Energy Technologies - tifac

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Nov 21, 2013 (3 years and 6 months ago)

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ENERGY TECHNOLOGY


TIFAC of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India is bringing out
Technology Vision 2035. Energy technologies are considered to be critical for the future
development of India. As an input to the exercise of visioning future energy tec
hnologies we are
keen to get your inputs through this structured questionnaire.


Questionnaire has two
Parts A & B.

Part A

is very generic and respondent can opt likely most
likely and unlikely as their answer.
Part B

is sector specific and divided into
2

broad categories
i.e.

Overall Energy Scenario and
Lifestyle. The section lifestyle if further classified into three
categories
(
Food, building/city/habitat & transport) which are directly and indirectly
consume
large chunk of energy.
Lifestyle section que
stions
most
ly

describes
your lifestyle today,
what

you
aspire

and

you expect

by 2035.

Answers are to be given in 'yes' or 'no'


Your responses would be an important input in visualizing the future
energy scenario
in India
and to identify the technology interventions that would be required to meet not only the demand
of human
being but also to the sectors which have
socio
-
economic importance to our country
.

Your feedback will be analyzed by group of experts and wil
l help us in making the
enenrgy

technology vision 2035 for the nation.


We solicit your kind inputs and suggestions














PERSONAL DETAIL














Please tick (√) the appropriate option

in items below:


Age Group (in years):




Up to 25

25
-
35

35
-
45

45
-
55

55
-
65

above65



Occupation:


Student

Academic / Research

Industry

Agriculture

Service

Business

Self
-
employed

Retired







Highest
Qualification:


Diploma / +2

Graduate

Post
-
graduate

Doctorate

Others




















Name (optional):


E mail Id:


Affiliation:


Specialization / Area of Interest:




As per your speculation, how do you envisage the change of present state
-
of
-
affairs by the year
2035?

Trend

in issues/ problems/ challenges in 2035

Sl.
No.

Issues / challenges/ problems of
today

Change with respect to
present levels

(please tick (√) the most
appropriate opinion)

Importance of
technological intervention
on scale of 1 (lowest) to 5
(highest)
, ple
ase tick one



Unlikely

Likely

Most
likely

1

2

3

4

5

1.


Nutritional security to all









2.


Employment to all in the working
age
-
group









3.


Social security to all citizens









4.


24x7 tap water for all with
assured quality









5.


Proper habitation for all









6.


Sanitation facilities and access to
quality & affordable healthcare
facilities for all









7.


Access to education at all levels









8.


Affordable higher education









9.


Road connectivity to each village









10.


High speed affordable mass
transport systems for land, air and
sea with decongested roads









11.


24x7 e
-
connectivity for
education, information,
entertainment, livelihood and
security









12.


Availability of 24x7 electric
power, fuel and utility supply to
all at affordable rates









13.


Green production base for
sustainable development









14.


Care to differently
-
abled citizens









15.


Care to
geriatric population









16.


Development will be more
sustainable and inclusive









17.


India will be a leading economy
and technology leaders in the
world by 2035









18.


Whether the people will feel
secure in the
environment they
live













PART

A




A.

Overall Energy Scenario


1.

India’s energy sector in 2035, (tick only one)


continue to be dependent on energy imports, (similar to the existing)


have increased share of energy imports


have
reduced emphasis on energy imports


be energy self
-
sufficient


2.

India’s per capita electricity consumption by 2035
(tick only one)


(Present electricity used per person / year is less than 700 kWh; world average >2000 kWh.


600 kWh


800 kWh


1000
kWh


1250 kWh


1500 kWh


> 1500 kWh


3.

Accessibility

to electricity to Indian households in 2035

(tick only one).


All


90
-
99%


70
-
90%


60
-
70%


50
-
60%


No change


4.

Expected share of electricity generation by modern renewable in the power sector by
2035
(tick only one)


> 10% (present mix)


10
-
20%


20
-
30%


30
-
40%


> 40%


5.

Expected share of electricity generation by nuclear in the power sector in 2035

(tick only
one)


< 5%


5
-
10%


10
-
20%

PART

B


20
-
30%


30
-
40%


> 40%


6.

Expected majority vehicles for road transportation in 2035

(tick only one)


Oil fuelled IC engines


Bio
-
fuelled IC engines


Electric vehicles with batteries


Hydrogen
powered vehicles (Fuel cell / hybrid technology)


7.

