Applications of genetic engineering - Yimg

twoeggfinnishBiotechnology

Dec 14, 2012 (4 years and 9 months ago)

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Presented by:
Ghazna

Syed


Laboratory technique to change the DNA of
living organisms.


Many enzymes which change the structure of
DNA in living organisms.



Some of these enzymes can cut and join
strands of DNA.


Scientists learned to cut specific genes from
DNA and to build customized DNA using
these genes.




Genetically modified
food



Genetic engineering
in humans



Genetically modified
animals




Glo fish: the first
genetically modified
animal to be sold as a pet

CC (Carbon Copy) was the first
cat cloned


Allowed farmers to use
selective breeding


Plants are modified in
order to gain
maximum output.


Medicines are being
made by the use of
genetic engineering
which could cure very
severe diseases.



Genetic engineers believe
they can improve



the food we eat, the
plants we grow and even
the lives of human beings
by providing cure to
diseases through
manipulation of genes


For example , tomatoes
are sensitive to frost and
fish can survive in very
cold water……



New pharmaceuticals


Bioremediation


Vaccines and other drug.


Sustainable agriculture.


Treatment of genetic disorders and cancer.


Supplying new body parts.


New types of human beings


Increase the average life span of an individual


Forever Young.





Handling and management of biological data



Communication among people, projects, and
institutions engaged in the biological research and
applications



helps in access, search and retrieval of biological
information, documents, and literature needed for
genetic modification of organisms.



analysis and interpretation of genetic data through
the computational approaches


For example:
Bioinformatics Toolbox 3.5


Bioinformatics and Genetic Engineering



To investigate genes
in their cellular
context, expression
analysis via Microarray
and DNA chips

Functional
genomics



rapid identification of
specific genetic
diseases and infections
with biological
databases and DNA
technology.

Pharmaco
genomics



the identification and
analysis of all the
proteins of a cell.

Proteomics

Bioinformatics has played a key role in the

Human Genome Project. Rapid DNA

sequencing that can then be stored in digital

format has enabled researchers

to carry out a multitude of

research and clinical

applications.




Pakistan's recurring cotton leaf
-
curl virus (CLCV)



DNA based methods for the pre
-
natal diagnosis of
Betathalassaemia
.



Methods for early detection of tuberculosis,
hepatitis, and breast cancer have also been
developed.



Identified the gene responsible for Retinitis
Pigmentosa, a hereditary degenerative disease,
which leads to complete loss of sight.





Dr. A.Q Khan Institute of Bio
technologyand



Genetic Engineering (KIBGE), University of Karachi




Department of Bioinformatics, Muhammad Ali Jinnah University,
Islamabad



Department of Biological Sciences,
Quaid
-
i
-
Azam

University,
Islamabad


National
Institue

of Biotechnology and
Genetic engineering(NIBGE)



Dr. A.Q. Khan Research Labs, Islamabad




Department of Genetics, University of Karachi



Nuclear Institute for Agriculture and Biology (NIAB)Faisalabad



Department of Medical Genetics, Centre of Excellence in Molecular
Biology (CEMB) University of the Punjab



Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering, University of
Sindh

Jamshoro










There are numerous concerns regarding the
usage of Genetically Modified Organisms
(GMOs).


Currently there are three agencies that
companies need to get


sanction from before


commercially selling their


modified crops.



Issues of human health concern about GMOs


There are several environmental concerns
about GMOs


In conclusion the genetic engineering is very
important and a complex issue.


Better quality education of the public is
crucial and sorely needed.