IECC 2006 Issues and Solutions

ugliestmysticAI and Robotics

Nov 14, 2013 (4 years and 1 month ago)

95 views

IECC 2006 Issues and Solutions

Code Overview and Issue Solving Products

2006 IECC

Topics for Discussion


Changes from the IECC 2000


Changes from the IECC 2003


How the 2006 is organized


New Mandatory Provisions


Code Adoption Cycle

2006 IECC

IECC Lighting Requirements Apply to:


New Construction


Tenant Finish Out


Additions


Renovations where the connected load is
increased


Exterior Lighting

2006 IECC

Lighting Requirements


2000 and 2003 IECC





Chapter 8 Design By Acceptable Practice For
Commercial Buildings

(Chapter 5 was Residential)


2006 IECC





Chapter 5 Commercial Energy Efficiency


(Section Numbers and structure are similar.)

2006 IECC

2000 IECC


2003 IECC


2006 IECC


Chapter 8


Chapter 8


Chapter 5


Section 805


Section 805


Section 505


2006 IECC, Section 505

Section Organization

505.1 General.

505.2 Lighting controls.
(Interior and Exterior)

505.3 Tandem wiring.

505.4 Exit signs.

505.5 Interior lighting power requirements.

505.6 Exterior lighting.

505.7 Electrical energy consumption.



(formerly in the residential chapter)

2006 IECC, Section 505.1

505.1 General (
Mandatory
)



Lighting systems controls


Connection of Ballasts


Maximum Lighting Power (Interior)


Minimum Acceptable Lighting Equipment
(Exterior)


Exception: Lighting Within Dwelling Units

2006 IECC, Section 505.1

Section 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS


Dwelling

Unit
.

A

single

unit

providing

complete

independent

living

facilities

for

one

or

more

persons,

including

permanent

provisions

for

living,

sleeping,

eating,

cooking,

and

sanitation
.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2 Lighting Controls (Mandatory)

505.2.1 Interior lighting controls



Compliance is now
mandatory
.



Areas with floor
-
to
-
ceiling partitions or walls
must have at least one manual control.



Control must be located in the area, or be
labeled and have status lights if located
outside the area.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.1 Interior lighting controls


Exceptions:


Security or Emergency Areas that must be
continuously lit.



Stairways, corridors, or other egress or
emergency lighting.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2 Additional controls



Areas required to have manual controls
must have additional controls per
505.2.2.1 and 505.2.2.2.


2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls.



All areas with required manual controls shall
allow the occupant to uniformly lower light
levels by at least 50%.


2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls. (cont.)


Methods for reducing light levels:



Switching all lamps or luminaires.


Dual Switching.


Inboard/outboard switching.


Switching each luminaire or lamp.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls. (cont.)


Exceptions

for Light reduction controls


1.
Areas with occupancy sensors.

2.
Corridors, storerooms, restrooms, public
lobbies.

3.
Sleeping units.

4.
Spaces with < .6 watts/Ft
2
.

Step Dimming for Lighting
Reduction Controls


Available with RT5 and HE8


Uses Line Voltage


Even Illumination of the Fixture

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2 Automatic Lighting Shutoff


Buildings larger than 5,000 Ft
2
must have an
automatic control device

1.
Time
-
of
-
day

scheduling

for

areas

not

more

than

25
,
000

FT
2

and

one

floor,

or

2.
Occupancy

Sensor

with

30

minute



max

delay

(
New

for

2006
),or

3.
An

occupancy

signal

from

alarm



or

other

control

systems

(
New

for

2006
)
.

Leviton Occupancy Sensors


Technology Types: Infrared or Ultrasonic


Mounting Types: Ceiling, Wall, Switch
replacement


Eliminates need for Light Reduction
Controls

Leviton Z
-
Max Relay Panels


Meet Time of Day Requirements


Panel Sizes: 8, 24,48


Networked or Stand Alone


120 or 277, single or two pole available

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2 Automatic lighting shutoff


Exceptions

for Automatic Control Device

(New for 2006)

1.
Sleeping Units (505.2.3)

2.
Areas where patient care is directly
provided

3.
Where an automatic shutoff would
endanger occupant safety or security

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2.1 Occupant Override (New in 2003)


Where time
-
of
-
day controls are required, they must
include an override that:


1.
Is readily accessible

2.
Is located so the controlled area can be seen, or
area is annunciated

3.
Is manually operated

4.
Has a 2 hour maximum override

5.
Serves an area

5,000 Ft
2

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2.1 Occupant Override (cont.)


