Basic biological principles

giantsneckignoredBiotechnologie

12 déc. 2012 (il y a 9 années et 1 mois)

387 vue(s)


Name


K
eystone Biology
Study Guide
:
http://tinyurl.com/Bio
-
keystoneexam
-
prep



MODULE 1

Basic biological principles

Questions

Standard

Assignment

Done

12, 49

Describe the characteristics of life
shared by all
prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.

Activity 2: Cell Theory and
Organization



㔰Ⱐ,3

Compare cellular structures
and their
functions in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.

Activity 2: Cell Theory and
Organization

Activity 3: More about
Cells



㌬‱ Ⱐ,4

Describe and interpret relationships between
structure and function at various levels of
biological organization (i.e. organelles, cells,
tissues, organs, organ systems, and
multicellular organisms).

Activity 1: Biology and
Biologists

Ac
tivity 2: Cell Theory and
Organization

Activity 3: More about Cells



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Describe the unique properties of water and
how these properties support life on Earth (eg

freezing point, high specific heat, cohesion).

Activity 1: Chemistry of Living
Things

Activity 2: Water and Life





Explain how carbon is uniquely suited to form
biological macromolecules.

Activity 1: Chemistry of Living
Things



ㄬ‱ Ⱐ,㠬
㈰Ⱐ,1

Describe how biological macromolecules form
from monomers.

Activity 4: Biochemistry



㐬‸ ′

Compare the structure and function of
carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic
acids in organisms.

Activity 4: Biochemistry





Describe the role of an en
zyme as a catalyst in
regulating a specific biochemical reaction.

Activity 4: Biochemistry





Explain how factors such as pH, temperature,
and concentration levels can affect enzyme
function.

Activity 3: Acids, Bases and
Buffers

Activity 4: Biochemistry



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㌰Ⱐ,5

Describe the fundamental role of plastids (e.g.
chloroplasts) and mitochondria in energy
transformations.

Activity 1: Cell Energetics

Activity 2: Enzymes and
Catalysts



㌴Ⱐ


Compare the basic

transformation of energy
during photosynthesis and cellular respiration.

Activity 3: Photosynthesis

Activity 5: Cellular Respiration



㐶Ⱐ,7

Describe the role of ATP in biochemical
reactions.

Activity 1: Cell Energetics

Activity 4: Glycolysis etc




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Describe how the structure of the plasma
membrane allows it to function as a regulatory
structure and/or protective barrier for a cell.

Activity 1: Membranes and
Transport





Compare the
mechanisms that transport
materials across the plasma membrane (i.e.
passive transport
-
diffusion, osmosis,
facilitated diffusion; and active transport
-
pumps, endocytosis, exocytosis).

Activity 1: Membranes and
Transport



㐰Ⱐ,8

Describe how
membrane
-
bound cellular
organelles (e.g. endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi
apparatus) facilitate the transport of materials
within a cell.

http://tinyurl.com/membrane
-
bound
-
organelles



http://tinyurl.com/endomembrane




㈬‷ ‱ Ⱐ


Explain how organisms maintain homeostasis
(e.g. thermoregulation, water regulation,
oxygen regulation).

Activity 1: Membranes and
Transport



MODULE 2

Cell growth and
reproduction

Questions

Standard

Assignment

Done

26, 59

Describe the events that occur during the
cell cycle: interphase, nuclear division (i.e.
mitosis or meiosis), cytokinesis.

Activity 1: Cell Cycle



ㄳⰠ,㘬 ㈵Ⱐ
㈷Ⱐ
㌵Ⱐ㐴

Compare the processes and
outcomes of
mitotic and meiotic nuclear divisions.


Activity 1: Cell Cycle

http://tinyurl.com/Mitosisbiocoach


http://tinyurl.com/Meiosisbiocoach




㈳Ⱐ


Describe the process of DNA replication
results in the transmission and/or
conservation of genetic information.

