Some Figures (2006)


Health care accounts for about 8% of GDP, on average,
in OECD countries.


Almost 75% of healthcare provision in the major markets
across Europe is controlled by the public sector.


The number of RFID tags delivered in 10 years will be
over 450 times the number delivered in 2006.


The market for RFID tags is expected to rise from

90
million to

2.1 billion over the next decade.

RFID
-

Challenges



Challenges (and Fears
)


Enormous Savings


Internet of Things


Effective Infrastructure


User centric identification



Data mining and correlation



Risk of RFID cumulative effect


Privacy issues




RFID Trends


Miniaturization and Technology Consolidation


Hardware footprints (readers, tags, printer/encoders) are all
getting smaller


Fully
-
functional readers the size of a PCMCIA card


Portable encoders


Design and Manufacturing are integrating components and
processes



Convergence & Complimentary Solutions


Cell phone enabled RFID readers


Smartcards for Contactless payment, customer loyalty, and
security

/

access control


UHF and HF compatible solutions for supply chain RFID and Bar
Code enabled labeling and reading

Savings


due
the
shared infrastructure



N
ETC
@
RDS
-

demonstra
tor for
European
Health Insurance
C
ard EHIC.



Phase A
:
Investment and Deployment


Plan across 10 EU member

states (2003
-
2006)



P
hase B
:

Initial

Deployment

of the

NETC@RDS




Coordinator GIE SESAM
-
VITALE

/ FR


+

28 partners across 20 member

states





NFC Technology




Near Field Communication (NFC) is a
standards
-
based, short
-
range (a few
centimeters) wireless connectivity
technology that enables simple and
safe two
-
way interactions among
electronic devices.

Pilot on
Nokia 6131 NFC

Secure

Chip

NFC

MIDIet

API


Incorporates NFC chip and
Secure Chip


Phone application (Java
MIDlets)


Over The Air

manag
able
Apps
in the Secure Chip

The Secure Chip is an additional
multi
-
application
Java card chip

supporting Global Platform
functionality, which enables it to be used for several
applications such as



Debit and credit cards



Public transport ticketing



Event ticketing


Compatible with terminals
supporting ISO
-
14443 Type A
protocol


Development Kit available

NFC connectivity

enabling
service initiation,
payment & ticketing
and

giving & sharing

SIM card for the NFC Secur
ity

NFC

Chip

Antenna

CONTACTLES
S TERMINALS

ISO14443

BANK (e.g.)
managing
the payment
application
on SIM card

OPERATOR
managing
the SIM card
platform


CellularBB

Phone application (e.g. Java MIDlet) to
provide OTA services and user interface
for Secure Element application

END
-
TO
-
END MANAGEMENT
OF CARD APPLICATIONS

JSR
-
177

JSR
-
257

OVER THE AIR

Direct connection
between SIM and
NFC chip

Java SIM/USIM card with
Global Platform support,
hosting additional
applications, such as
payment & ticketing

STANDARDIZATION

REQUIRED

!

!

NOKIA
6131 NFC


6131 NFC supports ticketing infrastructures that
follow
the ISO 14443
type A

protocol, Mifare 1k and 4k



Type A is refered as Mifare (by Philips), Type B as
Calypso (France, Belgium), Type C as Felica (by Sony,
mainly in Japan, Singapore, HongKong, some coverage
in China)



Payment POS terminals support both A and B protocols


Ticketing is usually
either
-
or


With 6131 NFC possible to support only type A


Des
-
fire can be treated as a java
-
application (Oslo)

Thanks for your attention

tomas.trpisovsky@ima.cz


This paper integrates some illustrative materials prior presented

by BioHealth,
NETC@RDS
,

ASICentrum and Nokia.


..
how to make
bridges..


integrated

by

IMA

www.ima.cz