Plug-In Vehicles & the Grid

whirrtarragonElectronics - Devices

Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

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June 2009

1

Intelligently Connecting

Plug
-
In Vehicles & the Grid

Discussion Guide

Objective:


Understand mutual business objectives surrounding smart
charging solutions for electric vehicles.


Plan:


Introductions


Review of Current PHEV/EV Plans


GridPoint

-

Plug
-
In Vehicles & the Grid





GridPoint



Smart Charging Demonstration




Open Discussion / Next Steps


2

3

Smart Grid At A Glance

An intelligent network of distributed resources (at the point of
consumption) that controls load, stores energy and produces power.


GridPoint

Platform
TM

Web Interfaces

GridPoint
Customer
Portal

(consumer)

GridPoint
Control
Console

(utility)

Web

Modules

Intelligent Energy Server

Optimization Engine

Energy

Efficiency

Load

Management

Renewables

Integration

EV

Management

Storage

Optimization

Communications Gateway

GridPoint Web Services

Integrated Services Architecture

Metadata

Scheduling

Provisioning

Business Intelligence

Security

API set

Optimization Algorithms

Data & User Scalability

Modular Energy Solutions

3
rd

Party Wireless Device SDKs

Dynamic Web Engine

Open Communications
HAN/WAN/Meter

Internal Utility Systems

External Sources

Data Integration

MDMS

SCADA

LMP

HAN

Load
Curves

Weather

The Electric Vehicle Management Solution

5


Xcel Energy


Seattle City Light


Progress Energy




Duke Energy


ConEd


BC Hydro




PG&E


Austin Energy


ComEd


Leading utility customers


Two
-
years of real
-
world smart charging experience


Hundreds of plug
-
in vehicles currently grid
-
aware via
GridPoint

technology


Integrating with Level 1
-
3 charging infrastructure


Idaho National Laboratory’s (DOE) solution for EV / PHEV data capture


Proven smart charging experience:

Electric Transportation Arriving Soon

6

Over

70%

of auto makers
*


are introducing

plug
-
in vehicles


*by market share

Smart Charging:


Manages the one
-
way flow of energy


Allows drivers to set parameters


Balances grid & driver needs

via sophisticated software


Enables adaptive management:

-
Delay/slow during peak demand

-
Increase with availability of
renewable energy

Establishing a Smart Grid Infrastructure for EVs

7

Plug
-
In Vehicles


Connecting to the grid in 2010


Many rollouts call for 240V/L2
wall mounted garage chargers


Adoption likely clustered in
neighborhoods

Grid Distribution System


Charging management technology

is required
*


Capacity exists for wide EV adoption
*


A few EVs, clustered & charging

at peak, could impact reliability

*
National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Electric Power Research Institute

Creating a Reinforcing Cycle of Benefits

Smart

Charging


UTILITIES:


Delays infrastructure investments


Enhances reliability


Increases renewable integration


Delivers control of a valuable asset


load, storage & generation


VEHICLE OWNERS
:


Reduces total cost of EV
ownership


Enhances ability to drive “green”

Auto Manufacturers
:


Drives sales


Creates a supportive EV ecosystem

Controlling the Power Flow to Vehicles

9

Enhanced

Power Flow Management

10

One Example of Value

Smart Charging Used to
Increase Renewable Integration

Load Shifting

Time based management shifts charging behavior into

non
-
peak periods


Demand valleys can be filled by scheduling charging

around a central time


Load Shaping

Following an signal or schedule, charging load can be
dynamically shaped according to

grid needs

Renewable Integration

Based on a live wind or solar signal, charging can be
synchronized with the availability of renewable energy

Spinning Reserves

The flow of energy can be rapidly slowed or stopped, creating
capacity in response to an unexpected power disruption

Economic Dispatch

Following a real
-
time price signal allows energy economics to
determine charging behavior


Smart Charging Management Opportunities

Load Shaping

Economic Dispatch

Advanced Analysis

Supports complex performance evaluation, including MPG, fuel
& energy consumption, charging data, etc.

Improved Performance Data

Data is automatically logged & securely uploaded, increasing
reliability & enabling real
-
time evaluation

Increased Flexibility

Multiple methods of intra
-
vehicle & client/server
communication are supported

Remote software updates

Staff involvement in data collection & administration is
minimized with remote support & configuration


Enduring Investment

A second software license is all that's required to explore
smart charging, no additional hardware is necessary



State of the Art Performance Data Logging

Used by Idaho National Laboratory, the same client
-
server solution that enables
smart charging delivers robust performance capture

Proprietary & Confidential

Smart Charging Demonstration

Preparing for Plug
-
Ins: What You Can Do

Smart charging demonstrations are opportunities to:


Assess the importance of controlling vehicle load at the distribution level


Explore various charging scenarios, including load shaping & peak shaving


Investigate synchronizing charging with wind or solar power


Gain experience enlisting participation in smart charging programs


Determine system requirements surrounding service area “roaming”


Establish the benefits of electric vehicles, confirming efficiency, decreased
fuel costs, reductions in green
-
house gas emissions, etc.


How are you preparing for plug
-
ins?


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