Genetic Engineering - vinstan

butterbeanscubaBiotechnologie

12 déc. 2012 (il y a 9 années et 1 mois)

509 vue(s)

A look at the world today












F
atimah .R.,
I
nthuja .J. &
G
owshia .V.

Genetic Engineering

Overview


Introduction to Genetic Engineering


Applications


Safety and Ethical Issues


Branches of Science


Uses of this technology by
professions


Universities/ Courses/ Requirements

What is Genetic Engineering?


Directly

manipulating/altering the
structure and characteristics of
genes using molecular cloning &
transformation


Different from “normal” breeding


genes manipulated
indirectly

Agricultural Applications


Goes back 100 years


Today, scientist use
recombinant
DNA technology


First food made by recombinant
DNA technology


Flavr

Savr

Tomatoes (1994)


60% of foods are genetically
modified


Solution to world hunger



Human & Medical
Applications


Production of Insulin


Genetic Screening/Testing


Gene Therapy


Production of experimental mice,
oncomouse (cancer mouse)


Vaccine

Cloning and Stem Cells


Clone created from one cell


not
sex cell


Cloning


process of creating an
identical copy of an original
(Example: Identical Twins)


Stem cells (master cells) can develop
into any tissue


Cure their own disease or build new
organs


NO REJECTION


Ethics Involving Genetic
Engineering


Ethical
issues concerning human
beings and animals



-

Are we playing God?




-

Religions beliefs




-

Creates new viruses



-

Designer Babies



Genetic
Engineering and Plants



-

Effects on our Environment



-

Long run effects on environment

Ethics Involving Genetic
Engineering

Branches of sciences needed
to study the technology


Genetics


Medicine


Biology/Chemistry


Biochemistry


Microbiology


Chemical Engineering

What professions use this
technology?


Microbiologist


Laboratory technician


Research assistant


Lecturer or professor


Chief Executive Officer of a biotech
company


Postdoctoral research associate


Genetic Engineer Research Scientist


Biotechnologist

Courses offered at
Universities


University of Toronto


Human Biology Program

Genes, genetic and biotechnology specialities
program



York University

Biotechnology Program

Requirements


Grade 12 Chemistry, Calculus and
Advanced Functions



Grade 12 Physics is highly recommended


Other Requirements


team worker, honest,
creative, has problem solving skills

Summary


Genetic engineering is direct
manipulation of an organism’s genes


Most common uses of genetic
engineering are in medicine


A very controversial topic
considering the ethical issues


Variety of sciences are incorporated
into this engineering


Many professions use this
technology

Reference List

Career Details for

Biotechnologist. (
n.d
.). December 14, 2008,


<http://careercruising.com/Careers/JobDetails.aspx?LoginID=53770d7f
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cddd
-
449d
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970d
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8cb29415fa18
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&OccNumber=603&Language=English>.

Engdahl, Sylvia, ed.
Genetic Engineering
. Bonnie Szumski, 2006.

"Genetic Engineering"
Encyclopedia Britannica
. 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online Library Edition.
13

Dec.

2008.

“Genetic Engineering." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 12 Dec. 2008,
<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/genetic_engineering#genetic_engineering>.

Genetic Engineering Research Scientist Job Description, Career as a Genetic Engineering Research
Scientist, Salary, Employment
-

Definition and Nature of the Work, Education and Training
Requirements, Getting the Job. December 14, 2008,


<http://careers.stateuniversity.com/pages/402/Genetic
-
Engineering
-
Research
-
Scientist.html>.

Heaf, D. (2004, January 25). Becoming a Genetic Engineer. December 14, 2008,


<http://www.ifgene.org/gecareer.htm.>"Human's Playground: Genetic Engineering." Think quest.
11 Dec. 2008 <http://library.thinkquest.org/04apr/00774/en/txt/uses_medicine.html>.

MacDonald Glenn, Linda. "Bio Med Law." 13 Dec. 2008,


<http://www.biomedlaw.com./bioethics.php>.

MacDonald Glenn, Linda. "Ethical Issues in Genetic Engineering and Transgenic."
Actionbioscience.org
.
American Institute of Biological Sciences. 13 Dec. 2008
<http://www.actionbioscience.org/biotech/glenn.html>.


McLeish, Ewan.
Genetic Revolution
. New York: Stargazer Books, 2006.

Wilson, R. (2006, July 19). Human Biology at the University of Toronto. December 14, 2008,


<http://www.hmb.utoronto.ca/ggb.asp>.

York University
-

Biology Undergraduate
-

Biotechnology. (
n.d
.). Retrieved December 14, 2008,


<http://www.yorku.ca/ugbio/Programs>.




Your Thoughts on...


GENETIC ENGINEERING and its
uses in our everyday lives
considering everything that was
discussed in the presentation!