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Dec 5, 2012 (4 years and 11 months ago)

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Nov 11, 2005

Chinese Academy of Sciences


Prof. Dr.
-

Ing. Lu Yongxiang


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

2

Value of Science


Science is the quintessence of knowledge of human cognition of
the objective world.


Technology is being and developing mode created by mankind.


Science and technology is the driving force and foundation of
modern civilization.


Contemporary scientific revolution has triggered off
technological revolution and industrial revolution.


——
the theory of relativity, quantum and cybernetics fueled
the development of nuclear , semi
-
conductor, laser physics and
so on, which gave birth to, the development of nuclear energy,
industrial automation, IC and IT technology and the relevant
industrial revolution.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

3

Value of Science


Modern science and technology has brought
about improvt agriculture, health care and
quality of life.


IT, life sciences and biotechnology, etc have
brought human into an era of global and
knowledge
-
based economy.


Modern

science and technology has opened a
new era of harmonious and sustainable
development of human with nature.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

4

Modern

science

and

technology

is

still

brewing

new

breakthroughs,

which

will

bring

about

revolutionary

changes

to

the

future

production

mode,

life

style,

social

structure,

etc
.

meanwhile

inevitably

giving

rise

to

more

ethical

and

moral

issues
.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

5


IT

will

continue

its

developing

towards

broadband,

wireless,

intelligence

and

grid

working,

and

bring

about

profound

impact

on

the

daily

life,

production

mode,

commercial

and

social

management,

and

further

boost

globalization

of

information,

capital,

human

resources,

production

and

operation
.



——

However,

problems

such

as

networking

fraud,

hacker

attack,

information

leakage,

data

falsification,

gambling

and

illegal

dissemination

of

pornography

,

etc

also

come

along
.

Moreover,

due

to

imbalance

of

information

acquisition

and

application

among

different

countries,

regions

and

individuals,

new

disparity

between

rich

and

poor



digital

gap,

will

occur
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

6


Further

development

of

life

sciences

and

biotechnology

will

bring

about

new

revolutionary

changes

to

agriculture

and

healthcare
.

Meanwhile,

the

advancement

and

extensive

application

of

industrial

and

eco
-
environmental

biotechnology

will

lead

to

the

advent

of

Bio
-
economy

era

.


——

However,

ethical

problems

such

as

individual

life

code

disclosure,

difficulty

in

definition

of

individual’s

social

attribution,

etc

will

also

rise
.

Other

problems

include

factitious

impact

on

ecological

balance

and

safety,

new

threat

to

human

genetic

and

development

health,

etc
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

7


The

Achievements

of

nanotechnology

may

further

change

the

industries

of

information,

electronics,

manufacture,

chemical

process,

pharmaceuticals,

materials

and

environmental

protection

etc
.


——

However,

once

nanotechnology

is

extensively

applied

in

various

fields,

numerous

challenges

in

aspects

such

as

human

health,

social

ethics,

ecological

environment,

etc

may

appear
.

Research

already

show,

that

some

nano

powder

have

special

toxicity

,

nano

particles

and

nano

carbon

tube

may

trigger

cancer

and

could

penetrate

animal’s

blood
-
brain

barrier,

and

the

waste

disposal

of

nano

materials

may

bring

us

to

face

new

problems
.

If

one

day

nanotechnology

is

used

to

make

danger

weapons,

man

has

yet

to

find

ways

and

means

to

protect

ourselves
.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

8


Progress

of

cognitive

science

will

possibly

trigger

revolutionary

changes

for

computer,

communication,

brain/nervous

science,

and

even

learning

and

education,

providing

more

effective

means

for

the

well
-
being

and

development

of

human

brain

and

neural

system,

and

the

prevention

and

cure

of

mental

diseases
.


——

However,

improper

use

of

cognitive

science

may

lead

to

control

of

man’s

behavior,

sensibility

and

thought

such

as

psychological

inducement,

cognition

inducement,

etc

and

cause

serious

ethical

problems

such

as

illegal

infringement

on

human

rights

such

as

privacy

and

self
-
determination

of

behavior,

etc
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

9


Combination

of

information

technology

and

life

sciences

with

biotechnology,

nanotechnology,

cognitive

science

and

mathematics

/

system

science

will

find

new,

effective

and

simple

mathematic

tools

and

methods

to

understand

matters,

life

and

human

cognizing

process,

and

possibly

trigger

off

new

scientific

and

technological

revolution
.



