World History Unit 8 Lessons.pptx - history-b

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Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 8 months ago)

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UNIT EIGHT


Global Interdependence

1960
-
2012

WORLD HISTORY

UNIT 8, LESSON 1


Goals
for the rest of the semester



Work Packets



Introduction to
“Global Interdependence”



Lecture


“Impact of Science & Technology”


Note Check & Summary



HW: Guided Reading Worksheet, Section 1

GLOBAL INTERDEPENDECE


UNIT 8


Thoughts??





Images??





Pros/Cons??

Impact of Science & Technology


Skipping WAY ahead…


Exploring the Solar System


Competition between the US & the Soviet Union,1950s
-
60s


Cooperation between the U.S. & the Soviets, 1970s
-
80s


International Space Station, 1998
-
2012


Sponsored by the US, Russia, and 14 other countries


Assembled in space


Football field size


Permanent crew of 6


Why cooperation
?


Exploration


Unmanned probes


Mars


Hubble Space telescope


Impact of Science & Technology


Expanding Global Communications


Events in one part of the globe are witnessed by people far away


Small, powerful computers


1940s


original computers took up a whole room


Circuitry has been miniaturized, partly due to fit into space capsules


Silicon chips replaced big
vaccum

tubes


Communication networks


1990s


the internet emerges


Began in the 1960s as

linkage for scientists to share info

and research


1995


26 million users


2012


2.2 billion users


How has this changed how people work??

Impact of Science & Technology


Technology Transforms Human Life?


Health and Medicine


Medical imaging (CAT scans and MRIs) leads to better diagnoses


Genetic engineering


scientists can introduce new genes into an
organism to give it new traits


Cloning


the creation of identical

copies of DNA, used to create new

reproductions of existing plants and

animals


Applications


agriculture, pharmaceuticals

Impact of Science & Technology


Molecular Medicine


2003


Human Genome Project completed


Map of the thousands of genes contained in DNA


Helpful to develop “molecular medicine,”

which works to cure and to detect

genetic diseases


Gene therapy


replacing a patient’s

diseased genes with normal ones


International effort


One of the largest investigative projects

in the history of science.


Impact of Science & Technology


The Green Revolution


Attempt to increase food production

worldwide


Began in the 1960s


Promoted use of fertilizers, pesticides,

and disease
-
resistant crops


Negative side:


Fertilizers and pesticides may cause cancer or pollute


Cost of chemicals and equipment is too high for normal farmers


Farmers pushed off land by large agricultural businesses



*** Changes resulting from technology: what people produce,
how people work, how economies work, how people
communicate ***

Impact of Science & Technology


NOW:



Note check



Summarize the most important information in your own words
at the bottom
with at least two sentences.

UNIT 8, LESSON 2


Do Now


HW Review


Free Write


HW: Find a current event article related to “The Impact of
Science and Technology.” Complete the first worksheet of the
current events packet.

Do Now


1. How does the development of the ISS show that space
exploration has become a cooperative endeavor?




2. How has the development of the computer, internet, and
smart phones changed the way people work?




3. What areas of medicine have benefited from scientific and
technological developments?

Free Write


Have technological changes in the past 20 years (personal
computers, internet, smart phones, genetic engineering,
space exploration) improved lives around the world or made
things worse? What are possible costs and benefits of
technology?

UNIT 8, LESSON 3


Do Now


Lecture


Global Economic Development


Note Check & Summary


HW: Binder check, Guided Reading Worksheet


Section 2

Do Now











Explain.

Do Now











Kenya’ GDP: $32 billion


Amazon.com Revenue: $34.2 billion


Amazon


world’s 86
th

biggest country


Source: Fortune/CNN Money



Explain.

Global Economic Development


Technology Revolutionizes the Economy


Explosion in scientific knowledge prompts growth in industry

after World War II


Information industries

emerge


Lower need for factory workers


Greater need for “knowledge

workers”


finance, insurance, research,

communications, law, etc.


Effects of New Economies


Manufacturing jobs leave
developed nations


Emerging nations


those in the process of industrializing


Why???

Global Economic Development


Globalization


the process of spreading economies and
cultures worldwide


Global economy


all financial interactions that cross borders


Globalization grows since the 1940s


why?


Better communication


Cheap transportation


Rise of multinational corporations (Exxon Mobil, Ford, BP, Toyota, etc.)


