What is Organic farming?

twoeggfinnishBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 10 months ago)

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Organic

vs.
Conventional

By Annabelle, Genevieve, and Evie

What is Organic farming?


In 2000 a national
standard for “organic” was
made.
Organic
food is defined by how it cannot be made
instead of how it can be made. It must be grown
without
using fertilizers
, most synthetic
fertilizers &
pesticides
, genetic engineering, growth hormones,
irradiation, and
antibiotics.

Organic
farming is the
oldest form of agriculture. It wasn’t until after World
War II that petroleum
-
based chemicals were used for
farming. Organic
farming is now a small
industry. But
the number of organic farmers
is growing
by about
12% per
year.

What are the benefits of Organic
farming?


Better
health


Better
taste


Environment
safety


Animal welfare

What are the negatives of Organic
Farming?


Organic food is more expensive than conventionally
-
produced food because: there is greater
labour

input, farmers don’t produce enough of a single
product to lower the overall cost, and because of
relatively small volumes.


Critics say that eating organic foods increases your
exposure to biological contaminants. Specific
concerns have been raised about manure,
mycotoxins from molds, and E
. Coli
bacteria.


What is Conventional farming?

Conventional meat and poultry are fed conventional food. The
pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and fertilizers in the grain
end up being stored as toxins in the fat of the
animals.

Conventionally raised animals and poultry are
often cruelly kept in very confined spaces day and night,
and are not given space to roam. This means they do not
get the exercise needed to keep them healthy. Sickness is
very common and spreads very fast through the
barns.


Because of this, antibiotics and other drugs are used
on an ongoing basis in an attempt to keep the animals
healthy. In the USA, drugs are used in order to increase milk
production.


This drug often results in very large, infected
udders and pus getting into the milk.


What are the Benefits of
Conventional Farming?

The benefits of Conventional Farming is the fact
that farmers can supply there customers on
demand . By giving them hormone
supplements forcing them to grow faster.



What are the Negatives of
Conventional farming?


Harmful effects on the environment and surround
ecosystems.


The use of chemical and synthetic pesticides or
fertilizers can diminish the nutrient rich soil which
makes it impossible to grow anything.


Genetic
-
engineering and modification are used to
make crops and animals grow faster, which means
that they are not natural.

What is the difference between
Conventional & Organic?

Though there is no difference in appearance between
organic and conventional produce, choosing to buy
organic is typically more expensive.

Why is this?

A conventional apple will give you just as much vitamins
and nutrients as an organic apple, but it will also give
you many unwanted chemicals.

The main difference between the two is that
conventional farming use many synthetic and artificial
chemicals, pesticides, and antibiotics where as organic
farming uses none of the above.

What are farm animals useful for?


Meat


Dairy products

such as milk, yoghurt and
cream.


Wool, leather, skins, fur


Manure for Fertilizer


Labour



Land
management
-
to control weeds and
grass


To eat bugs, instead of the use of artificial
pesticides

Why is having your own organic
farm more beneficial and
sustainable for you and the world?


Buying products produced conventionally is like spending less money to
eat food that might be loaded with a few potentially harmful chemicals.
This is neither good for you, or the environment.



Having your own small organic farm means being able to eat good food,
and to be able to know where it has come from and what has gone into
the making of it. And over time it costs a lot less than buying produce from
the supermarket.



Chickens eat bugs and other garden pests which means no need for nasty
pesticides, and pigs and goats will eat almost all of your dinner scraps so
you will be wasting far less food.



Animal manure is also very good for your garden.

Raising your own
backyard
farm

By Annabelle, Genevieve, and Evie



Raising Chickens



Chickens feed on corn, maize, rye millet, sunflower seeds for
essential oil and calcium, bugs, worms, and plants.


As treats, chickens really enjoy potatoes, tomatoes, cheese,
rice, and noodles. But you can feed them almost anything.


Chickens don’t like sweets, cake and too much meat.


Chickens love sandboxes, this is where they cool and clean
themselves. If they do not have a sandbox already, they will
dig up the dirt and make one.


They need clean water, fresh air and sufficient sunlight.


When do chickens start to lay eggs?


Hens generally start laying eggs at about 18 to 20
weeks of age.


