选词填空(一)

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Dec 14, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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大学英语四六级考试
选词填空
专项训练题


1


A department store’s

the land upon which the building is located,

the labor of the employees, (
1
)
______ in the form of building,

equipment and merchandise, and the management skills of the
store

managers. On a farm
, the operation system is the transformation that

occurs when a farmer’s
(
2
) ______ (land, equipment, labor, etc.)

are converted into such outputs as corn, wheat or milk.
The exact

fo
rm of the conversion process (
3
) ______ from industry to

industry, b
ut it

is an (
4
)
______phenomenon that exists in every

indust
ry. Economists refer to this (5
) ______ of resources
into

goods and services as the production function. For all operation

systems, the general goal is to
create some kind of value
-
added

outputs that a
re worth more to consumers than just the sum of the

inputs. To the consu
mers, the resulting products (
6
) ______ utility

due to the form, the time, or the
place of their availability from

the conversion process.

However, the process is subject to random cha
nges. Unplanned or

uncontrollable influences
may cause the actual output to differ from

planned output. Random fluctuations can arise from
external

disruption (fire, floods or lig
htning, for example) or from (
7
)

______ problems inherent in
the conversion p
rocess. Inherent

variability of equipment, material imperfections, and human
errors

all affect output quality (
8
)______. In fact, random variations are

the rule rather than the
exception in production processes;

therefore, (
9
) _____ variation becomes a maj
or management
task.

The function o
f the feedback is to provide (
10
) ______ linkages.

Without some feedback of
information, cannot control operations

because they don' t know the results of their directions.

注意:此部分试题在答题卡
2
上作答。


A) offer

B ) c a p i t a l

C ) me d i u m

D ) d i f f i c u l t

E ) v a r i e s

F ) d i f f e r e n t l y

G ) p r o p o s a l

H ) t r a n s f o r ma t i o n I ) b e a u t i f u l l y

J ) e c o n o mi c

K) r e d u c i n g

L ) i n t e r n a l

M) i n p u t s

N ) a f f o r d

O ) i n f o r ma t i o n





2


O n c e t h e w o r l d e mb r a c e d t h e a u t o mo b i l e, t h e d a y s o f d e p e n d i n g o n

h o r s e s, b i c y c l e s, f e r r i e s,
a n d t r a i n s q u i c k l y s l i p p e d i n t o t h e p a s t.

P e o p l e w e r e _ _
11
__ with the speed of the automobile but
they were

also enjoying the personal freedom that the automobi
le gave them.

Owning a car gave people the fre
edom to go anyplace a road __
12
_.

This allowed people to
an
d at their own __
13
__. This independence

gave the car a popular edge over buses and trains.

The popularity of

the automobile made it the __
14
__ of the

transportation system. The automobile
changed our lives when it

created a giant industry that offered more and more jobs. The

automobile made it possible
for people to live in areas __
15
__ from

their work place. This caused
cities to grow and made suburba
n

living more convenient. Of course, with more places to go,
more

__
16
__ roads had to be built. The automo
bile caused a __
17
__ effect.

Jobs increased, industries grew, new industries developed, and

cities appeared. Today the
automobile industry continues t
o offer

many __
18
__. Jobs are plentiful in this industry and
improvements

continue to be made to the automobile with new technologies.

We have come

a long way from that first __
19
__ carriage because of

the cooperative efforts of
many people in the last cen
tury. It will

be interesting to see what the future holds for the
automobile. We

have already seen signs of the use of solar energy in this area. As

long as man has
a brain, the
future of the automobile is __
20
__.


A) backbone I) opportunities

B) infinite
J) snowball

C) further K) definite

D) background L) developed

E) led M) farther

F) enjoyed N) impressed

G) horseless O) pace

H) developing



(3)

The biggest safety threat facing airlines today may not be a

terrorist with
a gun, but the man
with the
--
2
1
--

computer in

business class. In the last 15 years, pilots have reported well over

100
--
2
2
--

that could have been caused by electromagnetic

interference. The source of this interference
--
2
3
--

unconfirmed, but

increasingly
, experts are pointing the blame at portable electronic

device
such as portable computers, radio and cassette players and

mobile telephones.

RTCA, an organization which advises the aviation
(航空)
industry, has

recommended that all
airlines ban
(禁止)
such devices from being used

during “
--
2
4
--

” stages of flight,
--
2
5
--

take
-
off
and landing. Some

experts , calling for a total ban during all flights.
Currently,

rules on using these
devices are left up to individual airlines. And

although some airlines prohibit passengers from
using such equipment

during take
-
off and landing, most are
--
2
6
--

to enforce a total ban,

given
that many passengers want to wor
k during flights.

The difficulty is
--
2
7
--

how electromagnetic fields might affect an

aircraft’s computers. Experts
know that portable device emit

radiation which
--
2
8
--

those wavelengths which aircraft use for

navigation and communication. But, because they have not been able

to reproduce these effects in
a laboratory, they have no way of

knowing whether the interference might be dangerous or not.

The fact that aircraft may be vulnerable
(易受损的)
to interference rai
ses

the risk that terrorists
may use radio systems in order to damage

navigation
--
2
9
--

. As worrying, though, who can’t
hear the

instructions to turn off his r
adio because the music’s too
--
3
0
--

.

A) definite B) incidents


C) effects

D ) r e ma i n s

E ) c r
i t i c a l

F ) p a r t i c u l a r l y

G ) r e l u c t a n t

H ) r e f r e s h i n g

I ) p o r t a b l e J ) e n o r mo u s


K) p r e d i c t i n g L ) l i b e r a l


M) a f f e c t s

N ) e q u i p me n t

O ) l o u d




选词填空参考答案:


1


1.
B
2.
M
3.
E


4.
J


5.
H
6.
A
7.
L
8.

F
9.

k
10.
O


2


11
. N
12
. E
13
. O
14
. A
15
. M
16
. L
17
. J

18
. I
19
. G
20
. B


3


21. I 2 2. B 23. D


24. E

25. F


26. G


27. K

28. M 2 9. N 30. O