2015 & Beyond: The Era of Global Hyper-Specialization

wakecabbagepatchSoftware and s/w Development

Nov 18, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

1



2015 & Beyond: The Era of
Global Hyper
-
Specialization




Rev
. Arthur T. Jones, D. Min
.

Retired Marketing Exec: IBM Corp.

Timothy L. Beard, Ph. D, Vice
-
President Student Development & Enrollment

Management, Pasco


Hernando Community College


Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


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“…The U.S. is undergoing a
profound and
deep
-
rooted metamorphosis

in population,
culture and the very manner in which
business is conducted. This
Transformation

is producing the greatest
Cultural and
Economic shift

this country has ever known.
Our
Multi
-
National Corporate Giants

are the
nexus

of this change, and
Global Hyper
-
Specialization

is the new field of play…

Black
and
Brown

Hyper Specialization:


What is & Why Hyper
-
Specialization (HBR 8/11)

Harvard Thesis


Hyper
-
Specialization refers to the change knowledge workers will undergo as some, or all of
the tasks they currently perform, as part of a single job, get broken up into tiny micro
-
tasks, and assigned to many workers connected by the Internet.


Thus, the future of education must include specialized courses across the STEM spectrum.
The notion that college graduates will get a job working for fortune five hundred
companies and small business right out of college has been thwarted because of the
global and local economies. These students in some instances have mounting student
loans and no job prospects more than 18 months after graduation as discussed by
selected graduates protesting on Wall Street (The 99%).


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Black
and
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Hyper Specialization:


What is & Why Hyper
-
Specialization,
(Harvard Thesis)


Medical analogy (Generalist /Specialist)


Differences in compensation


Deeper knowledge, no need for reinvention


In the forest, searching for a particular tree


Looking for a limb > a branch > a leaf


Hyper
-
Specialized at the leaf level

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Black
and
Brown

Current Hot Button Issues:



Hyper
-
Specialization…



Cyber Security…


US Corporations Off
-
Shoring Jobs…


Internet, Social Networks…


Information Networking…


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012

5

Black
and
Brown

Hot Button’s Cont’d


Cloud Computing


Job Evolution


Certified Professional workforce


Certified Information Systems Security
Professionals (CISSP), SANS, CISCO



What You Will Need to Compete & Win

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Brown

Did You Know???




www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Q75KhAe
qJg&feature=fvw


Need to have a hot link to
uTube
.

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012

7

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and
Brown


The Ingenuity of Stephen Jobs & How he’s
Changed the Technological Landscape


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:

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Social Networking:



The ability to hyper
-
specialize and Operate in different
Worlds…


Google, Facebook, Twitter etc…


Allows one to switch from Natural World, to Cyber World


Create your own Avatar


make it look like you want it to…


How can you leverage these tools to Hyper
-
specialize?


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


9

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Brown

Social Media

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and
Brown

Cloud Computing


Offering IT services and computing as a Utility…


Just download to your application, charging a fee,
for your data in the Cloud @ .50/Gig…


Set up an Enterprise, or Structure @ the same
time…


Gmail, Yahoo, and @#$%^&


This is a vehicle by which Hype
-
specialist transmit
and receive their tasking, collaboration etc.


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

11

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Cloud Computing

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Virtual Worlds

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Increasing Mobility

Increased mobility allow Hyper
-
specialization

to occur anywhere

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Brown

Increasing Mobile Capabilities

Allow
Entrepreneurship

to conduct business anywhere!

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and
Brown


Your College Degree Might be Too Little, Too
Late


“…University curricula have simply failed to
keep pace with the rapid technological change,
and the rise of services in the U.S. and other
major advanced economies…”


Professor Henry
Chesbrough

Haas Business School at the University of California, Berkeley.

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:

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Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:


What the Global Community “is” Looking For



Multi
-
li
ngual



Speak 1
-
2 other Languages…


Comfortable interacting in Global Culture…


Travel Intelligence…


Non
-
traditional Work
hours…


Know Geography, History and Customs…

Black
and
Brown


Your College, and Your Graduate Degree


The New MBA…


The S.S.M.E.



The searching question that is on the mind of every parent of a college student today
is, does my child’s degree measure
-
up to that which will be needed when he or she
graduates? It is a fact that College graduates have long earned more than workers
with only a high school diploma. Economists call this differential the
college premium
.
And, a recent study by Georgetown's
Center on Education and the Workforce

reports that the college premium has increased over the past decade, from 75 to 84
percent. But, during a year of mostly bad economic news, and as never before
unprecedented unemployment among college graduates, question is: Can that
premium be counted on when today’s student graduates?







Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:

Black
and
Brown


Tapping into Your Local GHS Pool


Identify thru Local Chamber or Bus. Journal


Schedule Appointment with Local Exec.


