The Internet of Things

youthfulgleekingNetworking and Communications

Feb 17, 2014 (3 years and 3 months ago)

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The Internet of Things


Architectures and Applications for Retail

Carsten Magerkurth

Mobile Computing, Internet of Things & User Experience, SAP (
Schweiz
) AG

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

2

About

SAP

Research


The
global technology research and
innovation unit
of SAP.


19

research locations
worldwide with
700 employees
(including PhD
candidates).


Seven thematic research practices

and
four realization groups


A network of more than

800 partners
from industry and academia


©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

3

Pretoria

Palo Alto

Vancouver

Bangalore

Sydney

Brisbane

Ra‘anana

Montréal

Dublin

Belfast

Darmstadt

Dresden

St.Gallen

Zurich

Paris

Sophia Antipolis

Walldorf

A Global Team

Tokyo

Karlsruhe

NEW:

Skolkovo

NEW:

Singapore

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

4

Location:
SAP Research Switzerland

Co
-
located with the field organization of SAP’s
Swiss subsidiary in Regensdorf

Focus:


Fostering research and development for the trading
industry


Enabling close collaboration between SAP partners,
academia, customers and SAP groups


Details:


“Research
-
to
-
touch” for partners, customers and the
public on retail, warehousing and supply chains


Close collaboration with partners and customers for
exchange of technology, business know
-
how, and
experience


End
-
to
-
end processes: research demonstrators are
integrated into SAP software

SAP Research’s Living Lab

Future Retail Center


Partner of the IRL

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

5

Future
Retail Center

Visual impressions

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

6

The Internet
of

Things

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

7


Increasing Connectivity

Capabilities

Internet of Things:

The Emerging World of Networked Smart Items


Increasing Sensing, Actuating,


and Computing Capabilities


Real world integration:
identity, location and sensory
information plus actuation and
control


B
usiness
logic on the item


Increasing connectivity with
environment


Increasing connectivity to

information systems

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

8

The
aim

of

IoT

for

Retail:

A
Context
-
Aware Retail Infrastructure



©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

9

IoT
-
A: „From today‘s Intranets of Things to the future
Internet of Things“ (www.iot
-
a.eu)


Key objectives of
IoT
-
A

Setup of an architectural reference model for the
interoperability of Internet
-
of
-
Things systems
, outlining principles and guidelines for the technical design of its
protocols, interfaces, and algorithms


Folie
9

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

10

IoT
-
A Domain Model

Slide
10

class Domain Model
Device
Physical Entity
Human User
Service
On-Device
Resource
Sensor
Actuator
Network Resource
Resource
User
Passive Digital
Artefact
Active Digital
Artefact
Virtual Entity
Digital Artefact
Augmented Entity
Tag
A
Vi rtual Enti ty
i s ei ther an
Acti ve Di gi tal Artefact
or a
Passi ve Di gi tal Artefact
.
0..*
moni tors
1..*
0..*
acts on
1..*
0..*
i nvokes
0..*
1..*
exposes
0..*
0..*
i s attached to
0..*
1..*
has Informati on about / acts on
1..*
0..*
contai ns
0..1
0..*
hosts
1
0..*
contai ns
0..1
0..*
i denti fi es
1
0..*
contai ns
0..*
1
1..*
1
1
1..*
i nvokes / subscri bes
1..*
0..*
i s associ ated wi th
0..*
1..*
reads
0..*
0..*
i s associ ated wi th
0..*
1..*
rel ates to
1
0..*
contai ns
0..1
*
i nteracts wi th
*
Device

Physical

Entity

User

interacts

invokes

Service

exposes

Resource

hosts

Association

Virtual

Entity

models

The DM introduces
appropriate abstractions and
defines

the
main concepts
of
the Internet of Things and the
relations

between these
concepts




Other models..



