Acronyms

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Dec 12, 2013 (3 years and 8 months ago)

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Military Acronyms




AOR



Area of Responsibility



C4


Command, Control, Communications, and Computers

-

Command and Control is the exercise of authority and direction by a properly
designated commander over assigned and attached forces in the accomplishment
of the
mission. Communications and Computers enable Command and Control over
dispersed forces.



COWAN



Coalition Wide Area Network

-

COWAN is the term applied to a

suite of secure networking technologies between the
Application

and Data Link layers of the O
SI

model

that facilitates the exchange of
unclassified and classified

information with Military Forces from other nations
.
Instantiated whenever the U.S. military is
part of a multi
-
national force.



DAR


Data
-
At
-
Rest

-

Data stored on a laptop or local compu
ter. Sensitive data should be encrypted using a
solution such as “Guardian Edge” so data isn’t accessible to unauthorized user.



JWICS



Joint World
-
wide Intel
ligence Communications System

-

JWICS is the term applied to a suite of secure networking technolo
gies between the
Application and Data Link layers of the OSI model that protect the ex
change
of
unclassified and
classified information up to and including compartmented Top Secret.



MAGTF


Marine Air
-
Ground Task Force

-

A MAGTF is the Marine Corps principal

organization for all missions across the range
of military operations, composed of forces task
-
organized under a single commander
capable of responding rapidly to a contingency anywhere in the world. The types of
forces in the MAGTF are functionally group
ed into four core elements: a command
element, an aviation combat element, a ground combat element, and a combat service
support element. The four core elements are categories of forces, not formal commands,
and the basic structure of the MAGTF never varie
s, though the number, size, and type
of Marine Corps units comprising each of its four elements will always be mission
dependent.



MITSC


MAGTF Informat
ion Technology Service Center.

-

Intermediate
-
level network nodal point within Marine Corps’
architecture. Major
functions include local data center operations, network operations and defense, and
touch
-
labor support.



NIPR (
a.k.a.
“NIPRNet”)



Nonsecure Internet Protocol Router Network

-

NIPRNet is the term applied to the suite of secure networki
ng technologies between the
Application and Data Link layers of the OSI model that facilitate the

exchange
of
unclassified information. The most pervasive means for exchanging information
among Marines, provisions are made to allow for the exchange of
eve
n
sensitive

unclassified

information such as that intended For Official Use Only, that information
protected under the Privacy Act, and the HIPAA.



RNOSC


Regional Network Operation Service Center

-

Staff element that functions as intermediary between the Co
mbatant Commander and
the MITSCs within their geographical area.



SIPR (
a.k.a.

“SIPRNet”)



Secret Int
ernet Protocol Router Network

-

The SIPRNet is the term applied to the suite of secure networking technologies between
the Application and Data Link layers o
f the OSI model that protect the

exchange
of
unclassified and
classified information up to and including Secret.



VHF


Very High Frequency.

-

The portion of the frequency spectrum between 30MHz and 300MHz.



UAV


Unmanned Aerial Vehicle
.

-

Drones equipped with

technology and/or weapons. Smaller ones used by Marines are
predominately equipped with video cameras
.



UHF


Ultra
-
High Frequency.

-

The portion of the frequency spectrum between 300MHz and 3,000MHz (3GHz).


Acronyms referred to in the “
Applications &
Appliances
” Layer



AFATDS


Advanced Field Artillery Tactical Data System

-

AFATDS is a multi
-
service, integrated, battlefield management and decision support
system which incorporates automation into the fire support warfighting function. It
assists the
commander in the planning, delivery, and coordination of supporting arms to
include ground (artillery), air (close air support), and naval surface fire support
(missiles and artillery) in the manner that best supports the scheme of maneuver.



CAC2S


Common

Aviati
on Command and Control System

-

The top
-
level system used to command, control, and coordinate air operations within
the MAGTF’s AOR as well as with other Military Services’ that cross AORs.



CPOF


Command Post of the Future.

-

CPOF is the top
-
level syst
em that integrates information from various disciplines
(Maneuver, Logistics, Intelligence, etc.) in a manner that enables warfighters at
multiple echelons to visualize the battlespace and plan missions through a dynamic
view of vital resources and events.




GCSS
-
MC


Global Com
bat Support System
-
Marine Corps

-

The Marine Corps new system for managing its logistics on a global scale.



