Implications for the World Bank

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Nov 6, 2013 (3 years and 11 months ago)

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2012 WDR

Gender Equality and Development

Implications for the World Bank

Jeni

Klugman

Director, Gender and Development

World Bank

GENDERNET
-
World Bank Consultation


3 February 2012

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia


Outline


New opportunities and risks


Strategic directions for the World Bank



New
opportunities and risks

Opportunities:


WDR2012


Country and regional interest


Senior management attention


beyond own
network MD


Fruits of earlier investments and analysis


Risks:


Significant risk of fatigue around time of mid term
IDA review and DC implementation paper


fall 2012


demonstrable progress plus patience
.


Strategic
Directions for the
WBG
-

P
rogress
to date

1. Informing country policy dialogue and raising awareness

2. Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

3. Scaling up lending for domestic priorities

4. Increasing the availability of gender
-
relevant data and evidence

5. Leveraging partnerships

Strategic Directions

1. Informing country policy dialogue


WDR2012 dissemination
-

tailored to country context


Regional and network companion reports


Knowledge
management and
learning:
PRMGE site as the “go
-
to” site for
information, tools and links on gender


Review and revamp guidance notes, toolkits for relevance and usefulness


Work on the launch site, navigability and attractiveness


Learning events


direct and
e
-
learning: e.g. CAS Academy, DPL Academy,
Economist boot camp, Sector Weeks, SD Training and Accreditation Program


2 Communities
of
Practice (
CoP

on best practice operational experiences
managed by PRMGE,
CoP

on gender in SDN)

Impact on government’s policy:


Female employment is on the top of the
agenda.


The new Employment Strategy, features
female employment prominently.


The May 2010 Prime Ministry ‘Circular on
Female Employment’ lays out provisions to
ensure gender equality in the workplace,
tailoring vocational training and non
-
formal
education to the needs of women, and
increasing access of working mothers to
access child care services.


The Government is considering allowing for
more flexible contracting of women and
providing second chance learning
opportunities so that women without basic
skills can be productively employed.

Turkey

Informing country policy dialogue


Strategic
Directions


Expand the breadth & depth of country specific analysis of gender
inequalities


linked to the policy
dialogue & program


For every major activity and operation, two basic questions are asked:


Is gender important?


How do you know?


Support
to countries:


Strategic engagement in country and regional efforts


cross support




1. Informing country policy dialogue

1. Informing country policy dialogue

2. Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

Household
Energy

Water and
Sanitation

Climate
mgmt


Data




















Partnerships














Spins










82$ million
KAPAP baseline






Kenya
Country
Program

Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

Gender smart agriculture

GAP
support for
gender
integration

Data

Analysis

Gender smart agricultural operations (e.g., ASAL
advice, value chains)

KAPAP monitoring and impact evaluation

Policy dialogue of agriculture

Policy dialogue on water

Policy dialogue on household energy

Vertical:
Italy,
MoWI
,
WSP

Exposure to
global best
practice,
South
-

South

In Bank:
150$ million
WASSIP
indicators,
programs,
CPS model

Gender
smart water
sector policy
dialogue

Initial GAP
contribution for
capacity
building of
MoWI

GFPs

Horizontal replication: Household Energy

WATSAN gender
-
disaggregated data

Kenya
Country
Program

Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

Gender smart water sector

Afghanistan

Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

Objective
:


to understand the constraints and opportunities for
women and men in moving up the agricultural value
chain by producing more crops such as grapes/raisins,
almonds, and saffron.

Findings:


Women in rural areas are generally engaged in harvesting
and basic post
-
harvest processing at home orchards or
compounds. Men are primarily engaged in production
and provide market linkages by travelling to the local
market to buy input supplies or sell produce.


Social and cultural traditions are the main constraints for
accessing market information.


Opportunities for women producers are through (
i
)
mobilization of women’s groups, (ii) development of
women’s extension services, (iii) training on harvesting
and post
-
harvest handling, (iv) use of information
technology in extension and marketing outreach.

Consultations:


The report was presented at a workshop organized by the
Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock. Officials
from other ministries, participated along with donor
agencies, women producer groups, and women
extension workers participated.




Combat excess deaths of girls and women


Address disparities in economic opportunities


Reduce disparities in societal voice


Tackle
the reproduction of gender inequalities across generations

And
..


New gender project coding will allow to forecast the extent of gender in the
pipeline.


Monitor
financing patterns and support on request



AGI
-

school to work transition of young women



1. Informing country policy dialogue

1. Informing country policy dialogue

2. Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

3. Scaling up lending for domestic priorities, including


Strategic Directions


Work
to enhance
Genderstats

and related
efforts.


Strategic
investments to improve the evidence base for what works


policy
focused research on enterprises,
labor markets and
social
protection.


Focus
on less understood and frontier
areas.

1. Informing country policy dialogue

1. Informing country policy dialogue

2. Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

3. Scaling up lending for domestic priorities

4. Increasing the availability of gender
-
relevant data and evidence


Strategic
Directions

Strategic
Directions


Establishing new Advisory Council on Gender and
Development


New phase of the Global Private Sector Leaders Forum focused on female
employment in firms.


Mobilizing partnerships with the private sector


Collaborating with UN Women


Mobilizing
financing

1. Informing country policy dialogue

1. Informing country policy dialogue

2. Enhancing country level gender diagnostics

3. Scaling up lending for domestic priorities

4. Increasing the availability of gender
-
relevant data and evidence

5. Leveraging partnerships

Community of Practice


Organizational Structure
to deliver

Executive Board

President

Knowledge and
Learning:

HD

WBI

PREM

FPD

SDN

Regional Operations

AFR

EAP

ECA

LAC

MNA

SAR

Operational
Services, Policy &
Systems

OPCS

MDs

VPs


MDs monthly meetings

Quarterly Scorecard

Regional Gender Action Plans

Annual Gender Monitoring
Report, WDR 2012 Implications,
Corporate Scorecard, IDA 16


Country Programs


GAD Board

Sector staff,
country teams,
gender focal
points

LCR Gender Action Plan FY12
-
FY14

Pillars:

1.
Mainstream gender into CASs, & relevant financial and knowledge
programs
:



focusing on those sectors with strong corporate commitments

2.
Addressing Persistent and Priority Areas of Inequality:



identified through analytical work and consultations

3.
Gathering and Sharing Evidence on What Works


15

Priorities:

1.
Endowments
: Maternal mortality and teenage pregnancy, boys
underperformance in school

2.
Economic Opportunity
: participation in the labor markets and
entrepreneurship

3.
Agency
: gender and youth (teenage pregnancy) and gender
-
based
violence.

Targets


Achieve
100% highly satisfactory
rankings for
gender inclusion in
all CAS

(in FY12,FY13, and FY14
-
PRMGE’s criteria)



Maintain good gender mainstreaming in SP, Health and ARD;
increase gender mainstreaming in infrastructure


Implement one gender activity per CMU per year


Produce one piece of country
-
level gender diagnostic work per
CAS cycle


16

LCR Gender Action Plan FY12
-
FY14