Expanding free trade


Free trade


elimination of trade barriers/opening markets to trade


Major goal of globalization


Organizations promote the reduction of tariffs


WTO


World Trade Organization


EEC


European Economic Community


EU


European Union


NAFTA


North American Free Trade
Agreemetn

Global Economic Development


Globalization


for…


Increase in standard of living everywhere


Promotes peace through trade


Creates jobs in emerging nations


Sense of world community


Globalization


against…


Developed nations benefit more


Creates conflict because it is unfair


Takes jobs from developed countries


Erodes local cultures

Global Economic Development


Impact of Global Development


Political Impacts


Manufacturing and transport requires energy

(oil)


Countries that have oil have special power over countries that need oil


1991


Persian Gulf War


Iraq invades Kuwait to seize oil fields


Environmental Impacts


Burning of coal and oil releases carbon dioxide


Pollution & global warming


Ozone Layer


damaged by release of chemicals called CFCs, increase in
skin cancer


Soil erosion


result of damaging farming techniques


Large
-
scale extinctions

Global Economic Development


Sustainable Growth


Economists and scientists look for ways to reduce the negative
effect that global development has on the environment


Can growth occur without damaging air, water, and land?


Goal of sustainable growth


Meet current economic needs while also preserving the environment

Global Economic Development


NOW:



Note check



Summarize the most important information in your own words
at the bottom
with at least two sentences.

UNIT 8, LESSON 4


Do Now/Binder Check


Binder must have:

1. Unit 8 Work Packet

2. Current Events Assignment

3. Notes from last class (global economic development)



Independent Work:


Reteaching

Activity, Section 2


Main Ideas Questions, Section 2



HW: Study for quiz

Do Now


Binder
Check: Unit
8 Work
Packet, Current
Events
Assignment, Notes
from last
class (global economic development)



Define these terms:



Developed nation



Emerging nation



Global economy



Free trade



Ozone Layer



Sustainable growth

MAIN IDEAS


Why are “knowledge workers” becoming more important in
the developed nations?




What is free trade and what are some groups that promote it?




How has global economic development affected the
environment?

UNIT 8, LESSON 5


Take Quiz (25 Minutes)



“Different Perspectives”, Page 1081



HW: Current Events

Unit 8, Lesson 6


Do Now: Share your Current Event



Lecture: Global Security Issues


Note Check & Summary



Quizzes Back


Questions?



HW: Quiz corrections



Global Security Issues


Issues of War & Peace


Cold War


state of hostility between the US and the Soviet
Union (Russia) for 47 years following WWII


Global Organizations


NATO


North Atlantic Treaty Organization


Warsaw Pact


Russia and its partners


UN


United Nations


Peacekeeping organization

Global Security Issues


Issues of War & Peace


Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMDs)


Examples: nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons


Nations work to limit their production
(proliferation)
and use


1968


Nuclear Non
-
Proliferation Treaty


War in Iraq


1991


Persian Gulf War


2002


UN suspects that Iraq is

developing WMDs


2003


American troops invade Iraq,

Hussein’s government falls in 4 weeks

Global Security Issues


Issues of War & Peace


Ethnic & Religions Conflicts


Tend to be 1. old and 2. violent


Protestants v. Catholics in Ireland


Palestinians v. Israelis in Middle East


Persecution of the Kurds in Turkey, Iran, and Iraq



Human Rights Issues


1948


Universal Declaration of Human Rights


Human Rights Violations


Gov’ts try to stop
political dissent


Ethnic or racial hatred leads to
genocides


1994
-

Rwanda

Global Security Issues


Women’s Status Improves


1970s


increased awareness of human rights
alllows

women
around the world to improve their lives


Gains in education, work, income, freedom from abuse


Just the same,
gender inequality

still exists


Health Issues


AIDS


Attacks immune system


25 million people killed since

early 1980s


Sub
-
Saharan Africa suffers the most

Global Security Issues


Population Movement


Push
-
Pull Factors


“Pushed” out of homeland


lack of food, natural disasters, political
oppression.


Refugees


19 million in 2005


“Pulled” out of homeland


hope for a better life, higher income, family
connections


Effects of Migration


Many countries do not want to accept immigrants


Refugees with no place to go end up in crowded camps and face an
uncertain future


Positive


offset labor shortages, bring in new elements of culture

Global Security Issues


NOW:



Note check



Summarize the most important information in your own words
at the bottom
with at least two sentences.

UNIT 8, LESSON 7


Do Now


Reconstruct yesterday’s lecture.