Information Model


Functional Model


Communication Model


Trust, Security and Privacy
Model


©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

11

IoT Service and Virtual Entity Abstraction Levels

Virtual

Entity

Level

IoT Service

Level

Physical World

sensor

sensor

actuator

sensor

sensor

Virtual entity
-
based

model models relevant

aspects of Physical World

IoT System

Resources

exposed as IoT

Services measure,

observe and

actuate on

Physical World


Association of IoT Services

to modelled Virtual Entities

Give me the

indoor

temperature in

Room 1.23

Example

Interactions

Give me the

value of

Temperature

Sensor 456

Set Actuator 867

To “on”

Set light level

In Room 2.57

to 15

Slide
11

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

12

Functional

View

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

13

Example

Use

Case:
Monitoring

& Dynamic
Pricing

Transport
monitoring

with

Smart
Pallets

/ Containers

Driver
transports

tagged

orchids

using

intelligent
load

carriers

Pallet
/
container

sensors

detect

rising

temperature

and

alert Driver

Driver
turns

air

condition

back on
and

continues

transportation

Location


Road


Covered topics


Smart transport item


Monitoring environmental features

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

14

Technical Setup


Transport Monitoring

Wireless Communication

(802.15.4)

Pallet

/ Container / ULD …

Transport
vehicle

alarms

driver

i
s
attached

to

Sensor
node

(Iris
mote

+
Moterunner

OS)

Wireless Communication

(WLAN)

Gateway

Smartphone

Truck
driver

(Ted)

in
possession

of

s
tores

sensor

data

i
s
attached

to

Slide
15


Needed

setup

prior

to

transport


Smart
Pallet

is
configured

on
what

to

monitor

(
sensor

types
,
sensor

limits

depending

on
product
)


e.g.
initially

at

manufacturer

site


Smart
Pallet

is
linked

to

responsible

legal
entity
,
pallet

knows

who

to

report

to

(e.g.
driver
)


Repeated

at

every

handover

in
supply

chain

Smart
Pallet

& Monitoring
application


Smart
Pallet

logs

conditions

/
alarms


Current

condition

of

every

pallet

which

was
loaded

on
the

truck

may

be

seen

by

driver


Alarms
are

raised
, so
that

driver

may

intervene


Driver„s

Transport Monitoring Smartphone App

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

16

Location


Retail Store


Covered topics


Sensor Networks Measuring
Environmental Parameters


Campaign Management for Dynamic
Pricing


Electronic Shelf Labels updated in Real
-
Time

The temperatures of products
are sensed by mobile
sensors

Based

on
the

temperature

history

of

the

oranges,
prices

are

dynamically

adjusted

in
order
to

ensure

selling

the

oranges
before

the

quality

deteriorates

A
campaign

management

system

updates

prices

in
real
-
time and
lets

electronic
shelf

labels

display

updated

price

information
.

Sensor Based Quality Control in the Store

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

17

Video
illustrating

the

Retail Store
part

of

the

Use

Case

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

18

Next
Steps
:
IoT

Business
Process

Modeling

Augmenting

BPMN
standards



Reducing

Complexity
,
Increasing

Expressiveness



Introduction of
IoT specific activities and actors
such as the physical
entity and its related devices



Inherent Modeling of the
uncertainty of information
provided by the
devices



Explicit notion of the
availability / potential fault
of devices



Device
internal resources
and
services


©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

19

Modeling of IoT aware Business Processes

Extensions of BPMN 2.0

A
Physical Entity
in

a
business process is passive
process participant (collapsed BPMN 2.0 pool), that does
not contain any process responsibilities, but is still
relevant for one or more IoT specific process
tasks.


A
Sensing Task
is an IoT specific process task. An IoT
Device offers sensing process resources and is
responsible for the process task execution. After the
successful completion of the sensing task the physical
state of a Physical Entity is measured.


An
Actuation Task
is an IoT specific process task. An
IoT Device offers actuation process resources and is
responsible for the process task execution. After the
successful completion of the actuation task the physical
state of a related Physical Entity may have changed.

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

20

www.iot4bpm.de

©
2011 SAP AG. All rights reserved.

21

Thank You!


Carsten Magerkurth

Project Manager

SAP Research Switzerland


Future Retail Center

Althardstrasse

80

8105
Regensdorf

Switzerland


+41 79 701 89 32

pascal.hagedorn@sap.com