Emerging Energy Technology

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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Emerging Energy Technology

New Options for Alaska in the
Global Energy Economy

What is “emerging energy
technology”?

Energy Technology (SB220)



technology that promotes, enhances, or expands
the diversity of available energy supply sources
or means of transmission, increases energy
efficiency, or reduces negative energy
-
related
environmental effects: “energy technology"
includes technology related to renewable sources
of energy, conservation of energy, enabling
technologies, efficient and effective use of
hydrocarbons, and integrated energy systems …

R&D

D&D

Commercial

Stages of
Technology
Development

R&D

D&D

Commercial

Emerging
Energy
Technology

Importance of Energy Innovation*


Reduce the costs of energy
end
-
use forms to
consumers


Further reduce costs of
energy services by
increasing end
-
use
efficiency


Reduce dependence on oil
in the USA and elsewhere


Increase the reliability &
resilience of energy systems
against disruptions


Increase the productivity of
manufacturing



Reduce the emissions of
hazardous air pollutants


Enhance the prospects for
environmentally
sustainable & politically
stabilizing economic
development


Minimize the
environmental impacts of
energy
-
resource
exploration, extraction, and
transport


“Innovation is the mechanism to get
from energy status quo to desired
energy future”


Energy Use, GDP, and E/GDP for the U.S. Economy, 1949
-
2004

USDOE, EERE

Energy Consumption per Read Dollar of GDP, 1949
-
2008

USDOE, EERE

Learning curve for power generation technologies

(IPTS Energy, Transport and Climate Change Group)

Barriers to Technology Development


Lack of applied technology research funding


Death Valley


“Commercialization” hurdle


New technology hurdle


Regulation


Permitting


Substantial risk


Long
-
term planning

U.S. DOE Energy RD&D Spending
FY1978-FY2008 Admin. Request
0.0
1000.0
2000.0
3000.0
4000.0
5000.0
6000.0
7000.0
1978
1979
1980
1981
1982
1983
1984
1985
1986
1987
1988
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007 Request
2008 Request
million 2000$
Fission
Fusion
Efficiency
Renewables
Fossil (including CCT demo)
Electricty T&D
Hydrogen (non-fossil)
US DOE Energy RD&D Spending

(Kelly Gallagher, Kennedy School of
Gov’t
, 2
-
13
-
07)

“The core force of innovation
--

vision,
experimentation and wise investments
--

has led
to thousands of breakthroughs that benefit us
all…


..We need the same serious commitment in the
energy sector to developing the original American
energy supply: innovation.”


Why is emerging
energy
technology
important to
Alaska?


Unique challenges


Size


Climate


Population Density


Substantial diversity


Resources


Geography


Alaskan energy use


Alaskan economy


Energy security


Limited funding and
investment opportunities


Hatch Energy,
http://www.hatch.com.cn

Opportunities


Vast energy resources of Alaska


Renewable


Non
-
renewable


Resources and conditions


High energy costs


Support


Public


Political, legislative


Developing national funding opportunities


Growing world
-
wide demand


Case Study: Technology Transfer


Power Distribution


Decentralized, isolated, or
remote grids.


Comparable scale in supply
and demand.


Similar Energy Resources


Implementation Challenges


Logistics


Natural challenges


Transportation


Alaska’s position is ideal for
technology development and
export


Emerging Technology Funds


National Emerging Technology
Funds


New York State Energy
Research and Development
Authority


California Energy
Commission’s Public Interest
Energy Research (Pier)
Program


Texas Emerging Technology
Fund


Michigan Emerging
Technology Fund


Massachusetts Emerging
Technology Fund


International Emerging
Technology Funds


Sustainable Development
Technology Canada’s Tech
Fund


Ontario Emerging
Technologies Fund


World Bank Clean Technology
Fund


Alaska Emerging Technology
Funds


Denali Commission Emerging
Energy Technology Grant


State of Alaska Emerging
Energy Technology Fund

Emerging Energy

Technology Grant (EETG)


Denali Commission, June 2009


$4mill available


Eligibility


Alternative or renewable energy


Demonstration phase


Viable in 5 years


AK applicant


Potential for both widespread deployment in AK
and reduced energy costs




Lessons Learned

“A critical element of funding emerging energy
technology projects is the inclusion of a robust
data collection and analysis component.”


