Communication - Who needs it?

workablejeansMobile - Wireless

Nov 21, 2013 (4 years and 1 month ago)

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COMMUNICATION

communication

(
kəˌmjuːnɪˈkeɪʃən
)



n

1.

the act or an instance of communicating; the imparting or exchange of information,
ideas, or feelings

2.

something communicated, such as a message, letter, or telephone call

3.

a. (
usually plural; sometimes functioning as singular
) the study of ways in which human
beings communicate, including speech, gesture, telecommunication systems, publishing
and broadcasting media, etc

b. (
as modifier
):
communication theory



The form of communication we are going to talk about today is
radio communications and interoperability

World English Dictionary


3 TYPES OF COMMUNICATION


SIMPLIFIED VIEW OF THE THREE MAJOR TYPES
OF COMMUNICATION

NO COMMUNICATION

NETMA

N
OBODY
E
VER
T
ELLS
M
E
A
NYTHING




POOR COMMUNICATION

IHNIWYTA

I

H
AVE
N
O
I
DEA
W
HAT
Y
OU’RE
T
ALKING
A
BOUT

GOOD COMMUNICATION

OIC

TYPES OF RADIO SYSTEMS


SIMPLEX


REPEATER


SIMULCAST


LWIN


Simplex


Very Reliable


Limited Range


Radio Channel uses 1 frequency

f1

f2

f2

f2

f2

f1

RX

TX

Conventional Repeater

All units within range of
repeater hear all
transmissions through the
repeater

Unit 1

Unit 2

Unit 3

Unit 4

Dispatch Center

f2

Repeater

f1

f2

f2

f2

f1

RX

TX

Trunked System

f4

f3

RX

TX

f6

f5

RX

TX

PD 1

PD 2

Shared Repeater Bank

PD 3

FD 1

FD 2

f3

f4


Frequencies are dynamically
assigned by system controller


User radio may be on a different
frequency every time it transmits


Talkgroups are “virtual” channels


Possible to have many more
talkgroups than actual frequencies


Statistically, not all talkgroups will
be active at the same time


System
Controller

Simulcasting

Transmitters must be carefully
synchronized to prevent interference
in overlap areas

Both repeaters transmit at the same
frequency at the same time

Link (microwave,
phone line, etc.)

NOW THERE IS LWIN AND SIEC


WHAT IS LWIN????


LWIN IS AN ACRONYM FOR LOUISIANA WIRELESS INFORMATION
NETWORK


LWIN IS A STATEWIDE APCO PROJECT 25 DIGITAL SYSTEM


LWIN IS ADMINISTERED BY THE SIEC THROUGH GOVERNANCE


SIEC IS THE STATEWIDE INTEROPERABILITY EXECUTIVE
COMMITTEE


LOUISIANA STATE POLICE RADIO OPERATIONS OVERSEES THE
TECHNICAL ASPECTS OF LWIN AND MAKES RECOMMENDATIONS
TO THE SIEC FOR IMPROVEMENTS AND CHANGES TO THE SYSTEM

Calcasieu Parish has gone through
all of these types of systems

Simplex from the
beginnining

of radio communication until about
1974 when the first repeaters were used. In 1988 the City of Lake
Charles installed a Motorola Smartnet trunking system followed by
the Calcasieu Parish Sheriff’s Office (simulcast) and the City of
Sulphur trunking system. The LWIN system is the system that many
agencies will be using in the future because of the need for
interoperability between public safety agencies on all levels (local,
parish, and state.

INTEROPERABILITY

Interoperability refers to the ability of
emergency responders to work
seamlessly with other systems or
products without any special effort.



Wireless communications
interoperability specifically refers to
the ability of emergency response
officials to share information via voice
and data signals on demand, in real
time, when needed, and as authorized.


INTEROPERABILITY

Are we there?

Almost, but not quite at this time. The SIEC
has mandated that any radio programmed
to work on the LWIN have a group of
channels that is identical no matter what
agency owns the radio. There are channels
for use by state, regional, and parish
responders.