Egg production will slow down or stop (depending on
the breed of hen) as winter approaches.


Some breeds will lay eggs for up to ten years but
they will never lay as many eggs as they do in their
first super
-
productive
season.



Goats



Goats like having company. It is best to have a couple of goats,
not just one.


Large area with a sturdy fence.


Some goats can live to be teenagers, though many dairy goats
do not live passed ten years.



Goats need a supply of hay.


Goats will eat your garden and knock down low branches.


Treats: vegetable or fruit peelings, black oil sunflower seeds,
corn or other grains, tree branches .


A clean, cool supply of water.


Goats will eat pretty much anything.


Goats can be aggressive, so act bold around them, even if you
don't feel like it.






Rabbits



Make sure that the rabbit has a clean, safe hutch to live in.


Rabbits need daily exercise.


Cage must be cleaned often.


Make sure it has plenty of water.


Feed rabbits with hay.


You must groom your rabbit.


Do not feed rabbits chocolate or too much fruit and
vegetables.


Rabbits do not need baths.


Do not cut your rabbit’s hair.


Pigs


Pigs need to be checked several times a day.


Good appetites, sleek hair coats, tightly curled tails, and
bright eyes are all signs of a healthy pig.


Farm grain, corn, barley, oats and wheat are all good food
for pigs, though they will eat almost anything and
everything.


Pigs should be self
-
fed.


Water is the most important part of a pig’s diet.


Pigs need a clean, dry, draught
-
free area under a roof to
sleep.


Do not overcrowd the pigs.


Do not let pigs get too hot or too cold.


Conclusion;


Our proposal is that there will be a farming area in the community.
It will contain chickens, roosters, goats, pigs and rabbits. The
community will all put in labour to maintain the farm improving the
land and there economy. All animals will also breed for maintaining
livestock.


Chickens;
will lay eggs for the community to eat and sell free range.
The chickens will also eat any bugs or pest lying around cleaning the
area. Some of the chickens will be killed for eating and selling.


Roosters;
are strictly there for breeding purposes so they can
eventually kill the offspring's and eat them while still maintaining
their numbers.


Goats;
will be used for there milk and cheese. Providing the
community with a healthy and tasty supplement. Goats eat almost
anything, weeds and unwanted vegetation, thus clearing the
paddock. Their meat will be sold and eaten by the community. They
will own a small number of cashmere goats strictly for their fur.


Pigs;
will produce a great amount of meat for sale. Ham, bacon and
pork. They eat any scraps, so the cost of keeping the pigs is not so
huge.


Rabbits;
we will breed them to sell as pets and kill some of them for
consumption.


The community will be improved with it’s profits rising, it’s land
being cared for by the animals, the people can enjoy fresh meat +
dairy products and people enjoying the animals presence. But
ultimately ensuring a sustainable future for generations to come.


Bibliography


http://www.scionline.org/index.php/Pros_and_Cons_of_Or
ganic_and_Conventional_Agriculture


http://www.wikihow.com/Raise
-
Rabbits


http://www.goats4h.com/Pigs.html


http://www.wikihow.com/Raise
-
a
-
Goat
-
Successfully


http://www.chickenhop.com/info/info.html


http://www.poultry.allotment.org.uk/Chicken_a/index.php

http://plaza.ufl.edu/gmassie/termpaper.htm


www.eufic.org/page/en/faqid/difference
-
organic
-
conventional
-
food/


http://www.lowcostliving.co.uk/chickens/index.php



Bibliography (2)


http://www.organicfacts.net/organic
-
food/organic
-
food
-
basics/health
-
benefits
-
of
-
organic
-
food.html


http://www.blurtit.com/q548877.html


http://www.dietdigest.net/organic
-
food
-
versus
-
conventional


http://www.scionline.org/index.php/Pros_and_Cons_of_Or
ganic_and_Conventional_Agriculture


http://www.wikihow.com/Raise
-
Rabbits



http://www.goats4h.com/Pigs.html


http://www.wikihow.com/Raise
-
a
-
Goat
-
Successfully


http://www.chickenhop.com/info/info.html


http://www.poultry.allotment.org.uk/Chicken_a/index.php