Router Fundamentals: Days 1 and 2

woonsocketpoliticalNetworking and Communications

Oct 28, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Router Fundamentals: Days 1 and 2

Introduction.....................................................................................................................................1
Exercise 1-1....................................................................................................................................5
Networking Concepts......................................................................................................................7
CSMA/CD.................................................................................................................................7
Ethernet Addresses....................................................................................................................7
Analysis of an Ethernet II Frame..............................................................................................8
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP).......................................................................................10
Network Monitoring Software................................................................................................10
Isolating Traffic......................................................................................................................10
Exercise 1-2 (Optional).................................................................................................................11
Physical Connections....................................................................................................................12
Cisco Operating System (IOS)......................................................................................................12
Cisco Router Commands..............................................................................................................13
Moving into a Mode................................................................................................................13
Basic Modes............................................................................................................................14
Configuration Management..........................................................................................................16
Types of Configurations.........................................................................................................16
Saving Configurations............................................................................................................17
Restoring Configurations........................................................................................................17
Interfaces.......................................................................................................................................18
Bridges..........................................................................................................................................19
Bridge Examples.....................................................................................................................20
Exercise 1-3 (Optional).................................................................................................................23
Exercise 1-4..................................................................................................................................24
Segments and Networks................................................................................................................26
Exercise 1-5..................................................................................................................................27
Switches........................................................................................................................................29
Switching Technologies..........................................................................................................30
Exercise 1-6..................................................................................................................................31
Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu

Routers..........................................................................................................................................32
OSI 7-Layer Model.......................................................................................................................33
Devices..........................................................................................................................................34
Exercise 1-7..................................................................................................................................37
Exercise 1-8..................................................................................................................................39


Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Routers Fundamentals: Days 3 and 4

Introduction.....................................................................................................................................1
Standard Routing............................................................................................................................2
Exercise 2-1..............................................................................................................................6
RIP Route Example...................................................................................................................8
Static Route Example................................................................................................................9
Dynamic Routes............................................................................................................................11
Exercise 2-2..................................................................................................................................13
Distance-Vectoring Algorithms vs. Link-State Algorithms.........................................................14
Routing Information Protocol (RIP).............................................................................................15
Creating Preferred Routes.......................................................................................................16
Backup Static Routes..............................................................................................................16
Denying RIP............................................................................................................................17
Preventing RIP Announcements.............................................................................................17
IPX RIP...................................................................................................................................18
Split Horizon...........................................................................................................................19
Poison Reverse........................................................................................................................21
Exercise 2-3..................................................................................................................................24
Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)..................................................................................................27
Creating Preferred Routes.......................................................................................................28
Backup Static Routes..............................................................................................................29
Denying OSPF........................................................................................................................29
Preventing OSPF Announcements..........................................................................................29
Exercise 2-4..................................................................................................................................30
Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)..................................................................................31
Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (IGRP)..................................................................................32
Standard Commands...............................................................................................................34
Creating Preferred Routes.......................................................................................................34
Backup Static Routes..............................................................................................................34
Denying IGRP.........................................................................................................................35
Preventing IGRP Announcements..........................................................................................35
Exercise 2-5..................................................................................................................................36
Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP)...............................................................38
Example of EIGRP.................................................................................................................40
Creating Preferred Routes.......................................................................................................40
Backup Static Routes..............................................................................................................41
Denying EIGRP......................................................................................................................41
Preventing EIGRP Announcements........................................................................................41
Exercise 2-6..................................................................................................................................42
Hybrid Systems.............................................................................................................................44
Exercise 2-7..................................................................................................................................47
Exercise 2-8..................................................................................................................................48
Configuring Serial Routes.............................................................................................................50
OSI Terminology..........................................................................................................................52
Configuring the Router for a Serial Cable....................................................................................54
Exercise 2-9..................................................................................................................................55
Subnetting.....................................................................................................................................57
IP Classes and Breakout..........................................................................................................57
Exercise 2-10................................................................................................................................64
Domain Names..............................................................................................................................65
Access Lists..................................................................................................................................66
Exercise 2-11................................................................................................................................68

Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Router Fundamentals: Day 5

Introduction.....................................................................................................................................1
OSI Model.......................................................................................................................................1
Exercise 3-1 – OSI Model...............................................................................................................4
Wide Area Networks (WANs)........................................................................................................8
Integrated Digital Services Network.........................................................................................9
Exercise 3-2 – WANs...................................................................................................................10
Virtual Local Area Networks (VLANs).......................................................................................14
Exercise 3-3 – VLANs..................................................................................................................15
Router Configurations...................................................................................................................17
Exercise 3-4 – Router Modes and Configuration.........................................................................18
Access Lists..................................................................................................................................23
Exercise 3-5 – Access Lists..........................................................................................................24
Subnetting.....................................................................................................................................26
Exercise 3-6 - Subnetting..............................................................................................................27
Routing Protocols..........................................................................................................................29
Exercise 3-7 - Routing Protocols..................................................................................................30

Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Router Fundamentals: Appendices

Appendix A: Basic Instructions for Lab I.......................................................................................1
Lab Network IP Addresses.......................................................................................................1
User Names and Passwords......................................................................................................2
Lab Equipment..........................................................................................................................3
Types of Configurations...........................................................................................................4
Configuration Management......................................................................................................5
Interfaces...................................................................................................................................6
Cisco Router Commands..........................................................................................................7
Basic Modes..............................................................................................................................8
Appendix B: Examples of Cisco Commands...............................................................................10
IP Configuration Commands: Cisco Router...........................................................................10
IPX Configuration Commands: Cisco Router........................................................................10
Bridging Commands: Cisco Router........................................................................................11
Commands to Enable Routing: Cisco Router.........................................................................11
Commands to Enable RIP (Routing Information Protocol)....................................................11
Coping with Preferred Routes.................................................................................................12
Denying RIP............................................................................................................................12
Preventing RIP Announcements.............................................................................................12
Commands to Enable OSPF (Open Shortest Path First).........................................................13
Commands to Enable IGRP (Interior Gateway Routing Protocol).........................................13
Commands to Enable EIGRP (Extended Interior Gateway Routing Protocol)......................13
Disabling Commands: Cisco Router.......................................................................................13
Show Commands: Cisco Router.............................................................................................14
Static Routing Command........................................................................................................14
Appendix C: Server Configurations.............................................................................................15
Linux Commands....................................................................................................................15
NetWare Commands...............................................................................................................17
Windows 95/98 Commands....................................................................................................18
Windows NT Commands........................................................................................................19
Appendix D: Ethernet Specifications............................................................................................20
Ethernet Specifications...........................................................................................................20
5-4-3-2-1 Rule for Ethernet....................................................................................................20
Ethernet Standards..................................................................................................................20
Appendix E: Framing Layouts......................................................................................................21
Appendix F: Data Link Protocols.................................................................................................24
Cisco Week: Router Fundamentals
www.micros.umsl.edu
Appendix G: Useful Routing Information...................................................................................25
Routable vs. Non-routable Transport Protocols......................................................................25
Routing Protocols Chart..........................................................................................................25
Routing Metrics......................................................................................................................26
Appendix H: IP Addresses...........................................................................................................27
Public IP Class and Address Ranges Chart.............................................................................27
Private IP Address Chart.........................................................................................................27
Appendix I: WAN Signal Chart....................................................................................................28