SIEC REQUIRED TALKGROUPS FOR
LWIN USERS

ZONE 9
ZONE 10
ZONE 11
ZONE 12
ZONE 13
ZONE 14
ZONE 15
ZONE 16
ZONE 17
9-8CALL90
10*STATE-1
11*R1-COORDCALL
12*R4-COORDCALL
13*R7-COORDCALL
14*7TAC58-------7TAC1
15*7TAC74=7TAC8
16*ALLEN-1
17*CAMERON-1
9-8TAC91
10*STATE-2
11*R1-COORDTK-1
12*R4-COORDTK-1
13*R7-COORDTK-1
14*7TAC62-------7TAC2
15*7TAC78=7TAC9
16*ALLEN-2
17*CAMERON-2
9-8TAC92
10*STATE-3
11*R1-COORDTK-2
12*R4-COORDTK-2
13*R7-COORDTK-2
14*7TAC66-------7TAC3
15*7TAC82=7TAC10
16*ALLEN-3
17*CAMERON-3
9-8TAC93
10*STATE-4
11*R1-BOLO
12*R4-BOLO
13*R7-BOLO
14*7TAC70-------7TAC4
15*7TAC86=7TAC11
16*ALLEN-4
17*CAMERON-4
9-8TAC94
10*INTEROP-1
11*R1-TACTICAL
12*R4-TACTICAL
13*R7-TACTICAL
14*7CAL59-------7CALL1
15*7CAL75=7CALL2
16*BEAUREGARD-1
17*JEFF DAVIS-1
9-8CALL90D
10*INTEROP-2
11*R2-COORDCALL
12*R5-COORDCALL
13*R8-COORDCALL
14*7TAC63-------7TAC5
15*7TAC79=7TAC12
16*BEAUREGARD-2
17*JEFF DAVIS-2
9-8TAC91D
10*INTEROP-3
11*R2-COORDTK-1
12*R5-COORDTK-1
13*R8-COORDTK-1
14*7TAC67-------7TAC6
15*7TAC83=7TAC13
16*BEAUREGARD-3
17*JEF DAv-3
9-8TAC92D
10*INTEROP-4
11*R2-COORDTK-2
12*R5-COORDTK-2
13*R8-COORDTK-2
14*7EMS6--------7MED1
15*7EMS76=7MED3
16*BEAUREGARD-4
17*JEF DAV-4
9 8TAC93D
10*INTEROP-5
11*R2-BOL0
12*R5-BOLO
13*R8-BOLO
14*7FIR6----------7FIRE1
15*7FIR80=7FIRE3
16*CALCASIEU-1
9-8TAC94D
10*INTEROP-6
11*R2-TACTICAL
12*R5-TACTICAL
13*R8-TACTICAL
14*7LAW68------7LAW1
15*7LAW84=7LAW3
16*CALCASIEU-2
10*INTEROP--7
11*R3-COORDCALL
12*R6-COORDCALL
13*R9-COORDCALL
14*7MOB72------7MOB1
15*MOB88=7MOB2
16*CALCASIEU-3
10*INTEROP-8
11*R3-COORDTK-1
12*R6-COORDTK-1
13*R9-COORDTK-1
14*7EMS61------7MED2
15*7EMS77=7MED4
16*CALCASIEU-4
10*INTEROP-9
11*R3-COORDTK-2
12*R6-COORDTK-2
13*R9-COORDTK-2
14*7FIR65--------7FIRE2
15*7FIR81=7FIRE4
10*INTEROP-10
11*R3-BOLO
12*R6-BOLO
13*R9-BOLO
14*7LAW69------7LAW2
15*7LAW85=7LAW4
11R3-TACTICAL
12*R6-TACTICAL
13*R9-TACTICAL
14*7TAC73-------7TAC7
15*7TAC89=7TAC14
Rebanded 800 Mutual
*State Interop
*State Interop
*State Interop
*P-25 State Mutual Aid
*P-25 State Mutual Aid
*Region 5 Interop
*Region 5 Interop
800
700
700
700
700
700
700
700
Theoretically, this should work!

Why won’t it?


PLANNING,COORDINATION
-
TRAINING
-
USE IT!


It is too late to plan for an event when the event is
occurring


Develop a plan


Educate your radio users of the plan


Practice the plan


Use the plan

What else do we need to do?


Learn how to use the radios that are assigned to you.


Find out what the knobs and buttons are used for


Learn how to change the zones in your radio


Learn how to change the talkgroups


Find out what is programmed in your radio by using a template or switch through
the zones and talkgroups in your radio


PRACTICE HOW TO CHANGE THINGS AND PRACTICE FREQUENTLY SO YOU DON’T
FORGET HOW TO DO THE DIFFERENT FUNCTIONS

Motorola has developed a software package that enables a trainer to
develop a Power Point presentation that has been customized for an
agency’s radio configuration. This software is called the “INTERACTIVE
END
-
USERS TRAINING KIT” GOHSEP has purchased this software for the
XTS2500 portable radio and the XTL2500 mobile radio. Additionally,
GOHSEP has plans to buy the software for the most widely used models of
radios and make them available to agencies within the state.



Following is an example of a presentation for the Office of Juvenile Justice
Services in Calcasieu Parish. This presentation was made to supervisors as
a Train the Trainer and a copy left with them for future training sessions.

23

Cover

ASTRO
®

XTS
TM

2500

Model II

Digital Portable Radio


Interactive End
-
User Training

.)

OFFICE OF


JUVENILE JUSTICE SERVICES

24

Welcome

WELCOME TO TRAINING ON THE
XTS 2500 PORTABLE RADIO.

