Africa Regional Report: Main Findings and Recommendations

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Nov 9, 2013 (3 years and 9 months ago)

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Africa Regional Report:

Main Findings and Recommendations

Hassan Musa Yousif

UNECA



Outlines


1.
Objectives of the Operational
R
eview

2.
Technical Totals and Analyses

3.
Overview
of the
Main Findings

4.
Recommendations
and
Priorities
for the
Future

Objectives of the Operational
Review

1.
Renew

political

commitment

2.
Document

the

achievements

and

the

factors

that

facilitated

or

hampered

progress

3.
Identify

the

gaps,

unfinished

agenda,

and

emerging

issues

4.
Identify

priorities

for

the

future

(ICPD

Beyond

2014

Technical Tools and Analyses

Global

Survey



1.
Institutional

structures

(policies,

programs,

strategies

and

institutional

entities)

2.
ICPD

actions

and

priorities,

and

how

they

have

been

addressed

at

the

national

level

through

budgetary

allocations

and

concrete

implementation

measures

3.
Assessment

and

research

to

inform

policies,

programs

and

to

support

decisions

on

resource

allocation

4.
Partnership

with

CSOs

and

NGOs,

and

international

cooperation

52 countries participated in the survey



Technical Tools and Analyses

Country

Reports

(Optional)

1.
Ascertain

Ownership

and

commitment

to

the

PoA

2.
Align

the

PoA

with

national

development

priorities

3.
Link

the

PoA

to

the

MDGs

and

to

the

post

2015

DA


4.
Analyze

the

achievements

and

documentation

best

practices

5.
Analyze

the

facilitating

factors,

and

the

challenges

and

constraints

6.
Provide

recommendations

for

the

ICPD

agenda

beyond

2014


(27 countries)




Fundamental
Questions for Analyses


1.
How did the countries address ICPD priorities and issues during
the last 5 years?


2.
What are the achievements, gaps and unfinished agenda?


3.
What are the facilitating factors? And what are the barriers and
constraints?


4.
What is the level of implementation? What is the extent of using
research to inform policies, programs and budgetary allocation?


5.
What is the role of partnership and cooperation in implementing
the ICPD
PoA
?


6.
What are the priorities for the future?

Technical Tools and Analyses

Reports

Regional Analyses


Africa



Northern Africa (6 countries)


Western Africa (15 countries)


Central Africa (7 countries)


Eastern Africa (13 countries)


South Africa (11 countries)


Sub
-
regional Analyses




UMA (4 countries)


ECCAS (6 countries)


ECOWAS (15 countries)


IGAD (6 countries)


SADC (15 countries)


COMESA (20 countries)


CENSAD (17 countries)


EAC ( 5 countries)

Regional Economic Communities (RECs) Analyses

Technical Tools and Analyses

Overview of the Main
Findings


1. RR AND
RH
, HEALTH, MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY


52

52

51

51

51

51

51

51

50

49

49

49

48

47

47

47

43

34

44

49

45

43

47

40

49

45

30

41

26

37

40

45

33

35

23

17

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Increase women’s access to SRH services

Increase access to voluntary and confidential HIV testing
Increase women’s accessibility to information and counseling on SRH

Increase access to comprehensive SRH services for adolescents
Increase access to STI/HIV prevention, treatment and care services for…
Provide adequate food and nutrition to pregnant women
Eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and treatment for improving…
Integrate SRH and HIV services
Provide social protection and medical support for adolescent pregnant…
Support referrals to essential and comprehensive emergency obstetric care
Increase access of PWD to comprehensive SRH services
Prevent and manage the consequences of unsafe abortion
Increase men’s access to SRH information, counseling, and services

Promote access to antenatal care
Promote breast cancer screening and treatment
Promote cervical cancer screening and treatment
Increase indigenous people’s and cultural minorities’ access to


Support access to safe abortion services to the extent of the law
Total
Yes
2. GENDER EQUALITY, EQUITY AND EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN


51

50

50

50

49

48

48

48

47

46

32

43

45

47

38

34

36

44

41

36

30

13

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Increase W's representation in political processes and public life
Increase W's participation in the formal and informal economy
End gender-based violence
Improve the collection, analysis, dissemination and use of sex and
age disaggregated data
Engage men and boys to promote male participation, equal sharing
of responsibilities such as care work
End child marriage/forced marriage
Improve the welfare of the girl child, especially with regards to
health, nutrition and education
Improve the situation and addressing the needs of rural women
Collect and analyze data on the social and economic status of
women
Prevent trafficking and smuggling in persons, particularly girls and
women
End FGM/C
Total
Yes
3. POPULATION, SUSTAINED ECONOMIC GROWTH AND SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT

52

51

50

49

49

49

48

47

46

46

49

50

42

47

43

42

31

25

34

28

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Eradicate poverty through income generation and employment
strategies
Strengthen food security
Improve solid waste management
Promote environmental resources management
Reduce territorial inequalities
Foster sustainable resource use and prevent environmental
degradation
Address the implications of population trends in large urban
agglomerations
Address the population trends/dynamics in ecologically
vulnerable areas
Address the needs of people in fragile ecosystems
Achieve fair trade relations
Total
Yes
4. POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT AND EDUCATION

