I SEMESTER MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE BODIES

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Nov 25, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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I SEMESTER

MECHANICS OF DEFORMABLE BODIES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
11



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100



Introduction:

Definition of stress and strain at a point, components of stress
and strain at a point
, strain displacement relations
in cartesian


co
-
ordinates,
constitutive relations, equilibrium equations, compatibility equations and boundary
conditions

in 2
-
D and 3
-
D cases, p
lane stress, plane strain


Definition.


Two
-
dimen
sional problems in Rectangular C
oordinates

:
Airy’s stress
function approach to 2
-
D problems of elasticity.
Solution by Polynominals


End
Effects, Saint


V
enant’
s Principle


solu
tion of some simple beam problems,
including working out of displacement components.


Two
-

dimensional problems in Polar coordinates
:

General equation in Polar
coordinates


Strain and displacement relations, equilibrium equations
-

Stress
distribution sy
mmetrical about an axis


Pure bending of curved bars


Displacements for symmetrical stress distributions


Rotating disks


Bending of a
curved bar by a force at the end


The effect of

a small
circular hole on stress
distribution in

a large
plate

sub
jected to uni
-
axial tension and pure shear. Other
instances of stress concentration.

Analysis of Stress and Strain in Three Dimensions

: Introduction


Principal
stresses

Determination of the principal stress
es and principal planes.


Stress
invariants


Determination of the maximum shearing stress
-

Octohedral stress
components, Principal strains


strain invariants.


Torsion

:
Torsion of straight bars of

Elliptic Cross section


St.Venants semi inverse
method and Prandtl’s function Approachd



Membrane
analogy


Torsion of a bar of
narrow rectangular cross section
Torsion of thin walled open cross sections



Torsion
of thin walled tubes.








REFERENCES:

1.
Timoshenko and Goodier, Theory of elasticity, McGraw Hill Book Company, III



Edition, 1983.

2
.
Fung
.Y.C
, Foundations of Solid Mechanics, Prentice
-
Hall.

3.
Valliappan
.S
, Continuum Mechanics fundamentals, Oxford and IBH.

4.
Srinath
.L.S.
, Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Tata McGraw
-
Hill Publishing Co ltd.,



New Delhi

































COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURAL MECHANICS

Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
2



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100



Br
ief history of Structural Mechanics,
Structural Systems
, Degrees of Static and
Kinematic indeterminacies, geometrical
and

Material Non Linearities, Concepts of
Stiffness and Flexibility. Energy concepts in Structural
Mechanics, strain energy



Axial, Flexu
ral & Shear
-

Real work and Complementary work


Principle of virtual
displacement for a rigid body and
a
deformable body


Principles minimum potential
energy
,
and
minimum complementary energy
.

Maxwell Bett
i

theorem
.


Relationship between element and sy
stem


transformation of information from
system forces to element forces using equilibrium equations, transformation of
information from system displacement to element displacement, contra gradient law,
element stiffness and flexibility matrices, (bar
, beam and grid elements), generation
of system stiffness matrix using uncoupled element stiffness matrices. Analysis of
statically indeterminate structures (
i) Truss, (ii) Continuous beam and

(iii) Simple
frames by stiffness method (element approach)

Di
rect stiffness method local and global coordinate system


Direct assembly of
element stiffness matrices


Analysis of indeterminate structures (i) Truss, (ii)
Continu
ous beam & (iii) Simple frames (iv) Frames subjected to loads perpendicular
to plane of t
he frame.

Storage techniques



Half band, skyline storage. Equation solvers


Gauss
elimination, Gauss


Siedel , Ch
olesky methods,
-

Flow charts & Algorithms.

REFERENCES:

1.
Rajasekaran
.S
, “Computational Structural Mechanics”, PHI, New Delhi 2001

2.
Redd
y
.C.S
, “Basic Structural Analysis,” TMH, New Delhi 2001

3.
Beaufait
.F.W.

et al., Computer Methods of Structural Analysis, Prentice Hall, 1970.

4.

Weaver
.W and Gere.J.H.,

Matrix Analysis of Framed Structures, Van Nastran,


1980.

5.
Karde Stuncer
.H
, E
lementary Matrix Analysis of Structures, McGraw
-
Hill 1974.

6.

Jain
.A.K.

Advanced Structural Analysis with Computer Application Nemchand and



Brothers, Roorkee, India

7.
Rubinstein

M.F,

Matrix Computer Methods of Structural Analysis Prentice
-
Hall.

8.

Krishnamoorthy
.C.S.

Finite Element theory and programming TMH, India.

9.
Bathe
.K.J
, Finite element procedures in Engineering Analysis. PHI. New Delhi




COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
3



IA Marks


:

50

N
o. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100


Single Degree of Freedom System
-

degrees of freedom, undamped system, springs
in parallel, in series. Newto
n’s laws of motion, free body diagrams. D’Alembert’s
principle, solution of the differential equation of motion, frequency and period,
amplitude of motion. Damped Single degree of freedom system


viscous damping,
equation of motion, critically damped syst
em, overdamped system, underdamped
system, logarithmic decrement. Response of single degree of freedom system to
harmonic loading


undamped harmonic excitation, damped harmonic excitation,
evaluation of damping at resonance, bandwidth method (Half power)
to evaluate
damping, response to support motion, force transmitted to the foundation, seismic
instruments.

Response to General Dynamic L
oading



Impulsive loading and Duhamel’s
integral, numerical evaluation of Duhamel’s integral, undamped system, numeric
al
evaluation of Duhamel’s integral, damped system. Fourier analysis and response in
freque
ncy domain


Fourier analysis, F
ourier co
-
efficients for piece
-
wise liner
functions, exponential fo
rm of Fourier series, discrete F
ourier analysis, fast fourier
tran
sform.

Generalised
C
o
-
ordinates and Rayleigh’s method



principle of virtual work,
generalised single degree of freedom system (rigid body an
d distributed elasticity),
Rayle
gh’s method. Hamilton’s principle
.


