14 déc. 2012 (il y a 9 années et 3 mois)

548 vue(s)


Medieval Sieges


and 15

century dead
bodies were
catapulted over
the walls of

Or they were put
in the water
source to
contaminate it


British military
deliberately infected
the Continental Army
with smallpox

1763 Fort Pitt
Amherst ordered
blankets and
infected with small
pox to be given to the
Delaware Indians at a
making parley

Germ theory of disease well established

Target= contaminated livestock shipped to
the allies (glanders and anthrax)

Geneva Protocol (1925)

prohibited the use
of chemical and biological agents, but not
research and development of these agents

U.S. signed, but took 50 years
for U.S.
Senate to ratify; Japan also refused to ratify

Japanese Govt
directed tests
against China in a
division of the
Imperial army called
Unit 731

Exposed civilians to
anthrax, cholera,
typhoid, plague

U.S. brokered

immunity to
war crimes if Japan
turned over their
research to the U.S.

Soviets were
developing the
largest biochemical
factory in the world

1969 U.S. tested a bioterrorist attack on a fleet
of ships and caged animals (called the Wargame)

Little did the U.S. know, but soviet spies were in
the nearby waters collecting samples

At the end of 1969, Richard Nixon terminated
the offensive biological warfare program and
ordered all weapons to be destroyed…U.S.
researchers switched to developing defensive

1972 100 nations signed the Biological and Toxin
Weapons Convention, first treaty banning an
entire class of weapons

Soviets disregarded treaty and developed new
weapons…1979 anthrax outbreak killed 70 people
in Sverdlovsk

1989 Vladimir Pasechnik defected to Britain and
gave evidence of the creation of “superbugs,”
antibiotic resistant anthrax, hybrid viruses; and
range missiles to spread the diseases
(Project Bonfire and the Hunter Program)

This research was later confirmed by 2
defectors: Ken Alibek and Sergei Popov

The Fall of the Soviet Union became a dangerous

By 1992, Iraq had managed to weaponize
anthrax, botulinum toxin, and aflatoxin, and
had several other agents in development

Inspectors from UNSCOM (UN special
commission) found scud missiles created to
deliver the toxins

1980s Iraq used biochemical weapons against
the Kurds in Northern Iraq

The existence of stockpiles of weapons are
still in question

1984 Followers of
the Indian Guru
Bagwan Shree
Rajneesh living in a
compound in Oregon
poisoned people
with Salmonella in
order to win an
election (> 750
cases of food

1995 Religious sect of Aum Shinrikyo released
sarin gas in a Tokyo subway killing 12 and
injuring thousands

It was discovered that the cult has enlisted
Ph.D. Scientists to launch the weapons

Refining of particle size for delivery became
a concern

2001 Anthrax
were mailed in
letters to Tom
Brokaw at NBC and
Senator Tom

18 people were
infected and five
people died

English physician Edward Jenner developed an
inoculation against smallpox

Armed with the knowledge that milkmaids who had
been exposed to cowpox, Jenner intentionally
infected an eight
old boy with cowpox

Two months later he infected the boy again, this time
with smallpox.

As Jenner expected, the child didn't come down with
the disease

he was immune.

Although Jenner's experiment was highly unethical,
especially by today's standards, it did lead to
widespread inoculations against the feared disease.
He called his new procedure vaccination, after

which is Latin for cow.

A vaccine works by generating an immune
response in the body against some kind of

a virus or bacteria or some other
agent that causes disease.

Types of Vaccines:

Live Attenuated (altered
pathogen); Killed (inactivated pathogens);
Toxoid (toxins/poisons made by pathogen);
Component (contain whole parts of
pathogen); Naked DNA

Making Vaccines Flash:

Use of Genetic Engineering techniques

Behavior Modification warfare

Incapacity Warfare

DARPA Budget over $250 million

Dark Winter

Global Guide to

Video and