Express desire for Bus.
Ent
/Univ. Partnership


After glancing down the technological lens at what’s on the horizon, there is this nagging
concern about what the future might hold for those in college with conventional majors
looking for that high paying technical job with the IBM and Apple’s of the world. And
when candidly viewed, thru the massive, and yet publicly revealed thoughts of our late,
great, super technical futuristic thinker, and guru Stephen Jobs, several factors trigger our
unease: two of those factors give us a ray of hope and were described in a
Harvard
Business Review, July , 2011
by Nobel Prize
-
winning economist
Michael Spence
. The
article: Winning in the Age of Hyper
-
Specialization.


Filling the Global Talent Gap

WSJ 9/15/07


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:

Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:


It is of
utmost importance that current day college students

become acutely aware of these phenomena as their very
careers will be dependent upon it. With
Hyper
-
Specialization
becoming a given worldwide
, developers of systems and
subsystems will be in search of those with highly specialized
talents in Cyber Security, Risk Management and Threat
Management.


Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


21

Hyper Specialization:


In the new Hyper
-
Specialized World, instead of shipping code
development from the USA to emerging countries, specialist will
be shipping code development from emerging countries to
Watson®.
Watson

is an
artificial intelligence

computer system,
recently publicly introduced on the daily television game show
Jeopardy®
, and capable of reading 500 thousand books, then
answering questions posed in
natural language
, in micro
-
seconds. Watson® is developed by an
IBM
's
DeepQA

Project



Business Intelligence
-

What do you see as avenues of potential
opportunities for growth and revenue generation?



Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Hyper Specialization:


Those concerned need to have a entrepreneurial
understanding of the global economy


Master their specialty niche


Market their special skills



Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


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Business Acumen:


Understanding business and Entrepreneurship


Business Intelligence
-

What do you see as
avenues of potential opportunities for growth and
revenue generation?



Black
and
Brown

How to Compete & Win


Coding in 2 Programming Languages


(Java, C# and/ or XML*)


Secure Code Development …


Speak 1
-
2 other foreign Languages…


Internship Experience…


Mentorships, w/Industry professionals


real world experience to provide career
guidance

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

24

Black
and
Brown

What You Will Need to

Compete & Win


Global Culture Orientation…


Technical Skills…


Soft Skills…


Personal Branding…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


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Brown

Global Culture/Orientation

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

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Brown

Technical Skills


Comp Engineering…


Coding in Multiple Languages (Java, etc)


Web development (2.0> App’s)…


Mobile Apps Development…


Object Oriented Programming…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

27

Black
and
Brown

Soft Skills & Branding


Internships…


Mentorship with Industry Professional…


Join a local User Group…
Networking…
volunteering for experience…


Insure that your skill
-
set is viewed as
International…

“…Brand Yourself, or someone else will…”


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

28

Black
and
Brown

The Future is Now!!!


The Work
-
Scape is
Plenteous



The Prepared are “R
ecruited &
Hired”



The Skill
-
full are F
ew



The Un
-
Prepared are
jobless
!!!

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

29

Black
and
Brown

Identity Thief


Has propelled itself to another sphere…


Now, there is…


Government Theft…


Corporate Theft…


National Security Theft…


Defense Theft (Drones)…


HOW DO YOU FIX IT , HOW DO YOU STOP IT?


There is a career track here

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


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Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

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Cyber Attacks against the US on the
rise
-


Google has a problem with China
hacking her systems…


The Whitehouse, has a problem with
Korea hacking her systems…


Russia is always trying to hack US
Gov’t
. and industry systems


Through social engineering, social
networking,


Black
and
Brown

Problem(s)!!!



How do you make $$ in the Cyber world?



Avatar has no currency, they’ve got plenty
people, and customers, but no money…



Furthermore: People don’t trust their data
out there to others…




Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

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Black
and
Brown


Today it’s Free because Advertisers are
paying the bill…



But in the soon future we will pay for it on
a monthly basis…


(i.e. electric, water, cable monthly fee)




Impediments:

People don’t trust their
data out there to others…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

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Black
and
Brown

Ownership Issues


Loading up Applications, who
owns the data…



Facebook, or you…



Intellectual Property Issues…




Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

34

Black
and
Brown

A New War


Not in Iraq, Afghanistan, nor Korea…


It’s in Cyberspace!!!


Penetrating
CentCom
, or #$%^Com, you
can


Move troops…


Move Money from Banks on Wall St…


Change Power Grids: No Water, Lights, or
Power, etc…


That’s worst than being Bombed…





Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


35

Black
and
Brown

New Question & Reality


The New Question is:

Which War do You
want to Fight?
Ground, or Cyber???


Today, you can earn a College degree and
go into the
Armed Forces as an Officer….



