What is Franken fish? - Animal Liberation Front

alarmduckBiotechnologie

12 déc. 2012 (il y a 8 années et 7 mois)

393 vue(s)


1


FRANKEN FISH

AND
THE MEANING OF
HUMAN EVOLUTION

T
he

advisory
board

of the

F
ood and Drug
A
dministration

h
eld
meeting
s

in September
2010
,

regarding the

approval

of
g
enetic modified salmon
(known as
Franken fish
)

developed by the Aqua Bounty Company
.
According to news reports, t
he only
concern
the

FDA

had

was

the
possible cause of allergic reaction in some population. If
approved
after further studies, th
e
Franken

fish could be sold within two years from fish farms to
super markets
. There was also the
issue of labeling such animal

since

t
he GE
industries
have

been

f
ight
ing

the
labeling law

in order
to protect
their interest
s
. Without
proper

labeling of a genetic modified product, the
public

will

have no idea of what they are
consuming
.





Credit: P
h
o
to from
E
atocracy.cnn.com

The Public
S
ay No

Although

the current debates
are

mainly
evolved around

the safety issue
s

of consuming
g
enetic modified
food products, m
y argument is that
the eventual

approval

of such food
by the

FDA
provides

no validity
o
ver

the whole iss
ue
:
the destructive
consequences of

genetic engineering

on plants and animals
. The FDA

have no means
nor

experience to
assess the potential risks and
i
ts harmful
impacts on humans, non
-
humans and the
environment.

The biotechnology of recombining genes from different animals and plants, in order to
change their biological function and features for utility
purposes, is a crime against
nature. It is in every sense anti
-
life, anti
-
evolution and anti
-
ethics
.

The

earth

in which
we inhabit is
achieved through

the
experiential process

of

evol
ution

over

billions

of
years
. There is absolutely no evidence that nature

would favor the interest of our
species over others, but the trans
-
genetic technology is reshaping life by altering the

2


s
tructure of genetic material in living organism
. It is

a
n unfair and unjust
practice

mainly
driven by profitability.


And there is
ano
ther

ethical implication, that is both the consumers and the animals
are being made into lab guinea pigs by the multibillion dollar agribusiness, and they
are making huge profit from both.
It is in this context that the public must exercise
scrutiny.

Salm
on are wild animals, they do not belong to laboratories, nor to be confined in
crowded prison farms.

The

serious
controvers
ies

over

the GMO

salmon

have
generated
strong
objections

from
co
nsumers, environmental groups, animal welfare groups and
fishing
indu
stries.

The American Anti
-
Vivisection Society and Farm Sanctuary had
submitted a

protest letter

to the FDA, s
igned by 14 animal protection organizations that
represent millions of supporters
.
According to a
poles taken by
CNN on Dec. 24, 2010
,

at least 45% of the people would NOT eat the GMO
salmon.


W
hat is
F
ranken fish
?


It is a

deformed
trans
-
genetic
fish

reared in intensive aquaculture system
. Its rapid
growth

is boosted by a recombinant technique
-
the

adding

of
a gr
o
wth gene from the
pacif
ic
Chinook

salmon and
a
gene from the ocean pout.
T
he

fish grows twice as faster
than its wild relatives due to the presence of the

recombine
d

DNA in c
el
ls through
out
the fish body
.


In order for the company to control its intellectual property, the fish
animal
s

are made
sterile

(
one more vice to monopolize their profits
)
.
As proprietor of the patented
salmon, the

company is

able to capitalize the fish markets and
ha
ve

the exclusive right

to create, own and sell eggs to fish farmers
.
The big question is: H
ow could a

for profit
company be allowed to

manipulate

or destroy

a
piece of nature?

The Franken fish created in
the
lab
orator
y
,

by definition,

is a

sick animals. It is a
n

animal being inflicted with manmade diseases

by altering
its

physiological function
s.

Since the
fish are

created by sick science
,

they

must be

confined and isolated
in tanks
just like sick patients

in hospital wards
, so to

prevent the contamination of the healthy
others.