Multistory Shear B
uilding
.
Free vibration



nat
ural frequencies and normal modes.
Forced motion



modal superposition method


response of a shear building to base
motion. Damped motion of shear building


equations of motions


uncoupled
d
amped equation


conditions for

uncoupling.

Damping.

Discr
e
tisz
ation

of Continuous S
ystems

: Longitudinal Vibration of a uniform rod.
Transverse vibration of a pretensioned cable. Free transverse vibration of uniform
beams


Rota
ry inertia and shear effects


T
he effect of axial loading. Orthogonality
of normal modes
. Undamped forced vibration of beams by mode superposition.

Dynamic A
n
alysis of B
eams



stiffness matrix, mass matrix (lumped and
consistent);
equations of motion

for the discr
e
tiesed beam in matrix form and its solutions.






REFERENCE:

1.

Mario Paz, “stru
ctural dynamics, Theory and computation”, 2
nd

Edition, CBS
Publisher and Distributors, New Delhi.

2.

Clough
,
Ray W

and
Penzien
.J
, “Dynamics of Structures”, 2
nd

Edition, McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi.

3.

Muk
h
opadyaya, “Vibration, Dynamics and structural problems,” Oxfo
rd IBH
Publishers New Delhi.






























COMPUTER AIDED OPTIMUM DESIGN OF STRUCTURES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
4



IA Marks



:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs


: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs
: 52 Exam

Marks

: 100



I
ntroduction
:

Engineering applications, Statement of optimization problem,
Classification of optimization problems, Optimization techniques.

C
lassical Optimization Techniques
: Single vari
able optimization, Multivariable
optimization with no constrains, with equality constraints
-

Lagrange multiplier
-
method, constrained variation method
-

and with inequality constraints Kuhn Tucker
conditions.

L
inear Programming
: Standard form of Linear

programming problem, simplex
method, revised simplex Method.

Non
-
Linear Programming
: One dimensional minimisation methods, Elimination
and Interpolation methods, unconstrained Optimization Techniques, Direct Search
methods, Descent Methods, Constrained Op
timization Techniques, Direct methods.
Indirect methods.

S
tochastic Programming
: for optimization of design of structural elements with
random variables

A
pplication Problems
: Optimum design RC, PSC, Steel structural elements
.
Algorithms for optimum designs
.

Genetic Algorithms :

Introduction


fitness function including the effect of
constraints cross over, mutation.


REFERENCES:

1.

Rao.S.S

-

Optimization Theory and Applications, Wiley Eastern Limited,1978.

2.
Fox
.R.L.

-

Optimization Methods for Engineeri
ng Design, Addison Wesley, 1971.

3.
Stark
.R.M.

Nicholls
.R.L.
, Mathematical Foundations for Design, McGraw Hill


Book Company.

4.
Narsingk Deo


System simulation with digital computer, Prentice


Hall of India


Pvt, Ltd. New Delhi


1989.







COMPU
TER BASED ADVANCED NUMERICAL METHODS



Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
51



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 10
0



Linear System of Equations ( Direct Methods) :

Introduction


Cramer’s Rule

Gaussian Elimination


Gauss


Jordan Method


Factorization method


Ill
conditioned matrix


sealing of a matrix


How to solve AX = b on a Computer


Summary


Exercises


Iterative Methods for Solving Linear Equation

: Introduction


Basic Ingredients


Stationary Methods : Jacobi Iteration


Computer Time Requirement for Jacobi
Iteration


Gauss


Seidel Method


Relaxation Method


Condition of Convergence
of Iterative M
ethod


Summary
-

Exercises


Storage Schemes and Solution of Large System of Linear Equations :

Introduction


Solution of Large sets of Equations


Band Form


Skyline storage


Solution of Band Matrix in Core


Band Solver for large number of equations


Cholesky (L), (U) Decomposition in skyline storage


Bandwidth Reduction


Frontal
Solvers


Substructure Concept


Submatrix Equation Solver
-

Summary


Solution Techniques for Eigenvalue Problems

: Introduction


Practical problems


Methods for soluti
on of Eigenvalue problems


Methods of characteristic
polynomial


Vector Iteration Techniques


Transformation Method


Transformation
of the Generalized Eigenvalue Problem to a standard form


number of eigenvalues
smaller than

-

Sturm sequence proper
ty


App
roximate solution techniques


P
oly
nominal iteration techniques


S
olution strategy for eigen solution of large
systems


comp
arison of various techniques


Summary
-

E
xercises.


Numerical Integration

: Introduction


Newton


Cotes Closed quadra
ture


Trapezoidal rule


Romberg


integration


Newton


cotes Open quadrature


Gaussian quadrature


Gauss


Laguerre quadrature


Gauss


Chebyshev quadrature


gauss


Hermite quadrature


N
umeric
al integration using spline


Monte


C
arlo
method fo
r numerical integration


How to choose a method for estimating a proper


integral
-

D
iscontinuities and improper inte
grals =

Multiple integration


integrati
on
by using mapping function


Summary E
xercises


Solution of Ordinary First Order Differential Equ
ations :

Introduction


nth

order
differential equation


Physical problem


Taylor series


Euler method or first order
T
aylor se
ries


modified Euler method


P
icard method of successive approximation


Runge


Kutta methods


solution of simultaneous or
dinary differential equatio
ns
by R K Methods. Predictor / C
orrector method


How to select
numerical integration
method


Summary E
xercise.


Boundary Value Problems Region Method ( Finite Difference Approach) :

Introduction


C
l
assification


basic meth
ods


P
ractical examples


Numerical
solution


On
e dimension


two dimensions


S
olution of Elliptic equation


Parabolic Equations (practical examples) Hyperbolic equations


S
ummary


E
xercises


REFERENCE BOOKS :

1.

Gerald, G.F and Wheatley, P.O., “ Applie
d Numerical Analysis” 6 Ed. Pearson
Education 1999

2.

Chapra S.C and Canale. R.P “ Numerical Methods for Engineers with
Programming and Software Applications” 3 Ed. Tata McGraw Hill, New 1998

3.

Scaborough.J.B. “ Numerical Mathematical Analysis” Oxford IBH Publ
ishers,
New Delhi

4.

