Mocks revision - The Grange School Blogs

igocheddarBiotechnologie

14 déc. 2012 (il y a 8 années et 7 mois)

413 vue(s)

Aim: To revise for the mock
exam

Starter: List 3 revision tips

The mock...Thursday 8
th

Dec

4 topics:

1.
Drugs


Legal and illegal, drugs in sport.

2.
Matters of life


Fertility treatments, cloning,
genetic engineering, organ transplants.

3.
Crime and Punishment

4.
A collection of Qns covering suicide, care for
the elderly and wealth and poverty



10 minutes spare to re
-
read and add anything.

Common mistakes



Most common problems are caused by not
reading the question carefully.


This often results in
-



answering the wrong question


misunderstanding the point


failing to see the emphasis


not following the instructions


Tips:


Don't Panic
.



Read the question.


Make sure you understand the question.



Highlight the allocation of marks.



There is no point in spending 30 minutes or 2 pages
on a part of a question that is only worth 5 marks. Or
writing 5 sentences when it is only worth 1 mark.



Answer the question.



There is no point in answering what you think the
question is.

Drugs:


Answer these questions...let’s see how much you
remember...


1.
Name 3 legal drugs

2.
Give two reasons why people take drugs.

3.
Name a Christian group that smokes cannabis.

4.
Give a reason why other Christians are against
taking drugs.

5.
Name the drug classifications and give some
examples of each.

Drug classifications


Class A


Heroin, Cocaine, Ecstasy, LSD, Magic
mushrooms.


Class B


Amphetamines (speed), Cannabis


Class C


Anabolic steroids, ketamine.


*Remember the dangers of legal drugs too*

Drugs

Blockbusters!

The ‘Sanctity of Life’


Holy and Sacred


Created by God


Life is a gift


Life must be preserved


Every life has a purpose


God alone decides the beginning and end of
life

What is fertility treatment?



What do religious people think about fertility
treatment?

Christian Attitude to Infertility


No direct biblical teaching concerning fertility
treatment


“Be fruitful and Multiply”


Biblical view of childlessness was that it was God’s
intention


Most denominations accept IVF and AIH


Many oppose AID


adultery “Do not comitt
adultery”


Roman Catholics oppose fertility treatment


‘unnatural’ sexual acts e.g. masturbation

(only way to
donate)

Arguments For Therapeutic Cloning



Could eliminate heart disease and heart
attacks


Could deal with serious burns and brain
deterioration


Could reduce infertility


Reversing the ageing process?

Arguments Against Therapeutic Cloning


Suggests some human characteristics more
important than others


Would allow designer babies


Slippery Slope


Destroys individuality


Against the will of God?


Unnatural?


Population crisis


Christian Attitude to Genetic
Engineering and Cloning


God
-
given responsibility to care for creation


Worry that genetic engineering abuses human
authority


Many accept on the grounds that it is hugely
beneficial to human health


Most very wary of cloning


Human life conceived through man, woman and God


Some support strictly controlled therapeutic
cloning



Transplants and Transfusions


Many more donors are needed to meet demand


Jehovah’s Witnesses (Christian) oppose blood
transfusions


Biblical commands not to consume blood


Court becomes involved if parents refuse transfusion
to save life of child


Normally court over
-
rules parents’ religious beliefs


Arguments For Transplants


No risk to dead person



One person’s death=life for another



Last chance of life for many



Donor’s final contribution to society

Arguments Against Transplants


Difficult to define death


need to remove
organs quickly


Risk to living donors


Upsetting for living relatives


Transplant operations are very expensive and
take resources away from other equally needy
patients

Christian Attitude to Embryology
and Transplants


Catholics oppose all embryo research


Other denominations accept controlled
embryo research


C of E supports embryo research up to 14
days


Most accept organ donation


Blood transfusions accepted by all except
Jehovah’s Witnesses

Key Christian Beliefs


Life is a gift from God


Sanctity of life


God is the giver and destroyer of life


Trust in God


Individuality and purpose of each human life


Jesus was a healer


Matters of Life

Blockbusters!

Matters of Death:
Key Questions


When is a person actually dead?



Is there any life after death?



Do we have the right to take our own life or
help another to end theirs?



Whose responsibility is it to care for the sick
and the elderly?

Caring for the Elderly

Should we be caring for our parents and grandparents?



Failing Health


Poverty


Loneliness


Old people are living for longer, a large percentage of
population are old


Care provided by the family?


Care provided by the government?

HOSPICE MOVEMENT


The Hospice Movement was started by a Christian
called Leonard Cheshire as a response to the
suffering some people go though before they die. The
aim of a Hospice is to provide a peaceful and
comfortable environment for people to die in.


Began in the early 20th Century


Aim is to care for the dying


People move into hospices when they are terminally ill.


Helps the patient, friends and family face up to
death


Offer short and long term help


Not just death
-
houses

Euthanasia


Literally means ‘easy death’. It is when a decision is
made to terminate the life of a dying or suffering
person


Euthanasia is illegal in nearly every country in the world.
However illegal euthanasia is widely known to occur
Holland

and
Switzerland

have legalised euthanasia
under certain conditions.



Involuntary (PASSIVE) is when a person is too sick or is
in a PVS* so they cannot make the decision for
themselves, a family member must decide e.g. Turning
off life support machines for people in a coma


Voluntary (ACTIVE) euthanasia is when a person
chooses to be assisted in ending their lives e.g. lethal
injection or tablets

Euthanasia…

FOR

-

A persons life is their own, you should have control
over your death. It’s a way of loving your neighbour to
relieve their pain. Pain and sickness can rob you of your
dignity. It is pointless using up expensive medical services
for people who are dying anyway. Some Christians accept
that passive euthanasia is acceptable under certain
conditions.


AGAINST

-

Human life is a gift from God, only God can take
it away. The timing of death should be left to God. Roman
Catholics are opposed to all forms of euthanasia. They
believe very strongly in the sanctity of life. CofE
Christians believe in life after death. Because of this they
do not accept that ending life prematurely is reasonable.
Suffering may be serving some purpose. A few Christians
will accept active euthanasia on the grounds of compassion
and love.


SUICIDE



Taking ones own life.


Reasons


depression, bereavement, bullying, illness,
pressure.


Its wrong to take your own life. ‘Do not murder’.


Catholics believe you would go to Hell if commit
suicide, it is a sin.


Samaritans


organisation to help those in need.

Christianity


Honour your father and mother’ (Exodus 20v12) but
this does not necessarily mean looking after them in
the family home if a care home is better


Support should be given to the elderly as they are
vulnerable


Traditionally Christians have preferred to retain
independence of the elderly


Many churches provide facilities for the elderly
experience and wisdom should be cherished


Christians also provide and work with homes for the
elderly and hospices etc for the terminally ill.