Core PDS by Shri. Somasekhar - CIPS

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23 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 5 mois)

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FPS Automation
-

Issues & Challenges
Chhattisgarh Experience

COREPDS
-
मेरी मर्ज़ी


A.K.Somasekhar


What was there before COREPDS?



Chhattisgarh computerized the whole PDS
supply chain in 2007
-
08



Increased

Transparency ,Accountability, Efficiency

Situation before initiative

As a result


Leakages and diversion have drastically come
down


Genuine beneficiary in Chhattisgarh is no
doubt, getting her full entitlements.


But still there are problems faced by beneficiary
at FPS.

Most common problems faced by
beneficiary at FPS


FPS is not open when the beneficiary wants to
take her rations, leading to additional trips.



FPS declares 'no stock' even when the FPS
has sufficient stocks, leading to additional
trips.



The sales person does not accord due respect
to the beneficiary or sometimes misbehaves.


Most common problems faced by
beneficiary at FPS (contd.)


Overcharging


The sales person charges
more than what is chargeable.



Deliberate under
-
weighment

& Adulteration of
the commodities by sales person.



Beneficiary may need to spend at least half a
day to take commodities because of long
queues.


Solution to above problems

No

technology

can

solve

the

above

problems
.

But

portability

can

solve

the

problems
.

Portability

empowers

beneficiary

to

go

to

an

FPS

giving

better

services,

there

by

creating

a

reason

for

improvement

in

service

at

FPS
.


Solution

is

the

‘Beneficiary

empowerment’


Power of right to chose

Q

Why

your

colony's

provision

shop
-
wala

shall

never

ill
-
treat

you?


A

if

he

ill
-
treats

you

or

hurts

your

ego

you

will

stop

going

to

the

shop
.

Because

you

have

freedom

to

chose

where

to

purchase

he

will

treat

you

well
.

What COREPDS offers



The

convenience

that

technology

has

given

to

a

bank

account

holder

to

withdraw

money

from

any

ATM,

is

being

offered

to

a

poor

BPL

beneficiary

in

COREPDS

COREPDS Objectives


To empower beneficiary



To improve Service Delivery



To reduce Diversion



To weed out Bad FPS



To create Transparency

CORE PDS
-

How it works


Every FPS has a POS device



Smart Ration card for a BPL beneficiary


Smart card has no biometrics. Uses
KMS supplied by NICHQ

13

13

Click to Issue PDS
Commodities through
SRC

14

14

15

15



Inserting Beneficiary’s SRC

16

16

17

17

Click if Beneficiary
Details are Correct

18

RC Number

19

Beneficiary Food
Balances

Member Details

RC Number

20

20

21

21

Select Member

Enter Quantities

22

22

Click to Issue

23

Transaction ID,
Quantities Issued,

Member ID,


TransactionDate

24

Success Report

Transaction ID,
Quantities Issued,

Member ID,


TransactionDate

25

25


Process Success

26

26

27

27

Click to Print Receipt

28

APL Benficiaries


They are not given smart cards.




They will register mobile numbers




They take commodities using OTP

Issue PDS Commodities without SRC

There

will

always

be

a

situation

where

a

small

percentage

of

genuine

beneficiaries

do

not

have

SRCs

because

either

they

could

not

take

in

the

distribution

camps

or

they

have

lost

and

duplicate

is

not

yet

been

received
.

This

use

case

is

to

serve

these

genuine

beneficiaries

even

with

the

risk

of

a

few

proxy

issues
.

These

beneficiaries

shall

not

get

the

advantage

of

portability
.

But

can

take

the

commodities

from

their

linked

FPS
.


RSBY Cards to be used as Ration cards


COREPDS

uses

RSBY

smart

card

as

ration

card



Government

of

Chhattisgarh

has

recently

decided

to

universalize

RSBY

through

out

Chhattisgarh
.




COREPDS

rolled

out

in

Durg

city

at

69

FPSs

without

issuing

a

separate

smart

cards,

but

using

RSBY

cards

as

ration

cards

COREPDS is readily scalable to
Aadhaar

authentication

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

N

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

NA

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

NA

RC Number,

Member ID


Food A/C

Balances


Server

RC Number

Name

Biometric Auth.

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

Y

RC Number

Name

Aadhaar

Number

14010101240611

Pratap Sahu

143052789626

14010101240611

Preethi Sahu

327692489563

14010101240611

Shivesh Sahu

165902789985

Member ID,

RC No.,

Finger Print

Aadhaar No.,

Finger Print


Server

Y/N

Food A/C

Balances

RISKS, CHALLENGES &

MITIGATION STRATEGY



Risk 1


Implementation

of

CORE

PDS

acts

against

the

interest

of

many

FPS

Agencies
.

