Biotechnology Course Overview

onwardhaggardBiotechnologie

12 déc. 2012 (il y a 9 années et 1 mois)

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Biotechnology Course Overview

Chaves 2010
-
2011

Biotechnology 885200

Grade 11 or 12 Credit: 3

Prerequisite: Biology, Competitive Application Process

This one year course is in the Loudoun Governor’s Career and

Technical Academy introducing
students to the
world of

biotechnology. Students explore the use of biotechnology as it

relates
to increased plant production, ending world hunger,

improving the global crop economy,
promoting sustainable plant

development and responsible environmental management and

pres
ervation.

We will study plant biosafety in greenhouses and

investigate the environmental
impact of pest resistant crops,

examining issues related to the responsible development and
use

of agricultural biotechnology products.

This course is not confined to
a classroom.

Students will conduct

lab work in a greenhouse as
well as studies in the field and be

involved in projects involving plant culture and growth
systems,

physiology, genetic engineering and biorestoration systems.

They

will have
opportunities to
be involved in research with universities

and professional organizations.

The
course examines the role of

biotechnology in agriculture, biochemistry, medicine, the

environment, forensics, bioengineering and bioethics.


Competencies and Course Framework:

We derive our competencies from the CTE verso site combining Biotechnology Applications in
Agriculture and Biotechnology Foundations.
http://www.cteresource.org/verso2/results?program_area=agricultural_education&document
_type=all&course_codes=&text
=


Biotechnology Foundations (8085)
-

36 weeks

This course focuses on various techniques that are used to modify living organisms, or

parts of
organisms, to improve plants and animals, and the development of microorganisms for specific
purposes. Student activities range from bioprocessing and genetic engineering to biomedicine,
biomedical systems, and the environment. Students gain insi
ght and understanding of
biotechnology career fields.

Biotechnology Applications in Agriculture (8087)
-

36 weeks

This course enables students to understand the uses of biotechnology in the fields of plant and
animal agriculture, the environment, and food
science. Students develop occupational skills in
agricultural biotechnology. Students have opportunities to apply the skills and concepts needed for
careers in biotechnology. The course provides students with the knowledge to make balanced
judgments regard
ing the benefits and concerns posed by agricultural biotechnology. The students
are involved in many research and application activities.

Text:

Our primary text is
Paradigm Publishing

:
Biotechnology

:
Biotechnology: Science for the New
Millennium, First Edition textbook


Primary
Labs:

DNA on a Chain: Extraction and Isolation
: students display their own DNA through
this lab


Fruit DNA Extraction
: this lab demonstrates the physical properties of DNA and teaches
students how to extract it


Protoplast Fusion
: students create a hybrid plant by fusing protoplasts from different
geraniums


Intro to Biotechnology
: students
examine the physical properties of onion DNA


Mapping and S
equencing the Human Genome
: students learn the process of DNA sequencing
and the process of restriction enzymes related to understanding and mapping the human
genome


DNA Extraction of Wheat G
erm
:
this lab provides knowledge of properties and characteristics
of DNA and the lab procedure yields large amounts of DNA


Pro
t
o
plast Isolation
: this lab

en
ables students to view cells without their outer walls and shows
them the necessity of isolation

of protoplasts before hybrids can be created


PCR Based Identification of Foodstuffs from Genetically Modified Organisms
: students learn to
identify GMO in soybeans


The Peanut Allergy
: an investigation of this allergy and its DNA


Investigating and Apply
ing Genetics


Glo Germ Antiseptic Techniques
: a stunning look at the tenacity of germs and how to prevent
them from spreading


Introduction to Plant Cloning
: students attempt to clone African violets and carrots


Manual vs Chemical Pinch of Plant Material
:

students learn how to alter the height, flower and
bud production and leaf color through manual and chemical pinching


Asexual vs Sexual Plant Propagation
: students learn to multiply plants through different
manipulation techniques


Micropipetting Basics
:

students learn professional procedures used in genetics labs and
develop their own micropipetting skills


Production of a bioinsecticide
:

in this lab students produce a fermentation product that is
actually used as a commercial bioinsecticide


FFA Career
Development Events

Future Farmers of America (FFA), the co
-
curricular student organization for Agriculture Education,
provides many opportunities for students to apply the knowledge, skills, and processes learned in
a variety of courses. FFA activities and

competitive events related to the tasks/competencies in
this course appear below.


For additional information about the student organization, see the national FFA Web site at
http://www.ffa.org

and the Virginia FFA Web s
ite at
http://www.vaffa.org
.



