Wind Energy: the Argentinean case

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Wind Energy: the Argentinean case


by Guillermo
García


(National University of Río Cuarto and CONICET, Argentina)



1

Guillermo Oscar García


(
Electrical and Electronic Engineer,
MSc
. And Dr. in Electrical Engineering
)



o
Researcher at the National Research Council
(CONICET), Argentina


o
Full Prof. at the National University of Río Cuarto
(UNRC), Argentina



2

3


Grupo de Electrónica Aplicada

Facultad de Ingeniería

Universidad Nacional de Río Cuarto


Ruta Nacional #36, km 601

(5800) Río Cuarto
-

Argentina

Tel. & Fax GEA:

+54
-
358
-
467
-
6255

Tel. & Fax FI:

+54
-
358
-
4676246


E
-
mail:



g.garcia@ieee.org


Web page:


http://gea.ing.unrc.edu.ar


STARTING WITH THE WIND RESOURCES…

Patagonia Region

2.000 km long

1.200 km wide


calculated potential

>200.000 MW

Are we using this
energy?

6

7

There were some small demonstrative systems
spreaded out around the country
until 2010

Representing "almost
nothing" ...

8

En Argentina?

The

startup
:

June

2010

(
the

government

approved

the

installation

of

800

MW

guaranteeing

the

price

of

the

energy

that

will

be

generated
)

http://energia3.mecon.gov.ar/contenidos/verpagina.php?idpagina=3291

Type

of
Renewable

Energy

Power

in MW

Average

Cost

u$s
/
MWh

relative

cost

of
Wind

Wind

754,0

126,9

1,0

biofuels

110,4

287,6

2,3

Small
hydroelectric


10,6


162,4


1,3

Photovoltaic

20,0

571,6

4,5

En Argentina?


Prices of the renewable energy in Argentina

June 2010



11

This triggered new wind farms proposals

Starting working:

Under construction:

Total Penetration: 07%

12

New projects are coming in Patagonia

13

And in other places

ACTIVE COMPANIES IN
HIGH POWER



IMPSA WIND (
the most successful, R & D, Own proprietary
technology and German technology)

http://www.impsa.com/


Is producing a 1.5 and 2,1 MW machine
.



NRG PATAGONIA (Technology Integration)


http://www.nrgpatagonia.com/

Is certifying a 1.5 MW machine



INVAP (R & D and Technology Integration)

http://www.invap.com.ar/

Is planning a 1.5 MW machine

14

15

Permanent magnet generator

Direct drive

Full converter echnology

16

Technologia that is being offered worldwide, mainly in Latin
America

ACTIVE COMPANIES IN
LOW POWER


The

market

for

small

wind

turbines

in

Argentina

is

very

interesting,

it

can

be

for

example

cited

the

international

public

tender

for

the

"provision,

installation,

commissioning

and

maintenance

of

1500

residential

wind

systems
"

in

the

Province

of

Chubut,

in

the

framework

of

the

Renewable

Energy

in

Rural

Markets

Program

(PERMER)
.


There are several companies, but just to cited as examples:



INVAP
(
Own technology)

http://www.invap.com.ar/

produces 4.5 kW turbine



Giacobone SA
(
Own technology)

http://www.giacobone.com/

Producing equipment 0.8, 1.0 and 1.2 kW.


17

18

ACTIVE RESEARCH GROUPS AND RESEARCH TOPICS



Regional Centre for Wind Energy (CREE)

http://organismos.chubut.gov.ar/cree/


Chubut Province

Developed the Argentinean wind resources atlas; complete
wind projects, quality certification, among other
(
Dr. Héctor
Mattio;
mail@eeolica.com.ar

)



Laboratory of Industrial Electronics, Control and
Instrumentation (LEICI
-
UNLP)

http://www.ing.unlp.edu.ar/leici/


Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of La Plata
(UNLP)

Control strategies for wind generators
(Dr. Ing. Ricardo Mantz;
mantz@ing.unlp.edu.ar

)

Power Electronics
(Dra. Ing. María Valla;
m.i.valla@ieee.org

)


19

ACTIVE RESEARCH GROUPS AND RESEARCH TOPICS



Institute of Electrical Engineering (IEE
-
UNSJ)

Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of San
Juan

Power Electronics and integration with the Grid

(Dr.
Ing
. Pedro
Mercado;
pmercado@iee.unsj.edu.ar

)




Department of Mechanical Engineering (UNC)


National University of Córdoba

Developing Nonlinear Models for Aero
-
servo
-
elastic Behavior
of Large Wind Turbines
(Dr.
Ing
. Sergio
Preidikman

spreidik@umd.edu

)




Applied Electronics Group (GEA
-
UNRC)

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering; National
University of Río Cuarto

Wind generator technologies, power electronics, integration with
the grid, development of prototypes

(Dr.
Ing
. Guillermo
García
;
g.garcia@iee.org

)





20



ACTIVE RESEARCH GROUPS AND RESEARCH TOPICS




Instrumentation and Control Laboratory (LIC
-
UNMP)

Department of Electronics; National University Mar del Plata

power electronics, integration with the grid, development of
prototypes

(Dr. Ing. Daniel Carrica;
carrica@ieee.org

)



There are many other research groups (LIC
-
UNMdelP, UTN, etc.) but
less active (lower production).



There is a report of the Ministry of Science and Technology, but not
complete, on this matter.


21

As an example: R & D in GEA
-
UNRC

Wind generator technologies

Electric and hybrid vehicles

22

Detection and diagnosis of faults in
electric drives

Power

Electronics

Applications

C

An experimental platform to test different
technologies: 5 kW wind generator prototype

23


Grupo de Electrónica Aplicada
-

UNRC

Under development: 30 kW hybrid system, wind
diesel, prototype (
Cooperation between university
and industry
)

INVAP Ingeniería S.A. (IISA)

Grupo de Electrónica Aplicada (GEA), UNRC

Programa Especial de Energía y Transporte (PET), MinCyT



PRIORITIES IN ARGENTINA (in my opinion)



Human resources training.



Exchange and integration between companies,
research centers and universities.



Implement a “Technical Education Program” for
politicians, that usually decide without
considering real technical issues.

25

Thank you for your
attention

E
-
mail:


gea@ing.unrc.edu.ar


Web page:


http://gea.ing.unrc.edu.ar