Can we allow such cruel practice?



The Health

Controversy

T
he

adv
erse
effect
s

of consuming GE animals
has long been
a
health

controversy
. No
government agenc
ies

and no scientific studies
can rule out the

long term
medical


3


consequences from

ingesting such
food since

N
ature works much slower than the
digestion of
an experimental
animal.

One thing we do know is that t
he higher
hormone
level in
farmed animals

have been linked to higher cancer risks.

What if somewhere
dow
n

the line, s
ay

20 years
after consuming GE product
s

such as
the
Franken

fish
or

E
n
viro

pig
s

(anot
her GE animal)
,
we may

wak
e

up on
e day with fins
o
n our back and an
engorged belly like a pig
.


Many
GE food

items

ha
ve

already

become part of our diet including wheat, rice, soy
beans, corns, chickens and milk
. P
erhaps the
F
ranken fish may soon become a f
ast food.
But s
o far, no GE animal has ever been approved for human consumption in the US.
The approval of
trans
-
genetic
fish will open the flood gate for more inbred science to
experiment on other animals
. I
n fact, a pig is being developed in Canada called Enviro
pig, whose manure is less polluting and
GE modified
cow
s
do not produce methane in
their flatulence
. The applications for both GE animals are the next in line, seeking
approval by the FDA.
There is n
o
limit
as
to what
the GE technology

can do to exploit
other
sentient beings
.


As for our own health, n
o one
can be certain that the animal we consum
e

with

mixed
DNA

and hormone
s

could
pose collective risks
to our own
biological
integrity

in the
long run.

It

is up to nature to decide the order of things

and the way nature tries to fix

problems caused by GE tech may be more scary than we can ever imagine.



Environmental
Risks

The creation of
G.E.

fish also poses threat to the environment.
The
re is no guar
antee of
the

containment of the biotech salmon
. It

is

likely that s
ome
will
escape to the wild
. The

mixing of sterile genetic fish with native salmon species
poses
biological and genetic
risks

and demise
on

the wild salmon
.
T
he fish will compete with wild
salmon for
habitat
,

thus pushing them to collapse and cause extinction as the normal salmon lose
their traits necessary for survival
. The result is
the

disruption

of natural selection and
co
-
habitation.

The
escape

of genetic modified salmon
means irreversi
ble chaos for the living network.
Even the genetic scientists cannot be certain
of its

effects on
the

environment
,
and
when it does happen, there will be no cure as the consequences are irreversible.

Nature operates on a grand scale

beyond scientific knowl
edge, it

is
a mystery
. I
ts vast
operation

of sustaining every single life on earth cannot be reduced to
mere
economic

4


values.
The moral
question we need to address here
is

that: d
o humans have rights to
alter the way of nature

and to treat
non
-
humans

as

co
mmodities

and lab tools
?


A Simple Equation

As human population explodes, it seems rational
and necessary
to downsize the
number rather than boosting its growth by producing more bio
-
tech food
.

Ethics must
be the guide for medical and scientific research (
see my footnote on further reading).

The company
, Aqua Bounty,

that developed the Franken fish

claims that this new
animal product would help the world to meet the rising demand for seafood and as
means to fight world hunger. The truth is there is no short
age of food, the problem of
hunger is caused by unfair and uneven distribution of food.

The simple equation is
that
t
he
higher
dens
ity of

human car
ni
vores
forces to raise more

animals

in factory

farm
s including
GE modified

ones
, and vice versa. Both are
involved
in a

vicious cycles of
irreversible
destruction

of the environment
,

which
can
hasten
species extinction.

We need to realize that t
he

issue
of genetic modified products

goes
far
beyond the
concern of food
safety
.


The
I
ntensive
F
arming of
F
ranken
F
ish

T
he GE salmon grow four times faster than the normal ones

and
conceivably
they
can
suffer
from

chronic

hormonal imbalance. With
the bul
ging weight, the fish can no
longer swim
normally
as
they
were

built to migrate in great distance.