Gov.

Public

Industry

Lessons Learned

EETG: Results


50 applications


Academic entities, local governments, private
investors, tribal groups, nonprofit organizations


$29.5 million in requests


Batteries and energy storage


Electric vehicles for rural areas


Hydrokinetic projects


Underground coal gasification


Seawater heat pumps


Controls, smart grids, and monitoring


Project #1
:

Seawater Heat Pump




Demonstration Project



Recipient:

Alaska
SeaLife

Center


Partners:


Your Clean Energy, City of




Seward, Alaska Energy Authority


Install and monitoring a heat pump system that
will “lift” latent heat from raw seawater at
temperatures ranging from 35ºF to 55ºF, and
transfer this heat energy into building heat at a
temperature of 120ºF.



Heat Pump
Cycle

COMPRESSOR

LIQUID

HOT VAPOR

VERY HOT VAPOR

WARM VAPOR

EXPANSION
VALVE

EVAPORATOR

CONDENSOR

43 F

39 F

98 F

120 F

RAW
SEAWATER

CHILLED
SEAWATER

HOT
GLYCOL

WARM
GLYCOL

Project #2
:

Psychrophiles for





Generating Heating Gas



Recipient:

Cordova Electric Cooperative


Partners:


Cordova Schools, UAF
-
INE,




Solar Cities


Research and application project, deploy the use
of psychrophiles (cold loving microbes) to
improve efficiency in biogas digestors for
generating cooking and heating gas for Alaskan
households.


Summary


Cold Climates


Cordova (
-
5
°
C to 20
°
C) vs. 15
°
C to 80
°
C


Two Phase Project


Compare efficiencies of mesophiles and
psychrophiles on common Alaska feedstock at
various temperatures.


Deploy digester(s) in practical household scale
project(s)


Partnerships


CEC, TH
Culhane

(Solar Cities), Dr.
Katey

Walter
Anthony (UAF
-
INE), Cordova Schools (Adam
Low)

Project #3
:

Feasibility of Solar Hot



Water Systems



Recipient:

Kotzebue Electric Association


Partners:


Kotzebue Community Energy



Task Force, ABS Alaska, Susitna



Energy, NANA


Assessing the feasibility of solar thermal hot water
heating systems integrated into elder housing in
the NANA region.



Project #4
:

Commercial Scale Wood



Pellet Fired Boiler



Recipient:

Sealaska

Corporation


Sealaska

Corporation will be converting their
corporate headquarters building from a diesel
fired boiler to a wood pellet fired boiler,
demonstrating commercial scale application of the
technology and assessing the market potential of
biomass in South East Alaska.


Project #5
:

Organic
Rankine

Cycle



Heat Recovery System



Recipient:

Tanana Chiefs Council


Partners:


UAF, Alaska Energy Authority


Demonstrating the potential improved fuel
efficiency of the diesel power plant in a village in
the TCC region through the use of an Organic
Rankine

Cycle (ORC) system for heat recovery
from engine jacket water and exhaust.

Organic
Rankine

Cycle (ORC)

Cost = $128,000,

Fuel efficiency = 14 kW
-
hr/gal, Operation = 24 hr/day

Project #6
:

Nenana

RiveGen
TM





Hydrokinetic Turbine



Recipient:

Ocean Renewable Power




Company


Partners:


UAF


AHERC, NREL


ORPC proposes to build, install and test the
RivGen
TM

Power System, a hydrokinetic energy
unit, at the
Nenana

hydrokinetic test bed and
analyze resource and technology results.


