Research on Environmental Sustainability of Semi-Arid Coastal ...

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Nov 9, 2013 (3 years and 5 months ago)

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Research on Environmental
Sustainability of Semi
-
Arid
Coastal Areas

Centers for Research Excellence in Science and
Technology

National Science Foundation

1


CREST
-
RESSACA serve as a center of
national excellence of research on
environmental sustainability
, and address
the significant under
-
representation of
Hispanics at the MS and PhD levels in
Environmental Engineering.

Vision

2

History of CREST
-
RESSACA


CREST
-
RESSACA was conceived in Fall of 2001


CREST
-
RESSACA I was approved by NSF and initiated in
September 2002


Funded at $ 1 Million/Year + $0.3 Million/Year (match)


Reverse Site Visit in March 2005


CREST
-
RESSACA II was approved by NSF and initiated in
September 2007


New proposal and review


Funded at $ 1 Million/Year (No NSF Match
requirements)


CREST RESSACA will continue to function under the
Institute of Sustainable Energy and Environment (ISEE)


3

Current CREST
-
RESSACA TEAM

4

8 Faculty + 4 Staff + 27 Students

CREST
-
RESSACA Research Overview

5

Our Faculty study a wide range of issues pertinent
to environmental sustainability of land, air and water
systems at a variety of scales

Nano
-
materials (10
-
9
)

Global Climate Change (10
7

m)

Research Interests & Breadth of the 9 Faculty Spans 16 orders
-
of
-
magnitude

6

Faculty and Specializations

Lee Clapp

Environmental Biotechnology

Kim Jones

Ecological Engineering

Alvaro Martinez

Air Quality and Emissions Control

David Ramirez

Atmospheric Pollution and Nanoscience

Jennifer Ren

Water Quality and Monitoring

Venkatesh Uddameri

Environmental Modeling and

Water Resources

Hongbo Su

Remote Sensing Technology and

Hydrologic Evaluations

Kuo
-
Jen Liao

Air Pollution Modeling and

Climate Change

Example Instrumentation

Flume

FE
-
SEM

GC
-
MS


Thermo Electron

Series II
ICP
-
MS

High Performance Computing Cluster

CREST
-
RESSACA Research Organization


CREST
-
RESSACA research is divided into three
sub
-
projects


Environmental Monitoring & Assessment (EMA)


Use monitoring to understand fundamental behavior of
pollutants in air and water systems


Environmental Modeling and Informatics (EMI)


Develop decision support systems using state
-
of
-
the
-
art
mathematical tools and techniques for fostering sustainable
natural resource management


Sustainable Technologies for the Environment (STE)


Develop innovative products stressing reuse and processing
of natural and recycled materials while reducing pollution in
a variety of applications.


8

CREST
Robotics

Research
Experience for
Teachers

Undergraduate
Research
Experience

Graduate
Research
Activities

YESTexas

GEMS

ESF

May
-
mester

NSF STEP

Books and Special Issue Journals:


Uddameri, V.;
Ren
, J., Ramirez, D. (2012) Environmental
Sustainability in South Texas; Springer
Verlag



Norwine, J. and John, K. eds. (2007) South Texas Climate
2100: Problems and Prospects, Impacts and Implications,
BookMasters, Inc., Columbus, Ohio. ISBN 978
-
0
-
9798426
-
0
-
3


V. Uddameri; guest editor (2007) Systems Analysis for
Sustainable Aquifer Management in Semi
-
Arid South Texas;
Special Issue
-

Environmental Geology, Vol. 51 (1)

Disclosures of Invention


R. Rivas, K. Jones and P. Mills (2009); Process for Citrus waste
Pretreatment & Conversion to
Bioethanol

and Value Added
Products


10

What Does CREST
-
RESSACA Bring
to CESAR RCN


A broad range of research activities and
expertise related to climate change and its
impact on environmental sustainability


Sustainable groundwater management


Air quality studies focused on shale gas
development


Sustainable use of alternative and renewable
energy

11

Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute

Texas A&M University
-
Kingsville


Research

One of the most prestigious
research institutes in North
America



Information

Scientific and popular
publications



Education

Top graduate program in
collaboration with TAMUK

CKWRI Mission

To produce scientifically sound,
unbiased information

CKWRI Mission Focuses on

South Texas & Northern Mexico

A Region of Key Importance for Wildlife


Game species


Threatened &
endangered
species unique to
South Texas


Primary funnel for
migratory birds

Game Species

Sensitive Species

Song Birds

Wetland Birds

Birds of Prey

Diseases & Contaminants

Ecological Impacts of Exploration
on Wildlife Habitat

by Carter P. Smith, Executive Director

Texas Parks & Wildlife Department

Fred C. Bryant, Director

Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute

Texas A&M University
-
Kingsville


Presenter: Mohamed Abdelrahman

Texas A&M University
-
Kingsville

The Value of Habitats

Worst Habitat

Concrete, pavement

Bermuda Grass

Other Exotic

Plants


King Ranch Bluestem


坩汭慮

䱯癥杲i獳


䉵B晥汧牡fs

Fragmented Native Habitat

Best Habitat

Unfragmented

Native Habitat

Examples

Oil and Gas Development Impact


Direct Impacts


Roads


Pads


Flow
-
lines


Pipelines


Pits

Oil and Gas Development Impact


Indirect Impacts


Habitat fragmentation


Loss of topsoil


Altered wildlife movements


Spread of invasive plants




The Impact


The Cascading Effects…


Overabundance of Exotics


Reduced Number of Flowering Plants

and Native Grasses


Lower Native Plant Diversity


Reduced Number of Insect Numbers and
Species




The Impact


More Cascading Effects…


Reduced Populations of Species that

Require Insects as Food


50% Decline in Bobwhite Quail Populations


(affects landowner income and rural
economics)


May last forever without restoration



A Proposed CKWRI evaluation


Baseline site


Habitat/ecological assessment


Periodic ecological review


Mitigation strategies on impacts
implemented


Review of location and habitats