Exceptions
for malls, arcades, auditoriums,
single
-
tenant retail spaces, industrial facilities, and
arenas:


1.
Areas with captive key override

2.
Area

20,000 Ft
2

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2.2 Holiday Scheduling


Required

time
-
of
-
day

controls

must

include

an

automatic

Holiday

Scheduling

feature

that
:



Turns off loads for at least 24 hours


Automatically resumes normal operation


2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.2.2.2 Holiday Scheduling (cont.)


Exception
:



Retail stores and associated malls,
restaurants, grocery stores, places of
religious worship, and theaters.


IECC 2006 changed “churches” to “places of
religious worship”.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

Section 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS


Sleeping

Unit
.

A

room

or

space

in

which

people

sleep,

which

can

also

provide

permanent

provisions

for

living,

eating,

and

either

sanitation

or

kitchen

facilities,

but

not

both
.

Such

rooms

and

spaces

that

are

also

part

of

a

dwelling

unit

are

not

sleeping

units
.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.3 Sleeping Unit



(Formerly 805.2.2.3 Guestrooms)




Sleeping units in hotels, motels, boarding
houses, or similar buildings must have a
master switch at the main entry, to control all
permanently wired luminaires and switched
receptacles.


Exception: Bathrooms

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.3 Sleeping Unit (cont)





Suites must have a master switch at the entry
to each room or at the primary entry.


$

$

$

$

$

Sleeping Unit

Suite

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls




(Revised for 2006)






All exterior lighting must have automatic
controls
capable

of turning off exterior
lighting when:



Sufficient daylight is available, or


Lighting is not required during nighttime
hours

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.)



Lighting
not designated

for dusk
-
to
-
dawn
operation must be on an astronomical time
clock.



Lighting
designated

for


dusk
-
to
-
dawn operation


must be on an astronomical


time clock

or photocell.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.)



Astronomical time clocks must have a minimum 10
hour battery backup


Exceptions:



Covered vehicle entrances, exits from
buildings, or parking structures where required
for safety, security, or eye adaptation.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.)


Proposed Local Amendment:



All exterior lighting must have automatic
controls
capable of turning off

exterior lighting


would change to



Lighting for all exterior applications shall have
automatic controls
that shall turn off

exterior
lighting

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.)


Proposed Local Amendment:



Lighting
not designated

for dusk
-
to
-
dawn
operation shall be controlled by an
astronomical time clock.


would change to



Lighting
not required and designed

for dusk
-
to
-
dawn operation shall be controlled by an
astronomical time clock.

2006 IECC, Section 505.2

505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.)


Proposed Local Amendment:



Lighting designated for dusk
-
to
-
dawn
operation must be controlled by an
astronomical time switch
or photosensor
.


would change to



Lighting designated for dusk
-
to
-
dawn
operation must be controlled by an
astronomical time switch
or in series with a
photosensor
.

Leviton Z
-
Max Relay Panels


Meet Time of Day Requirements


Panel Sizes: 8, 24,48


Networked or Stand Alone (combine indoor and
outdoor loads on one time clock)


120 or 277, single or two pole available


4 photo cells available (indoor, atrium, skylight,
and outdoor)

2006 IECC, Section 505.3

505.3 Tandem Wiring (Mandatory)


Luminaires must be tandem wired if located in the
same area, odd number lamp configuration and:



1.
They

are

recessed

mounted

and

the

layout

is

within

10

Ft

on

center,

or

2.
They

are

pendant

or

surface

mounted

within

1

Ft

edge

to

edge

of

each

other
.

2006 IECC, Section 505.3

505.3 Tandem Wiring (cont.)




Exceptions:


1.
Electronic

high

frequency

ballast

2.
Emergency

circuits

3.
Where

no

pair

is

available

2006 IECC, Section 505.4

505.4 Exit Signs (Mandatory)

Internally illuminated
exit signs may not be
more that 5 watts/side.

Quantum LED Exits


Precision
-
molded thermoplastic housing is impact
and scratch resistant, corrosion proof and UV
-
stabilized to resist discoloration.