Turbine
-
Generator Unit (TGU)



Project Components:


Permitting, site evaluation
and analysis


Foundations and debris study


Turbine development and
testing

Project #7
:

Wales Diesel
-
Off High




Penetration Wind System



Recipient:

Kotzebue Electric Association


Partners:


AVEC, Western Community




Energy


Kotzebue Electric Association will demonstrate
diesel
-
off configuration for a remote wind
-
diesel
high penetration hybrid power system through the
retrofit of existing equipment and controls.


Project #8
:

High Penetration Hybrid



Power System



Recipient

UAF


WiDAC


The Wind Diesel Application Center will analyze
state of the art power electronics to assess options
for wind
-
diesel hybrid power systems to operate
in a diesel
-
off mode.


Project #9
:

Flow Battery Energy




Storage Systems



Recipient:

Kotzebue Electric Association


Partners:


NRECA, UAF, Premium Power


Kotzebue Electric Association’s goal for this
project is to analyze and demonstrate flow battery
systems and their potential for energy storage in
rural wind systems.


Project #10
:

High Voltage Direct




Current Transmission



Recipient:

Polarconsult

Alaska


Partners:


Princeton Power, Manitoba




HVDC Research Center


Polarconsult

Alaska, in partnership with Princeton
Power Systems, is developing High Voltage Direct
Current transmission and converter technology, with
a goal to assess and demonstrate the technical and
financial feasibility of low
-
cost small
-
scale HVDC
interties for rural Alaska.


250kW Demonstration System


‘Demonstrator’

Output:

3
-
phase


480VAC

HV
Bridge
Stack

LV DC

Bridge

Stack

Input:

12kV

HVDC

LV AC

Bridge

Stack

250kW Transverse AC
-
Link Bridge

The
demo system
design is scalable to 1MW and 50kV by
stacking multiple modules together
.

BI
-
Directional power Flow

Project #11
:

Yukon Hydrokinetic




Project



Recipient:

Alaska Power and Telephone


Partners:


New Energy Corp, ABS Alaska


Alaska Power Company’s goal for this project is
the development and assessment of a hydrokinetic
project in the Yukon River, near Eagle, Alaska.


Emerging Energy Technology Fund


Established by 2010 Energy Omnibus Bill


Administered by the AEA


In consultation with an Advisory Committee
appointed by the Governor


Financed by State appropriations, Federal
appropriations, and other contributions


$2.4 million State appropriations


$3.14 million Denali Commission match

EETF Projects


Test emerging energy technologies or methods
of conserving energy;


Improve an existing energy technology; or


Deploy an existing technology that has not
previously been demonstrated in the state.

EETF Eligible Applicants


Electric utilities;


Independent power producer;


Local government, quasi
-
governmental entity, or
other governmental entity, including a tribal
council or housing authority;


Business holding an Alaska business license


Nonprofit organization

EETF Priorities


Alaska residents, associations, organizations, or
institutions;


Projects that demonstrate partnership with the
University of Alaska or another Alaska
postsecondary institution;


Projects supported by matching funds or in
-
kind
partnerships; and


Projects with potential for widespread
deployment in the state.

Final Thoughts on EET in AK


Critical step in overall energy development


Technology development is based on Alaskan needs
and conditions


Many crucial energy projects have little opportunity
for funding


Demonstrates commercial success of new energy
technologies


Accelerate industry growth, and guide the state in
future energy funding decisions


Develops opportunities to fully utilize our energy
resources

Questions?

Jason Meyer

Program Manager

Emerging Energy Technology
Program

jason.meyer@alaska.edu

(907) 306
-
9900



www.uaf.edu/acep

www.energy
-
alaska.com

www.flickr.com/acep_uaf

www.legis.state.ak.us

www.denali.gov

www.aidea.org/aea




*”Energy
-
Technology Innovation” Lecture, John
Holdren
, April 24, 2007

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's ELSI Project

http://www.lbl.gov/Education/ELSI/research
-
main.html

US Energy Information Administration

http://www.eia.doe.gov/emeu/international/energyconsumption.html

USDOE, EERE

http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/states/economic_indicators.cfm/state=AK