Commercially viability of new technologies, for India, by 2035

(Rate each on a scale of 0 to
5

with
5

indicating most likely and 0 least likely)


1

2

3

4

5

Artificial
Photosynthesis






Carbon
capture and storage






Distributed Nuclear Generation






Micro fuel Cells






Nuclear Fusion






Wireless Electricity transmission







8.

Impact of genetic engineering in the energy sector by 2035

(tick only one)
.


Marginal impact, similar to present


Major impact in food production reduce energy intensity make bio
-
fuels


Major impact in industrial sector, new bio
-
based chemicals and products


Both (b) and (c)


9.

Expected energy generation and

distribution systems for India in 2035?

(tick only one)


Mainly distributed generation near point of use


Mainly centralized in large power generation facilities


A combination of centralized and distributed


10.

Do you think an International grid connecting global solar power plants would be
viable by 2035.


Yes


No


Comments (if any)
:

11.

India has developed advance gasifiers (capacities ~500kWe). In your view is there a
need for
development of advanced
gasifiers for power generation, if yes indicates

the
gasifiers capability range

(tick only one)
.



1
-
5 MWe


5
-
15MWe


>15MWe


12.

What do you see as the major challenge in the deployment of biomass gasifiers in large
numbers

(tick only one)
.


Bio
-
mass
availability in general


Bio
-
mass supply chain


Bio
-
mass pre
-
processing


Other, please specify


13.

Do you see IC engine based transport vehicles completely replaced by electric vehicles?

(tick only one)



Yes


Will that happen by 2035,


2050 or
later


No


14.

Which option do you see as appropriate for biomass utilisation?

(tick only one)


Use of bio
-
mass for energy


Use of bio
-
mass for chemicals and fuels in a bio
-
refinery mode



Knowing that bio
-
mass is the only source of carbon other than fossil reserves,
and carbon being the backbone of chemical industry, bio
-
mass should be used for
generating/extracting chemicals only.


15.

Should there be research on improving solid fuel based c
ook stoves (increasing
efficiency and reducing pollution) for individual household or should India concentrate
on centralised gas generation and reliable distribution system
.

(tick only one)


Yes


No


Comments (if any)

16.

Should waste (MSW, Plastic
waste, E
-
waste) all be converted into different fuels in a
decentralised manner or centralised manner?

(tick only one)


Decentralized


Centralized

Comments (if any)

17.

Do you think your energy consumption will reduce in the future?

(tick only one)


Yes


By 10%


By 20%


30% or more

Comments (if any)

18.

Expected tariff, for each unit of electrical energy in 2035?

(tick only one)


INR15


INR25


>INR25


19.

Are you willing to invest on an alternate energy generating/ saving device (Solar/
Biomass generator, geysers, dryers, stoves etc) at your premises?
(tick only one)


Yes


No


Comments (if any)

20.

Do you support concepts of “Smart Grids” where your energy

consumption would be
intelligently controlled/ regulated by energy provider (DISCOMs) over and above your
contracted requirements?

(tick only one)


Yes


No


Comments (if any)

21.

Should India invest for increasing production of bio
-
fuels (liquid), or
just focus on
combustion and gasification technologies?

(tick only one)


Yes


No


Comments (if any)

B.

Lifestyle (quality of life)

Please
tick ‘Y
es


or
‘No’

in each box what
most

describes you or your lifestyle today, as you
aspire, or as you expect will happen. No response is not an option.

Aspiration 2035
+


What you would like to have in 2035

Expectation 2035
*


What you are likely

to have

/ expect to have in

Part 1. Food

1.

Vegetarianism provides nutrition with significantly smaller quantity of freshwater
demanded in the farm sector, with collateral savings of energy and better utilization of
land. Despite being mostly a vegetarian society, it is notable that over 80% of Indi
a’s
freshwater is consumed on farms, to feed the nation, and this is expected to rise.


a.

Are you mostly or wholly a vegetarian?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like to be mostly or wholly a vegetarian in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will you be mostly or wholly a vegetarian in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




2.

Processed food is known to cause various health and
behavioral

outcomes that are
considered detrimental to the individual and society. The trend is for industrial
countries to increase use of processed food because it reduces time and effort spent
on organizing food

a.

Do you mostly eat mostly unprocessed, natural food?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like be eating mostly unprocessed, natural food in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will you mostly eat unprocessed, natural food
in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




3.

