learnedmooseupvalleyElectronique - Appareils

7 nov. 2013 (il y a 7 années et 11 mois)

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New Technologies

Connecting our Community

PAA Conference

April 23/04

By Alec Couros

"[This device] appealed at once to the eye and
to the ear, thus naturally forming the habit of
attention, which is so difficult to form by the
study of books .... Whenever a pupil does not
fully understand, [it] will have the opportunity ...
of enlarging and making intelligible."

"[These instruments are] not uncommon, but
are but little resorted to by the teacher.”

"The teacher knows almost as little how to use
it as his pupils.”

Quotes from the 1840’s and 1850’s regarding
the use of the chalkboard, from

"...the existing system is utterly inefficient. The
teacher...may pour it in the ear, or extract it
from the printed page,...but unless he teaches
through the satisfactory instruction can
be conveyed."

Sir David Brewer (1856) regarding the magic
lantern and stereoscope.

"[It] is going to make school so attractive that a
big army with swords and guns couldn't keep
boys and girls out of it."

Thomas Edison (1911) regarding motion

Edison continued …“
Mix moving pictures with
education and you'll have something that
makes kids want to go to school. You'll have to
lick 'em to keep 'em away."



The following is a survey of some of the
emerging tools being used in Education.
This is by no means a comprehensive
list, and perhaps not all of them may be
considered absolutely ‘new’. However,
many of these tools are beginning to
make an impact on our schools.

Types of New Technologies

Speech/Character Recognition

Web Communication/Creation Tools

Open Source / Free Software

Thin Client Systems

Other Notable Technologies

Speech/Character Recognition

Voice recognition has been attempted since
1870 (Bell) ... has proved very difficult.

Major accomplishments have come since about
1936 for text
speech and since 1970 for
text (speech recognition).

AT&T labs (Natural Voices) was a pioneer in
readable text (text

see demo.

Useful, but still not perfect.

See Hamlet examples.

Types of Technology

There are varying types of speech
recognition technology. The key
distinctions are:

Does the system work with one user, or does
it recognize only one voice/user?

How large of a vocabulary does the system

Does it permit the user to speak naturally?

Tom Weston,
Stanford University

Tom Weston,
Stanford University

Tom Weston,
Stanford University

Tom Weston,
Stanford University

Major Consumer Packages

Naturally Speaking




Microsoft Office 2003/XP also has VR

These can be integrated into all aspects of
your computer applications (e.g., Microsoft
Office, or any text
related applications).

These packages are up to 98% accurate,
and run up to 140 words per minute. The
capabilities of these packages has grown
dramatically as hardware has become more
capable of handling the requirements.

Character Recognition

Character recognition has also become
popular. Examples include:

Optical Character Recognition (OCR) on most
scanner software (OmniPage Pro used to be
THE package to purchase, but now many
proprietary systems work well).

type software on Palm Pilots (PDA’s)


Pads (demo)

io Personal Digital Pen

The Future of …

Speech and character recognition
will continue to expand as the tools
get better.

Already, there are systems in place
where you can publish to a
webpage or
query Google through
a telephone line

The future will be interesting.

Web Communication/Creation

HTML editing tools like Dreamweaver,
FrontPage, GoLive, etc. have been
popular, and may continue to be
important. However,

there is a an
easier “solution” to managing web
creation through various new(er)

CMS, Blogs and CSS are just some
of the new tools to know about.

Content Management Systems

What is a CMS?

“A system used to manage the content
of a Web site. Can allow a content
manager or author, who may not know
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML), to
manage the creation, modification, and
removal of content from a Web site
without needing the expertise of a
Webmaster.” (NoMensa)

Let’s see one in action (demo).


Blogs (Web Logs)

Web Logs use a specialized CMS software, and
have various uses

mostly web type

Popular services include:


, etc. (100’s more).

Blogs have many uses, and are becoming
popular in many facets of education.

See a blog about blogging in education:



Cascading Style Sheets

With CSS, “styles define how to
display HTML elements, these styles
are normally stored in Style Sheets (a
separate file sent with an HTML
page). Multiple style definitions will
cascade into one, depending on the
browser being used.”

In other words, the style and content
of an html page are kept separate.

See a great example here:


Open Source / Free Software

The Open Source / Free Software
movement is complex … but what you
need to know, there are a lot of free tools
(software and content) that is available
for your use, for free.

The most common examples include
Linux, Apache (web server) and Open

Open Source software offers a strong
alternative to proprietary software (e.g.,

What’s available for free?

All sorts of software is available:

Entire operating systems (Linux)

Web Servers (Apache)

Content Management Systems (Nuke)

Graphics Programs (The GIMP)

Typing Tutors (Tux Type)

School Administration (Open Admin)

Office Suites (Open Office)


… So many more …

And there’s content …

The Open Movement has inspired free
learning objects, and even course

MIT’s Open CourseWare Initiative



Project Gutenberg

Many more here:

Places to Start (for OS / FS)

School Forge

Open Source Education Foundation

Open Source Schools

12 Linux Project (terminal server)

Thin Client Systems

… an approach to computer networking
wherein the processing horsepower to
run applications and data storage are
placed on a central server and the user
interface is placed on a desktop
computer that accesses the server to
execute applications.

The idea of thin
client systems has been
around since the time of the mainframe
computer. Improvements in affordable
server power has increased thin

In Saskatchewan

Major implementations of thin
systems have taken place in Moose
Jaw and North Battleford.

While results and opinions vary on
this implementation, it’s likely that
client is not going away soon.

Notable Technologies

Personal Digital Assistants

E.g., Full implementation into
Garden Valley


Wireless Technologies

Apple Wireless Mobile Lab

Writing Related Technologies

Endnote (bibliographic software)

(plagiarism detection)

Online Course Conferencing Tools



New technologies are all around us,
and are being invented daily.

The most powerful and relevant
technologies allow us to transform
teaching and learning.

How do we find time to become
familiar with new technologies, to
take risks and further benefit our

Keeping Up On New Technologies

Network of Innovative Schools


(news for nerds, stuff that matters)




My own Blog and resource site:

You can download today’s presentation from
here as well.

Thank you for listening.