Types of Conclusion 1. Summary Conclusion: recaps the main ...


Dec 11, 2012 (5 years and 7 months ago)


Types of Conclusion

1. Summary Conclusion: recaps the main points, then ends with a strong, final
sounding statement:

During my tour of duty with the Air Force, I received hands
on experience in electronics, furthered
my education, and developed
confidence in my ability to handle my own life. I never piloted a plane
while I was in the Air Force, but in many ways, I learned to soar.

2. Prediction Conclusion: looks to the future:

A society of graying baby boomers, working parents, and two
income families is becoming
increasingly dependent on service providers. In the 21st dentury, hiring help with housecleaning, lawn
maintenance, and child care will no longer be a luxury for many Americans, but a necessity.

3. A Full Circle Conclusion:
incorporates a word or image as a theme from the introduction:


The photograph in the magazine showed a laboratory rat with a human ear growing out of its back.
The strange
looking creature was part of an experiment in the regrowth of

human cartilage through
genetic engineering. I immediately thought of my neighbor Otis Needham, who lost an ear to caner.
Genetic engineering is a relatively new field, but it promises quantum leaps in organ and tissue
replacement, cure of diseases, and

prevention of birth defects.


In a laboratory somewhere, a little white rat, burdened with an ear he cannot use, heralds a
brighter future for the Otis Needhams of the world. Thanks in part to this little rat and others like him,

beings will live longer and healthier lives through the promise of genetic engineering.

4. Problem
Solution Essay: Write a conclusion that ends with a recommendation to solve the problem:

It does not matter if the shot is fired in the commission
of a robbery, in the heat of an argument, or
by accident. The result is the same: a life is lost. The logical solution is the one already implemented by
more enlightened countries

to outlaw handguns. Outlawing handguns is a major step toward a safer,
aner, less fearful society.

5. Quotation Conclusion: use a quotation (stated or paraphrased) Make sure you use quotation marks if
you are stating the exact words of someone.

I had always planned to go to college someday. But it took a loaded gun
to make me realize how
much of my life I had squandered behind the counter of the Kwik
Stop #7. The day after the robbery, I
gave my notice and filled out a college application. At the time, I never heard of Cervantes, but his
words express a truth I rea
lized that day: "By the streets of someday, one arrives at the house of

6. Open Ended

Leave the reader with a series of rhetorical questions, designed to keep them thinking.


1. Sermonizing: Don't give advic
e, like, "Stay away from drugs; you'll be glad you did."

(But it's OK to make recommendations, like in an essay about how to shop for a good computer.)

2. Try to avoid "starched prose" by using phrases like:

"As I have proven in my essay..."

"In conclusion to my essay..."

"To summarize the points I have talked about..."

If you write a good conclusion, readers will know it's a conclusion, you won't have to tell them.