——

However, this may also bring about new
knowledge gap and imbalance of development.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

10


Advanced

and

extensive

application

of

space

technology

(GIS,GPS,RS)

has

expanded

human’s

visions

of

cognition,

promoted

developing

the

earth,

resource

and

environmental

science,

provided

the

technological

support

for

agriculture,

monitoring

the

eco
-
environmentals,

forecasting

climate

change

and

natural

disaster,

and

creation

of

a

digital

earth
.



——

but

under

modern

space

supervision,

it’s

difficult

to

keep

individual

privacy

and

confidentials

of

commercial

information,

so

countries

possessing

space

supervision

technologies

inevitably

have

information

advantages,

thus

causing

new

ethical

problems

such

as

dissymmetry

of

information,

unfair

of

development,

etc
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

11

As

fortune

created

by

mankind

jointly
,

science

and

technology

has

the

characteristics

of

accumulation,

sharable

and

re
-
creation
.

It

should

benefit

all

mankind
.


Meanwhile,

we

should

clear

realize

that

science

and

technology

is

also

a

double
-
edged

sword,

once

misused,

it

may

endanger

natural

ecosystem,

human

rights,

life

in

the

earth,

and

harmonious

and

sustainable

evolution

between

human

society

and

nature,

thus

causing

further

unfair,

insecurity,

disharmony,

no

sustainablility,

and

even

man
-
made

disasters
.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

12

Scientific ethics that mankind

should all abide


Scientists and engineers should not only have the interest and
passion for creation, but also shoulder the social responsibility.


In S&T innovation, we should respect life (including that of
mankind and other life).


In
S&T

innovation, we should respect the human rights fairly
(including that among not just the
contemporaries

but also the
different generations).



In
S&T

innovation, we should respect dignity of human
(including those of different ethnic groups, genders, ages and with
different beliefs).


In
S&T

innovation, we should respect nature, protect eco
-
systems and environment, and realize harmonious coexistence and
sustainable evolution between man and nature.

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

13

C
ommonality

between ancient oriental philosophy

and modern scientific ethics

2500 years ago, the Chinese philosopher
Confucius (551 BC


479 BC) put forward
the following ethical norms:





treasure life






treat people equally






respect each other






encourage creation






be faithful and trustable

Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

14


Confucius

(
551

BC

㐷9

䉃B

s慩搬

“Without

recognizing

the

ordinances

of

Heaven,

it

is

impossible

to

be

a

superior

man”

(The

Analects∙

Yao

Yue)




w桩捨

“ordinances

of

Heaven”

means

the

rule

of

nature
.


Lao

Tzu

(around

571

BC


㐷4

䉃B

潮捥

獡楤s

“Tao

models

itself

after

the

nature”

(The

Classic

of

the

Way

and

virtue),

highlighting

the

necessity

of

abiding

by

the

rule

of

nature
.


Zhuang

Tzu

(around

369

BC



㈸6

䉃)

潮捥

獡楤s

“There

is

nothing

superior
;

there

is

nothing

inferior”

(Zhuang

Tzu



Discussion

on

Making

All

Things

Equal)

r敱略獴u湧



瑲敡t

慬a

瑨楮杳



瑨e

畮楶敲獥

敱畡汬e
.


Mencius

(around

372

BC



㈸2

䉃B

慳ae牴敤

“loving

people

and

treasuring

things”(Mencius·Doctrine

of

Extending

Affection),

treating

people

kindly

and

loving

the

nature
.


Ancient

oriental

philosophy

attaches

importance

to

the

unity

of

heaven

and

man,

harmonious


coexistence

between

man

and

nature
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

15

It

is

not

scientific

and

technological

development

itself

but

just

improper

use

that

accounts

for

some

ethical

problems

arising

along

with

scientific

and

technological

development
.

Man

should

by

no

means

give

up

or

restrict

scientific

and

technological

development

in

the

excuse

of

ethnics
.


——
Exploring

the

unknown

world,

innovating

production

mode

and

lifestyle

and

preserving

the

eco
-
environment

are

everlasting

drive

for

scientific

and

technology
.



——
Science

and

technology

is

the

inexhaustible

source

and

driving

force

for

progress

of

human

civilization
.



——
It

is

the

common

social

responsibility

for

scientists

and

engineers

to

develop

science

and

technology

to

promote

the

welfare

of

human

beings
.



——
The

combination

of

scientific

spirit

and

humanistic

spirit

will

inevitably

help

to

establish

new

ethical

norms

following

science

and

technology

developing
.


Lu Yongxiang

䍁C

16

I

am

convinced

that

so

long

as

Scientists,

Engineers

and

other

peoples

of

all

countries

work

hand

in

hand

to

face

common

challenges,

enhance

exchange

and

adequately

cooperate

each

other,

we

will

be

able

to

create

a

more

promising

future

for

mankind!

Thank you!