Experiences with Gas and Fuel Cells in ship machinery

wistfultitleElectronics - Devices

Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Eidesvik

Offshore ASA
-

Kjell

M
Sandaker




Experiences with Gas and Fuel Cells

in ship machinery



Incentra



rådsmøte
,
Haugesund

30.08


2011



Eidesvik

Offshore ASA


Shipping company with Head Office at
Bømlo
,

in western Norway. About 600 employees, and

MNOK 1054 revenue in 2010.


Supply, standby

and anchor handling

Seismic survey

and cable laying

Subsea support

11 vessels + 3 new

8

vessels +
1
newbuilding

4
vessels + 1 new

Sustainable

Sea

Transportation



What

is
not

sustainable

with

the

use

of

energy

in
todays

Sea

transport ?


Main
Answer
:


Use

of

fossile
oil

as
fuel


Harmful

emissions

to
the

atmosphere


What

are

then

realistic


alternatives to
oil

?


What

can

be
possible


steps

over to
realistic



alternatives?

Eidesvik

Offshore ASA


Our experience with gas power in ships

Viking Energy

From April 2003

Viking Queen

From January 2008

Viking Lady

From May 2009

Viking Energy

From April 2003

2 x TBN

Delivery 2012

Engine system arrangement


First generation gas power arrangement






Second
generation engines and
arrangement

LNG storage tank

Cold Box

Power plant, engines
with alternators

Viking Energy 94,9 m

Fuel consumptions and

emissions with gas power



Viking Energy
-

2007

Tot
a
l

e
nergy

pr
o
duct
i
on

14,
4
G
W
h

Consum
p
tio
n

o
f LNG

2878

T

Consum
p
tio
n

o
f MGO

201

T

E
missio
n
o
f
NO
x

21,
2
T

Reducti
o
n

i
n

N
O
x

e
miss
i
on


compare
d
w
i
t
h

I
M
O
requir
e
m
e
nt

87,
6
%

E
missio
n
o
f
CO
2

8533

T

Reducti
o
n

o
f CO
2

20

%


0
2000
4000
6000
8000
10000
12000
14000
LNG-FC
LNG-DF
Diesel- SCR
Diesel
MJ
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
LNG-FC
LNG-DF
Diesel- SCR
Diesel
kg
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
LNG-FC
LNG-DF
Diesel- SCR
Diesel
kg
0
0,5
1
1,5
2
2,5
LNG-FC
LNG-DF
Diesel- SCR
Diesel
kg
Environmental

account

for
producing


1
MWhE
,
incl
.
LCA
-
data

NOx
-
emission

SOx
-
emission

CO
2
-
emission

Energy
consumption

Kg

Kg

Kg

MJ

Maintenance


LNG and natural gas system proven very reliable. We have
more than 12 ship years of operation without technical off
-
hire due to the gas installations.


Scavenging air canal after

14 000 hours.

Maintenance interval is now set to 23 000 hours.

Fuel

Cells



Third

generation

maritime gas
power

technology


Better
fuel

efficiency



Lower

emisssions

to
the

atmosphere


Concept

with

Molten
Carbonate

Fuel

Cells
, MCFC, from MTU

Test
installation
,
schematic


Fuel

Cell

Installation

08.09.09


Class

and
authorities



Application

for ”
approval

in
principle

was

filed

by Eidesvik
to DNV 19.02.2007 to
install

fuel

cell

plant
onboard

Viking
Lady.


DNV
prepared

draft
regulation
: FUEL CELL
INSTALLATIONS, Pt 6,
Ch

X
-

dated

15.12.2007.


Class

notations

FC SAFETY og FC POWER


Our

concept

with

analyses,
drawings

and plans
was

checked

against

this

regulation
, FC SAFETY.


Application

was

filed

with

Sjøfartsdirektoratet, NMD,
after

all
documentation

had

been

checked

out

by DNV.


Accept

for
installation

was

recieved

from
Sjøfartsdirektoratet 02.09.2009.


Plant
installed

onboard

Viking Lady 08.09.2009.


Concent

to
connect

to
switchboard

was

given by DNV
03.12.2009.


Viking Lady has
now

class

notation

Fuel

Cell

Safety





FellowSHIP

project

participants

Veritas


Vik
-
Sandvik/WSD


Eidesvik


Wärtsilä

-

MTU

FC arrangement in container

Electro

module

with

connection

to
the

ship

switchboard



Power and heat at 100 %
load

Fuel

consumption

-

Fuel

Cell

Power Plant


A test plant
of

MCFC from MTU is
installed

on

psv

Viking Lady



Max
el
-
power

produced
:




330 kW


Max heat for
recovery
:




200
Kw



Consumption

of

natural

gas:


Cons
.
of

LNG


only

el
-
power
:




159 g LNG/kWh


Cons
.
of

LNG


with

max

heat
recovery
: 100 g LNG/kWh


(
Compared

to a diesel generator:


187 g diesel/kWh)


Emissions

-


Fuel

Cell

Power plant


Emission

of

NOx
:





0


Emission

of

SOx
:





0


Emission

of

CH
4:





0


Emission

of

particles
:




0


Emission

of

CO2,
without

recovery
: 377 g/kWh



(Diesel


36 %)



Emission

of

CO2,
with

recovery
: 235 g/kWh



(Diesel


60%)

Operation

profile

and
experiences


FC
had

weekly

load

variations

approx
. 45


100%


During
the

first 180
days

she

produced

1233
MWh

whereof

782
MWh

w
as

el
-
power
.
That

is 181 kW in
average
.


FC has so far more
than

14000
hours

of

operation
,
but

with

several

months

in
so
-
called

Pre
-
mode
,
due to
adjustments

in
the

power

electronics
.


So far
there

are

no

indications

of

wear

or
degrading

of

the

FC.

She

was

inspected

after

8000
hours
.



Application

alternatives


As a
base
load

aggregat
, (
Ready

for
application

)


El
-
connection

to an
AC
-
switchboard
.


With or
without

heat
recovery
.




Electric Power
Supply

Ship
.

Being

developed

as
fully

integrated

hybrid system for
flexibility

and optimum
energy

utilization
.



As
main

power

supply

for
the

shipping market,
with

fully

integrated

hybrid system
with

heat
recovery

and
steam

turbines
.











Thank

you

for
the

attention

www.vikinglady.no