Career Development Events



Agricultural Issues Forum



Computer Applications Career Development Event



Crops Career Development Event



Environmental/Natural Resources Career Development Even
t



Extemporaneous Public Speaking Career Development Event



Farm Business Management Career Development Event



Marketing Plan Career Development Event



Parliamentary Procedure Career Development Event



Prepared Public Speaking Career Development Event



Soi
l Judging Career Development Event



Job Interview


Special State Events and Awards



Computers in Agriculture Award



Public Relations Award



Scrapbook Contest


State FFA Convention and National FFA Convention


State FFA Leadership Camp


State FFA
Leadership Workshops


Building Our American Communities (BOAC)


Careers



Animal Breeder, Husbandry



Animal Geneticist



Animal Scientist



Aquacultural Manager



Environmental Compliance Inspector



Environmental Sampling and Analysis Technician



Toxicologist



Biochemist



Food Scientist



Botanist



Forest Geneticist



Plant Breeder/ Geneticist



Tree Surgeon



Agricultural Engineer



Environmental Compliance Inspector





Define terms related to biotechnology.



Demonstrate safe laboratory procedures.



Give
examples of historical biotechnology milestones.



Describe social impacts of biotechnology.



Participate in student organization as an individual member, leader, and committee member.



Use the scientific method and the technological method to solve b
iotechnology problems.



Explain the roles of organic chemistry and biochemistry in biotechnology.



Analyze data generated from lab activities.



Describe technology transfer in biotechnology.



Identify careers related to biotechnology.



Understanding Bioprocessing



Describe the process of fermentation.



Prepare cultured products.



Describe genetic engineering applications.



Demonstrate the application of microbes in bioprocessing.



Describe the social impacts of bioprocessing.



Perform separation and purification techniques.



Produce bio
-
products.



Explore processing design techniques.



Investigating Genetic Engineering



Develop a historic timeline of genetic engineering milestones.



Identify the importance of the
genetic information contained in DNA.



Demonstrate techniques for genetic manipulation.



Explain vaccine (immunology) research and development in relation to genetic engineering.



Explain the importance of genome projects.



Identify social impacts
of genetic engineering.



Examining the Role of Biotechnology in Agriculture



Demonstrate proper tissue culture procedures.



Explain the impacts of plant and animal genetic engineering on society.



Identify social impacts of biotechnology in agriculture.



Identify microbial applications in agriculture.



Explain animal physiological systems.



Explain plant physiological systems.



Discover the role of agrichemicals in biotechnology.



Identify the factors that jeopardize food safety.



Illustrate advances in food science.



Exploring Biochemistry



Explain the catalyzation process.



Explain the characteristics and functions of enzymes.



Identify applications for enzymes in an
organism.



Illustrate the function or use of the enzyme, using a prototype or model.



Explain the basic principles of protein utilization in organisms.



Explain the advantages of protein utilization in organisms.



Explain the function of
carbohydrates.



Examining Biotechnology's Role in Medicine



Identify the impacts biotechnology has on medicine.



Describe the impacts of molecular research on society.



Identify emerging health care technologies.



Explain the applications of genetics in pharmacology.



Describe the impacts of biotechnology on preventive health care.



Describe the ethical, legal, and social impacts of biomedicine.



Applying Biotechnology to the Environment



Explore the social impact of environmental quality management.



Describe biotreatment systems.



Identify biological controls in plant and animal systems.



Design a bioremediation system.



Plan a biorestoration system.



Examining Bioethics



Assess impacts of biotechnology (including gene therapy, patenting of life, cloning).



Differentiate among principles of ethics that reflect social, religious, economic, and political perspectives.



Identify regulations that impact biotechnology.



Investigating Forensics



Define forensic science.



Describe situations in which medical forensics can be used.



Describe situations in which forensics can be used in criminal investigations.



Describe situations in which biological forensics can be

used.



Explain the types and purposes of instruments used in forensic science.



Understanding Bioengineering



Define bioengineering.



Identify uses of nanotechnology.



Identify examples of biowarfare.



Explain bioengineering of vaccines.



Describe biosensing engineering.



Design and produce a biomechanism.





Exploring
BioAgriculture



Demonstrate safe laboratory procedures.



Demonstrate basic biological research techniques.



Practice quality control and data collection.



Follow state and national regulations regarding BioAgriculture.



Investigate careers related to BioAgriculture.



Explain issues concerning bioethics.


Discovering Plant Biotechnology



Illustrate examples of products of plant biotechnology.



Identify methods of plant breeding.



Conduct plant field trials.



Perform tissue culture.



Analyze gene transfer.



Explain gene verification.



Explore biocontrols.



Discuss the impacts of plant biotechnology.



Identify plant response systems and components.



Exploring Animal Biotechnology



Illustrate examples of products of animal biotechnology.



Investigate animal reproductive technologies.



Explore cloning.



Describe genetic engineering.



Explore

the use of biotechnology in food production.



Describe biopharming and its impacts.



Explain the impacts of animal biotechnology.



Discovering Environmental Biotechnology



Investigate the use of microbes in environmental management.



Explore how

plants are used in environmental management.



Describe the use of monitoring systems in pollution detection.