Redefining ECE in an increasingly interdisciplinary world

wistfultitleElectronics - Devices

Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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W. Kenneth Jenkins

Head of Electrical Engineering at Penn State

Mid
-
Atlantic Regional ECEDHA Meeting

July 17, 2010

“Redefining ECE in an Increasingly
I
nterdisciplinary World”


Major Areas of Interdisciplinary Research and Education




Bio and Biomedical Engineering




Materials Science and Nanotechnology



Interdisciplinary Space Science Programs




Interdisciplinary College Programs

Bio and Biomedical Engineering



Computer
-
Assisted Endoscopy



Stimulation Treatment for Parkinson’s Disease



Smart Spaces for Aged Quality Living



Bio
-
inspired Signal Processing

Continuous Guidance of
Endoscopy for Cancer Detection

William E. Higgins

Penn State University

Depts. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Engineering

University Park, PA 16802, USA

Background
-

CT
-
Video Registration

Real World

Virtual World

Physical airway tree

CT Slices

CT
-
Derived Virtual Airway Tree

Virtual
Bronchoscope
Tip
-

Located

at Pose
Θ

Real
Bronchoscope
Tip

Real Bronchoscope Image
Observed at Time
t


Virtual Bronchoscope Image

Generated at Pose
Θ

Figure 19.4,

Wang/Mehta ‘95

Neural Modeling for Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease

Neural Modeling for Treatment of Parkinson’s Disease (cont.)

“Model” Smart Cottage


Evaluate Accessibility Features


Proving Ground for “Smart” Technology


Attract Important Visitors to McKeesport


Available “On the World Wide Web”


Demonstrate “Smart” Technologies

Construction Spring 2005

Bio
-
inspired
Signal Processing

Work

in

different

areas
:


Antenna

Design

-

Doug

Werner




Power

Systems

-

Kwang

Lee



Adaptive

Signal

Processing

-

Ken

Jenkins



Genetic Algorithm (GA) optimization



Particle Swarm

Optimization
(PSO)



Ant Colony Optimization (ACO)



Cat Swarm
Optimization
(CSO)



Neural Network (NN) recognition


Materials Science and Nanotechnology



New EE Core Course Offering



Polymer
Devices for Energy
Storage Research



Solar Energy
Conversion Research

New EE Core Course Offering

Solid State Heterojunction Polymeric (solution
cast) Photovoltaics:
Craig Grimes

• Funded by DOE

• Many opportunities for collaboration: chemistry,
characterization, simulation, design of new structures

New Course Offering in
Photovoltaics

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc. 2006

MEDICAL DEVICE APPLICATIONS

MILITARY APPLICATIONS

ENERGY HARVESTING APPLICATIONS

HYBRID AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS

High Performance Polymer Devices for Energy Storage,
Biomedical & Electrical Applications

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc.

Enabling Technology to Improve the Quality of Living


Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc. 2006

17

Dramatic Size Reduction

Enabled by SPS Technology


High K: 10
-
50


High energy density: 25 J/cc


Fast discharge (millisecond)


Low cost, mass production

Technology Overview: Energy Storage


The active parts of power electronics becoming smaller & cheaper


Current polymer capacitors have small dielectric constant (2
-
5), low energy
density (< 1 J/cc), occupy >60% of device volume & weight


Current supercapacitors have slow discharge (second)

DC Converter in
Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Strategic Polymer Sciences, Inc. 2006

18

Source: Paumanok Publications, Inc. & Goldman Sachs research. 2005 &2006

Target Market 1:

Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators

Implantable Cardiac Defibrillators Market


The ICD market is projected to grow 20% annually over the next 5 years


Retail price of an ICD unit ranges from $20,000
-

$30,000 each


Capacitor costs $150

ESPRIT Rocket Payload Investigates Science
of the Polar Atmosphere

Interdisciplinary Space Science Programs

Space Systems Engineering Certificate

The ESPRIT Mission


Three
-
year undergraduate project


Design, fabrication, verification, integration, and analysis of
a scientific sounding rocket payload


Students produced:


7 scientific instruments


3 attitude instruments


4 engineering demonstrations


Electrical and mechanical subsystems


Collaboration between PSU and three Norwegian
Universities

Launch: July 1, 2006

Interdisciplinary College Programs




Engineering Systems Design Certificate (new)




Leadership Minor




Entrepreneurship Minor

Thanks!