Manage and Coordinate Aid

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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S
trengthening Country
Capacities to

Manage and Coordinate Aid



UNDP
Products and Services


Bureau for Development Policy/

Capacity Development Group

December 2008

The Why


Mandate and Commitments


The How
-

UNDP Framework for Policy
Support


Capacity


Financial Needs
Assessment Assessment/Costing





Aid Quality


Aid Quantity/



Resourcing

Accountable National
Processes, Institutions and
Systems

MDG
-
based
Development

Outcomes

Evaluation

Indicators


MDG
-
based National Development Strategies


Managing for Results as Guiding Principle



MDG
-
based
Development Outputs



Paris
Declaration/AAA

FfD Process

Aid Effectiveness

Process

(incl.
RRPs)

Country
Ownership

Implementation

Monitoring

UNDP Capacity Assessment Framework for Aid Effectiveness

Technical Capacities

Core Issues

Capacities


Formulate
policies &
strategies

Assess
situation &
define vision
and
mandate

Monitor &
evaluate

Budget,
manage &
implement

Negotiate
and
coordinate

Principle of Managing for Development Results

Mutual accountability

National ownership and
leadership

Policy and institutional framework
(incl. country systems)

Partnerships with internal and
external stakeholders

Technical
Capacities

Current support


UNDP support provided to over 90 countries on aid
coordination/aid management


Country support backed by specialists in regional
centres



Bangkok, Dakar,
Jo’burg
, Beirut, Panama (and possibly
Bratislava)


BDP HQ provides policy guidance, coherence, tools,
partnerships and quality control


UNDP often chairs/coordinates donor/govt. coordination
mechanisms alone or in partnership with the WB


UNDP
CoP

over 300 members (internal/external)



PRINCIPLES of Support

i.
Demand

driven/identification of UNDP
comparative advantages in country context

ii.
Country Ownership
and leadership
guiding intervention

iii.

CD priority
with a well defined exit
strategy/sustainability

iv.

Results

driven and
M&E

v.
Coherence

within UNCT to deliver on the
UNDAF

vi.
Partnership

with other donors within aid
coordination mechanisms

Services and Products

1.
Policy advice on aid coordination and aid management (e.g. aid policies)

2.
Targeted capacity development support to strengthen national capacities to

1.
Coordinate external assistance (e.g. strengthening negotiation skills)

2.
Manage external assistance (e.g. strengthening accountability and transparency through aid
management systems, results monitoring, mutual accountability)

3.
Manage outgoing aid for non
-
traditional donors (e.g. Thailand on ODA, new EU members)

3.
Support to UNCTs/RCs in UN positioning in the country aid environment and
to the UN Development Group on implementing the Paris principles.

4.
Support to country, regional and global policy linkages through capacity
development (Paris Declaration, monitoring UN Financing for Development
process, Development Cooperation Forum).

5.
Tools: UNDP Capacity Assessment Methodology for Aid Effectiveness,
checklists, papers, case studies.

6.
Knowledge management: global Community of practice (over 300 members),
one internal website (
http://content.undp.org/go/practices/poverty/aid
-
coordination/?src=pov
), one external website (
www.aideffectiveness.org
).


2008

Area

Intervention/Products/Results

Policies

CD & AE; SBS/pooled funds EB decision; cross
-
cutting issues & AE
(e.g. HIV/AIDS, environment); policy issues around JAS & donor DL;
TA/TC/CD; global/regional/country policy coherence on HLF3, Doha

Methodologie
s & Tools

Application of CA methodology; development of CD tools according to
country typology (underway).

Knowledge
Services

Peer learning through cross
-
country exchange and S/S dialogue
(Accra/Doha); enhanced
CoP

& websites; launched VDA courses.

UN System

UN policy coherence around Accra/Doha linking UN
normative/operational (TCPR mandate) ; UNDP leads with UNDG;
development of guidance on the UN in the changing aid environment

UNDP CO
Support

Policy support/positioning to UNDP COs, UNCTs and RCOs


e.g. aid
modalities; CA/CD for AE (aid coordination; aid management/systems)

Partnerships

Donor/government/CS (Parliaments) partnerships; resource
mobilization.