25

Your Radio

Control Top

Side Buttons

Power On/Off

Volume Control

16
-
Position
Select Knob

Push
-
To
-
Talk

(PTT) Button

Display Light


Site View/Search

Nuisance Channel
Delete

NOT PROGRAMMED

SCAN ON/OFF

ZNUP

MUTE

6 *OJJS


10 : 46AM

Menu/Keypad Options

ZNDN

3
-
Position Concentric Switch
Options

Channel/Mode Select

Direct/
TalkAround

Keypad Lock

Keypad Tones

PL Defeat

Scan On or Off

Scan List Edit

Zone Select

16
-
Position Select Knob

Channel/Mode Select

Zone Select

Top Side Button Options

Call Alert Page (Respond)

Call Alert Page (Send)

Call Response

Direct/
TalkAround

Display Light

Dynamic Priority

Emergency

ID Number (View Your)


Call Button

ID Number (View Your)


Page Button

Keypad Lock

Monitor

Nuisance Channel Delete

Phone Call (Place)

Phone Call (Respond)

Private Conversation Call (Place)

Private Conversation Call (Respond)

Scan On or Off

Site Lock

Site View/Search

Status/Message Calls

Talkgroup Calls

Volume Set Tone

Top Button Options

Call Alert Page (Respond)

Call Alert Page (Send)

Call Response

Direct/
TalkAround

Display Light

Dynamic Priority

Emergency

ID Number (View Your)


Using Call

ID Number (View Your)


Using Page

Keypad Lock

Monitor

Nuisance Channel Delete

Phone Call (Place)

Phone Call (Respond)

Private Conversation Call (Place)

Private Conversation Call (Respond)

Scan On or Off

Site Lock

Site View/Search

Status/Message Calls

Talkgroup Calls

Volume Set Tone

Side Button 2 Options

Call Alert Page (Respond)

Call Alert Page (Send)

Call Response

Direct/
TalkAround

Display Light

Dynamic Priority

Emergency

ID Number (View Your)


Call Button

ID Number (View Your)


Page Button

Keypad Lock

Monitor

Nuisance Channel Delete

Phone Call (Place)

Phone Call (Respond)

Private Conversation Call (Place)

Private Conversation Call (Respond)

Scan On or Off

Site Lock

Site View/Search

Status/Message Calls

Talkgroup Calls

Volume Set Tone

Side Button 1 Options

Call Alert Page (Respond)

Call Alert Page (Send)

Call Response

Direct/
TalkAround

Display Light

Dynamic Priority

Emergency

ID Number (View Your)


Call Button

ID Number (View Your)


Page Button

Keypad Lock

Monitor

Nuisance Channel Delete

Phone Call (Place)

Phone Call (Respond)

Private Conversation Call (Place)

Private Conversation Call (Respond)

Scan On or Off

Site Lock

Site View/Search

Status/Message Calls

Talkgroup Calls

Volume Set Tone

26

Status Alert Tones

Tone Name

Tone Information

Acknowledge

Receipt of a call sent to the central controller

Button Press

A valid key was pressed on the keypad

Call Alert

-

Receipt of a Call Alert page sent to your radio

-

Confirmation receipt of a page received sent from your radio

Emergency

Emergency alarm was sent from your radio

Failsoft

Radio has lost communication with the central controller

Low Battery

Weak battery indication

No Acknowledge

A call to the central controller was not acknowledged

Out of Range

Radio is out of range of the system

Power
-
up

Radio has successfully powered on

Private Call I

Receipt of a Private Conversation call sent to your radio

Private Call Enhanced

Receipt of a Private Conversation call sent to your radio

Prohibit

Talkgroup or channel is not accessible

System Busy

Channel, system or target radio is busy

Talk Permit

Channel is ready to use

Time
-
out Timer

Time
-
out timer limit has been reached

27

LED Status

RED LED

GREEN LED

RED



Solid


-

PTT is pressed; radio is transmitting



Flashing


-

Channel Busy


-

Low Battery (lights while transmitting)

GREEN



Solid


-

Self
-
test being performed



Flashing


-

Incoming Private Call

28

To turn the radio on:


Turn the On/Off/Volume Control knob clockwise.


To turn the radio off:


Turn the On/Off/Volume Control knob counter
-
clockwise

until it clicks.

Radio On/Off/Volume

On/Off/Volume

Knob

SELF TEST

29

Zone Select

(16
-
Position Select Knob)

Talkgroup Select

Knob

MUTE

6* OJJS


Zone Name

To select a zone:


1.
TO INCREASE ZONE NUMBER PRESS
ZNUP
BUTTON (ONE DOT)


2.
TO DECREASE ZONE NUMBER PRESS
ZNDN
BUTTON (THREE DOTS)


ZNDN

ZNUP

QUESTIONS