The
F
ranken fish

are
raised

in
inland

aqua
farms
located

hundreds
of
miles away from
the ocean
-
their natural habitat.

In i
ntensive fish farming
, the salmon are

confine
d in

high density
which
creates social

problems

for the animals

(the same as in human over
population whi
ch has caused social chaos, such as increasing crime rates)
.

A crowded
salmon farm contains as much as 50,000 in one single enclosure
. T
hey are being

kept
in concentrations

and

packed tightly
,
many suffer from infection, parasites
,

debilitating
injuries

an
d other diseases and
spend their entire life in polluted water.




All animals can suffer pain

and can anticipate danger

including fish
. This
is obvious
just by
observation.
It is a

misconception that fish

respond to pain is only a reflex
. Such
callous ass
umption has been refuted in recent research.

In April 2020, Oxford
University Press published a book
Do Fish Feel
P
ain

by Dr. Victoria Braithwaite, a
renowned biologist
, i
n it she

presents new eviden
c
e that challenges the stereotyped
view that fish are not sentient and have no brain.
Her research concludes that

fish are
far smarter and more cognitively competent tha
n

we suspected

and t
hey can suffer pain

5


both physiologically and psychologically

(
so as
lobster, crab and shellfish
...
and please
be kind to them
)

l
ike birds and mammals
,

have similar nerve fibers to detect tissue
injury and pain
.
Fish
express

their

pain by convulsive movements such as flapping,
thrashing, twitching and gasping.
The sight of b
uckets of fish piled on the deck

or in
live markets
left to

suffocat
e

are sure signs of suffering.

In the case of trans
-
genetic salmon,
t
he
hormonal effects
on the fish's internal organ
s

and structure
,

and with
rapid weight gain
,

put

great
stress

on their

bodies, making
them more susceptible to diseases

as well as

in
t
erfer
ing

their ability to evolve.

Salmon
are wildlife belong to the vast open sea, they should not be subjected to a debilitating
existence.

G
enetic engineering on animals
poses serious ethica
l problem
as it
has no
regard for the
ir

well being
.


An

Amazing Journey

The life of salmon is one of the most amazing wonder of nature.
The

adult salmon

migrat
e

from
their

birth place
,

creeks or river
s
,

and

follow
the
down

streams into

the
open sea
.

D
uring

the migration
,
their
bod
ies
undergo changes in order to
a
dap
t

from
fresh water to sea water
.
The

salmon

spend years in the
ocean

but

e
ventually

the
y must

make

the

home bound

journey
. They

swim

against the current
s

in order to

return to

the
exact river whe
re they were born
, a

journey is often treacherous

as
salmon must jump
thru raging waterfalls

and

swim upstream for hundreds of miles
.





6


Salmon ha
ve

long term memories
,
they
remember the smell of the river of their
birthplace.
B
oth
the
male and fe
male w
ould

fast during the
difficult
journey
. Their
home coming also means
t
he

complet
ion of

the
ir

cycle of birth and death
.
At the birth
place, the male protect the eggs until the female died
. T
hey lie still

in
the
water
and die

while the next generation
of sal
mon
is coming into
being
.
This rite of procreation

and

self
-
sacrifice, by
making room
and food
for their offspring
with a

voluntary

death,
makes the salmon
a saintly animal
!




The salmon's journey reflects the inner working of mother
n
ature
. A
ll animals can
smell and
hear her calling
,
t
he bees and flowers, the seasons and migrating birds and
the salmon's upstream journey
to complete their evolutionary mission
, they
all
co
-
exist

in
UNISON
. F
r
om
forests to volcanoes
,
rivers to sky,
insects to
salmon,
each tune
s

into
a

bio
-
synchronicity
,

e
xcept the homo sapiens.

A
Lonely and
S
elf
-
A
lienated
S
pe
c
ies

Compare to salmon
's memory
, humans seem to have lost their
s
-
of
the original habitat
and
the purpose of an earth

journey
. Instead, we

have
found ways
to bypass by
inventing technologies
-
free ways, airports, oil drilling and a virtual world. A
s

a self
-
alienated species
,

we

begin to

re
-
order

the

nature
of

things.
..



