Claire Anderson - CS at Roanoke

almondpitterpatterIA et Robotique

23 févr. 2014 (il y a 3 années et 5 mois)

84 vue(s)

Thought Computation and
Composition: Is writing
computational?

By: Claire Anderson


Overview:





Semantics and thought computation


Why all the confusion?


Personal opinion

Thought Computation: Semantics vs.
Syntax


William Rapaport:


He believes that thought is semantic
and syntactical at the same time.
They need each other to be able to
be relevant. He says that in order to
understand language and thought
that we need to understand the
following:


Robustness


Mutual Understanding


Coherent Discourse


Natural
-
Language
Competencies




Christopher Peacock:


Peacock finds that there are
inconsistencies within the beliefs of
semantics saying that computation
“cannot be sensitive to semantic
properties”. This is argued when he
states “what makes syntactic
operations a species of formal
operations is that being syntactic is
a way of
not
being semantic.


Some intentional states are realized
in non
-
sentential states


Some sequences are automatically
realized as computational


Semantic properties are never
involved in syntactic properties.

Why all the confusion?


Composition is limited in its ability to be fully
computational


Gary Sloan suggests in his article that we are ambiguous when it comes to
deciphering between the relationship that exists between two sentences.
This is because we cannot figure out the correct semantic category to
associate them with. (Relational Ambiguity).



Relative Semantic Categories that supposedly link sentences:


Repetition


Specification


Deviation


Sloan believes that since there is so much confusion within the semantic aspects
that syntax is not even a possibility. Without syntax, he believes, there isn’t a
complete way for composition to be fully computational.


What do I think?


I agree with the Composition Theorist Sandra Perl when she
talks about the concept of “felt
-
sense”.


-
Felt
-
sense” can be seen as any unexplainable, creative,
semantic property that is involved with thinking and writing. In
other words felt
-
sense is a form of creativity.


We cannot see it therefore we cannot compute it. She believes
that composition is computational to an extent, however, the
“felt
-
sense” restricts the ability for it to be fully computational.
This restriction comes when “felt
-
sense” deters a writer to fully
write in a syntactical fashion. “Felt
-
sense” always pushes a
against following the conventional governing rules for writing.

References:


Rapaport
, William J.
Understanding Understanding:
Syntactic Semantics and Computational Cognition
.
Philosophical Perspectives
, Vol. 9, AI, Connectionism and
Philosophical Psychology. (1995), pp. 49
-
88.


Sloan, Gary
.
Relational Ambiguity between Sentences
.
College Composition and Communication
, Vol. 39, No. 2.
(May, 1988), pp. 154
-
165.


Peacock, Christopher.
Content, Composition, and
Externalism. Philosophical

Issues.
Vol. 6, Content (1995),
pp. 227
-
264.


Perl, Sandra.
Understanding Composition
. Teaching
Composition. Bedford/St. Martin’s (2005), pp.114
-
121.