Winfred Nelson - Poverty Environment Net

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Nov 8, 2013 (4 years ago)

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THE GHANA POVERTY
REDUCTION STRATEGY


Integration and Progress of
Environmental Issues


By

Winfred Nelson

NDPC


November 03 2004


Outline of Presentation


GPRS
-

A Gist

Environmental Issues in the GPRS

SEA of the GPRS

Some Challenges

Conclusion


What is the GPRS?



The GPRS is the Government of
Ghana’s comprehensive framework
of policies, strategies,programmes
and projects aimed at ensuring
economic growth and poverty
reduction over a three year period




Goal

TO ACHIEVE SUSTAINABLE
EQUITABLE GROWTH,
ACCELERATED POVERTY
REDUCTION AND THE PROTECTION
OF THE VULNERABLE AND
EXCLUDED WITHIN A
DECENTRALIZED DEMOCRATIC
ENVIRONMENT



Broad GPRS Objectives

Ensure macro
-
economic stability

Increase production and gainful
employment

Facilitate direct support for human
resource development & basic services

Expand special programmes to support
vulnerable groups

Enhance good governance



Environment in the GPRS



The GPRS focuses on the use of
environmental resources in the creation of
wealth while making sure that the
environment is not depleted

The GPRS addresses deforestation, water
and air pollution. Inadequate sanitation
and waste management, land degradation,
coastal erosion as well as the use of
natural resources in the creation of
wealth.




Production and Gainful
Employment


Concerns on deforestation, land
degradation through mining and
farming activities, loss of coastal
ecosystems and fisheries will be
seriously addressed together with
those from manufacturing industries.


the use of biological diversity
through community management of
natural resources and the
encouragement of the private sector
investment in ecotourism and
cottage industry.


Human Resources and Basic
Health

safe

water

and

environmental

health,

ensuring

safe

liquid

and

solid

waste

management
.



Other

issues

highlighted

are

water

borne

diseases

such

as

malaria

and

guinea

worm

infestations
.



Special Programmes for the
Vulnerable and Excluded


Issues

on

disaster

management

that

may

result

from

earthquakes,

flooding


Monitoring and Evaluation (1)

The

GPRS

seeks

to

monitor

all

projects

and

programmes

through

focus

groups

to

capture

conditions

that

can

negatively

impact

the

poor
.



Environmental

monitoring

---------------
Environmental

Protection

Agency

&

all

MDAs

as

well

as

the

District

Environmental

Management

Teams
.



Monitoring and Evaluation
(2)


Trans
-
boundary

management

of

environmental

resources

such

as

water,

air,

and

biodiversity

in

collaboration

with

other

countries

in

the

West

Africa

sub
-
region
.




Some observations

Climate change issues though not well
distinct are implicitly implied as part of
the general Environment


The potential impacts of climate change
and climate variability on the poor are
hardly stressed in the GPRS




Underlining

the

Ghana

Poverty

Reduction

Strategy,

which

is

the

Medium

Term

Development

Policy

Framework,

is

a

strong

recognition

for

environment

and

sustainability

concerns
.




SEA and the GPRS

Assessment of the GPRS indicated that
Environment had not been given sufficient
attention

The Purpose of the SEA

was to


assess the environmental risks and
opportunities



identify appropriate mechanisms to ensure
that sound environmental management
contributes to poverty reduction in Ghana


The

Strategic

Environment

Assessment


trained

a

wide

range

of

stakeholders

at

the


MDA

level


District

Assemblies


parliamentary

representatives

civil

society,

NGO’s

and

business

associates


-
SEA

manual

has

been

developed

to

guide

the

MDA’s

and

District

Assemblies

in

mainstreaming

environment

concerns

in

the

Ghana

Poverty

Reduction

Strategy
.




Several fora on environmental issues such as
Climate Change, Strategic Environmental
Assessment, Desertification etc were
organized for parliamentarians,
ministers
of state
, MDA’s, NGO’s and District
Assemblies and these are ongoing for the
Ghanaian populace and particularly
decision makers to appreciate the
importance of environment in national
development.




A handbook for District
Development Plan Sustainability

appraisal has been developed to
assist District Assemblies to
appraise their development
programmes and projects in
conformity with sustainable
development standards.



Update of the GPRS

SEA local Consultant


Representation on each thematic group


Each MDA expected to use Advisory
note from sea team

Group Coordinator
-
Production and
Gainful Employment


some Challenges
Reflections

Gradually policy makers and businesses
are beginning to have a deep appreciation
to consider environment as a priority for
poverty reduction programmes


Implementation of some of the
recommendations e.g


green accounting


Green GDP


Conclusion

Even though it appears much
progress has been made,
there is still much to be
desired in fully integrating
environment into poverty
reduction strategies


Thank You