Smart Grids in Italy: situation and perspectives

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Nov 24, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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December 12th, 2012


Smart Grids in Italy: situation and perspectives

Michele de Nigris


Electricity Systems are evolving

Smart Grids can be described as an upgraded electricity network characterized
by a high level of
flexibility

and self
-
adaptability fostered by a
two
-
way digital
communication

between supplier and consumer, intelligent metering and
monitoring systems.

SOURCE I.E.A.

THE SITUATION IN ITALY
-

THREATS

HIGH ENERGY
PRICES


UNFAVORABLE ENERGY MIX


HIGH COSTS OF NATURAL GAS
-

CONTRACTS


HIGH INCENTIVES TO R.E.S.


THE HIGHEST IN EUROPE


SYSTEM INEFFICIENCIES AND BOTTLENECKS


COUNTRY TOPOLOGY

DEPENDENCE
FROM IMPORTS


82% PRIMARY ENERGY IS IMPORTED


LIMITED ENERGY PORTFOLIO


FOCUSED ON FOSSIL FUELS


INSUFFICIENT SYSTEM RESILIENCY TO EXTERNAL STRESSES (E.G.
GAS)

DIFFICULT
FINANCIAL
SITUATION


OVERCAPACITY PRODUCTION GAS PLANTS


REDUCTION OF
ENERGY DEMAND, OVER
-
PERMITTING, COMPETITION FROM RES


TYPES OF GAS ACQUISITION CONTRACTS (LONG TERM TAKE OR PAY)


COMPETITION FROM FAR EAST (REFINING)

SOURCE MiSE

THE SITUATION IN ITALY
-

OPPORTUNITIES


ENERGY INTENSITY 15% LOWER THAN AVERAGE
EUROPEAN

HIGH ENVIRONMENTAL
STANDARDS


ITALY IS IDEALLY LOCATED IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
REGION

GEOGRAPHICAL
POSITION


THE POWER QUALITY SCORES ARE AMONG THE BEST IN
EUROPE

VERY HIGH QUALITY OF
SERVICE


NATIONAL REGULATOR IS PROACTIVE IN MOTIVATING
NETWORK OPERATORS TO INTRODUCE INNOVATION

ADVANCED REGULATORY
FRAMEWORK


COMPETITIVE AND ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL SECTOR

EXCELLENT
TECHNOLOGICAL LEVEL

SOURCE MiSE

A RAPID GROWTH IN RES INTEGRATION

WIND [GWh]

PHOTOVOLTAIC [GWh]

SOURCE GSE


Distribution operator among the most
advanced worldwide


33 Million smart
meters and wide system automation;


Medium and small size industry developing
and proposing advanced or breakthrough
technologies: power electronics, DMS,
small storage, DG control, ICT solutions;


Regulator allowing for incentives to smart
grids innovation pilots;


Public research centers and universities
active in house and internationally.

ITALY’S PRESENT SITUATION ON SMART GRIDS

APPLIED RESEARCH PROGRAMS


15
-
20 M


dedicated to smart grids R&D


Scenarios for the development of the Italian
network;


Active networks: costs and benefits;


Control systems and tools of active networks;


Interconnections with neigbouring countries;


Security of the infrastructures;


Power quality issues;


Technologies and components: power
electronics, ICT and protocols, HTS applications,
metering;


E
-
mobility;

Funding scheme based on a fee on the electricity bill of each customer, dedicated to national
strategic research activities in the field of the electricity system. Activities regulated according to
the Decree of the Ministry of Industry, trade and handicraft dated 8 March 2006

INCREASING THE RES HOSTING CAPACITY IN DISTRIBUTION


8 projects awarded


Several regions concerned


Projects started January 2011


3
years demonstration


Total 16.5 M


(higher ROI rate)


Transformation of portions of
HV/MV substations and medium
voltage network already
experiencing reverse energy flux;


Management of DG (dispatching,
protection, supervision,
automation, voltage regulation,
communication);


Pre
-
requisite: high replicability

ARG/ELT 39/10 25/3/2010:
Incentives for smart grids
investments of Distribution
companies

ELECTRIC MOBILITY: REGULATOR’S INITIATIVES

COLOUR

COMPANY

CHARGING
POINTS

A2A

75

ENEL

310

MUNIC.

PARMA

200

ENEL
ENERGIA

26

CLASS
ONLUS

150

INSTALLATION AND OPERATION OF SLOW
OR QUICK E.V. CHARGING POINTS, TESTING
DIFFERENT BUSINESS MODELS: TECHNICAL
ASPECTS, INTEROPERABILITY, BILLING,
ROAMING, ETC.


5 projects
-

< 728

/point


PROBLEMS: NUMBER OF E.V.s : 350 IN 2011


2500 INCLUDING FLEETS AND LIGHT E.V.s

ARG
-
242/10

ELECTRIC STORAGE: REGULATOR’S INITIATIVES

ARG
-

288/2012/R/eel


Pilot projects on transmission network, using electrochemical
storage technologies


Up to 3 projects (based on CBA)


incentives: WACC+2% for 12
years


Size sufficient to demonstrate real increase of large scale VRES
integration including dynamic network control systems


Benefits calculated on:


Reduction of production curtailment


Efficiency of charging/discharging cycles


Costs of energy


based on benchmarks


Costs include


CAPEX, OPEX including dynamic rating evaluation systems


Widespread dissemination of results


CONCLUSIONS

As in many other fields, Italy reacts to structural
difficulties with creativity and intelligence
.

In the case of energy, the enlargement of the
national mix to include renewables is a must,
together with the energy efficiency measures and
the load flexibility.

The geographical topology of the country and the
limited margins of the network require intelligent
solutions of network modernisation.

Stakeholders are joining forces to facilitate this
transformation and to leverage national
competences.

CONCLUSIONS

Synergies and collaboration are made possible
between research and operators to facilitate the
smartgrids developments and deployment.

Smart grids technologies are demonstrated in the
field thanks to national research programs,
operators investments and regulatory intelligence.

The results of the pilots and demonstration
activities are shared among stakeholders and
leverage national competences .

Italy wants to remain at the forefront of the smart
grids developments and applications and will
participate actively in all European and worldwide
smart grids collaborative efforts.