Salvadori.M, “ Numerical Methods” PHI, New Delhi

5.

Jain, Iyenger & Jain “ Numerical Methods for Scientific Engineering
Computation” Wiley Eastern ltd.

6.

Saxena.H.C. “ Examples in Finite Difference & Numerical Analysis” S Chand
& Co, New Delhi









COMPUTER AIDED ADVANCED DESIGN OF METAL STRUCTURES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
52



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52

Exam

Marks : 100




D
esign of Industrial Structures

: Design of trussed bent, Design principles of single
storey rigid frames, open
-
web beams and open
-
web single storey frames.

D
esign of Storage Structures and Tall Structures

: Design of Liquid Retaini
ng
Structures, Silos, Bunkers, Chimneys and transmission towers.

D
esign of Steel Bridges

: Design principles of trussed bridges.

D
esign of Light Gauge Steel Sections

: Design principles of members in
compression, tension, bending and torsion.

D
esign of Alu
minum Structures

: Codes and Specifications, Design principles of
tension members, welded tension members, compression members, beams, combined
loading cases.

D
esign Principles of Structures with round tubular sections

: Introduction, round
tubular section
, permissible stresses, compression members,

Tension members, beams
and
roof trusses.


REFERENCES:

1.
Ramachandra, design of Steel structures, Vol.I and Vol.II.

2.
Duggal
.S.K.
, design of Steel structures.

3.
Vazirani & Ratwani, Steel structures, Vol. III.

4.
Cyril Benson, Advanced Structural Design.

5.
Gaylord.E.H and Gaylord.C.N., Structural Engineering Hand Book

6.
Bresler, Boris and

.Lin
.T.Y.
, design of Steel Structures.

7.
Lothers, Advanced Design in Steel.

8.
IS:800 : Indian Standard Code of Practice

for general construction in steel.

9.
S.P.6 (1) : Hand Book for Structural Engineers.


Structural steel sections.

10.
I.R.C. Codes and Railway Board Codes, pertaining to bridges.

11.
IS : 6533. Code of practice for Design and Construction of steel chimneys
.

12.
IS 811. Cold Formed Light Gauge structural steel sections.

13.
IS : 801. Code of practice for use of cold formed light gauge steel structural


members in general building construction.



14.
SP : 6(5) : ISI Hand Book for Structural Engineers. Cold


Formed Light gauge


steel structures.

15.
IS : 4923. Specifications for Hollow steel sections for Structural use.

16.
IS : 1161. Specifications for Steel tubes in general building construction.

17.
IS : 806. Code of Practice for use of steel tubes i
n general building construction.



































COMPOSITE AND SMART


MATERIALS


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
1
53



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52

Exam

Marks : 100



I
ntroduction to Composite materials, classifications and applications. of fibers,
volume fraction and load distribution among constituents, minimum & critical volume
fraction, compliance & stiff
ness matrices, coupling,


Anisotropic elasticity
-

unidirectional and anisotropic laminae, thermo
-
mechanical
properties, micro
-

mechanical analysis, classical composite lamination theory,


Cross and angle

play laminates, symmetric, antisymmetric and gene
ral
a
symmetric
laminates, mechanical coupling, laminate stacking,


Analysis of simple laminated structural elements ply
-
stress and strain, lamina failure
theories
-

first fly failure, environmental effects, manufacturing of composites.


Introduction
-
smar
t materials, types of smart structures, actuators & sensors,
embedded & surface mounted,


Piezoelectric materials, piezoelectric coefficients, phase transition, piezoelectric
constitutive relation


Beam modeling with strain actuator, bending extension re
lation



REFERENCE:


1.
Robart M Jones, “Mechanic of Composite Materials”, McGraw Hill Publishing Co.


2.
Bhagwan D Agaraval, and Lawrence J Brutman, “Analysis and Performance of


Fiber Composites”, John Willy and Sons.


3.
Lecture notes on “Smart Str
uctures”, by Inderjith Chopra, Department of


Aerospace Engg., University of Maryland.


4.
Crawley, E and de Luis, J., “Use of piezoelectric actuators as elements of


intelligent structures”, AIAA Journal, Vol. 25 No 10, Oct 1987, PP 1373
-
1385.


5.
Crawley, E and Anderson, E., “Detailed models of Piezoceramic actuation of


beams”, Proc. of the 30
th

AIAA /ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC
-

Structural dynamics and



material conference, AIAA Washington DC, April 1989.






II SEMESTER

COMPUTER AIDED STABILITY ANA
LYSIS OF STRUCTURES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
21



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Beam column
-

Dif
ferential equation. Beam column subjected to (i) lateral
concentrated load, (ii) several concentrated loads, (iii) continuous lateral load.
Application of trigonometric series. Euler’s formulation using fourth order differential
equation for pin
n
ed
-
pin
n
ed
, fixed
-
fixed, fixed
-
free and fixed
-
pin
n
ed column
s
.

Buckling of frames and continuous beams. Elastica. Energy method
-
Approximate
calculation of critical loads for a cantilever. Exact critical load for hinged
-
hinged
column using energy approach.

Buckling o
f bar on elastic foundation. Buckling of cantilever column under
distributed loads. Determination of critical loads by successive approximation. Bars
with varying cross section. Effect of shear force on critical load. Column
s

subjected to
non
-
conservative
follower and pulsating forces.

Stability analysis by finite element approach



D
erivation of shape functions for a
two noded Bernoulli
-
Euler beam element (lateral and translation
al dof)

element
stiffness and E
lement geometric stiffness matrices


A
ssemble
d stiffness and
geometric stiffness matrices for a discretised column with d
ifferent boundary
conditions


E
valuation of critical loads for a discretised (two elements) column (both
ends built
-
in). Algorithm to generate geometric stiffness matrix for four
noded and
eight noded isoparam
etric plate elements. Buckling of pin

jointed frames (maximum
of two
active dof)
-
symmetrical single bay P
ortal frame.