Applications of Capacity Assessment Methodology

Opportunity


In order to identify constraints and opportunities relating to aid coordination and aid management, the Ministry of
Economy decided to undertake an assessment of its capacities for aid coordination and management.


Improving its capacities for both aid coordination and management of external assistance will have far reaching
implications for the Government and, if taken seriously, could become a catalyst for wider reforms.


Ukraine, Ministry of Economy, 2007

Country

Lessons Learned


Strong engagement with the Government to ensure ownership, which is crucial for the next steps in the capacity
development cycles


Capacity
assessments have to be customized
with the full engagement of
national partner.


CA
launch of the
requires carefully chosen expert
consultants and needs to include national experts strongly.


Pre
-
mission preparation is needed as well
as.

Approach


The Ministry of Economy of Ukraine and the United Nations Office in Ukraine decided to deploy a “Joint Capacity
Needs Assessment Exercise


Aid Effectiveness, Coordination and Management in Ukraine” prior to the
development of a comprehensive capacity development project.


The exercise consisted of two phases: (a) Government self
-
assessment, using the questionnaire developed by
BDP/CDG/AE Team, the questionnaire was sent to 25 governmental bodies and took place from 10 April to 18
May, and (b) experts’ assessment from 29 May to 6 June. The experts’ team consisted of four independent
international consultants supported by the RCO coordination officer and UNDP/BDP resource person. More than
30 meetings were convened in Kiev within one week. Major constraint identified: lack of a national strategy.


The experts’ team submitted a report on its findings, which included recommendations for Ukraine on its way to
implementing the commitments of the Paris Declaration. The preliminary findings were presented in Kiev.

Applications of AIMS

Opportunity

Although it is increasingly receiving funding from the European Union, Montenegro also

continues to manage the ongoing and planned activities funded by bilateral and multilateral

partners. The need for a tool to support project planning, the creation of log frames, management

of donor inputs, activities and deadlines, and proposed projects is critical.


Montenegro, 2007
-
2008

Country

Approach


UNDP
advised the government on the aid
coordinaionon

and aid management strategy


In 2007 UNDP
organised

a regional meeting in Montenegro for exchange of lessons learnt, good
practiices

and
solutions


learning through a peer approach.


.To address aid management needs, a system (AMP) was customized specifically for Montenegro (where it is
known as the Project Management Platform). Currently, donor
-
government coordination mechanisms are fairly
weak. Coordination


Lessons Learnt

_______________________________________________________________________
___________________


Approach to aid coordination and aid management should be .within the broader context of economic
governance and capacities of country institutions.



Country ownership and commitment is the guarantee of sustainability and country leadership is the must of the
design of aid coordination/management policy.


Partnerships within government and with donors are essential for the commitment to data provision and use of
the system.


Government capacity to manage the aid management system is crucial for ownership and sustainability.


UNDG/UNCT and UNDP role


UNDP leads with the UNDG on these issues
through its broad development mandate


UNDP supports the RC in his/her donor
coordination role


Joint UNDG delegation and platform for Accra
HLF; joint UNDG policy statement and
Administrator’s statement at Doha
FfD


Integration of PD/AAA commitments into
UNDG policies, rules, procedures and
UNDAFs

Administrator to RCs after Doha


on
March 2009 meeting


Doha follow
-
up



This is an important opportunity to ensure the voices of developing
countries are clearly heard and their needs are resolutely reflected in the
final deliberations. UNDP Country Offices, have an important role to play
to work with our partner countries to prepare for this conference.



Governments will need to identify clearly their views on the systemic
issues that will need to be addressed in responding to the impact of a
world downturn. I am asking Regional Directors to identify with their
country offices the most effective ways in which this support can be
tailored to individual country circumstances. In this respect, the regional
economic commissions, UNCTAD, WTO and the
Bretton

Woods
Institutions will need to be consulted and invited to provide inputs
.