Kansas State University Urban Water Institute

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Nov 9, 2013 (3 years and 7 months ago)

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Kansas State University

Urban Water Institute

Programs and Opportunities


Shawnee Mission South High School

August
16,
2013

Photo Courtesy : Mid
-
America Regional Council

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Water has been identified as one of the most critical
resources for the future.

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Just .25% of the earth’s water is accessible

fresh water

The Earth's Water

Ocean
Ice Caps
Ground Water
Atmosphere
Surface Water
















































































































































































































































The Earth’s Water

















































































































































































































































The Earth’s Fresh Water

















































































































































































































































The Earth’s Fresh Water

















































































































































































































































The Earth’s Fresh Water

















































































































































































































































The Earth’s Fresh Surface Water

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The number of people living in cities will double during
the next century

(A. Townsend,
Smart Cities
, 2013).


Water is a finite, non
-
renewable resource.


We cannot live

without water.


Water is life.










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Vision:

The
Urban Water Institute is a center of knowledge and outreach
focused on sustainable water management in
urban environments.


Mission:

The mission of the Urban Water
Institute
is to
promote treatment
technologies, management approaches, and public policy that support
sustainable water use in urban and urbanizing communities.

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Two


COLLABORATE


Indoor | outdoor laboratory space


Research


Teaching laboratory


Landscape design


HS | Undergraduate
|
Graduate
Internships


Projects + working groups


K
-
12


Industry professionals


University researchers


Government entities


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EDUCATE


Undergraduate


Courses


Senior student
design
projects



Internships


Graduate


Courses


Degrees


Certificates


Distance Education


Learn more at
www.ksu.edu/urbanwaterinstitute


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EDUCATE


K
-
12


Resource Center


Virtual | Actual


Equipment and Resources


High School Internships


Summer teacher workshops


Water Quality Field Study


Technology demonstrations


Research
seminars | Collaborative research


K
-
12 field trips


Water Investigation Lab
Day



Public Outreach


Informal science educators


Citizen Science water
quality monitoring training





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EDUCATE


Professional Development


Workshops for Professionals


Professional Development Hours


Certificates


Symposia and Seminars


Natural Resource Inventory


October 1


Manhattan


Lunch and Learns


Speaking Engagements


Networking



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One Health: Integrating Animal,
Human & Environmental Health



Objectives:


Define One Health


What is Public Health?


Give examples of One Health collaborations


Discuss One Health careers


One Health Kansas resources


Classroom applications

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One Health: Integrating Animal,
Human & Environmental Health


One Health


An old concept generating new interest


Dr. Rudolf Virchow


T
he son of a butcher working in Germany in the mid
-

to late
nineteenth century


His studies of trichinosis led to the first food inspections.


He was one of the first proponents of One Health.



Dr. Calvin W.
Schwabe


A veterinary scientist and epidemiologist at the University of
California at Davis, in his book
Veterinary Medicine and Human
Health
(Williams & Wilkins, 1964).


Coined the term One Medicine




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One Health Initiative Task Force


Convened by the American Veterinary Medical Association


Members included representatives from


American Veterinary Medical Association


American Medical Association


American Public Health Association


Task Force Report issued July 15, 2008




http://
www.avma.org/onehealth/executive_summary.asp



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What is One Health?



One
Health is the collaborative effort of multiple
disciplines


working locally, nationally, and globally


to attain optimal health for people, animals and our
environment.





American Veterinary Medical
Association

One Health
Initiative Task Force,
2008



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One Health

The
convergence of people,
animals, and our environment
has created a new dynamic in
which the health of each group
is inextricably interconnected.


--
One Health Initiative Task Force,
2008


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One Health

Understanding the connections between animal,
human and environmental health is necessary in order
to address future health concerns.

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One Health: Integrating Human,
Animal & Environmental Health


What is Public Health?


This is Public Health

video


From the Association of Schools of Public Health


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The Issues: Blurring of the
Urban/suburban/rural
I
nterface

Increasing population causes destruction of animal
habitats exposing humans to animals and their
diseases
.

Photos courtesy Joni Teeter,

US EPA Region 8

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The Issues:

Global Trade and Travel

Food, people, animals and diseases travel more
quickly around the world

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Environmental Health
I
mpacts
H
uman
H
ealth


Air quality


Water quality


Solid waste issues


Food safety & security

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Animal Health
I
mpacts

Human
H
ealth



Human
animal bond


Zoonotic disease
transmission





http
://
www.cdc.gov/healthypets/browse_
by_diseases.htm



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Human
-
Animal Bond


Improved emotional health


Increased physical activity


Fewer doctor visits


Lessons learned:


Hurricane Katrina


Greensburg


Kansas State Animal
Response Team
www.kssart.org



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Zoonotic Diseases

Diseases transmitted between animals and humans


Rabies


West Nile Virus


Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever


Salmonella


Giardia


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What is the concern?