Soon, you’ll be able to earn a degree, and/or
Certification, and enter Cloud Computing
as an Officer…


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

36

Black
and
Brown

The Job Evolution



Beginning of Times (Agrarian Careers)


Industrial Revolution


Birth of Career Development Theories


World War I & II


1950’s


GI Bill implementation push


1950
-
2000:


Office…


2000
-
2009


Home…


2010
-


Office in a cubicle with








lots of others…


Today


Doing IT Assembly Work






(piece work)…






Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


37

Black
and
Brown

Why???


High Labor Cost w/ excessive Over
Time…




Same job to team in a BRIC Nation…




But labor is hard to complete…


Is greater in less time…


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


38

Black
and
Brown

The New Cycle


Office

to
-

Tele Compute

to
-

Home
Office

to
-

CoLocation…


Like people doing like jobs in same
Location…


Sounds
like a Sweat Shop???

»
It is!!!





Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

39

Black
and
Brown

Why???


Productivity is > in the Office than @
home…


Don’t know if you’re watching TV, Playing
Games, or Sleeping…


Now, work is dispatched to you..


You only do what’s dispatched to you…


It’s assembly line piece work…


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


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Brown

Co
-
Locations


Popping up everywhere…

Dubuque, Iowa…

Salt Lake City, Utah…

Minot, N.D.



Locations are typically where there is a
University with lots of Students, and
affordable Real Estate…






Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


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Black
and
Brown

Certified Information Sys Security Professional


CISSP:


Getting people in the pipe
-
line with a
degree (BS) as an Assoc CISSP until they
get the requisite on
-
the
-
job experience to
qualify for full
-
blown CISSP…


They will need Internships, and join Local
User Groups to gain Industry knowledge…


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010


42

Black
and
Brown

What the Multi
-
Nationals Want


Knowledge Workers:


People who understand Computers,
Engineering, Cyber etc.


Technical Ability to Configure
Equip…



Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

43

Black
and
Brown

How to Compete & Win


Coding in 2 Programming Languages


(Java, C# and/ or XML*)


Secure Code Development …


Speak 1
-
2 other foreign Languages…


Internship Experience…


Mentorships, w/Industry professionals


real world experience to provide career
guidance

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012

44

Black
and
Brown

What You Will Need to

Compete & Win


Global Culture Orientation…


Technical Skills…


Soft Skills…


Personal Branding…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012


45

Black
and
Brown

Global Culture/Orientation


Speak 1
-
2 other Languages…


Comfortable interacting in Global
Culture…


Travel Intelligence…


Work, non
-
traditional hours…


Know Geography, History and Customs…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012

46

Black
and
Brown

Technical Skills


Computer Engineering…


Coding in Multiple Languages (Java, etc)


Web development (2.0> App’s)…


Mobile Apps Development…


Object Oriented Programming…

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2012

47

Black
and
Brown

Soft Skills & Branding


Internships…


Mentorship with Industry Professional…


Join a local User Group…
Networking…
volunteering for experience…


Insure that your skill
-
set is viewed as
International…

“…Brand Yourself, or someone else will…”


Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

48

Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

49


“…University curricula have simply
failed to keep pace with the rapid
technological change, and the rise of
services in the U.S. and other major
advanced economies…”


Professor Henry
Chesbrough

Haas Business School at the University of California, Berkeley.

Black
and
Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

50

The Global Fact(s)



Our global neighbors have
invested

more in their
education systems
, and our aging workforce places the
needed skills outside the U.S.…



They produce a more
skilled and talented

work pool…



To gain competitive advantage, a
Globally Integrated
Enterprise

is our best option…



It’s not just Right, it’s Smart!!!!


Black
and
Brown

The Future of Work in North
America



Tomorrow’s employers will put a
premium on skilled and semi
-
skilled
workers, especially in
computers
, health
care, science and technology.

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

51

Black
and
Brown


The

most

sought
-
after

corporate

IT

workers

in

2012

may

be

those

with

no

deep
-
seated

technical

skills

at

all
.

The

nuts
-
and
-
bolts

programming

and

easy
-
to
-
document

support

jobs

will

have

all

gone

to

third
-
party

providers

in

the

U
.
S
.

or

abroad
.

Instead,

IT

departments

will

be

populated

with


versatilists
”,

those

with

a

technology

background

who

also

know

the

business

sector

inside

and

out,

can

architect

and

carry

out

IT

plans

that

will

add

business

value,

and

can

cultivate

relationships

both

inside

and

outside

the

company
.

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2010

52

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and
Brown


Sally Lerner,


Faculty of Environmental Studies,
University of Waterloo Waterloo,
Ontario, Canada

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

53

Black
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Brown

Copyright © Arthur T. Jones 2006

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How
Bright

is the Future???

“…an additional
2.2 million

people will be
needed in
Information Technology
-
related
professions

by
2010
. The demand is
building up, but the supply isn’t building up
fast enough…”



Gina Poole, V.P. IBM Academic Initiative


May, 2005