Expression for strain ener
gy in plate bending with in plan
e forces (linear and
non
-
linear). Buckling of simp
ly supported rectangular plate



uniaxial load and
biaxial load. Buckling of uniformly compressed rectangular plate simply supported
along two opposite sides perpendicular to the direction of compression and having
various edge condi
tion along the other tw
o sides
-

Buckling of a Rectangular Plate
Simply Supported along Two opposite sides and uniformly compressed in the
Direction Parallel to Those sides


Buckling of a Simply Supported Rectangular Plate


under Combined Bending and Compression


Buckling of Re
ctangular Plates under
the Action of Shearing Stresses


Other Cases of Buckling of Rectangular Plates.



REFERENCE:

1.

Stephen P. Timoshenko, James M. Gere, “Theory of Elastic Stability”, 2
nd

Edition, McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi.

2.

Robert D Cook et al, “Concepts an
d Applications of Finite Element Analysis”, 3
rd

Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York

3.

Rajashekaran
.S
, “Computational Structural Mechanics”, Prentice
-
Hall, India

4.

Ray W Clough and J Penzien, “Dynamics of Structures”, 2
nd

Edition, McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi.

5.

Zei
glar
.H
,”Principles of Structural Stability”, Blaisdall Publications























COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS OF PLATES AND SHELLS


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
22



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

T
otal No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Bending of plates
:
Introduction

-

S
lope and curvature of slightly bent plates


relations between bending moments and curvature in pure bending of plates


strain energy in pure bending




Differential equation for cylindrical bending of
plates

Differential equation for symmetrical bending of laterally loaded circular
plates


uniformly loaded circular plates with and without central cutouts
,

with
two diffe
r
ent boundary conditions (simply supported

and clamped). Centrall
y
loaded clamped circular plate
-

Circular plate on elastic foundation.

Laterally loaded rectangular plates



D
ifferential equation of the def
l
ection
surface


boundary conditions. Simply sup
ported (SSSS) rectangular plates
subjected to harmonic loading. Navier
’s

solution for SSSS plate subjected to udl,
patch udl, poin
t load and hydrostatic pressure


Bending of rectangular simply
supported plate subjected to a distributed moments at a pair
of opposite edges.

Bending of rectangular p
l
ates subjected to udl (i) two opposite edges simply
supported and the other two edges clam
p
ed, (ii) three edges simply supported and
one edge bui
l
t
-
in and (iii) all edges built
-
in. Bending of rectangular plates
s
ubjected to uniformly varying lateral load (i) all edges bui
l
t
-
in and (ii) three
edges simply supported and one edge bui
l
t
-
in.

Large Deflections of P
lates



app
roximate formulae

for uniformly loaded
circular plate, exact solution for circular plate with cl
amped edge
, rectangular
plates with simply

supported edges

Differential G
eometry of curves and surfaces. Classification
s of S
hells



membrane action and bending action


force resultants and moment resultant
s

in
terms of mid surface strains and changes in
curvatures

analysis of simple shells
of revolution subjected to symmetrical loading.

General bending theory of shells of double curvature, shells of re
volution and
cylindrical shells


Analysis and Design of Spherical domes.






REFERENCE:

1.

Timoshenko and

Krieger, “ Theory of Plates and Shells”, McGraw
-
Hill
International Book Company.

2.

Chandrashekara K, “Theory of Plates”, University Press

3.

Szilard
.R
, “Theory and analysis of plates
-
classical and numerical methods”

4.

Ugural A C, “Stress in Plates and shells”, M
cGraw
-
Hill International Book
Company.































COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES

(FE Approach)

Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
23



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total N
o. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100



Introduction to Finite
E
lement
A
nalysis
:
-


Displacement models


Relation
between the nodal degrees of freedom and generalized coordinates


Convergence
requirement
s
-

Natural coordinate systems
-

Shape functions ( interpolation functions)
for bar beam, triangular and rectangular plane stress a plane strain ( Hermittan and
Lagrange polynomials) Element strains and stresses


Element stiffness matrix.

Isoparametric E
l
ements
: Concepts, two
-
dimensional isoparametric elements,
triangular elements, quadrilateral elements, computation of stiffness matrix, numerical
integration, convergence criteria for isoparametric element
s
, application

to plane
-
stress and pla
n
e
-
strain pr
oblems, 3D stress analysis problems, axisymmetric
problems. Computer algorithms, flow charts, simple computer programmes for the
analysis of 2D structures.

Plate B
ending
A
nalysis
: Basic theories of thin plates, displacement functions, plate
-
bending element
s, shear deformation in plates, Mindlin’s theory. Basic relationships
in finite element formulation, four and eight nodded isoparametric elements.
Computer algorithms and flow
-
charts.

Analysis of S
hells
: Thin shell theory, review of shell elements, four an
d eight noded
shell element and finite element
s

formulation, Computer algorithms and flow charts.

Introduction to Galerkin method of Finite Element Analysis with simple
examples.

Finite Element P
rogramming
: Pre and Post Processors, software packages, curre
nt
trends in finite element analysis software.





REFERENCES:

1.
Krishnamoorthy

C.S
, “Finite Element Analysis”, Tata
-
McGraw
-
Hill Publishing


Company

2
Zienkiewicz
.O.C
, “The Finite Element Method”, Tata
-
McGraw
-
Hill Publishing


Company

3.

Desai
.C.S

a
nd


Abel
.J.F.

, “Introduction of Finite Element Method”, East

West


press

4.
Reddy
.J.N.
, “Finite Element Method”,
-
McGraw Hill International edition.

5.
Rajashekaran
.S
, “Finite Element Analysis in Engineering Design”,

Wheeler


Publishing.



6.
Ba
the
.K.J.
, “Finite Element Procedures in Engineering Analysis”,
-
Prentice Hall of


India.

7.
Chandrupatla and Belegundu, “Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering”,


Prentice Hall of India.

2
nd

edition, 1999


















































APPLICATION OF AI AND EXPERT SYSTEM
S


IN

STRUCTURAL

EN
GINEERING
.


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
24



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52

Exam

Marks : 100




Artificial Intelligence
: Introduction: AI


Applications fields, defining the problems


state space representation


problem characteristics


production system


production system characteristics.


