eGovernment - EC Policies and

dashingincestuousSécurité

22 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 6 mois)

76 vue(s)

Dr. Rosalie Zobel

Director

Components and Subsystems. Applications

Directorate General Information Society

Rosalie.Zobel@cec.eu.int

eGovernment
-

EC Policies and
Activities

Online Citizenship




Venice, 30
-
31 May, 2003

R. Zobel,
2

Outline


Policy Context


eEurope 2005


European Research Area & 6th Framework for Research


eGovernment


Vision, Objectives and Status


eGov. activities in eEurope 2005


eGov and FP
-
IST


Smart Governments


e Democracy


FP6
-

1st Call


2nd Ministerial eGovernment Conference


Conclusions

R. Zobel,
3

Policy Context

Lisbon Strategy

“EU: Largest

knowledge
-
based

economy by 2010”

Enlargement

Candidate countries

are full partners in

FP5

ERA: European

Research Area

FP6, Eureka, COST, National
RTD Programmes

… towards a

Single Market

for Research

Broadband access, e
-
business, e
-
government,
security, skills, e
-
health,
...

Other policies

Single Market, Single Currency,
Security of Europeans,
Sustainable Development, ...

R. Zobel,
4

e
Europe 2005

1. Policy Measures


Modern on
-
line public services


e
-
government, e
-
learning, e
-
health


A dynamic eBusiness environment


legislation, SMEs, e
-
skills, interoperability,


trust & confidence, the “.eu company”


A secure information infrastructure


cybersecurity task force, “culture

of security”, ...


Broadband


spectrum policy, broadband for less
-
favoured regions,

multi
-
platform content, ...

2.

Good Practices Development, Analysis & Dissemination

3. Benchmarking

4. Co
-
ordination mechanism for e
-
policies

5. Financing

http://europa.eu.int/eeurope

R. Zobel,
5

eEurope 2005 & FP6 IST




ERA


IST in FP6

e
Europe 2005

-

Wider adoption of IST

-

Stimulating demand

-

Identifying user needs

Longer term vision

Best practices

Research infrastructure

By 2005, Europe should have:


modern online public services


a dynamic e
-
business environment


widespread availability of broadband


a secure information infrastructure

Interlinked objectives but different time scales


R. Zobel,
6

ERA & FP6


ERA


creation of an “internal market” in research through free
movement of knowledge, researchers, technology


better co
-
ordination of national research activities and
policies and development of a European research policy


6th Framework Programme


Instrumental for ‘European Research Area’


From “project”
-
thinking to “initiative”
-
thinking


new instruments (Integrated Projects and Network of Excellence),


focus (fewer priorities), concentration
of efforts & resources,



improved impact,
multidisciplinary research,



Strengthen action in certain areas


One and lighter workprogramme,

R. Zobel,
7

eGovernment Vision


“Open Government”


visible & transparent decision
-
making


increased transparency & accountability


better co
-
operation among administrations (local, regional,
national & international)


Inclusive & personalised e
-
government


equity: equal rights & opportunities for all


inclusive: use human potential to the full


accessible for all: multiple online platforms, personalized


e
-
Government & productivity


performance: faster delivery (less waiting time), lower costs
for citizens & businesses


better quality of services


improved interaction with citizens

To make

democracy

function

better

R. Zobel,
8

eGovernment Objectives


manage change, re
-
organize the organization,train
employees, integrate legacy systems


provide secure access to services through different
communication channels and establish trust and
confidence


foster co
-
operation among administrations at
different levels using open standards and open
source initiatives


exploit public assets and resources (private public
partnerships)


promote awareness of eGovernment services &
participation in democratic processes

R. Zobel,
9

eGovernment Status


All Member States made significant steps in implementing eGov.
Services


Local and Municipal administrations made more progress than
National


A significant number of interactive and transactional services
still to be implemented at national level. Major problems


limited funding, shortage of ICT skills, cultural and bureaucratic
issues


low management commitment, resistance to change and poor
training programs


lack of pan
-
European services on offer due to interoperability


increased skepticism of citizens due to


usability problems


lack of security; improper privacy and access rights

R. Zobel,
10

eGovernment & eEurope 2005

1. Reduce Interoperability barriers for pan European


Services


2. Develop guidelines for an interoperability framework


and promote open standards


3. Foster the development and provision of pan European


services


4. Support mainstream deployment of eProcurement


5. Support eSkills and trust & confidence


6. Integrate different communication channels and support


Public Internet Access Points (PIAPs)

http://europa.eu.int/eeurope

R. Zobel,
11

eGovernment & RTD
-

10 years

ICTs for

Central

Government

Systems &


Services for


Administration

eGovernment

FP3
-
4

(1994
-
1999)

