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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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PRISCILLA M. ACHAKPA


W
OMEN

E
NVIRONMENTAL

P
ROGRAMME

(WEP)

BLOCK E FLAT 2 ANAMBRA
COURT GADUWA HOUSING
ESTATE, APO AFTER
LEGISLATIVES QUARTERS
P.O.BOX 10176 GARKI ABUJA
NIGERIA (
W
/
A
)


&

S
ALISU

DAHIRU

NATIONAL

COORDINATOR

-
REDD

N
IGERIA

FEDERAL

MINISTRY

OF

ENVIRONMENT
,
NIGERIA


E
-
MAIL:
wep2002@hotmail.com

OR

info@wepnigeria.net

OR

TEL: 234 9 2910878

GENDER
CONSIDERATIONS
FOR SAFEGUARDS
AND MULTIPLE
BENEFITS IN
REDD+ ACTIVITIES

O
VERVIEW

OF

REDD+
IN

N
IGERIA


2009
:

Nigeria

joined

the

UN
-
REDD

Programme
.


2010
:

Nigeria

began

institutionalizing

REDD+
:


Preliminary

Assessment

of

the

Context

for

REDD

in

Nigeria
;

plus

others


Political

commitment

built


Stakeholder

engagements

and

dialogue,

and

community

training


REDD+

coordinating

structures

created

(Federal

&

Cross

River

State)



UN
-
REDD

scoping

mission

(October

2010
)


Nigeria’s

REDD

approach

presented

at

Cancun

climate

summit


November

2010
,

the

5
th

UN
-
REDD

Policy

Board

“invited

Nigeria

to

submit

a

full

National

Programme

for

consideration

by

the

Policy

Board

at

its

sixth

meeting

in

March

2011


(
UN
-
REDD

PB
-
5

report,

#
14
)
.


Draft

National

REDD+

Readiness

Document

submitted

to

PB
-
6

(
Vietnam
,

March,

2011
),

final

approval

expected

at

PB
-
7
.



T
HE

REDD+
SAFEGUARDS

FROM

THE

C
ANCUN

A
GREEMENTS

(2010)


Actions

complement

or

are

consistent

with

the

objectives

of

national

forest

programs

and

relevant

international

conventions

and

agreements
;


Transparent

and

effective

national

forest

governance

structures,

taking

into

account

national

legislation

and

sovereignty
;


Respect

for

the

knowledge

and

rights

of

indigenous

peoples

and

members

of

local

communities
,

by

taking

into

account

relevant

international

obligations,

national

circumstances

and

laws,

and

noting

that

the

United

Nations

General

Assembly

has

adopted

the

United

Nations

Declaration

on

the

Rights

of

Indigenous

Peoples
;

Signifying safe guards

T
HE

REDD+
SAFEGUARDS

FROM

THE

C
ANCUN

A
GREEMENTS

(2010)
C
ONT

D


The
full and effective participation of relevant
stakeholders, in particular, indigenous
peoples and
local communities, in actions referred to in
paragraphs 70 and 72 of this decision;


Actions
are consistent with the conservation of
natural forests and biological
diversity, ensuring
that
actions referred to in paragraph 70 of this decision
are not used for
the conversion
of natural forests, but
are instead used to incentivize the protection
and
conservation
of natural forests and their ecosystem
services, and to enhance other social
and
environmental
benefits;


Actions
to address the risks of reversals;


Actions
to reduce displacement of emissions.


Gender Considerations in
REDD
+


Men and women often have different roles with
regards to forest resource management. They play
differing parts in planting, protecting or caring for
seedlings and small trees, as well as in planting and
maintaining
homestead
woodlots and plantations on
public lands.


Men
are more likely to be involved in extracting
timber and non
-
timber forest products (
NTFPs
) (and
women too) for
business
-
related
purposes.