Knowledge Repr
esentation
: Formal logic


predicate logic


logic programming


forward v/s backward reasoning


matching control knowledge.


Search and C
ontrol: Concepts



uni
n
formed / blind search: depth first search


breadth first search
-

bi
-
directional search


in
formed search


heuristic graph search


generate and test
-

hill climbing


best

first search


AND OR graph search.


Non
-
formal Knowledge Representation



semantic networks


frames


scripts


production systems. Programming in LISP.


Expert Systems
: Th
eir superiority over conventional software


components of an
expert system


expert system life cy
cle


expert system development

process


nature of expert knowledge


techniques of soliciting and encoding expert knowledge.
Inference: Forward chaining


backward chaining


rule value approach.

Uncertainty


symbolic reasoning under uncertainty: logic for non
-
monotonic
reasoning. Statistical reasoning: Probability and Bayes’ theorem


certainty factor and
rule based systems


Bayesian network
-
Dempster


S
hafer theory.

Fuzzy reasoning :

Features of rule
-
based, network
-

based and frame
-
based expert
systems


examples of expert systems in Construction Management and

Structural
Engg. Expert system

shells.

Neural Networks
: An introduction


their possible ap
plications in Civil Engineering.






REFERENCE:

1.
Patterson D W, “Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems”, Prentice
-
Hall, New


Jersy.

2.
Rich, E. and Knight K. “Artificial Intelligence”, TMH, New Delhi.

3.
Rolston , D.W.,“Artificial Intelligence and
Expert Systems” McGraw Hill, New


York.

4.
Nilsson, N.J., “Principals of Artificial Intelligence”, Narosa., New Delhi.

5.
Adeli, H., “Expert Systems in Constructions and Structural Engg”, Chapman &


Hall, New York.




























ADVANCED R
EINFORCED CONCRETE
DESIGN


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
251



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Deflecti
on of Reinforced Concrete Beams and Slabs

: Introduction


Short term
Deflection of Beams and Slabs


Deflection due to Imposed Loads


Short
-
term
Deflection of Beams due to Applied Loads


Calculation of Deflection by IS 456


Calculation of Deflection b
y BS 8110


Deflection Calculation by Eurocode


ACI
Simplified Method


Deflection of Continuous Beams by IS 456


Deflection of
Cantilevers


Deflection Slabs

Redistribution of Moments in Reinforced Concrete Beams

: Introduction


Redistribution of Mome
nts in a Fixed Beam


Positions of Points of Contraflexrues


conditions for Moment Redistribution


Final shape of redistributed bending moment
diagram


Moment redistribution for a two
-
span continuous beam


Advantages and
disadvantages of Moment redistr
ibution


Modification of clear distance between bars
in beams ( for limiting crackwidth) with redistribution


Moment


curvature ( M
-

)
Relation
s

of Reinforced Concrete sections


ACI conditions for redistribution of
moments
-

conclusion

Design of Rein
forced Concrete Deep Beams
: Introduction


Minimum thickness
-
Steps of Designing Deep beams


design by IS 456


Design according to British
practice


ACI procedure for design of deep beams


checking for local failures


Detailing of Deep beams
.

Approxi
mate Analysis of Grid Floors
: Introduction


Analysis of Flat Grid Floors


Analysis of rectangular grid floors by Timoshenko’s Plate Theory


Analysis of
Grid by Stiffness Matrix Method


Analysis of Grid Floors by equating joint
deflections


Compariso
n of Methods of Analysis


Detailing of Steel in Flat Grids

Yield Line Analysis :

Basic Theory


Analysis of rectangular and circular slabs with
different edge conditions, subjected to udl, line load and concentrated load.

Strip Method of Design of Reinf
orced concrete slabs

: Introduction


Theory of
s
trip method


Application to s
imply
supported slabs, clamped slabs and slabs with
combination of different edge conditions. Handling slabs with free edges



concept of
strong band


Slabs with openings


Design of Sqew’s slabs


Affinity theorems.




Reference Books:


1.

Varghese
.P.C.
, Advanced Reinforced Concrete design, prentice, Hall of India,
Neevpeth.

2.

Krishna Raju


“Advanced R.C. Design”, CBSRD,1986, F.K. Kong

3.

Evans R.H.


“Reinforced and Prestressed Co
ncrete”
-

ELBS Eidition

4.

Park R. and Paulay, T., Reinforced Concrete Structures, John Wiley and Sons.

5.

Ramakrishnan, V. and Arthur. P.D., Ultimate Strength Design for Structural
Concrete, Pitman, Landon.

6.

Karve. S.R. and Shah V.L., Limit State theory and de
sign of Reinforced Concrete,
Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, Pune.

7.

Fintel, Handbook of Concrete Engineering, Van Nostrand.

8.

Punmia, Reinforced concrete structures Vol. 1 and 2, Standard Publications.

9.

Dr.Punmia.B.C Ashok Kumar Jain and Arun Kumar Jain “
Comprehensive RCC
Design”







































RELIABILITY ANALYSIS AND RELIABILITY BASED DESIGN OF
STRUCTURES

Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
252



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No
. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Concept
of variability in design parameters, Applications of Statistical principles to
deal with randomness in basic variables, statistical parameters and their sign
ificance,

Characteristic
strength and characteristic load, probability modeling of strength,
geometrical dimensions, material properties and loading. Description of various
probability distributions


Binomial, Poisson, Normal, Log
-
Normal, Beta, Gama,
dis
tributions.

Testing of goodness



of


fit of distributions to the actual data using chi
-
square
method and K.S Method.

Statistical regression and correlation using least



square and chi


square
methods,

Statistical Quality control in Civil Engineeri
ng
,
-

Application problems Mean
value method and its applications in structural designs, statistical inference,
Comparison of various acceptance and rejection testing.

The Random variable
, operation on one Random variable, expectation, multiple
random var
iables, reliability distributions


basic formulation, the hazard function, ,
Weibull distribution. Introduction to safety assessment of structures


reliability
analysis using mean value theorem


I, II and III order Reliability formats.