Genetics:

Activity 1: DNA


http://tinyurl.com/DNAbiocoach




㤬″

Explain the functional
relationship between
DNA, genes, alleles, and chromosomes and
their roles in inheritance.

Genetics:
Activity 2: DNA to Protein


http://www.johnkyrk.com/chromostructure.swf





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Describe and/or predict observed patterns of
inheritance (i.e. dominant, recessive, co
-
dominance, incomplete dominance, sex
-
linked, polygenic, and multiple alleles).

Activity 6: Inheritance, Genes
and Chromosomes



㐰4



Describe process that can alter composition
or number of chromosomes (i.e. crossing
-
over, nondisjunction, duplication,
translocation, deletion, insertion, and
inversion).

Activity 8: Genes and
Chromosomes



㈲Ⱐ,5

Describe how the processes of transcr
iption
and translation are similar in all organisms.

http://tinyurl.com/transcriptionintro

http://tinyurl.com/translation
-
intro




㄰Ⱐ,㌬ 㜴

Descri
be the role of ribosomes, endoplas
mic
reticulum, Golgi apparatus,
and the nucleus in
the production of specific types of proteins.

http://tinyurl.com/virtual
-
cell
-
tour


http://tinyurl.com/translation
-
intro



㔬‱

Describe how genetic mutations alter the
DNA sequence and may or may not affect the
phenotype (e.g. silent, nonsense, frame
-
shift)

http://tinyurl.com/gene
-
mutation
-
game


http://tinyurl.com/DNA
-
alterations




6

Explain how genetic engineering has
impacted the fields of medicine, forensics,
and agriculture (e.
g. selective breeding, gene
splicing, cloning, genetically modified
organisms,
and gene

therapy).

Activity 9: Biotechnology


Activity 10: Applications



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Explain how natural selection can
impact allele
frequencies of a population.

Activity 1: Darwin and
Evolution



㘵Ⱐ,8

Describe the factors that can contribute to the
development of new species (e.g. isolating
mechanisms, genetic drift, founder effect,
migration).

Activity 2: Mechanisms
of
Evolution





Explain how genetic mutation may result in
genotypic and phenotypic variations within a
population.

Activity 3: Population Genetics




Ⱐ,7

Interpret evidence supporting the theory of
evolution (i.e. fossil, anatomical, physiological,
embryological, biochemical, and universal
genetic code).

http://tinyurl.com/evo
-
big
-
ideas



http://tinyurl.com/evo
-
evidence
-
analysis






Distinguish between the scientific terms:
hypothesis, inference, law, theory, principle,
fact, and observation.

http://tinyurl.com/law
-
v
-
theory






Ecology

Questions

Standard

Assignment

Done

69, 80

Describe the levels of ecological organization
(i.e. organism, population, community,
ecosystem, biome, and biosphere).

Activity 1: Ecology and
Conservation



㜰Ⱐ,5

Describe the characteristic biotic and abiotic
components of aquatic and terrestrial
ecos
ystems.

Activity 1: Ecology and
Conservation

Activity 3: Ecosystems



㈹Ⱐ,㜬
㌸Ⱐ
㐱Ⱐ,8

Describe how energy flows through an
ecosystem (e.g. food chains, food webs, energy
pyramids).

Activity 3: Ecosystems

http://tinyurl.com/ecosystem
-
review






Describe biotic interactions in an ecosystem
(e.g. competition, predation, symbiosis).

Activity 3: Ecosystems



㜲Ⱐ,1

Describe how matter recycles through an
ecosystem (i.e. water cycle, carbon cycle,
nitrogen cycle, oxygen cycle).

Activity 3: Ecosystems

http://tinyurl.com/ecosystem
-
review






Describe how ecosystems change in response
to natural and human
disturbances (e.g.
climate changes, introduction of nonnative
species, pollution, fires).

Activity 2: Conservation Biology



㐲Ⱐ,3

Describe the effects of limiting factors on
population dynamics and potential species
extinction.

Activity 2: Conservation
Biology