The Effects of Bottled Water on the Environments - Environmental ...

heehawultraMécanique

22 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 4 mois)

85 vue(s)

Oyin

Popoola

Walden University

Instructor


Patrick
Tschida

PUBH 6165, October 2011


The safety of tap water



The environmental effects and risks of
consuming bottled water



The regulations on the safety of both tap
water and bottled water



Reasons to desist from drinking bottled
water and spread the message



The Importance of Drinking Clean
water

The Processes involves serial water treatments
that includes:


-
Coagulation ( Flocculation and Sedimentation)


-
Filtration


_ Disinfection



Expensive



Wasteful



Contributes to Environmental Hazards




Contaminates the water quality






Bottled Water Constitutes
Wastes to our Environments


Bottled water contains disinfecting byproducts,
fertilizer residue, and pain medication



Bottled water also contains chemicals, like
arsenic and solvent toluene, both have been
tied to health risks.




Some of the contaminants apparently came
from pollutants, and others probably leached
from plastic bottles.


Wastes Managements



Drains fossil fuels



The plastics accumulates in our oceans
causing pollutions and risks to the sea
animals






Bottled Water is a Waste

Bottled Water Suspended on the
Ocean line


Contains phthalates which disrupts body
hormones, and benzene that is believed to
cause cancer



Some bottled water brand were found to
contain chemicals that increases the growth of
breast cancer cells.



Documented from CDC to have caused
waterborne diseases





Bottled Water is regulated by Food and Drug
Administration, FDA, their rules are not strict
and lacks regulatory authority unlike the EPA



Bottled Water Industries are not required to
disclose to the public the results of any
contaminants found in any conducted test,
the source of the water and the treatments of
the water plants




Tested for several times a day but tested
once a week for the bottled water



Federal regulations to filter and disinfect but
the State only delegate regulations for bottled
water with no meaningful programs




Tap water is cheaper and almost free from
contaminants because of its regulated
maintenance and treatments




The effects of Bottled Water on the Environment. Read,
Learn and Know about Bottled Water. Retrieved from
www.allaboutwater.org/environment.html



The Water Health series: Bottled Water Basics from the
United States Environmental Protection Agency
-

Learn the
Issues about Drinking Water. Retrieved from
www.water.epa.gov/aboutow/ogwdw



Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and
Applied Nutrition Outreach and Information Center .
Retrieved from
www.cfsan.fda.gov



International Bottled Water Association . Retrieved from
www.bottledwater.org

and
ibwainfo@bottledwater.org






I hope this presentation is meaningful and
educative enough to motivate us to desist
from drinking bottled water.


Aside from the cost, its not environmental
friendly, and does not have a strict
regulations to adhere
to which is
harmful to
our health.



Ahmad, M., &
Bajahlan
, A. (2009). Quality comparison of tap
water vs. bottled water in the industrial city of
Yanbu

(Saudi
Arabia).
Environmental Monitoring And Assessment
, 159(1
-
4), 1
-
14. Retrieved from
EBSCO
host
.



Blumenfield
, J & Leah, S. 2007. The real Cost of Bottled Water.
San Francisco Gate Articles. Retrieved on October 2,2011from
www.aricles.sfgate.com/2007/0218/opinion/17232293_1_bo
ttled _
water_container_recycling_institute



Chris Baskind.2010.5 Reasons not to Drink Bottled Water.
Mother Nature Network. Retrieved on October 14,2011 from
www.mnn.com/food/healthy
-
eating/stories/5
-
reasons
-
not
-
to
-
drink
-
bottledwater




National Resources Defense Council. Bottled Water. Retrieved
on September 29, 2011 from
www.nrdc.org/water/drinking/qbw.asp


.






Smith Alex. 2008. Cancer
-

Linked Contaminants found in
Bottled Water. Environmental Working Group. Retrieved on
October 10,2011 from
www.treehugger.com/files/2008/10/chemicals
-
in
-
bottled
-
water.php



United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2009. Water
on Tap: What you need to know. Retrieved on October 1,2011
from
www.epa.gov/ogwdw/wot/pdfs/book
-
waterontap
-
full.pdf





United States Food and Drug Administration.
February/March 2002 Ask the Regulators
-

Bottled Water
Regulation and the FDA. Retrieved on October 15,2011 from
www.fda.gov/Food/Foodsafety/Product
-
SpecificInformation/BottledwaterCarbonatedSoftDrinks/ucm0
77079.htm
.




Ward, L., Cain, O.,
Mullally
, R., Holliday, K.,
Wernham
, A.,
Baillie, P., & Greenfield, S. (2009). Health Beliefs About Bottled
Water: A Qualitative Study.
BMC Public Health
, 9196.
Retrieved from
EBSCO
host
.