Simulation techni
ques, reliability index
-

reliability formulation in various limit
states, reliability based design, application to design of RC, PSC and steel structural
ele
ments


LRFD Concept.

REFERENCES:

1.
John B.Kennedy and Adam M.Neville, Basic Statstical Methods f
or Engineers and


Scientists, Harper and Row Publishers, New York.

2.
Ang A.H.S and W.H.Tang, Probability concepts in Engineering planning and


Design, John Wiley and sons, New York, Vol.I and II.

3
Ranganthan
.R
, Reliability Analysis and Design of Str
uctures, Tata McGraw Hill


publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi.





COMPUTER AIDED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FOUNDATIONS AND
EARTH

RETAINING


STRUCTURES


Subject Code:
10

CCS
-
253





IA Marks : 50

No. of Lecture Hours : 52





Duration of Exam: 3 Hrs

Examinati
on Marks : 100




Basic principles of soil behavior, bearing capacity, stress distribution etc
.,
-

Design of different types of foundations
-
isolated footings, combined footings, raft
foundations, pile foundations, caissons
-

Design of embankments,
-

Desi
gn of earth
retaining structures: cantilever retaining walls, counterfort retaining walls, abutments,
bulkheads
-

Developing algorithms and programs for the design of foundations.


Elements of Soil Dynamics and Design of Machine Foundations

Stability
An
alysis of Slopes



Algorithms and programmes. A
lgorithms and programmes for
(i) Consolidation (ii) earth pressure (iii) Settlement Analysis of isolated and combined
footings


REFERENCE:

1. Bowles J.E

“Foundation Analysis and Design”, McGraw Hill.

2.
Leon
ards
.G.A
, “Foundation Engineering”, McGraw Hill.

3. Tschebotoriff.G.P

“Foundations, Retaining and Earth Structures, McGraw Hill.

4
Peak
.R.B
,

.Hanson
W.E and ThornbornT.H

“Foundation Engineering”, John Willy

5.
SP


34, Detailing of RC Structure, BIS Publ
ications.
















III Semester


EARTH QUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
31



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52

Exam

Marks : 100




S
eismic Hazard Assessment



Engineering Seismology


Definitions, Introduction
to Seismic hazard , Earthquake phenomenon


Seismotectonics and seismic zoning of
India


Earthquake monitoring and seismic ins
trumentation


Characteristics of strong
Earthquake motion
-

Estimation of Earthquake parameters


Microzonation

E
arthquake Effects on Structures
: Response to ground acceleration


response
analysis by mode superposition


torsional response of buildings

-
response spectrum
analysis


selection of design earthquake


earthquake response of base isolated
buildings


earthquake response of inelastic structures, allowable ductility demand
Response Spectra / Average response Spectra
-

Design Response Spectra
-

Evaluation of earthquake forces


(IS 1893


2002).


Eff
ect of earthquake

on
different types of structures


Lesson
s

learnt from past earthquakes.

G
eotechnical Earthquake Engineering
: Soil Dynamics


Geotechnical failure of
foundations during earthquak
e


Earthquake Resistant design of Shallow foundation

Liquefaction and Remedial measures

C
oncepts of Earthquake Resistant Design
: Structural Systems / Types of buildings


Causes of damage


Planning consideration / Architectural Concept ( IS 4326


1993
) ( Do’s and Donts for protection of life and property )


Philosophy and
pr
inciple of earthquake resistant

design


Guidelines f
or Earthquake Resistant Design

E
arthquake Resistant Earthen Buildings

(IS 13827


1993).


Earthquake
Resistant low strength m
asonry buildings

E
arthquake Resistant Design of Masonry Buildings



Strength and Stru
ctural
properties of masonry


L
ateral load
-

Design considerations

E
arthquake Resistant Design of RCC Buildings



Material properties


lateral load
analysis


design

and detailing (IS 13920


1993).

S
eismic Base Isolation
: Basic concept of seismic base isolation


Seismic Isolation
systems.





REFERENCES:

1.
Chopra, A.K. “Dynamics of structures”, Prentice
-
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi.

2.
Clough, R.W. and Penzie
n J, “Dynamics of Structures”, McGraw Hill Book Co.


New York

3.
Biggs, M. “An Introduction to Structural Dynamics”, McGraw Hill Book Co. New


York

4.
Ghose, S.K. “Earthquake Resistance Design of Concrete Structures”, SDCPL




R&D Center


New
Mumbai 73.

5.
Jaikrishna et al. “Elements of Earthquake Engineering”, South Asia Publishers,


New Delhi.

6.
PAZ M. “Structural Dynamics”, CBS Publishers, New Delhi.

7.
Humar, J.C. “Dynamics of Structures”, Prentice
-
Hall, New Jersey.

8.
James L Stratta
, “ Manual of Seismic Design”, Pearson Education (Singapore) Pte,


Ltd., Indian Branch Delhi
-

2004


























COMPUTER AIDED ADVANCED MECHANICS OF MATERIALS


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
321



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Le
cture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Curved Beams
: Introduction, Circumferential stress in a curved beam, Radial stresses
in curved beams, Correction
for circumferential stresses in curved beams having I, T,
or similar cross sections, Deflections of curved beams, Statically indeterminate curved
beams, Closed ring subjected to a concentrated load.


Shear Center for Thin
-
Wall Beam Cross Sections
: Definiti
on of shear center in
bending Approximation
s

employed for shear in thin
-
wall beam cross sections, Shear
flow in thin
-
wall
ed

beam cross sections, Shear center for
singly symmetric and
unsymmetrical sections
.


Nonsymmetrical Bending of Straight Beams
:, Symm
etrical and nonsymmetrical
bending, Bending stresses in beams subjected to
non
symmetrical bending, Deflections
of straight beams subjected to
non
symme
trical bending.


Beams on Elastic Foundations
: General theory, Infinite beam subjected to
concentrated loa
d, Boundary conditions, Infinite beam subjected to a distributed load
segment, Semi
-
infinite beam

with different end conditions
subjected to

concentrated
load and moment
a
t its end
-

Short beams.