Innovative snap
-
together design allows installation
in less than three minutes.


Long
-
life LEDs feature very low energy
consumption and rated life up to 25 years.
Consumes less than one watt of energy.


Fully assembled single
-
face exit with optional extra
faceplate for easy field conversion to double face.


Replaceable chevron directional indicator
knockouts for choice of direction.


Universal mounting capability


top, back or end


(canopy provided).


Automatic recharge after discharge.


Conveniently located test switch and status
indicator provide visual and manual means of
monitoring system operation.


The self diagnostic emergency signs comply with
NFPA Life Safety Code and automatically test the
battery once a month for five minutes and once
every six months for 30 minutes.


2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5 Interior Lighting Power Requirements
(Prescriptive)



The total connected interior lighting load must
be calculated in accordance with 505.5.1, and
not greater than the allowance calculated in
505.5.2.


(Major Revisions for 2006)

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power



The total interior connected lighting load cannot
exceed the sum of all interior lighting
equipment as determined in Sections 505.5.1.1,
505.5.1.2, 505.5.1.3, and 505.5.1.4.

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power

(cont.)




Exceptions:

Equipment not included in the
calculation of total connected interior lighting:



Special medical, dental, and research lighting



Professional sports arena and playing field lighting



Display lighting for galleries, museums, and
monuments

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power

(cont.)

Exceptions:



Sleeping units



Emergency lighting normally off during normal
building operation (like bug eyes)

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1.1 Screw Lamp Holders



The wattage shall be the maximum labeled
wattage of the luminaire.



2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1.2 Low
-
voltage Lighting



The wattage shall be the specified wattage of
the transformer supplying the system.

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1.3 Other Luminaires



The wattage of all other luminaires shall be
based on manufacturer’s data or other
approved sources


2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.1.4 Line
-
voltage Lighting Track

and Plug
-
in Busway



The greater of the luminaire wattage in
accordance with 505.5.1.1, 505.5.1.2, or
505.5.1.3, or



30 watts per linear foot.

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.2 Interior Lighting Power

(Revised for 2006)



The total interior lighting power is the sum of
all interior lighting powers for all of the areas in
the building covered by the permit.



The interior lighting power is the floor area for
each building area times the value listed in
Table 505.5.2.

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

505.5.2 Interior Lighting Power (cont.)



Areas are contiguous spaces in a single building
as listed in Table 505.5.2.



Each building area type shall be treated as a
separate building area.


NOTE:

The entire building method has been
deleted for 2006.

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

TABLE 505.5.2

INTERIOR LIGHT POWER ALLOWANCES

Building Area Type *

(Wft
2
)



Building Area Type *

(Wft
2
)

Automotive Facility

0.9



Multi
-

Family

0.7

Convention Center

1.2



Museum

1.1

Court House

1.2



Office

1.0

Dining: Bar Lounge/Leisure

1.3



Parking Garage

0.3

Dining: Cafeteria/Fast Food

1.4



Penitentiary

1.0

Dining: Family

1.6



Performing Arts Theater

1.6

Dormitory

1.0



Police/Fire Station

1.0

Exercise Center

1.0



Post Office

1.1

Gymnasium

1.1



Religious Building

1.3

Healthcare
-
Clinic

1.0



Retail

1.5

Hospital

1.2



School/University

1.2

Hotel

1.0



Sports Arena

1.1

Library

1.3



Town Hall

1.1

Manufacturing Facility

1.3



Transportation

1.0

Motel

1.0



Warehouse

0.8

Motion Picture Theater

1.2



Workshop

1.4

Office Lighting 1.0 Watt/ft
2


RT5 example: 59 foot candles @ .86 W/ft
2

Office Lighting 1.0 Watt/ft
2


HE8 High Effciency 2 Lamp T
-
8


Preliminary Information:



HE8 premium 55 watts



HE8 standard 66 watts

Office Lighting 1.0 Watt/ft
2


57 Watt CF example: 27 foot candles @ 1.04 W/ft
2

2006 IECC, Section 505.5

Table 505.5.2



a.
If a general area type and a specific area type
are both listed, the more specific area type
applies.


b.
For separately switched and circuited
merchandise lighting, the lesser of the actual
wattage, or 1.6 watts/Ft
2

times the display
area applies.