50

49

49

49

48

48

48

48

47

47

47

46

46

46

45

44

43

42

43

46

37

30

37

30

31

44

29

20

43

24

28

32

38

27

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Provide training and employment to out-of-school girls and…
Keep more girls and adolescents in schools
Ensure equal access of girls to education at all levels
Revise and incorporate population issues in the curricula
Improve the safety of pupils, especially girls
Revise and make the curricula gender-sensitive
Incorporate population and SRH information into the…
Incorporate life planning skills into young people's formal…
Promote non-formal opportunities for education and literacy
Address gender-based violence in schools
Facilitate school completion for pregnant girls
Improve educational infrastructure
Incorporate SRH and life planning skills into non-formal…
Incorporate comprehensive sexuality education into formal…
Reach out-of-school youth with SRH information and services
Promote age-appropriate sexuality education and counseling…
Conduct information campaigns on population issues in the…
Total
Yes
5. FAMILY, WELLBEING OF INDIVIDUALS AND SOCIETY

49

48

48

47

47

47

47

46

46

46

27

42

24

44

42

20

30

36

39

29

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Facilitate compatibility between labor force participation and parental
responsibilities
Prevent child abuse and neglect and provide assistance to victim children
Ensure good quality early childhood care and education for working families
Increase efforts to ensure health, education and welfare services
Support and assist vulnerable families
Provide financial and social protection schemes to single parent families
Developing the capacity to monitor the impact of policies on the wellbeing of
families
Provide effective assistance to families and individuals
Assist families caring for PWD and HIV
Support educational programmes concerning parental roles, parental skills and
child development
Total
Yes
6. URBANIZATION AND INTERNAL MIGRATION

49

48

48

47

47

45

44

44

35

28

36

40

23

30

29

9

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Promote growth of small or
medium-sized urban centers
Ensure land, housing, services and
livelihood of urban poor
Promote environmental
management of urban
agglomerations
Promote decentralization
Promote health, education, training
and employment support for IDPs
Promote rural development
strategies to decrease push factors
on urbanization
Adopt proactive planning for urban
population growth
Facilitate the integration of rural-
urban migrants
Total
Yes

7.
ADOLESCENTS AND YOUTH


52

51

51

49

49

47

40

48

40

42

36

35

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Address violence, exploitation and abuse
Create employment opportunities for youth
Institute concrete procedures and mechanisms for participation
Ensure the same rights and access to SRH services, including HIV
prevention
Collect disaggregated data
Address the adverse effects of poverty on adolescents and
youth
Total
Yes
8. OLDER PERSONS


48

48

48

47

47

47

46

46

46

45

44

29

25

34

31

28

30

25

13

18

16

17

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Enable OP to live independently as long as possible
Address neglect, abuse and violence against OP
Collect disaggregated data
Provide social services including long-term care
Extend or improve old age allowances
Provide affordable, appropriate and accessible health care
Prevent discrimination against OP, especially widows
Promote employment opportunities for OP
Institute concrete procedures and mechanisms for participation
Enable OP to make full use of their skills and abilities
Provide support to families caring for OP
Total
Yes
9. PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES


48

48

47

46

46

45

45

44

44

44

35

30

27

28

36

24

22

26

17

28

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Ensure a general education system where children are not
excluded on the basis of disability
Create employment opportunities for PWD
Institute concrete procedures and mechanisms for
participation
Ensure the same rights and access to SRH services,
including HIV prevention
Strengthen comprehensive habilitation and rehabilitation
services and programmes
Develop infrastructure to ensure access on an equal basis
with others
Promote equality by ensuring reasonable accommodation
in all aspects of life
Guarantee equal and effective legal protection against
discrimination
Provide support to families caring for persons with
disabilities
Collect disaggregated data
Total
Yes
10 . INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

26

26

25

25

25

25

24

24

24

21

8

11

7

8

9

11

10

6

9

3

0
5
10
15
20
25
30
Create educational conditions for access to education in own
language and respecting culture
Collect disaggregated data
Enable land tenure and management
Protect and restoring natural ecosystems on which indigenous
communities depend
Institute concrete procedures and mechanisms for participation
Protecte indigenous peoples from discrimination
Ensure access to all levels and forms of public education without
discrimination
Create decent work opportunities without discrimination
Ensure access to culturally appropriate SRH care, including HIV
prevention services
Seek free, prior and informed consent in trade and FDI concessions
Total
Yes
11. INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION AND DEVELOPMENT

49

48

48

47

47

46

46

43

42

13

30

28

17

12

26

24

28

23

0
10
20
30
40
50
60
Take gender and age into account in formulating immigration
policies
Strengthen dialogue and cooperation between countries of origin,
transit and destination
Strengthen support for international activities to protect and assist
refugees and displaced persons
Address the root causes of migration so migration is by choice
Address the factors that contribute to forced internal displacement
Protect migrants against human rights abuses, racism and
xenophobia
Facilitate the flow and use of remittances to support development
Combat trafficking and/or smuggling of migrants
Improve disaggregated data
Total
Yes
1%

87%

9%

3%

Rating overall progress of implementation measures

1-deficient
2-behind schedule
3-on schedule
4-ahead of schedule
Implementation Behind Schedule

Important recommendations and priorities for
the future


1.
Sustain the achievements

2.
Take action on time
-

Delaying implementation will
incur high social and economic costs

3.
Target gaps in the implementation of the ICPD
agenda

4.
Promote coordination and cooperation among
sector ministries





Important recommendations and priorities for
the future

5.
Harmonize population policy with
sectoral

policies in areas such as education and health;


6.
Promote partnerships with CSOs, private sector,
youth
organizations,
and with the social
networks and
diaspora
;


7.
Address cultural and behavioral factors that
constrain the implementation of
PoA
,

Important recommendations and priorities for
the future

8.
Adequately staff and fund national and regional
population programs

9.
Address shortage of skills and capacities in
population and development, and in the use of
demographic techniques and methods; and

10.
Address
paucity of data analyses and research, and
promote registration of births and deaths,

11.
Register and provide IDs for older
persons and
persons with disabilities.

Thank You