Energy Systems Integration Facilities at NREL

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Brian Hirsch, Ph.D.

Senior Project Leader
-

Alaska

National Renewable Energy Laboratory


Energy Systems Integration
Facilities at
NREL

Alaska Energy Storage Workshop

Anchorage, AK

June 20, 2012

2

Reducing investment risk and optimizing systems in a rapidly
changing energy world



New energy technologies and services



Increasing penetration of variable RE in grid



New communications and control models



Electrification of transportation



Integrating energy storage



Increasing system flexibility



Understanding interactions between electricity/thermal/fuels

Current Energy Systems

Future Energy Systems

Why Energy Systems Integration?

3


Sensors and
controls


Design
and
integration


Modeling
and
simulation


System
integration

Buildings


H
2
/electric
interfaces


RE
electrolyzers


Storage
systems


Standards


Fuel cell
integration


Fueling
systems

Advanced
Fuels

Grid
Planning
and
Operations


Transmission
and Distribution
Systems


Smart Grid
Technologies


Microgrids


Standards

Advanced
Vehicles

Solar and
Wind

ESIF System Integration Capabilities


RE integration


Power
electronics


Building
integration


Thermal and PV
system
optimization


Plug
-
in
-
hybrids
and vehicle
-
to
-
grid


Battery thermal
management


Power
electronics


Energy
Storage


CSP Thermal
Storage


Utility scale
batteries


Distributed
storage
.

Full systems interface evaluation for integration of electricity, fuels,
thermal, storage, and end
-
use technologies

Energy System Research and Development Across Technologies

4

NREL’s Energy Systems Integration Facilities


Energy Systems Integration
Facility (ESIF)


Distributed Energy Resources
Test Facility (DERTF)


NWTC


Grid Integration Testing


Thermal Test Facility (TTF)


Vehicle Test and Integration
Facility (VTIF)

T
T
F

5


Substantial
completion by the
end of 2012


Space for 200 NREL
staff and research
partners


Focus of the ESIF is
to conduct R&D of
integrated energy
systems (Electricity,
Fuels, Transportation,
and Buildings &
Campus systems)


Addressing the challenges of large
-
scale
integration of clean energy technologies
into the energy systems infrastructure


NREL’s largest R&D facility (182,500 ft
2
)

(ESIF)

NREL’s Energy Systems Integration Facility

6

Current Status and Construction Targets


January 6
-

Completed all steel work


January 20


50% completed


on budget
(total $135M)


April 2012


complete all exterior work


October 2012


substantial completion


November 2012


commissioning


January 2013


move
-
in


7

Virtual utility operations center and visualization
rooms.

Petascale HPC and
data
management
system in showcase
energy efficient
data
center.

ESIF’s Unique Advanced Capabilities

Interconnectivity to
external field sites
for data feeds and
model validation.

HPC

8

ESIF
-

Energy

System Simulated Operations

A Flight Simulator for Energy System Operators

Operations techniques
development for:


New systems configurations


Utility or fuel supply curtailments


High renewables penetrations


Extreme weather events


High storage penetrations


High demand response
deployment


Resource forecast integration

9

ESIF Laboratories

High Performance Computing, Data
Analysis, and Visualization

16.
ESIF Control Room

17.
Energy Integration Visualization

18.
Secure Data Center

19.
High Performance Computing
Data Center

20.
Insight Center Visualization

21.
Insight Center Collaboration

Fuel Systems Laboratories

9.
Energy Systems Fabrication

10.
Manufacturing

11.
Materials Characterization

12.
Electrochemical
Characterization

13.
Energy Systems Sensor

14.
Fuel Cell Development &
Test

15.
Energy Systems High
Pressure Test

Thermal Systems Laboratories

6.
Thermal Storage Process and
Components

7.
Thermal Storage Materials

8.
Optical Characterization

Electrical Systems Laboratories

1.
Power Systems Integration

2.
Smart Power

3.
Energy Storage

4.
Electrical Characterization

5.
Energy Systems Integration

10

Lab Functions


Main test lab for conducting
electrical system integration
activities.


Research will include exploring
a variety of operating
configurations including: grid
connected stand
-
alone,
microgrids, and hybrid power
systems.


House infrastructure for DG
research (electricity, thermal,
and fuels)





ESIF


Power Systems Integration Lab


Major
Laboratory Equipment


Hardware
-
in
-
the
-
Loop Simulator
(Opal
-
RT)


Grid simulator (4x270kW, 690Vac,
400Vdc, DC
-
800Hz)


AC
load
banks (4x250kW, Wye, 50W
load step)


Bidirectional
DC
supplies (2x250kW,
0
-
900V)


SCADA
Data
Collection and
Control
System


PV Simulator (multi
-
module, 0
-
1000V or +/
-
500V)


Line length impedance simulator
(480V, 1200A)


Research
Chiller/Boiler (750 MBH
boiler, 60ton chiller)


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Energy Systems Integration


Large
-
scale

A New Unique Testing Capability

NWTC Grid Integration Capabilities will allow
testing of many grid integration aspects for
multi
-
MW utility
-
scale variable renewable
generation and storage technologies.

12

TTF
-

Labs

Automated Home Energy
Management Laboratory

Energy Storage Laboratory


Fully instrumented electrical system, from smart meter to
every plug, light, and hardwired component


3.2 kW photovoltaic (PV) array


Complete suite of residential appliances and end use loads


High frequency spectrum analyzer to study electrical noise


Multiple communication protocols are supported


Linked to ESIF


The world’s most accurate battery calorimeters


Five environmental chambers and isothermal baths to
perform accelerated lifetime and duty cycle testing across a
wide thermal range


Thermal imaging to inspect for hot spots in cells and
battery packages during charge and discharge cycles


Bitrode

cyclers for battery and
ultracapacitor

pack cycling

13

Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility
(VTIF)

14


2 AC and 2 DC bus lines
with configurable component connections


2 fast charge system connections
(1 indoor/1 outdoor)


8 level II charge stations
(includes wireless, high power for MD/HD
vehicles, multi
-
headed, …)


20kW of PV
as fuel station canopy (dual axis tracking)




VTIF Capabilities


30kWh, 30kW energy storage


Able to configure as
microgrid


Commercial partners
on Smart
Grid controls system


24 expansion ports
for new
components


Power supplies to
emulate wind,
solar, vehicle, or storage

15

NWTC


2MW+

NREL’s Energy Systems Integration
Facilities

ESIF

1kW
-
2MW

DERTF

1kW
-
200kW

NREL ESI
-

A
unique national asset for
energy
systems
integration R&D
,
testing,
and
analysis
at various scales

T
T
F

TTF

VTIF

16

For More information on NREL Energy Systems
Integration facilities


Energy Systems Integration Facility (ESIF)


http://www.nrel.gov/eis/
facilities_esif.html


Ben
Kroposki
, Director of ESIF:
benjamin.kroposki@nrel.gov



Distributed Energy Resources Test Facility (DERTF)


http://www.nrel.gov/eis/
facilities_dertf.html



NWTC


Grid Integration Testing


http://www.nrel.gov/wind/
facilities.html



Thermal Test Facility (TTF)


http://www.nrel.gov/buildings/
facilities.html



Vehicle Test and Integration Facility (VTIF)


http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy12osti/53297.
pdf