Structures subjected to out of plane loading
:

Analysis o
f simple
bents, frames,
grids and beams circular in plan


Cantilever beams, semicircular continuous beams
with three equally spaced supports, circular beams with different number of equally
spaced supports.

Method of Tension Co
-
efficient
: General princi
ples, Analysis of three
-
dimensional
trusses and frames.

Reference Books:

1.

Arthur P. Boresi and Omar M. Sidebottom: "Advanced Mechanics of Materials",
Fourth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 1985

2.

James M. Gere and S. P. Thimoshenko: "Advanced Mechanics of Materi
als",
Second Edition, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 2000.

3.

Ugural
.A.C.

and


Fenster
.S.K

"Advanced Strength of material and Applied
Elasticity", Arnold Publishers, 1981.

4.

Junnarkar
.S.B.
, "Mechanics of Structures", Volume
-

III, Charotar Publications,
Anand, Ind
ia




COMPUTER

AIDED


ADVANCED

STRUCTURAL

DYNAMICS


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
322



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exa
m

Marks : 100





Analysis of D
ynamic
Response of MDOF Systems by Direct I
ntegration

: Basic
concept of direct integration methods


central difference methods
-

Wilson
-



Method
-

Newmark Method


Stability and accuracy of direct integration metho
d.

Non
-
liner Structural R
esponse



Classification of non linear analysis


Systems
with non linear characteristics


formulation of incremental equations of equilibrium


numerical solution of non linear equilibrium equations for single degree freedom
syst
ems
-

liner acceleration step by step method, elastoplastic behavior, algorithm for
the step by step solution for elastoplastic SDOF system.

Newmark Method



Wilson
-



-

Method Response spectra


construction of a
response spectrum, response spectrum fo
r support disturbance
,

tripartite response
spectra, response spectra for inelastic design.

Non
-
liner Response of MDOF S
ystems



incremental equation of motion, Wilson
-


method.

Introduction to Random V
ibration



R
andom functions, normal and Rayleigh’s
dis
tribution, correlation, fourier transform, spectral analysis, spectral density function,
response to random excitation.

Blast Loads on Structure: Sources of Blast L
oads



s
hock waves


sound speed
and Ma
ch numbers. Shock pressure. Determination of blas
t loads


defining blast
loads


structure loading. Strain rate effects


approximate solution technique for
SDOF systems.

Basic Concepts of Water W
aves



Linear wave theory


dispersion equations


wave particle velocities
-

wave energies. Non linear w
aves
-

Stokes wave theory


Cnoidal Wave theory


stream function wave theory. Waves transformations


Shoaling
-

refraction


diffraction


dissipation


breaking. Wave statistics


significant wave


short term statistics


wave spectra


long term stat
istics. Wave
information


wave measurements


Hindcasts.

Response of Structures to Water Waves
: Mor
r
ison equation, force coefficient,
linearized Mor
r
ison equation, inclined cylinders


transfer lift forces. Diffraction


theory
-

scatt
ering problem


wave
forces on

vertical walls


wave forces on
a

low
vertical wall
-

wave forces on a rectangular structure.



REFERENCE:

1

Mario Paz, “Structural Dynamics, Theory and C
omputation”, 2
nd

Edition, CBS
Publisher and Distributors, New Delhi.

2

Ray W Clough and J Pen
zien, “Dynamics of Structures”, 2
nd

Edition, McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi.
1989.

3

Mukopad
yaya, “Vibration, Dynamics and Structural P
roblems,” Oxford IBH
Publishers New Delhi.

4

Joseph W Tedesco, William G McDougal, D.Allen Ross, “ Structural Dynamics
Theory and
Applications” Publishers Addison Wesley Longman, Inc. Menlo
Park, California 94025.




































COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN OF SUB STRUCTURES

Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
323



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Bearing

Capacity of S
oils



Generalised Bearing Capacity Equation; Field tests for

Bearing Capacity and settlement estimation; Settlement of shallow foundations
-

Elastic and consolidation settlements; Settlement estimates from penetration tests;
Settlement tolerance; Allowable bearing pressure.


Design Parameters for Substructures



Fa
ctors influencing selection of depth of
Foundation; Structural design considerations; Winkler hypothesis and Beams on
Elastic Foundation Approach; Soil Line Method; Finite Element and Finite Difference
approaches for the analysis of shallow foundations (st
rip and mat)

RCC Design

: S
pread footings, Combined footings, Strip footings, and Rafts;
Unsymmetrical Footing.


Pile Foundations
; Classification of pile foundations and general considerations of
design; Ultimate load capacity of piles; Pile settlement;
Analysis of single pile and
pile group; Laterally loaded piles and ultimate lateral resistance. Uplift resistance of
p
iles and anchored foundations; u
nder reamed Pile; Pile load tests; Design examples.


Special Foundation Problems

-

Foundations for Transmi
ssion Line Towers,
Foundations on expansive soils, Earth retaining structures


Retaining walls, sheet
piles and reinforced earth structures.


References Books:

1.

Bowles. J. E. “ Foundation Analysis and Design”, 5th edition, The

McGraw
-
Hill companies, Inc
, New York, 1996.

2.

Das.B.M., “Principles of Foundation Engineering”, Thomson Brooks / Cole
Publishing Company, Singapore 2004.

3.

Tomlinson.M.J., “Foundation Design and Construction”, ELBS,

London.

4.

Swamy Saran, “Analysis and Design of Sub Structures”, Oxford

and IBH
Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1996,

5.

Relevant IS Codes of Practice.

6.

Varghese P.C. “Foundation Engineering” Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi 2005.

7.

Gulhati S.K. and Datta M. “Geotechnical Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill Co.,
Ltd., New Delhi
2005.

8.

Winterkorn H.F. and Fong H.Y. “Foundation Engineering Hand Book”, Galgotia
Book Source, New Delhi 2000.