Can’t exceed 50% of the floor area



3.9 watts/Ft
2

for the case or shelf area may be
added for displaying jewelry, china, or silver.

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6 Exterior Lighting (Mandatory)



When power for the exterior lighting is
supplied by the building’s electric service, all
exterior lighting must comply with Sections
505.6.1 and 505.6.2.

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6 Exterior Lighting (cont.)


Exceptions:



Low voltage landscape lighting,



Where approved because of historical, safety,
signage or emergency considerations.

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6.1 Exterior Building Grounds Lighting

(New for 2006)



All exterior grounds luminaires greater than
100 watts shall have a minimum lamp efficacy
of 60 lumens/watt.



Exceptions:



Luminaire is controlled by a motion sensor, or



Exempted by the exceptions in 505.6.2

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6.2 Exterior Building Lighting Power

(New for 2006)



The total exterior lighting power allowance is
the sum of the power densities permitted in
Table 505.6.2 for the applications, plus an
additional unrestricted 5%.



Tradeoffs are allowed only among exterior
lighting applications in the Tradable Surfaces
Section of Table 505.6.2.

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

TABLE 505.6.2

LIGHTING POWER DENSITIES FOR BUILDING EXTERIORS

Tradable Surfaces

(Lighting Power Densities for uncovered parking areas, building grounds, building entrances and exits, canopies and

overhangs, and outdoor sales areas may be traded.)



APPLICATIONS

LIGHT POWER DENSITIES

Uncovered Parking Areas

Parking Lots and Drives

0.15 W/ft
2

Building Grounds

Walkways less than 10 feet wide

1.0 watts/linear foot

Walkways10 feet wide or greater, plaza area and special feature areas

0.2 W/ft
2

Stairways

1.0 W/ft
2

Building Entrances and Exits

Main entries

30 watts/linear foot of door width

Other doors

20 watts/linear foot of door width

Canopies and Overhangs

Canopies (Free standing & attached and overhangs)

1.25 w/ft
2

Outdoor Sales

Open areas (include vehicle sales lots)

0.5 w/ft
2

Street frontage for vehicle sales lots in addition to "open area" allowances

20 watts/linear foot of door width

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

TABLE 505.6.2 Continued

LIGHTING POWER DENSITIES FOR BUILDING EXTERIORS

Nontradable Surfaces

(Lighting Power Density calculations for the following applications can be used only for specific application

and cannot be traded between surfaces or with other exterior lighting. The following allowances are in addition to any allowa
nce

otherwise permitted in the Tradable Surfaces section of this table.)



APPLICATIONS

LIGHT POWER DENSITIES

Building facades

0.2 W/ft
2

for each illuminated wall or surface or 5.0



Watts/linear foot for each illuminated wall surface

Automated teller machines and night depositories

270 watts per location plus 90 watts per additional ATM



per location

Entrances and gatehouse inspection stations at guarded facilities

1.25 w/ft
2

of uncover area (cover areas are included



in the Canopies and Overhangs section of Tradable Surfaces)

Loading areas for law enforcement, fire, ambulance and other emergency

0.5 W/ft
2

of uncovered area (covered area are included in



the Canopies and Overhangs section of Tradable Surfaces)

Drive
-
up windows at fast food restaurants

400 watts per drive
-
through

Parking near 24
-

hour retail entrances

800 watts per main entry

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6.2 Exterior Building Lighting Power
(cont.)



Exceptions:

Applications are exempt when
equipped with a control device independent of
the control of the nonexempt lighting:


1.
Transportation lighting


signal, directional, and
marker lighting.


2.
Signage lighting


advertising or directional


3.
Integral lighting installed by manufacturers on
equipment or instrumentation

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6.2 Exterior Building Lighting Power
(cont.)



Exceptions:

continued


4.
Theatrical lighting including performance, stage,
film production, and video production


5.
Athletic play areas


6.

Temporary Lighting

2006 IECC, Section 505.6

505.6.2 Exterior Building Lighting Power
(cont.)



Exceptions:

continued


7.
Industrial production, material handling,
transportation sites, and storage areas


8.
Theme and amusement parks


9.

Highlighting for public monuments and
registered historic structures or buildings.

2006 IECC, Section 505.7

505.7 Electrical Energy Consumption

(Mandatory)




Buildings with individual dwelling units
must be metered separately.


This was in the 2000 and 2003 residential section.