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1

Power


to the People

Renewable Energy for Underserved
Communities



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AREER

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ENTER

Image Credits: blueEnergy

Kurt

Yeager


Executive

Director


April 22
nd
, 2010

Center for Science, Technology, and Society


Power to the
People





Kurt Yeager

www.galvinpower.org


Santa Clara University

April 22, 2010



4

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

The Power System That Evolved in Late 19
th

Century to Provide Power to the Newly Invented
Light Bulbs ………

1879
-

Thomas Edison
Developed a “Practical
Light Bulb”

Line crew of Niagara Falls Power Co. in 1895

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Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

…….. has Remained Essentially the Same as it
Powers the Essential Services and the Digital
Revolution in the 21st Century

Powers the critical pumps that takes
water out from New Orleans and makes
drinking water in a water treatment
plant

Powers the communication towers and
central telephone stations that are
essential for the communication
infrastructure

Powers the essential life saving services
in a hospital

Powers the continuous process
industries that are the life blood of an
industrial society

Powers the computers, servers, routers
and the billions of power supplies that
powers the digital revolution

August 29. 2005
: Power poles are pushed over in a
flooded street after Hurricane Katrina

6

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Key Issue to be Resolved

Will the bulk electricity system
evolve to become the critical
infrastructure supporting the clean
digital society of the 21st century, or
be left behind as an industrial relic
of the 20th century?

7

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Forward to Fundamentals


Electricity is the engine of
prosperity
and quality

of life

Electricity is a consumer
service
-

based enterprise

Technology can relieve cost
pressures through elevation of
electricity service value


Realizing these opportunities
requires transformation of the
electricity infrastructure

8

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Transforming the Electricity Grid for the
21
st

Century

Electronically monitor & control
the power system

Integrate electricity &
communications

Transform meter into a two
-
way
consumer services gateway

Incorporate Renewable &
Distributed Resources

Reintroduce Direct Current (DC)
Circuits/Microgrids

Enable smart, efficient end uses

9

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.




“If I asked people what they wanted, they said faster
horses”







Henry Ford


Today



Heard of the Smart Grid


33%







10

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

How can the Smart Grid Improve
Competitiveness and Create
Jobs?



Enable municipalities and utilities to improve the
environment


Provide residents access to lower carbon generation
sources


Enable municipalities to improve competitive value,
esthetics and increase the overall value of real estate


Enable municipalities and utilities to increase service
reliability


Improve safety and reduced economic losses


Eliminate hidden reliability costs and attract 21st
Century jobs


Enable residents to manage costs


Avoid higher priced peak electricity


Protect residents from rising fuel and new capacity
costs


Leverage off
-
peak electricity through dynamic pricing


Generate revenue by providing ancillary services to
the system operator



11

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Key Progress Findings

Consumer
-
convenient “killer applications” are

emerging and new players are entering

Both the commercial and residential markets will

become web
-
enabled and consumer controlled

Widespread real
-
time energy management will

significantly improve efficiency and reliability

The electricity industry is transitioning to a

demand
-
driven, dynamic
-
priced business



12

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Unlocking Smart Grid Benefits Requires


Intelligent Technology


Intelligent Policy



Empowered Consumers

INTELLIGENCE

= the ability to understand
and deal successfully with new situations

13

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

SMART GRID POLICY IMPLICATIONS


A Smart Grid is a
transactive
network,
seamlessly connecting producers and
consumers


Price
-
responsive end
-
use devices enable
autonomous consumer control:
empowerment


A Smart Grid requires looking beyond the
regulated monopoly business model


Remove barriers to competitive retail services


Remove barriers to non
-
utility technology investments

The result significantly increases both consumer
and producer benefits



14

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Testing Market
-
Based Customer Incentives
in a Transactive Network

Source: Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University

15

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Business Model Change

A Smart Grid changes the utility
business model from selling bulk dumb
energy to smart, efficient, reliable
services.

16

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

New Technology Opportunities Abound

Hyper
-
Efficient Technologies

Heat Pumps

Ductless Cooling

Appliances

VFC Cooling

VFC Cooling

Data Centers

Commercial

Residential

Set it, and forget it homes

17

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

65%

17%

10%

The Micro Grid & Its Role in

Helping Meet These Challenges



Efficient

Building

Systems

Utility

Communications

Dynamic

Systems

Control

Data

Management

Distribution

Operations

Distributed

Generation

and Storage

Plug
-
In Hybrids

Smart

End
-
Use

Devices

Control

Interface

Advanced

Metering

Consumer Portal

and Building EMS

Internet

Renewables

PV

18

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

The Role of the Microgrid


Optimize distribution performance and service
value


Seamlessly integrate electricity supply and
demand


Convert buildings from Power Pigs to Power
Plants


Provide the most user
-
friendly consumer
empowerment


Open the door to entrepreneurial innovation


Enable local green enterprise zones


19

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

MicroGrid Concept

8 MW

Turbines

Backup, solar, UPS

IIT Perfect Power Microgrid

20

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Principles of a New Electricity
Constitution

Provide all Consumers with Time
-
of
-
Use Electricity
Rates & Incentives

Require Fundamentally Higher Distribution
Reliability Standards

Compensate Utilities Based on their Reliability,
Efficiency and Customer Service Quality

Eliminate Regulated Monopoly Restrictions On
Intelligent Microgrids and Distributed
Generation

Establish Truly Competitive Retail Electricity
Service Markets









21

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Community Microgrid Leadership Examples


Austin, TX


Sacramento, CA


Cheyenne, WY


Ft. Collins, CO


Leesburg, FL


Naperville, IL


New Mexico Smart Green Grid


22

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

Meet Sad Socket

23

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.


”In the end, more than they wanted
freedom, they wanted security. They
wanted a comfortable life, and they
lost it all
-

security, comfort and
freedom.

When the Athenians
finally wanted not to give to society
but for society to give to them, when
the freedom they wished for most
was freedom from responsibility,
then Athens ceased to be free.”




Edith Hamilton

24

Copyright
© The Galvin Project. All rights reserved.

25

Power


to the People

Renewable Energy for Underserved
Communities



Conference Sponsor:






Networking Reception Sponsor:

C
AREER

C
ENTER

Image Credits: blueEnergy