Approximately 75% of recently
emerging infectious diseases
affecting humans are diseases
of animal origin



Approximately 60% of all
human pathogens are zoonotic


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Zoonotic Disease
P
athogens


Bacteria


E
. coli,
Lyme Disease


Virus


Rabies
, West Nile


Parasite


Giardia
, Toxoplasmosis


Fungus


Histoplasmosis


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Zoonotic Disease
T
ransmission
R
outes


Fecal
-
oral


E. coli


Bites/scratches


Rabies


Vectors

(mosquitoes, ticks, fleas)


West Nile Virus


Foodborne


Salmonella,
E. coli


Waterborne


Leptospira
,
E. coli
, Giardia



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Zoonotic Disease
P
revention:

#1 Prevention Measure

Wash hands


Before eating or cooking


After going to the bathroom


After petting animals


Hand washing compliance
research:


http://onehealthkansas.k
-
state.edu/infection
-
prevention/6/infection
-
prevention



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Zoonotic Disease Prevention:

Vector Control

Vectorborne

illness


West Nile Virus (mosquito)


Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (tick)


Lyme Disease (tick)

Control
measures


Interrupt
insect life
cycle


ID
insect
habitats


Lead
Tip and Toss campaigns to
remove standing water to prevent
mosquito breeding
grounds


Apply
insecticide to breeding areas


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Zoonotic Disease Prevention:

Prevent Insect Bites

While outside, wear


Long sleeves


Long pants


Closed
-
toed shoes


Insect repellent

www.cdc.gov

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Zoonosis Disease Prevention:

Prevent Animal Bites & Scratches



Avoid
unfamiliar animals (e.g.,
dogs, cats)


Do not approach or feed wild
animals, especially sick or dead
animals





http
://animals.nationalgeographic.com


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Prevent Dog Bites:

One Health Kansas Dog Bite Prevention Project


Surveyed animal and human
health practitioners


Developed education materials
to be distributed to animal and
human health providers


Piloted materials in veterinary
and pediatric clinics


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Zoonotic Disease Prevention:

Rabies Awareness & Prevention




Vaccinate
your pets


World Rabies
Day



http://
www.worldrabiesday.org




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Zoonotic Disease:

Foodborne Illness Statistics


The CDC estimates that


roughly 1 in 6 Americans (or
48 million people) will
become ill with foodborne
illness,


128,000 will be hospitalized,
and


3,000 will die each
year




www.cdc.gov


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Zoonotic Disease Prevention:

Food Safety

Chill


Refrigerate promptly

Clean


Wash hands and surfaces
often

Separate


Don’t cross
-
contaminate

Cook


Cook to proper
temperatures


http://
bites.ksu.edu

www.fightbac.org


Follow
foodborne illness
outbreaks on the
Barfblog
:


www.barfblog.com


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Zoonotic Disease Prevention:

Water Contact



Do
not drink from any river or
stream


Avoid swimming in water that
may be contaminated by animal
urine or feces


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Cross
-
disciplinary Collaboration:

Human & Environmental Health Professionals


Approximately 80


90% of all
cancers may be caused by
environmental and lifestyle
triggers
1

, as opposed to
genetics. While many of these
triggers are currently unknown
they are being investigated by
public health researchers and
some of them, such as
asbestos, are being eliminated
as a result of public health
initiatives.

www.thisispublichealth.org


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Cross
-
disciplinary Collaboration:

Human & Animal Health Professionals


Zoonotic diseases:


Collaboration
between
veterinarians and physicians
enable rapid diagnosis of
human illness


Pets may serve as sentinels
for zoonotic disease in
humans or environmental
degradation that may
eventually affect humans

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Cross
-
disciplinary Collaboration:

Public Health & Urban Planning


Walkable Communities


Built environment


Community gardens


Physical activity


Nutrition


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Cross
-
disciplinary Collaboration:

Educators & Scientists

Global Observations & Learning to Benefit the Environment
Teachers
and students engage in research contributing
to a
data stream
accessed by
scientists
--

www.globe.gov

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Future Workforce Needs


Animal Health Corridor


Manhattan, Kansas, to Columbia, Missouri


The largest concentration of animal health interests in the world

Ceva

Biomune

SAFC Biosciences

NBAF

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Future Workforce Needs


21
st

Century Skills:


Collaboration


Creativity


Problem Solving


One Health Kansas Intro to Public Health


“Teamwork skills of leadership, collaboration, cooperation, and
responsibility”


“Since there are neither clear nor easy answers to many of the
public health problems and issues examined in this course, an
important over
-
arching objective is to encourage students to think
independently and critically about the issues.”


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Future Workforce Needs


Public health


Epidemiology


Environmental management


Animal health


Food safety


Urban planning


Food chain logistics


Agricultural research


Others
?


http://
onehealthkansas.k
-
state.edu/pathways/22/career
-
pathways
-
in
-
public
-
health




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Classroom Applications



The Hot Zone
, novel by Richard Preston


Details Ebola Virus outbreak in Reston, Virginia,
1980


Contagion
, recent film about a fictionalized outbreak


Frontier Field Guide


K
-
State + New Mexico State Universities


Field trips +
reflection


Foodborne illness activities


Hand washing


Least Wanted Pathogens


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Classroom Applications:

Online Games


Olathe
Northwest High School e
-
Communications
Students


Don’t
Eat Poop: The
Game

http
://ravensonline.net/donteatpoop/



Cornell University Pathogen
Tracker

http
://
game.pathogentracker.net/Intro/introduction/frontpage.aspx


Both games are available at:

http
://onehealthkansas.k
-
state.edu/outreach/52/k
-
12
-
education
-
and
-
public
-
outreach
-
resources



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Contact:

Joan Leavens | Program Coordinator
leavens@ksu.edu

|
www.ksu.edu/urbanwaterinstitute