What is Unattended Train Operation (UTO)?

ugliestmysticAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (3 years and 10 months ago)

237 views


What is Unattended Train Operation (UTO)?

Table of content

Historical overview

Technology : What is it?


Introduction

Introduction


Scope of train automation



Concepts and definitions



Confused by babble of words?







Not alone!



Hectometric transport



Automated guideway transit (AGT)



Automated people
-
movers (APM)


Disney®’s tomorrowland 1967


Syst. of pax transport in which driverless

vehicles are guided by modern comm. & control

over exclusive guideway
1


System can be rail, tyre, cable, monorail etc…


“Private” services : shuttles


Airports (35), 1
st

in Tampa 1971


Leisure centres (28)


“Public”/line services


Metro trains (medium or large sized) (42)


Personal Rapid Transit/driverless “taxi” : utopia?




Introduction

Concepts & definitions

1

Fabian, LJ,
Planner’s guide to APM


Introduction



Scope of train automation



Concepts and definitions



Grades of automation (GOA)

Type of
train
operation

Setting train
in motion

Stopping
train

Door
closure

ATP

with driver


Driver

Driver

Driver


Driver


Driver

Driver

ATP and ATO
with driver

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Automatic

Driverless

Driverless,

unattended

Train
attendant

Train
attendant

Operation in
event of
Disruption

ATP
-

Automatic Train Protection

ATO
-

Automatic Train Operation

Introduction (6)

Grades of automation



Grade of
Automation

GoA 1

GoA 2

GoA 3

GoA 4

Table of content

Introduction

Historical overview

Technology : What is it?




60s :

-

development of ATO, prototypes


Historical overview



60s :

-

development of ATO, prototypes



70s :

-

implementation of ATOs

-

Small
-
sized UTO systems



protypes : Aramis, C
-
, M
-
, H
-
Bahn



first people movers / shuttles (airports)


Historical overview



60s :

-

development of ATO, prototypes



70s :

-

implementation of ATOs

-

small
-
sized UTO systems



80s

-

fully UTO «

metros

»

Osaka, Lille, Vancouver, Detroit


Historical overview



60s :

-

development of ATO, prototypes



70s :

-

implementation of ATOs

-

Small
-
sized UTO systems



80s

-

fully UTO «

metros

»



90s

-

deployment of «

proven

» UTO metros
of higher capacity

Lyon, Tokyo, Kuala Lumpur, Paris

Historical overview



60s :

-

development of ATO, prototypes



70s :

-

implementation of ATOs

-

Small
-
sized UTO systems



80s

-

fully UTO «

metros

»



90s

-

deployment of «

proven

» UTO metros of
higher capacity



2000s

-

continuity : Rennes, Copenhagen, Torino

-

upgrading of conventional lines into UTO

Historical overview

Table of content

Introduction

Historical overview

UTO : What is it?



Unattended Train Operation

ATS = Automatic Train Supervision

Tool for installations and transport management.


ATP = Automatic Train Protection


The system responsible for
basic safety
: avoids collision, red
signal overrunning, exceeding speed limits by applying
brakes

automatically.

ATO = Automatic Train Operation

Drives trains automatically from station to station; drivers
supervise passengers movements. The systems is responsible
for
optimisation of operation and regulation
.

ATC = Automatic Train Control

fully
-
automatic train operation; no driver is required.

ATC = ATS+ATP+ATO

System concept for UTO

Super
-

vision and

management

of operation

Control of
operation

Securing
operation


Supervision of operational proceedings


Supervision of technical installations


Processing of operating data


Trouble
-
shooting policy


Formation of trains


Train dispatching


Routing controls


Timetable adherence


Information for passengers and staff


Train spacing


Speed surveillance


Checking track clearance


Emergency stop at station


Exceptional safety measures


Blocking of track sections

Signalling consituents

Automatic Train Supervision

Communication

Wayside

On
-
board



Signaling = heart of UTO



Way
-
side and on
-
board equipment



Technology progress > new signaling era:



ICT >> CBTC



Intermittent >> continuous train control



Fixed >> moving blocks



Optimum train headway


Glossary

AC :

Air
-
Condioning

AGT :

Automatic Guideway Transit

APM :

Automated People Mover

ATC :

Automatic Train Control

ATO :

Automatic Train Operation

ATP:

Automatic Train Protection

ATS :

Automatic Train Supervision

Capex :

Capital expenditures

CBTC :

Communication
-
Based Train Control

GOA :

Grade of Automation

ICT :

Information and Communication Technology

Opex :

Operation expenditures

ODS :

Obstacle Detection System

PSD :

Platform Screen Door

RAMS :

Reliability, Availability, Maintainability, Safety

UTO :

Unattended Train Operation

Bibliography


Fabian, LJ,
Planner’s guide to APM 2006/2007
, Trans 21, 2006

Erbin, JM,
Automatic Metro


a means to improve service quality,

UITP, 2005

Arpaci, M,
Train control system upgradeable from semi
-
automation
to driverless operation,

UITP, 2005

Ramette, Y.,
Paris line 1 conversion to driverless operation,

UITP,
2004

Caire, A,
Historical and technological evolution of automated
metros,

UITP, 2004

Albert, H
, Innovation in metro systems,

UITP, 2004

Caire, A,
METEOR: new technologies for tomorrow's customer,

UITP, 2002

Coll.,
Automatic protection and driving systems
, UITP, 2002

Coll.,
Driverless operation


the effect on design, operation and
cost of rolling stock,

UITP, 1998

Coll.,
Driverless Metros


improved quality of service at reduced
costs,

UITP, 1997

Coll.,
Driverless Metros
-

a review and future perspectives 1983 to
1995,

UITP, 1995