The Dust Bowlx

tubacitychiropractorManagement

Nov 8, 2013 (4 years and 1 day ago)

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Man’s Mistake or Mother Nature?


FleshmanJM

CE 208X
-
02

2/2/12

Help received : none



1910
-
1920s: Farms expand on the Great Plains


1917
-
1920:World War I, United States pushes
for higher food production, wheat prices
skyrocket


1920’s: End of war lowers prices, farmers
increase their crop size to regain income with
shift in prices


Initial studies on soil erosion in the Great
Plains by Hugh Bennett



1931
-
1937: Severe drought hits the Midwest


1933: Franklin D. Roosevelt inaugurated as 32
nd

President of United States of America


Farmers are ignoring conservation methods for
easier methods of farming


Lack of Government guidelines allows for
farmers to conduct themselves as they wish


Poor farming techniques and
terrible drought plagued the
Great Plains setting up
conditions for the Perfect
Storm


April 14
th
, 1935 became
known as Black Sunday


Immense dust storms
blacked out the sky and
covered towns


High winds stripped the
ground of its topsoil and left
the ground unfarmable





Millions of acres of
land had been
destroyed for crop
production


Farmers had no
option but to pack up
and move.


Great Depression was
rampant



President Roosevelt
signs Soil Conservation
Act of 1935 and
establishes Soil
Conservation Service


Hugh Bennett becomes
first agency chief


Put plans of soil, water,
and natural resource
preservation



“National Conservation
action must spring from
the people on the land,
and to an extent, be
advanced by them as
individuals, with the
help of the
government”
-

Hugh
Bennett


Initial stated causes of the dust storms are based
around the farmers poor farming techniques and
lack of environmental management


Several theories develop about causes of the dust
storms and what was the cause


Many state it was a result of ignorance but others
began to push for nature and social and economic
pressures


One study by Worster and Hunt wanted to find
the answer to the cause but utilized geographic
maps to gather information


Agricultural censuses,
soil surveys, and
weather stations
allowed for a
geographic map
approach




The study suggests that the Dust Bowl was an
ecological event as a result of the severe
drought and not from poor use of the land


Patterns showed that the land experienced dust
storms prior to heavy plowing


The pictures conjure up horrific feelings of
despair and hopelessness


They really put man in his place in what
Mother Nature is in control of


Its honestly not something I have thought a
tremendous amount of so to learn more about
the Dust Bowl is quite interesting to see how
critical water is to societies


The human body is composed of 55
-
75% water


Truly is the center of life


Trade, food production, manufacturing,
energy, etc. all require access to water in some
way


The Dust Bowl was an example how quickly
one population can be crippled due to a lack of
water


All societies are founded near some type of
water source


Whether trade or agriculture, water becomes
the primary source of income


When the water source becomes threatened or
is reduced enough to not sustain the
civilization, civilization moves or falls


Native American tribe
based in the southwest


Established their homes
in shallow cliffs and
overhangs


Relied on farming of
nearby mesas and
hunting


Severe drought forced
this group to abandon
their cities


Located in Southern
Iraq, established along
Tigris and Euphrates
River


Relied on trade and
fertile lands for
agriculture


Changes in river
levels lead to drought
and civilization
breaking apart



Current water storage and treatment plants are
nearing the end of their lifetime


Governments have not allowed budgets to
grow to keep up with maintenance


By 2019, United States will face water crises
that could cripple all facets of life


Unless changes are made, the basic needs of the
world will halt the world in its tracks.


The current water systems must be taken care
of and replaced to ensure a seamless supply of
water


All parts of life, big or small rely on a
continuous supply of water



Spicewood, TX


Due to drought, the city’s well has become
dangerously close to running dry and can no
longer provide for the needed water


Trucks must now bring water in to supply the
town


The local government has not made the necessary
emergency decisions to make a lasting correction
to the issue


Hopefully this one town’s mistake does not
foreshadow the world’s issues with the water
supply