Biotechnology Introduction.ppt

workkinkajouBiotechnology

Dec 5, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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Introduction


Biotechnology

is any
technological application
that uses biological
systems, living organisms,
or derivatives thereof, to
make or modify products
or processes for specific
use (UN Convention on
Biological Diversity).


Basically using living
things (or their parts) to
improve upon already
existing methods or
products.

Introduction


Biotechnology is seen as
a branch of life science or
biology, however it draws
knowledge from many
different fields (i.e.
engineering, chemistry,
robotics, etc…).


History


The earliest form of
biotechnology was in the
treatment of illness.


As early as 200 B.C.,
different combinations of
plant were ground together
to use as medicine against
certain ailments.


This is argued though,
since it loosely fits the
definition.

History


Beer making was
probably the first, well
documented case of
biotechnology.


Early cultures used
malted grains (and their
enzymes) to convert
starch into sugar and
then added different
yeasts to create alcohol
and then beer.

Babylonian Beer Account

History


Like any technology, going
to war increased research
and in 1917 the United
Kingdom found a very cheap
way to make acetone (a
chemical used in explosives)
from corn starch by using a
strain of bacteria.

Chaim Azriel Weizmann

Came up with the ACE
process and also was the first
president of Israel

History


The first “modern”
biotechnology example
was created in 1971 by
Ananda Chakrabarty,
working for General
Electric, who had
developed a bacterium
capable of breaking
down crude oil, which he
proposed to use in
treating oil spills.


Presently


If you have money, put it into biotechnology
companies.


It is expected that growth in this industry will be
almost 12% this year and about the same next year!


Why the rise?


Dealing with an aging US
population, looking into
environmentally friendly
energy sources, better
crops and treating once
fatal diseases have pushed
biotechnology into the
forefront this decade.


It is thought to be one of
the fastest growing
industries in the developed
world.

Branches of Biotechnology


The following are terms for branches of biotechnology,
each one we will investigate more thoroughly later on:

1)
Bioinformatics
: uses biology and computing to
analyze data. It is primarily used in pharmaceuticals
and genomics’ projects.

2)
Blue

Biotechnology: marine and aquatic
biotechnological applications

3)
Green

Biotechnology: agricultural biotechnology

4)
Red

Biotechnology: medical biotechnology

5)
White
Biotechnology: industrial biotechnology

Successful Canadian Biotechnology

1)
Get into a pair

2)
Sit quietly until everyone has done number 1

3)
Get a copy of a Canadian Biotech success story

4)
Read article and fill out report sheet

5)
When finished, hand in.