It

is

not

wise

to

assume

that

FPS

will

sincerely

try

to

implement

CORE

PDS

Mitigation Strategy


When

one

FPS

says

that

the

POS

is

not

working

beneficiary

can

go

to

a

near

by

FPS
.

FPS

that

can

not

run

COREPDS

loses

its

business

to

other

FPSs
.



FPS

automation

without

portability

as

tried

in

some

States

is

difficult

to

sustain

Risk
2


In

the

initial

days,

all

FPSs

in

an

area

can

form

a

nexus

and

see

that

POSs

do

not

work
.

Mitigation Strategy


CGSCSC

operates

mobile

FPS

.

Mitigation Strategy



Whenever

a

report

is

received

that

many

FPSs

are

not

working

in

one

area,

these

trucks

will

be

sent

to

that

area
.

They

serve

the

beneficiaries

in

front

of

the

FPSs
.

Thus,

FPSs

who

do

run

CORE

PDS

shall

lose

their

business
.

Risk 3


Competition

does

not

help

if

everyone

is

bad
.

FPSs

may

intentionally

do

not

improve

their

service

to

prove

that

COREPDS

is

a

failure
.

Mitigation Strategy


Good

performers



NGOs,

Corporates

under

their

CSR



will

be

introduced



50

FPS

buildings

under

construction,

each

costing

10

lakhs



They

will

set

benchmark

for

service



Risk 4


Connectivity is either not available or
speed is not sufficient

Mitigation Strategy



Connectivity

Survey

was

done
.

GPRS

connectivity

is

available

at

7200

FPSs

out

of

8000

FPS

served
.

Effective

speeds

vary

from

20

KBPS

to

70

KBPS
.

Location of
FPSs
in Raipur

Risk 5


Unreliable connectivity

Mitigation Strategy


COREPDS

by

design

is

an

online

system
.

But

it

allows

a

limited

offline

issues

also

in

case

of

connectivity

failure


(

3

for

a

beneficiary

and

100

for

an

FPS)


Offline

records

will

be

uploaded

whenever

Smart

card

is

inserted

in

a

connected

POS

device

or

through

FI

module

Thoughts for Debate

FPS automation without portability


FPS

automation

without

portability

creates

more

inconvenience

to

the

genuine

beneficiary



Biometric authentication


Waive
-
off

facility



Friend

families



With

any

other

genuine

beneficiaries

authentication

Portability in Rural areas?


Migrated
labourers



To serve small villages at door steps



Social reasons





Weighing Scale integration?


Under
-
weighment

is

due

to

disempowerment
.

Empower

the

beneficiary
.

No

need

to

integrate

weighing

scales

with

POS

device
.

Benefits
relaised

in COREPDS


Reduced waiting time at FPS


Reduced number of trips to FPS


Behavioral change in FPS sales men


Weeding out bad FPS


Bribe money stopped at the root



Reduction in Diversion

Indicator

Before
COREPDS

After
CORPDS

Remark

Sale of


BPL Grain


100%

95%

Prior

to

COREPDS,

FPSs

used

to

record

proxy

issues

and

declare

99

to

100
%

sale
.

After

introduction

of

Smart

card

/

OTP

authentication

the

sale

figure

have

reduced
.


Sale of

Kerosene


100%

75%

Sale of

APL Grain


80%

50%

Freedom to chose


Currently

20
%

of

beneficiaries

are

using

portability
.

Remaining

beneficiaries

are

taking

at

their

own

FPS,

but

now

with

their

choice

not

by

compulsion
.



At

this

context

I

want

to

refer

Amartya

Sen’s

quotation

which

is

as

follows



From 'Development as Freedom', p 27





"A

person

produces

the

same

commodities

in

the

same

way

and

ends

up

with

same

income

and

buys

the

same

goods,

she

may

still

have

very

good

reason

to

prefer

the

scenario

of

free

choice

over

that

of

submission

to

order"







Amartya

Sen

Winner of the
nobel

prize in economics


What kind of FPS automation?


Online

system,

but

should

support

a

limited

offline

transactions



Aadhaar
-
based

Biometric

authentication

with

alternate

authentication

mechanism




RSBY

or

other

Smart

cards

for

quick

start

without

waiting

for

Aadhaar

saturation

and

to

allow

for

offline

transactions



What kind of PDS envisioned?


Empowered beneficiary



with choice of FPS,



choice of commodities



and choice to take cash instead of commodities


NGOs/ MNC running ‘FPS chain’ treating
beneficiary as a valued customer, to capture
‘fortune at the bottom of the pyramid’


Mobile FPS to serve remotest villages at their
door steps



Thank You


This

kind

of

PDS

is

not

a

distant

dream

with

available

technology

and

growing

political

and

burocratic

will

for

improving

PDS


A.K.Somasekhar

som@nic.in
,


94252 02643