Independent Work:


Terms, Section 3


Reteaching

Activity, Section 3


Main Ideas Questions, Section 3



HW: Guided Reading, Section 3

Do Now


Terms


Define or use each in a sentence:



Proliferation



Universal Declaration of Human Rights



Political dissent



Gender Inequality



AIDS



Refugee

MAIN IDEAS


What steps have nations taken to control the proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction?




How has AIDS affected the economy of Sub
-
Saharan Africa??




What are the negative and positive effects of immigration?

Unit 8, Lesson 8



Do Now


Share current event



Lecture


Terrorism & September 11
th



Note Check



HW: Guided Reading, Section 4

Brainstorm



What is terrorism?? What images come to mind??

Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


Terrorism


use of violence against people or property to
force changes in societies or governments


Is it new?


No, used throughout history to eliminate opponents, bring
down gov’t, promote causes



Modern Terrorism


Attacks have become destructive and high
-
profile


New type of terrorism


driven by radical religious and
cultural motives

Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


Terrorist Methods


Target crowded places where people normally feel safe (examples??




Target something that symbolizes what they are against

(examples??




Biological and chemical agents to create fear


Cyberterrorism



attacking information systems of governments or
businesses



Responding to Terrorism


Infiltrating groups, gathering information


Make it difficult for terrorists to act


Tightening security, eliminating funds, etc.

Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


Terrorism Around the World


Europe


1972


Munich Olympic Games, Germany



(Palestinian attacks on Israeli athletes)


Irish Republican Army (IRA)


Middle East


Much violence over the past 60 years


Many terrorist groups stem from the Israeli
-
Palestinian Conflict


(over land in the Middle East)


Hamas,
Hizballah
, other Arab groups


want a homeland for the
Palestinians, some deny Israel’s right to exist


Israel


often retaliates against terrorist attacks


Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


Terrorism Around the World


Asia


Afghanistan


haven for terrorists since

the Taliban came to power in 1996


East Asia


Aum

Shinrikyo
, a religious group

that wants to control Japan


Africa


1990s
-
2000s


attacks against U.S. personnel and buildings (Kenya, Tanz.)


Latin America


Narcoterrorism



terror linked to drug trafficking


FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia)


radical military
group that attacks Colombian, as well as American targets

Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


Attack on the United States


September 11, 2001


coordinated attacks against the World
Trade Center and the Pentagon


Over 3,000 killed


Why these targets??


Impact of the attacks


Would life ever be the same? Some

people thought “no”


Sense of vulnerability


Made worse when letters with
anthrax

were sent to Congressmen


Sense of patriotism



Terrorism & September 11
th
, 2001


The United States Responds


President George W. Bush says,


“This battle will take time and resolve.

But make no mistake about it: we

will win.”


U.S. identifies Osama bin Laden directed the attacks


Antiterrorism Measures


Department of Homeland Security


Aviation Security


FAA


takes responsibility for airport security, causes delays and invades privacy


USA Patriot Act


Allows the gov’t to:

o
1. detain foreigners suspected of terrorism 2. tap phones 3. make search
warrants valid across states 4. order U.S. banks to investigate foreign accounts
5. prosecute terrorist crimes without limitation


Reasonable
protection during wartime or violation of liberties??


Unit 8, Lesson 9


Do Now


Patriot Act



Reteaching

Activity, Section 4



Main Ideas, Section 4



Start HW: Next Current Event

Do Now



Define this term and respond to the quotes.


USA Patriot Act



“As
we look back at that
terrible
incident on September 11, we
try to ascertain whether our
government
had the tools
necessary to
find
the intelligence that could have, perhaps,
prevented those
events. The only answer all of us could come up
with, after having briefing after briefing, is we did not have
those tools. This bill aims to change that. This bill is a bill whose
time has come. This bill is a necessary bill
.“


Senator Feinstein


Counterpoint


"Of course, there is no doubt that if we lived in a police state, it would
be easier to catch terrorists. If we lived in a country that allowed the
police to search your home at any time for any reason; if we lived in a
country that allowed the government to open your mail, eavesdrop on
your phone conversations, or intercept your email communications; if
we lived in a country that allowed the government to hold people in jail
indefinitely [forever]
based on what they write or
think… then
the
government would no doubt discover and arrest more terrorists.


But that probably would not be a country in which we would want to
live. And that would not be a country for which we could, in good
conscience, ask our young people to fight and die. In short, that would
not be America.”


Senator Russ Feingold


Main Ideas Questions



1. How has terrorism changed since the 1960s??




2. What methods do terrorists use?




3. What steps did the U.S. take in response to the terrorist
attacks of 9/11/2001?