TAP

FP5

(1999
-
2002)

IST

FP6

(2002
-
2006)

IST


Smart governments


e
-
democracy


knowledge
management


trust and confidence


socio economic
research




Advanced e
-
gov
services


Open, re
-
configurable
platforms


Organizational
transformation

1991

2002


harmonization and
interconnection of
national networks


co
-
operation among
administrations


integration of
services

280M


R. Zobel,
12

Smart Governments


Intelligent systems for improving the provision of
online public services through a single point of
access


Socio
-
Economic Objectives


improved services, cost
-
effective and productive
administrations, personalized and user friendly services


Technological Objectives


re
-
engineering, legacy integration, service integration and
provision, internal services and knowledge management,
best practices


36 projects (26 RTD, 10AM), 297 organizations,
total funding M


60.9

R. Zobel,
13


JavaCard (incl. biometric authentication)

to support administrative services, e.g.



change of residence



car registration



change of driving licence


Pilot applications in Cologne



(Germany), Newcastle (UK) & Grosseto (Italy)

http://www.fasme.org

To assist citizen mobility in Europe through IT
-
supported administrative procedures

Smart Government
-

FASME

R. Zobel,
14

eDemocracy


Broaden citizens’ participation in societal decision
making through online debate


Socio
-
Economic Objectives


increased citizens’ participation, transparency on decision
making, public debate, up
-
to
-
date information on public
affairs, new and emerging forms of democracy


Technological Objectives


eVoting, online consultations, public forums, online
hearings, opinion polling, ..


11 projects, 73 participants, total funding M


15

R. Zobel,
15

eDemocracy
-

E
-
POLL


innovative procedure definition tool to
organise consultations in a flexible way
(XML based “wizard”)


high performance network infrastructure
(UMTS) to support the e
-
poll network in a
secure way,


E
-
POLL

eVoting

system

has

been

piloted

to

date

in

two

elections

in

Italy

and

one

election

in

France


E
-
POLL

eVoting

system

has

been

accredited

in

France

and

selected

as

the

national

eVoting

standard

in

Italy

builds and tests a network
-
based electronic voting
system

R. Zobel,
16

Other Areas


Knowledge Management


knowledge extraction, categorization and sharing


Trust and Confidence


secure access to services, secure middleware and
networks, smart cards


Socio
-
Economic Research


new services for SMEs


Public Private Partnerships and new business models


regional development


measure and benchmarking eGovernment

R. Zobel,
17

FP6
-

IST 1st Call


Topics:


Dynamic collaborative
network management


Technologies for
interoperability support


Multimodal e
-
government
services


Knowledge management


Business ecosystems


GOVERNMENT transformation


dynamic, interoperable,


service
-
driven


Citizens





Businesses



Advanced eGovernment

SERVICES

interactive, secure, user
-
driven

Back
-

office

Front
-

office

Networked Businesses & Governments

ICTs to support organisational networking, process
integration & sharing of resources between
organisations

Budget: 75 M


in 2003

R. Zobel,
18

2nd European Ministerial Conf.


eGovernment Ministerial Conference


Como, 7
-
8 July 2003

http://europa.eu.int/information_society/eeurope/egovconf/index_en.htm


consolidate and extend existing consensus in Europe

on strategic priorities for e
-
government


present and exhibit national, regional and local success
stories in certain areas of eGovernment


the role of e
-
government for European competitiveness


a better life for European citizens


European, central and local government e
-
cooperation


the first e
-
government awards will be presented during the
Conference

R. Zobel,
19

Conclusions


Public Administrations face great challenges (inclusion,
openness, transparency and accountability, cost
-
efficiency)


ICTs are of strategic importance to solve most of these
problems


eGovernment is a
key component of the European
Commission’s strategy (eEurope 2002/2005 and FP4,5,6
-

IST/ERA)


Significant progress done so far; however, still certain
issues to be solved


R&D in the area, in conjunction with the appropriate
deployment, promotion and co
-
operation actions, are
key
!

Dr. Rosalie Zobel

Director

Components and Subsystems. Applications

Directorate General Information Society

Rosalie.Zobel@cec.eu.int

eGovernment
-

EC Policies and
Activities

Online Citizenship



Venice, 30
-
31 May, 2003