COMPUTER AIDED D
E
SIGN OF STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

(RC, Steel and PSC)

Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
331



IA Marks


:

50

No. o
f Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Computer Aided Design of R.C.Structural Elements

: Design of one way slab,
two way lab system


Design of si
ngly reinforced and doubly reinforced rectangular
and flanged beams


Design of columns for axial loading and biaxial bending


Design of isolated and combined footings
. N Pandian’s method for direct optimum
design of slab.


Computer Aided Design of Steel
structural elements



conforming to IS 800
-
2007

Design of compression members, tension members, flexural members


Design of
plate girders


Design of steel trusses.


Computer Aided Design of PSC structural elements



stress analysis of beams


Design of P
SC beams ( type I, II and I
II)


Design of PSC bridge

girder
s
.

A Prasad
Rao’s algorithm for minimum weight design Mosleys method for section properties.


Computer Aided Design of Structures by using available standard packages like
STADPRO, NISACIVIL
etc.,


REFERENCE:

1. Krishinaraj.N, “ Advanced R
C Design” C.B.S Publishers, New Delhi

2. Segu
i, William J “LRFD Steel Design” John Wiley, Newyork

3. Ramachandra “ Design of Steel Structures” Vol.1

4. Dayarathnam, “ Design of PSC Structures” Oxford IBH

5.

PSC Design by Computer


W.H. Mosley
-

Macmillan 1987.









COMPUTER AIDED D
E
SIGN OF LIFELINE STRUCTURES


Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
332



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs
: 52 Exam

Marks : 100




BRIDGES:

Loads on Bridges



Design of (i) Solid slab bridges (ii) Simpl
e Girder bridges (iii)
Continuous

girder bridges (iv) Cantilever Bridges (v) Rigid frame bridges (Single
span).

(vi) PSC Girder Bridges. (vii) Plate Girder Bridges (viii) Truss Girder Bridges.


Sub structures of Bridges



Bed Block


Piers


Pier Dimension


Design loads for
Piers


Abutments


design loads for Abutments.


Chimneys
:

Steel Chimneys



Lining for chi
mneys


breach opening


Forces acting on steel
chimneys including seismic forces


Design of thickness of steel plate


Design of
base plate


Design of anchor bolts


Design of foundation

Analysis Design and Detailing of RC chimneys for different load co
mbinations



Towers and Tresles:

Transmission lime towers of various shapes and member types



Loads on towers


Analysis and Design of Steel transmission line towers.

TRESTLES: Analysis and design of Steel Trestles vertical and horizontal loads


Use of So
ftware Packages
:

Analysis and design of (i) Bridges (ii) Chimneys (iii) Towers and Trestles us
ing
Software packages like NISACIVIL, ANSYS, STAAD
PRO, MATLAB etc.,


REFERENCE:

1.
Ramachandra, Design of Steel structures Vo1 and Vo12.

2.
S.K.Duggal, Design o
f Steel structures.

3.
Vazirani & Ratwani, Sleet structures, Vo1.III

4.
Cyril Benson, Advanced _structural Design.

5.
Gaylord E.H. and Gaylord C.N., Structural Engineering Hand Book.



6.
Bresler, Boris and T.Y.Lin , Design of Steel Structures.

7.
Lothers,
Advanced Design in Steel.

8.
IS: 800: Indian Standard Code of Practice for general construction in steel.

9. S.P. 6 (1)

Hand Book for Structural Engineers.
-

Structural sleel sections.

10.
I.R.C. Codes and Railway Board Codes, pertaining to bridges.

11.
IS : 6533. Code of Practice for Design and Construction of steel chimneys.

12.
IS 811. Cold formed Light gauge structures steel sections.

13.
IS : 801, Code of practice for use of cold formed light gauge steel structural


members in general building c
onstruction.

14.
SP : 6(5) : ISl Hand Book for Structural Engineers. Cold
-

Formed Light gauge


steel Structures.

15.
IS : 4923. Specifications for Hollow steel sections for Structural use.

16.
IS : 1161 . Specifications for Steel Tubes for Structural pur
poses.


17.
IS : 806. Code of Practice for use of steel tubes in general building construction.

18.
Vazirani, Aswani, “ Design of Concrete Structures
-

III ,” Khanna Publishers New


Delhi. 2000

19.
Krishna Raju N “ Design of Bridges,” Oxford, IBH Publi
cations New Delhi.

20. JohnsonV
ictor, “ Essential of Bridge Engineering,” Oxford, IBH Publications,


New Delhi

21. Prevalent IS Codes)

















CONCEPT OF PRE FABRICATION AND PRECAST STRUCTURES



Subject Code

:
10

CCS
-
333



IA Marks


:

50

No. of Lecture H
rs
/Week

:

04




Exam

Hrs

: 03

Total No. of Lecture Hrs : 52 Exam

Marks : 100




Concept of Prefabricated construction

-

necessity, advantages, disadvantages, Mass
p
roduced steel, reinforced concrete and masonry systems Industrialized buildings.

Concept of modular coordination, basic module, planning and design modules,
modular grid systems, National Building Code Specifications, standardization,
dimensioning of prod
ucts, preferred dimensions and sizes, tolerances and deviations,
layout and process.

Prefabricates classification
-

foundation, columns, beams, roof and floor panels, wall
panels
, clay units, box prefabricates in

erection and assembly.

Design of prefabricat
ed elements

-

Lift points beams, slabs, c
olumns, wall panels,
footings, D
esign of joints to transfer axial forces, moments and shear forces and
design of ferro cement ferro

and
concrete elements.

Construction techniques, large panel construction

-

lift sl
ab system, Glover
system, Constains’s Jack
-

block system, Constain V
-
plate system, Bison system,
Silber

Kuhi system, control of construction processes.


Equipments for horizontal and vertical transportation.

Reference Books:

1.

Hass A.M.


Precast Concrete


Design and applications Applied Science, 1983.

2.

David Shepperd


“Plant cast, Precas
t and Prestressed concrete


McG
raw Hill;
1989.

3.

Dyachenko and Mirtousky


Prefabrication of reinforced concrete


MIR
Publishers.

4.

NBC


2005 ( Part I to Part VII) BIS Pu
blications, New Delhi