Similarly, fresh cooked food has positive health and behavioural outcomes but it has
become increasingly difficult to organize home cooked fresh meals in industrial
societies.


a.

Do you mostly eat home cooked food or at least fresh cooked food?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like be eating mostly home cooked food or at least fresh cooked food in
2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will you mostly eat home cooked food or at least fresh cooked food in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




4.

In the same way but more difficult to organize, organic food has positive health and
behavioural outcomes but it has become increasingly difficult to organize organic food
in industrial and overpopulated societies. In India the Green Revolution would not h
ave
taken place without dependence on irrigation and fertilizers.

a.

Do you mostly eat organic food, even if somewhat expensive?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like be eating mostly organic food in 2035, even
if somewhat expensive?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will you mostly eat organic food in 2035, even if somewhat expensive?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




Part
-
2.
Building/City/Habitat

1.

The primary use of covered space in our cities is for residential use. To
accommodate a high density of residents per sq.km., which is considered desirable
from the point of view of reduced energy in commuting, availability and cost o
f
land, social security, etc., it is considered desirable to go vertical and have most
people live in apartments. However, there are people who would claim that in terms
of quality of living a healthy and ‘green’ life, it would be essential to have a villa

with gardens and yards.

a.

Do you live in a villa on an independent plot?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like be live in a villa on an independent plot in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will you live in a villa on an independent plot in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




2.

Energy use is a primary determinant of lifestyle but also of national resource use.

a.

Is your food at home
mostly cooked by electricity?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like your food at home be mostly cooked by electricity in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will your
food at home be mostly cooked by electricity in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




3.

Having electricity by itself determines your energy use patterns.

a.

Is your home wired with electricity which is largely
uninterrupted?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like your home to be wired with electricity which is largely
uninterrupted in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will
your home be wired with electricity which is largely uninterrupted in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




4.

A minority of our population has piped water today.

a.

Does your home have piped water with water supply most of
the time?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like your home to have piped water with water supply most of the time
in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*



c.

Will your home
have piped water with water supply most of the time in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




5.

A very small minority of our population has running hot water.

a.

Does your home have running hot water?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like your home to have running hot water in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will your home have running hot water in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*






Part 3.

Transport (mainly commuting for daily tasks)

1.

Time of commuting is related to quality of life

a.

Do you mostly commute less than one hour a day, counting both ways?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like to mostly commute less than one hour a day, counting both ways,
in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will you mostly commute less than one hour a day, counting both
ways, in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




2.

While public transport is considered environmentally more benign and safer,
private transport becomes necessary to provide individual flexibility. Both sorts of
transport
have similar speeds, despite perceptions to the contrary.

a.

Do you mostly commute in your private vehicle?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*






b.

Would you like to mostly commute in your private vehicle in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will you mostly commute in your private vehicle in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





3.

Covered environment for commuting, sheltered from the rain, is
considered a major
improvement in the quality of life

a.

Do you mostly commute in a rain
-
sheltered environment?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like to mostly commute in a rain
-
sheltered environment in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*







c.

Will you mostly commute in a rain
-
sheltered environment in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




4.

Energy consumed by air
-
conditioning in vehicles
is not as much as in buildings, but
still forms a significant proportion of the fuel consumed; this fuel is currently mostly
imported.

a.

Do you mostly commute in an air
-
conditioned environment?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*







b.

Would you like to mostly commute in an air
-
conditioned environment in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will you mostly commute in an air
-
conditioned environment in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration

2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




5.

Safety is another factor that determines how you commute. The most unsafe method
of travel is by private transport, especially for pedestrians.


a.

Do you mostly commute in ways that are quite safe for both commuters and
pedestrians?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





b.

Would you like to mostly commute in ways that are quite safe for both
commuters and pedestrians in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





c.

Will you mostly commute in ways that are quite safe for both commuters and
pedestrians in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*





6.

Besides the working person’s commute, students’ commuting forms an important
part of
traffic movement and efficiency.

a.

Do your children mostly take a bus or walk to school/college?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




b.

Would you like your children to mostly take a bus or walk to school/college in
2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*




c.

Will your children to mostly take a bus or walk to school/college in 2035?


YES

NO

Existing



Aspiration 2035
+




Expectation 2035
*






*********************************


Please send the filled questionnaire to Mr. Manish Kumar at
manishkumar2k3@gmail.com