IOS


Intelligence/Operations System

-

Two variants


IOS(V1) is an integration of applications useful to those trained to plan
a
nd execute operations. IOS(V2) uses many of the same underlying technologies
(operating system, databases, spreadsheet, etc.) as the IOS(V1), but the user interface
and some specialized databases, correlators, etc. are tailored for Marines performing an
i
ntelligence function.



IOW


Inte
lligence Operations Workstation

-

An integrated suite of equipment and applications used by those planning and
controlling military operations as well as those Marines working in the Intelligence
field. When employed by small
er maneuver elements of the MAGTF, applications
include those essential for collaboration at the local level to include the e
-
mail, chat,
and domain name service servers.



MSIDS


MAGTF Secondary

Imagery Dissemination System

-

A man
-
packable system used to el
ectronically collect and share imagery across the
MAGTF. The user is able to display, manipulate, annotate, print, transmit, and receive
images.


Acronyms referred to in the “
Network Systems & Services
” Layer



DDS



Data Distribution System

-

The integrated
suite of equipment used to furnish users their Local Area Network
service. Multiple DDS are employed to create the tactical Wide Area Network.



DNS Server



Domain Name Service Server

-

One of the many network
-
level servers deployed with the tactical force.

All such
servers are federated within the USMC.MIL domain such that they reach back to the
root server when a communications path allows and ensure service within the deployed
force is not disrupted when a communications path isn’t available.



TDN


Tactic
al Data Network

-

The term “TDN” can refer to the generic tactical network or a suite of routers, servers,
multiplexors, encryption devices, etc. to interface the user to the network. The TDN
system is engineered to interface the various communications path
s employed by the
MAGTF (radio, microwave, fiber
-
optic, satellite, etc.).



TCWS


Tac
tical Collaboration Work Suite

-

replacement system for the IOW.
Although it upgraded user applications, it also added
several network services essential for establishing an
d using a secure LAN when the
communications path providers in the
Transmission
Systems layer are

disrupted.
Hence, the reason why it was included in the Network Systems & Services layer of the
video.


Acronyms referred to in the “
Transmission Systems

Layer



MRC142


Army/Navy Mobile Radio Communications
-
142

-

The AN/MRC
-
142 is a vehicle
-
mounted, multi
-
channel radio system that can be used to
connect two nodes or act as a repeater between widely spaced nodes. Operating
from a
stationary position, radios o
perate in the UHF

band, it is limited to Line
-
Of
-
Sight
communication out to about 20
-
30 miles.

Aggregate data rate
up to 8Mbps (4
th

Generation).



PRC117 F/G



Army/Navy Packable Radio Communications
-
117F/G

-

The AN/PRC
-
117 is a multi
-
mode radio. The earlier

variant (AN/PRC
-
117F) provided
terrestrial, netted, single
-
channel voice and data in the portion of the spectrum
categorized as VHF and UHF. The AN/PRC
-
117G added the ability to communicate
via satellites operating in the UHF portion of the spectrum.

Te
rrestrial, line
-
of
-
sight
data rate varies from 16Kb to 384Kb

(2G)
. Satellite data

rate varies from 2.4Kb to
56Kb (1
st

Generation).



TRC170


Army/Navy Transportable Radio Communications
-
170

-

The AN/TRC
-
170 is an SHF terrestrial microwave radio system that p
rovides secure
digital trunking between major nodes of the MAGTF’s communications network and
limited dedicated circuits between individual subscribers. Although dependent upon a
number of factors such as terrain, atmospherics, and data rate, the general
range is
about 100 miles.

Data rate up to 16Mbps (current speed of 4
th

Generation)



TSC93


Army/Navy Transportable Satellite Communications

-

The AN/TSC
-
93 is an SHF satellite system used to extend communications between
widely
-
spaced, deployed forces or to

provide an initial means for a deployed force to
reach
-
back to the Department of Defense’s backbone network.

Data rate was 1Mbps
(3
rd

Generation).


Generation

Mobile Data Rate

Stationary
Data Rates

Remarks

1G

75B
-
9.6Kbps

300
-
56Kbps

Analog network

2G

64Kbps

384Kbps

Digital, Narrowband

3G

384Kbps

Up to
2Mbps

Digital, Wideband

4G

2Mbps

Up to 1Gbps

Examples: WiMax, & LTE