Like an unruly child
,

we

p
ush

n
ature
'
s movable bodies (the wild animals
)

out of sight

a
nd
domesticate

other
tamed
animals

for food

including

artificially altered
ones
.

I
n
turn,
humans

have become a

useless species

and must
creat
e

its own laws and values
outside

the
working order of
a

bio
-
system
. l
ike the Fra
n
ken fish
, being alienated from
th
e sea
, we ourselves have become a hybrid between
an
animal and

a

machine
.

What is
O
ur
R
elations to Nature

?

Genetic technology invents sick animals by redesigning their biolog
y
, violating
the rule
of life
:

the
bio
-
logic
.

GE is

a science
has
disassociat
ed

itself from

the organic relations
of life.

The beauty of nature has been the inspiration for poets and artists, can we
appreciate the wonderful sights of wild animals, at the same time support an ill science
that can destroy such wonder?

Our bio
-
centric

relations with mother nature have been replaced by a human centered
ethics and also by the pursue of economic benefit. Is it
because we have lost
the

early
memories

of our ancestors
, a time when human apes were a continuum of fellow
animal beings
?

Instead,

we have
created a hostile demarcation between us

and them
.

But is this feasible? A
ll s
pecies and their habitats are inseparable, both are the integral

7


parts of a larger community.
Humans are no exception. The

journey of wild salmon can
be a reminder
of

ou
r own

deep past
,

when humans were equal
with other wildlife.


What is
The Purpose of Human Evolution
?


Our unique ability to create and
to
reason

is part of the
higher
function of
our

new
brain, which sits
right above

an older one
, the reptilian brain. The neo cortex carries a
speci
fic

evolutionary
mission
, that is, to

develop moral intelligence and sensibility
,

as
well as
to monitor
and quell
the old reptilian instinct
-
the
will to power
.

Without being
guided by a moral intelligenc
e
,
the human ape

will resort to
its predatory

mind

which is
obsessed with domination (as we can clearly see in the history of wars

and current
environmental crisis
), a mentality of mi
ght is right
, capable of destroying

its own
benefactor, the mother earth.

This
support
my rational
e

that humans

have no choice
but to evolve

further, morally and spiritually,
for the sake of our survival and
the planet
.
In this sense, animal

and environmental

protection is human protection.


When human interest clashes with tha
t of the environment

and wildlife
, the conflict
must be resolved
in respect to an

earth ethics
,

as nature is independent from a
manmade value.
Valuing
means

the ordering of one's priority

and ethics

(do no harm to
others)
is based on such order of value
s

to inform

one's

decision making.
In short,
every
action we take

reflects

a moral

choice.

Being self
-
aware

and

intelligent
,

humans

are

able
to observe

t
he

natur
e's

criterion

in
which

we base
our value judgment
; a criterion requires a
l
l species
to behave in

a
reciprocal manner
.

Although

most people

would like to think that humans are the
supreme, and would argue from a utilitarian motif,
but
we simply can't afford an
environmental outage!

Therefore, t
he acquiring of a new brain during human evolution is not
just for
inventing tools and machines, it gives us the ability to reason and to care
, a

mind can

discriminate between right and wrong (
al
though

the

definition of absolute right or
wrong or eternal truth is a debatable among contemporary philosophers, but t
orturing
a sentient being is obviously wrong), between justice and slavery, kindness and
brutality, selfishness and altruism, cooperation and domination
,

as all lives must evolve
as a whole like team players.

I truly
think

this

is

the

meaning of

human evolution
, from
a tree dwelling primates to an upright walking apes

and further evolved in
to a morally
autonomous being.

A
s

for the greedy agribusiness, they need
a change of heart.

December 25, 2010


8


Further Reading:
The Frankenstein Thing: The mora
l impact of genetic engineering of
agriculture animals in society and future science.

By B.E Rollin
, professor of
philosophy, animal science and biomedical science.