Women
typically gather forest products for fuel,
fencing, food for the family, fodder for livestock and
raw materials to produce natural medicines, all of
which help to increase family income (Aguilar et al.,
2007)


Gender Considerations in
REDD
+
Con’t


The

integration

of

gender

considerations

into

a

REDD
+

framework

brings

about

improved

efficiency

and

sustainability

as

it

contributes

to

the

involvement

and

commitment

of

women,

who

are

critical

players

of

local

forest

management
.

A

gender

consideration

in

REDD+

also

ensures

that

incorporation

of

the

wealth

of

women’s

unique

knowledge,

skills

and

experiences,

which

are

vital

to

successful

REDD
-
related

initiatives
.


Taking

into

account

the

existing

instruments

of

international

law

on

gender

equality,

with

particular

reference

to

CEDAW

and

Economic

and

Social

Council

Resolution

2005
/
31

on

mainstreaming

a

gender

perspective

into

all

policies

and

programs

in

the

UN

system,

the

inclusion

of

gender

considerations

ensures

that

the

REDD
+

framework

respect

international

law

instruments

and

human

rights

standards
.


G
ENDER

ISSUES

IN

N
IGERIA

S

N
ATIONAL

F
OREST

P
OLICY


Policy Statement
:


Actively involve women in forest policy enunciation,
implementation and sustainable management of
forest resources
.


3.3.22.2 Objective
:

i. To
improve the
socioeconomic
status of women.

ii. To
ensure efficient utilization of wood and non
-
wood
products.

iii. To
facilitate
women’s
involvement in the
conservation and
protection of
the environment for
sustainable use
.


3.3.22.3 Strategies
:

i. Create awareness to enable women

to appreciate
the
benefits derived
from involvement in forest resources
management.



G
ENDER

ISSUES

IN

N
IGERIA

S

N
ATIONAL

F
OREST

P
OLICY

C
ONT

D

ii. Involve
women

in
agro
-
forestry practices.


Building up capacity of the technical implementers on
gender.



Developing
grassroots women’s
group promoters’
capacities
to motivate and empower women on their
rights to forest resources management
vis
-
`a
-
vis

other
development opportunities.


Promoting an environment

in which women’s group
promoters are visible and gaining credibility as
agents of development with
their own NGOs at

the
local
level and
associations that will allow them to
advocate at the national level.


Cultivating, sharing
and learning cultures by
linking
grassroots
-
level
learning and challenges to national
and international
forums.

E
NSURING

EFFECTIVE

S
AFEGUARDS

IN

N
IGERIA

S

REDD+ R
EADINESS

P
ROGRAMME


Design of social & environmental safeguards,
including design of information system [in
conjunction with Output 3.3]


Field
-
level testing and monitoring of social &
environmental safeguards.


Assessment of ecosystem multiple benefits and
proposed indicators/actions [to feed
Output 3.3
] &
participatory collection of information on the
achievement of ecosystem
-
based benefits


S
OCIAL

& E
NVIRONMENTAL

DIMENSIONS


Social & environmental safeguards
(Outputs
3.3 and
4.3)


Carbon

rights
and

land
t
enure (Outputs
1.3 and 3.3)


Multiple ecosystem benefits
(Output
4.3)


FPIC and

recourse
m
echanisms (Output
3.3)


Participatory Governance Assessments
(Output
3.3)


Community initiatives for REDD+:
Technical advice,
coordination and creation of a fund
(Output
4.1)


Knowledge management & dissemination of best
practices (Outputs
2.3 and 4.3)


WAY FORWARD


Assessment of gender issues in REDD

readiness
process in Nigeria as well as the
subregion
;


Awareness
-
raising
for government officials, state
legislators and local governments.


Awareness raising, training & organizational
strengthening for
forest
-
dependent
communities


Mainstream concept of Gender in the

free
, prior &
informed consent consideration (FPIC) for REDD+
and

recourse
m
echanisms
in

national programs


Creation & administration of a fund to support
community initiatives for REDD+
with emphasis on
gender
(aim: to provide alternatives to deforestation
as a source of livelihood, promote local forest
management & community empowerment)


STAKEHOLDERS CONSULTATION IN
NIGERIA

THANK YOU

FOR LISTENING