Internet of Things: Trends & Possibilities

croutonsgruesomeRéseaux et Communications

16 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 3 mois)

62 vue(s)

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Internet of Things: Trends &
Possibilities

RINC 2013


September 2013

©
2013
IDA Singapore.


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Underlying Market Trends

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Underlying Market Trends

Digital & Sharing
Economy


Distribution of
knowledge


New
power of
the commons

Generation C

Collaboration


Collaborative
Consumption


Collaborative
Production

Consumers’ Adoption
of
Infocomm

products


Tablets, personal notebook,
social media


Always on/always connected


How can
organisation

embrace it?


Higher work satisfaction


productivity


Sensor
-
enabled real
-
time information

Innovation and lower
price


Innovation through collaboration
and sharing platform


Lower price through volume and
openness

©
2013
IDA Singapore.


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©
2013
IDA Singapore.


All Rights Reserved.

Underlying Market Trends


Strains city
Infrastructure (Energy,
utilities, traffic etc)


Focus on improving
efficiency and quality of
services provided


Growing environmental awareness
worldwide


ICT
-
enabled energy efficient solutions



600 billion savings globally


Reduce up to 15% of total global emission


Smart Grid, Smart Appliances, etc.


Source: UN Secretariat

World’s Population Growth (B)

Urban Population

Rural Population

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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There are many potentially disruptive
technologies…

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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2012 IT Roadmap

Smartphones

Big Data

Cloud Computing

User Interface

New Digital Economy

Comms of the Future

Cyber Security

Social Media

ICT and Sustainability

Internet of Things

New Digital Economy

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Repeated across the 9 Themes

Video

1

Mobility

2

Social

3

Open Data

4

Real
-
time

5

Context
-
Awareness

6

Security

7

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Big Data

New Digital
Economy

Social Media

ICT &
Sustainability

Internet of
Things

User
Interface

Healthcare

Transport

Energy

Education

Retail

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Internet of Things


Convergence of
Multiple Technology Disciplines

Semiconductor

Electronics

Sensing

Technologies

Sensor

Actuators

Internet of
Things

Growing
diversity and
richness of
sensor types

Increasing
Computing
Power

Miniaturisation
& Lower Costs

Source:
Intel

Source: IDC
Digital Universe
Study

Wireless
PAN

RFID

Blue
tooth

Zigbee

NFC

Wireless
LAN

802.11
-
1997

802.11
a

HyperL
AN
-
2

802.11
n

Wireless
WAN

GSM,
GPRS

HASD
PA

HSUP
A

HSPA+

Relative

Time To Introduction


Cloud Computing Adoption Rates

Source:
NXP

Comms

&

Sensor Network

Knowledge

Creation

Pervasion of
Cloud
Computing

Improved
Connectivity
Coverage &
Latency

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Internet of Things


The Things To Come

Self
-
Powered Wireless

Modular Sensor System

Swept Frequency

Capacitive Sensing

Sensor Miniaturisation

and Sensor Tattoo

Unified Sensor Gateway

Connected Things

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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Standards: Enabler of IoT

Source: Smart Cities Are The Internet of Things, Zach Shelby

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Demand Drivers

Businesses

Society

People


Lifestyle


Convenience


Health


Safety


Productivity


Costs Efficiency


Regulation


Assets



Sustainability


Safety


Security


Social Costs


Internet of Things

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Applications

Smart Cities

Connected Communities


Lighting & Water Management


Monitoring & Security


Traffic Control

Smart Energy

Electric Grid


Voltage & Power Sensors


Meters & Breakers


Fault Detection

Smart Planet

Green Environment


Environmental Sensors


Water, Power Leak Detection


Pollution, Weather Monitoring

Smart Health

Healthcare System


People Monitoring


Bio Sensors, Probes


Remote Health

Smart Living

Entertainment, Leisure


Independence through technology


Infor

when you need it


Connected when you need it

Smart Industry

Industrial Environments


Lighting, security, actuators


Production Control


Robotics

Smart Transport

ITS, HEVs, EVs


Electric Mobility, EVs and HEVs


High Speed Trains


Infra, V2I, V2V, V2I+I

Smart Buildings

Buildings, Smart Homes


Thermostats, HVAC, Lighting


Presence Sensors, Lockers, Actuators


Meters, smart
-
plugs, HEC

IoT

Source: IERC


European Research Cluster on the Internet of Things

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Services & Business Models

Turnkey

License
Based

Usage

Based

Subscripti
on Based

SaaS

and

AaaS

Proprietary

Solutions

B2B

B2B2C

B2C

Subscription

Pay

Per Use

Service
Bundling

Revenue
Share

Open

Solutions

Collaborative
Communities

Knowledge
Management

Decision
Analytics

Services

Business Models

Solutions

+

+

+

New Services

Information Monetisation

Open Networks

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Market Potential


Global and AP

50 Billion Connections in 2020

Includes:


Singapore


Philippines


Malaysia


Indonesia


Thailand


China


Japan


Taiwan


South Korea


Hong Kong


IoT spending is a function of ICT market size, ICT
infrastructure maturity and market sector dynamics


China is expected to be the largest IoT market,
followed by Japan and India


India


New Zealand


Australia

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Possibilities
-

Logistics

Current

To
-
Be

Data origin

User or back
-
office generated.

Item/sensor generated.

Interaction
paradigm

Organization
-
to
-
organization

Thing
-
to
-
thing

Data processing

Centralized at organization level

Distributed, may start at object level.

Communication
support

Predefined communication channels.

Self
-
configuring combination of local and global

communication resources.

Data interchange

semantics

Mutually agreed with each partner or
between trade community members.

Globally established, for any
-
to
-
any ad hoc
exchanges.

Decisions support

Top
-
down decision making,

based on periodic data revision

Event
-
triggered, decentralized and (partially)
automated exception resolution

Virtual Representation of Cargo

Virtual Representation of Cargo With Broader
Ecosystem Of

Players

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2013
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The Possibilities
-

Logistics


Groups of robots that perform
tasks more efficiently and in a
fundamentally different manner
from individually




Covers large grounds,
communicating with each other




Interesting applications in
nanobots






Examples:


James
McLurkin

(Rice University)


SMAVNET (Switzerland)

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IDA Singapore.


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The Possibilities
-

Manufacturing


Networked production, a
departure from value chain
production



New business models enabled
by:


Flexible Production


Predictive Maintenance


Customer Integrated
Engineering


Adaptive Logistics


Etc.




Examples:


Mass customisation


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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Possibilities
-

Transport


Cars and buses as
WiFi

hotspots, with vehicle data in the
cloud (Fog Computing)




Builds a 802.11p vehicular mesh
network among vehicles for
business, safety and
entertainment


Examples:


Experimental
testbed

deployed in Porto, Portugal with 465 taxi cabs


3G connection to the central


DSRC connection between vehicles

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Possibilities
-

Consumer


Vital Signs, Sleep Pattern, Stress
Levels and Physical Activity
monitoring



How It Works:


Pill with edible microchip
activated by stomach fluids,
sending signal to patch


Patch decodes data about
drug


Patch transmits information
to mobile, informing when
next dose is due and other
health data


Examples:


Proteus Smart Pill

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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The Possibilities
-

Social IoT

Source:
The Social Internet of Things (
SIoT
)


When social networks meet the Internet of Things, by
Luigi Atzori
a, Antonio Iera b, Giacomo Morabito c,

, Michele Nitti, 2 August 2012

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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IoT Vision: A Networked World



Weather


Road Infra



Vehicle
-

2
-
vehicle



Personal

Health



Smart Meter

App#1

App#2

App#3

App#4

App#5



Weather


Road Infra



Vehicle
-

2
-
vehicle



Personal

Health



Smart Meter

App#1

App#2

App#3

App#4

App#5

Devices of all
types and
capabilities are
Internet
accessible

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2013
IDA Singapore.


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IoT Challenges


Business Model
-

ROIs and cost
-
sharing modality remains unclear


Standards
-

Absence of an integrated comprehensive
framework for the different standardization efforts



Naming
-

Challenge in mapping Object Name Servers (ONS) to
specific objects and related identifiers


Transport Protocol
-

Existing transport protocols not
designed for IoT, e.g. connection setup, congestion control


Authentication & Data Integrity
-

Scarce resources in IoT limit
authentication infrastructure, and vulnerability of man
-
in
-
the
-
middle
attack


Privacy
-

Existing technologies do not allow control on the
diffusion of private information collected

©
2013
IDA Singapore.


All Rights Reserved.

Summary


ITR2012


9 Technology Trends That
Will Be of Relevance



Confluence of Technologies Making IoT
A Reality




New Business Models Brought About By
IoT




Major Opportunities in Logistics,
Transportation, Manufacturing &
Consumer




Proliferation of Consumer Devices and
Social Media Enabling Next Generation
IoT Services

©
2013
IDA Singapore.


All Rights Reserved.

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