PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION - Greenwich Public Schools

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Oct 23, 2013 (4 years and 16 days ago)

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Biology
FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET



1



BIOLOGY

Dr. Shannon

FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET


GHS 2007


TIPS.

1.

Do the take home test without notes. Then use books, notes, Internet etc. to check your answers. Check
final answers vs. Answer Key Available 6/10

2.

Analyze results for weak areas review the
se sections and use old tests to test yourself.

3.

Focus most attention on weak areas first and or areas with the most questions

4.

Study topics for Short Answer Question


TEST FORMAT

75

Multiple Choice Questions
75

Points


DNA & Protein Synthesis
(
20 questions
)



DNA structure



Cellular processes of transcription and translation including role of DNA, mRNA, tRNA, ribosome



DNA replication steps



Make sure you know how to use a codon chart


GENETICS

(
19

Questions
)
.

Know the following genetic disorders

o

Albinism, co
lor blindness
, Hemophilia, Down’s Syndrome, Cystic Fibrosis

o

X
-
linked disorders, role of the carrier

o

ABO Blood types

o

What is the same about twins, what could be different

o

Calculate probabilities

o

Be able to use Punnett’s Squares

o

Know how to interpret a Pedi
gree for mode of inheritance


EVOLUTION
(
16

QUESTIONS
)




Understand evidence for evolution



Natural selection



The
role of mutations in creating variability



Fossils and dating using relative position



Understand comparing DNA sequences to show relatedness. Mo
re base differences more time since two
species shared a common ancestor


BIOTECHNOLOGY

(
8

QUESTIONS)



Genetically altered foods, risks, and labeling



Understand how to use a DNA fingerprint
. See take

home.



Basics of moving genes from one organism to anothe
r by splicing DNA


POPULATION
DYNAMICS

(
12
QUESTIONS)



Understand how to interp
e
rate growth curves and population graphs

including



exponential growth,



limiting factors



carrying capacity



Understand how different factors such as birth rate, death rate, food

and water supplies can effect
population growth



Human Population diagrams like the one’s in the Human Populations worksheet









Biology
FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET



2



Short Answer Questions
75

Points


Part I Genetics & Biotechnology Human Genome Reading for information and knowledge of
Genetic Engineering

30 Pts.



In this section you will respond to a short article on the Human Genome project.



Basics to know are how genes are moved from one organism to another.



How a DNA sequence can be useful in pinpointing a genetic disease



How mutati
ons relate to evolution



How DNA is similar in all organisms


Part II

Genetics & Antibiotic Resistance:
(8 Pts)



Fast evolving bacteria can develop antibiotic resistance.



Resistance genes are in the population of bacteria due to mutation



Resistant bacteria
can be selected for by inappropriate use of antibiotics. What does this mean?


Part III Mechanisms & Evidence of Evolution/Natural Selection



Fossil Evidence (8 Pts.)



How are fossils dated?



The concept of Gradualism




Adaptive Radiation in Galapagos Finche
s

(12 Pts)



What environmental factors selected for different finches?



How do you know they are different species?



What evidence could be used to test for different species and common origins?




Molecular Evidence

(7 Pts.)



Understand DNA & Protein Sequence a
nd what information it gives about evolutionary
relatedness




Factors in Natural Selection

(10 Pts.)



Understand factors Darwin proposed for Natural selection, Overproduction, competition for resources,
variation (from mutations), selection, gradual change i
n species due to selection by environmental factors
(predators, food, weather, etc.)